Feet sore during menstruation


Many women complain of feeling worse during this period and the onset of symptoms such as abdominal pain, nausea, fatigue, spasms, or pain in the legs. The intensity and frequency of side effects depend on many factors, such as heredity and lifestyle. Some unpleasant symptoms may occur several days before the onset of menstruation, while others coincide with its onset.

Leg pain is a common symptom that occurs in women during premenstrual syndrome and menstruation. There are several causes leading to pain in the legs. Dehydration, nutritional and mineral deficiencies (for example, iron deficiency) and vitamin deficiencies are considered to be the main possible causes of pain in the legs during menstruation. Also, the problem may be related to physiology, since the uterus and legs have common channels for transmitting nerve impulses to the brain, which can cause muscle pain in the legs during contractions of the uterus. Another possible cause of pain in the legs can be endometriosis. Endometriosis is associated with compaction of the uterine mucosa. The disease can cause damage to the pelvic cavity, as well as the intestine, caecum, rectum, or bladder. It causes pain in the abdomen, lower back and legs. Endometriosis affects the duration of the menstrual cycle and fertility. According to statistics, about 75% of women in puberty and menopause complain of severe pain in the abdomen and legs, which strongly affect the quality of life.

Pain associated with menstruation can be cured or reduced in various ways. A heating pad can be applied to the sore area and a warming ointment can be applied. A warm shower or hot foot bath helps to cope with the pain. Pharmacies offer a wide range of painkillers and anti-inflammatory drugs that are aimed specifically at reducing pain symptoms during menstruation. The action of drugs is aimed at blocking prostaglandin receptors, which is one of the causes of pain. In addition, medications may help to reduce heavy bleeding. However, it should be remembered that taking medications is necessary on the recommendation of a doctor.

Good nutrition, drinking plenty of fluids and good sleep often help to relieve a painful symptom. Daily intake of multivitamins also helps to improve well-being.

Before using the drugs listed on the site, consult your doctor.

Causes of pain in the legs during menstruation

If the legs hurt before the menstrual period, the reason is hidden in the pathologies of the pelvic organs. Pain in the legs are aching in nature, cause numbness of the limbs, goose bumps, cold. Feet freeze, cramps appear. This state does not last long, appears at the beginning of the menstrual cycle. One of the causes of pain in the legs during menstruation is the hormonal changes in the body that occur during life: the onset and installation of menstruation, pregnancy, childbirth, the onset of menopause.

Pain in the lower extremities during menstruation and against the background of diseases. Weakened immunity, colds, imbalance of blood supply in the tissues - lead to unpleasant sensations in the legs. Severe pain in the lower limbs during the menstrual cycle - pathology. Indicates incorrect contraception, diseases of the reproductive organs, endometriosis, polyps, adhesions, problems with the blood flow, thrombosis.

To find the causes of pain before menstruation in the lower extremities, the general practitioner and gynecologist prescribe an examination: an ultrasound of the pelvic organs, blood vessels, curettage, and laparoscopy.

Pain in the legs during menstruation at different ages

The causes of pain in the lower limbs of girls and women are different. Pain in the period of menstruation in adolescent girls say that the body grows. Menstruation begins at 13-14 years, it happens earlier, at 10-11. The mismatch of biological and physical age leads to an imbalance that causes pain in the legs. When menstruation is established in girls, breast tenderness occurs, discomfort giving to the sacrum, lower limbs. After the establishment of the menstrual cycle, sexual activity will begin, pregnancy and childbirth, pain in the legs will stop or ease.

In women who are ready for the birth of a child, pain in the lower limbs during menstruation speaks of health problems. A small pain syndrome is considered normal, but weakness, dizziness, anemia, disability - a signal for examination. Feet hurt before menstruation in women. Pain after childbirth indicates that blood circulation is not established, the bones of the pelvis did not assume a normal position. Influenced the level of pain experienced operations, spinal injuries.

Women after fifty years are slowly losing the function of conceiving and having children. Menstruation becomes irregular. Before the cycle begins, symptoms typical of menstruation occur: legs, head, back, stomach ache, and there is no blood. In another cycle, the opposite is true: there are no signs of PMS, but menstruation comes. In the period of menopause, the functions of the organs decrease, diseases of the legs appear, and the blood supply to the lower extremities decreases. Woman worried about cramps, heaviness, pain.

Unpleasant sensations in the lower limbs cause:

  • Hypodynamia.
  • Elevated blood sugar.
  • Diseases of the feet.
  • Arthritis.
  • Difficult childbirth.
  • Gynecological diseases.
  • Osteochondrosis.
  • Stroke.
  • Violation of the blood circulation of the legs.
  • Tumors.

The pain during the cycle is affected by the transferred injuries of the lower extremities, operations associated with them.

Drug treatment of leg pain during menstruation

If there are pains in the lower limbs before menstruation, the doctor prescribes medication therapy to stop the pain. Pain during menstruation relieves natural medicines. Menalgin eliminates or reduces the level of pain, reduces intensity, removes irritability, facilitates menstruation, reduces pain threshold. Menalgin eliminates the use of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs that adversely affect the gastrointestinal tract.

Why recommend Menalgin? First, he is appointed according to individual indications to women suffering from severe pain, has a sparing effect. Secondly, the drug is natural. You don't need to take it yourself. Taking the medication begins the day before the expected menstruation. The drug soothes, relaxes, has anti-inflammatory, antispasmodic, analgesic effect. Recommended intake of vitamins and minerals, hormonal contraceptive, sedative, analgesics.

Treatment of pain folk remedies

If the legs hurt before menstruation, folk remedies help not worse than medicines, have a long, lasting effect.

  • Relieve the pain in the legs during menstruation medicinal fees sold in the pharmacy. It is recommended to brew instead of tea and drink on an empty stomach.
  • In the tea add mint, lemon balm, chamomile. These herbs soothe, relieve inflammation.
  • Prepare an infusion of oregano. Pour two tablespoons of herbs with boiling water (two glasses). Let the broth cooked for 30 minutes. Drink three times a day, half an hour before meals.
  • It is useful to drink a raspberry infusion before menstruation. With regular use has anti-inflammatory, soothing properties. Take raspberry leaves - three teaspoons, cover with a glass of boiling water, let it brew. Drink during the day in small portions. The pain in the legs will go away if the infusion is made permanent.
  • Pour four teaspoons of viburnum bark with a glass of boiling water, boil, let cool, strain. Take a tablespoon three times a day before meals.
  • One of the causes of pain in the legs during menstruation is stress. It is recommended to take soothing fees sold in pharmacies.
  • Mix chamomile (flowers) and melissa (leaves) in equal proportions, pour boiling water over it, let it stand. Strain. Take thrice daily before meals. It is recommended to start using the infusion a week before menstruation.

Leg soreness during the cycle is easy to remove, remember that pain is a serious symptom that is not the norm. Causes painful active contraction of the uterus, rejecting the endometrial layer. Hence the bleeding. Severe pain in the legs - an excuse to do health.

Prevention of leg pain during menstruation

To avoid pain, to reduce the degree of their occurrence can change lifestyle, habits, diet, mode of work and rest. Special gymnastics helps to strengthen the abdominal muscles, improve blood supply to the pelvic organs and legs. A woman who regularly suffers pain during menstruation should eliminate spicy, salty, fatty, sweet foods from the diet. Doctors recommend vegetables and fruits, vitamins.

During menstruation can not:

  • Engage in heavy physical labor, run, climb stairs.
  • Follow a strict diet.
  • Supercool legs.
  • Drink alcohol, smoke.
  • Sunbathe.

Recommended warm herbal foot bath, gentle massage, fresh air, mode of work and rest. Learn to cope with stress, relax, relax, calm down. Smoking is a cause of deterioration during this period. Harmful habits adversely affect the vessels, leading to dangerous consequences.

Doctors recommend, for the prevention of pain, to pay attention to the lifestyle. Adjust the diet, take vitamin complexes, including calcium, magnesium, vitamins B, E. Exercise regularly, moderately, enough simple exercise and gymnastics. Keeping a cycle diary will help to understand and eliminate the cause of pain.

Pain before menstruation

Quite a common reason why the legs hurt before menstruation is dysmenorrhea. Approximately one day before the regul, the symptoms of this pathology begin to appear, which are pronounced in the process of menstruation, but disappear after the end of the critical days.

Gynecologists determine the cause of the disease menstrual disorders and changes in hormone levels during the period of PMS. In addition, experts have shown that the cause of dysmenorrhea may be due to heredity, that is, if the mother’s critical days were complicated by many exacerbations, it is possible that the daughter will suffer painful manifestations during menstruation.

Dysmenorrhea can have both a mild form (the ailments are almost not felt and do not affect the normal routine of life), and more severe, up to the strongest acute pain that interferes with normal life activity. In severe cases of the disease often exacerbation of other ailments (pain in the joints, abdomen, back, migraines) is often observed.

It happens that dysmenorrhea is caused by other chronic diseases, congenital characteristics of the uterus and vagina, side effects of intrauterine contraception. For many years, the disease may be asymptomatic and unexpectedly manifest with age, increasing in its manifestations from year to year.

Symptoms of dysmenorrhea include:

  • lower abdominal pain extending to the legs,
  • general weakness, fatigue,
  • irritability and / or aggressiveness,
  • inadequate response to odors (for example, a sudden intolerance of odors, which usually do not cause rejection),
  • nausea, dizziness,
  • indigestion
  • swelling and / or numbness of the arms and legs,
  • tachycardia,
  • headaches and joint pains.

The timely treatment of pelvic inflammatory disease will help to avoid this disease. It is also necessary to pay enough attention to a healthy lifestyle and your well-being.

Pain during menstruation

The flow of menstruation, as well as the answer to the question of why during menstruation, feet hurt, depends on the age of the woman. Sometimes this is caused by the individual characteristics of the location of the uterus, or even serious diseases of the legs.

In adolescents, pain in the legs may be due to physiological factors, puberty. At the same time, accelerated growth of the skeleton and muscles is observed. Vessels and nerves grow more slowly, physical exertion increases, there is pain in the legs, aggravating during critical days due to an imbalance of hormones. Sometimes pain is accompanied by swelling, tremors, cramps, numbness. Possible underdevelopment of the uterus, the bends of which cause, during contraction during menstruation, pain extending through the spine to the lower extremities.

It is likely that the pain in the legs will increase when the child-bearing age is reached, in particular, due to the divergence of the pelvic bones after childbirth, displacement of the vertebrae, the presence of scars after cesarean. As a result, disorders in the nervous regulation of the legs occur, pain, numbness, and swelling appear. Pathologies in some systems (sexual or urinary) can also cause serious discomfort. Why else during menstruation hurts feet? Significantly increase the load on the legs and provoke pain, being in the upright position of the body for a long time, sedentary work or a sedentary lifestyle.

After fifty years, the woman’s ability to conceive is gradually lost. Monthly pass irregularly. It happens that all the symptoms of PMS are present, including pain in the joints and legs, and there is no discharge during menstruation. Or, on the contrary, monthly begin without the slightest signs inherent in this process. During menopause, the blood circulation of the legs decreases, discomfort and discomfort appear.

What could be the consequences

Leg pain should not be taken lightly, because, as a sign of PMS, they are also symptoms of a number of dangerous diseases of the spine, joints, pelvis, gynecological, neurological and oncological diseases. If your legs ache during menstruation, the doctor recommends the following examinations:

  1. KLA and biochemistry,
  2. Ultrasound,
  3. hysteroscopy
  4. MRI,
  5. laparoscopy
  6. examination of veins and nerves.

You should also visit an endocrinologist, a neurologist, a traumatologist. Only after the tests have been carried out can the true cause of pain in the lower limbs be established, the necessary therapy can be chosen to help prevent the development of other serious diseases. Any discomfort in the legs should not be ignored.

It must be remembered that any treatment must necessarily be coordinated with the doctor, self-treatment can lead to serious consequences. It may be necessary to consult a gynecologist, neurologist, traumatologist, or oncologist to determine the correct therapy.

If your legs ache during the menstrual period, the doctor may prescribe medication, which involves taking sedatives, hormonal drugs, multivitamins, minerals, and fatty acids.

For aching pain in the legs, the doctor prescribes Diclofenac, Menalgin, Ketoprofen. Menalgin, being a natural medicine, according to numerous reviews of patients, reduces not only pain, but has a calming and relaxing effect, without irritating the gastrointestinal tract.

What to do at home to alleviate the pain in the legs during menstruation? Traditional medicine offers a number of recipes that act no worse than medicines:

  • drink more fluid
  • prepare decoctions of painkillers fees herbs, which you can buy at the pharmacy and drink on an empty stomach, like tea,
  • It is useful to take teas from calming charges,
  • add mint, chamomile or lemon balm to ordinary tea, which will cope with pain and inflammations, which are often syndromes, as the cause of pain,
  • prepare infusions of bark of viburnum, oregano, raspberry, valerian,
  • do a foot massage
  • use baths and baths with extracts of needles, aromatic oils.


Leg pain can be associated with both the PMS and the individual physiological characteristics of the woman and is temporary. It can also be caused by previous injuries, surgical interventions, or may be the cause of the development of more serious diseases. In any case, you should seek the advice of a general practitioner, gynecologist and other specialists. Only after carrying out the necessary examinations, the doctor will prescribe the correct treatment in each specific situation. But the woman herself should not forget about a healthy lifestyle, proper diet and sufficient physical activity.

Factors that cause leg pain during menstruation

In general, pain during menstruation can be considered a physiological norm. But such unpleasant symptoms are localized mainly in the lower abdomen. Uncharacteristic pains, when pulling legs before menstruation, are perceived as a threatening symptom.

From a certain age, girls need to listen to the state of their body and carefully monitor not only the regularity of the cycle, but also the associated symptoms.

They may indicate a latent disease that is easier to diagnose and treat at an early stage.

У девочек подросткового периода

The so-called growth pains, which are often observed in the period of intensive maturity between 5–15 years, can also be non-systematic. Teenage girls often complain of "volatile" pain in the lower limbs, not related to injuries and illnesses.

At the age of 18, absolutely any part of the leg and the body as a whole can hurt. Experts identify two factors for the development of this syndrome:

  • increased exercise, causing pain in the muscles and bone apparatus of the child,
  • rapid increase in bones, provoking the tension of muscle fibers and tendons.

Usually in adolescents the pain in the legs is not associated with the menstrual cycle, however, it is during this period that the general state of health worsens, the girl becomes overwhelmed, weakened. Unpleasant sensations that occur before, may increase a week before and during menstruation.

In women of childbearing age

In adults, especially women who have given birth, the pain of this nature is not associated with the growth of limbs. During menstruation, it is possible to experience discomfort in violation of hormonal balance, diseases of the urinary and genital systems, as well as due to various pathologies obtained during childbirth (divergence of the pelvic bones, displacement of the vertebrae, the scar after the COP).

Also, discomfort in the lower extremities can be caused by overwork, prolonged stay in an upright position, general fatigue, and a lack of vitamins.

Premenstrual syndrome

One of the main reasons why the legs hurt before menstruation is premenstrual syndrome in a woman.

When PMS feelings of pain in the legs can be constant or periodic, also differ in different intensity, due to changes in the concentration of progesterone and estrogen, disruptions in the hormonal cycle.

If pains occur every month, edemas, mood changes appear, this may indicate PMS. As a result of fluid retention in the body, symptoms such as a feeling of pressure in the lower extremities, heaviness, increased venous pattern, numbness and cramps, especially after prolonged standing and at night, can occur.

When PMS increases sensitivity. Women with a low threshold of pain may feel discomfort in their legs due to wearing tight shoes, inelastic stockings and socks.

PMS lasts for each woman in different ways, therefore we recommend to read additional information on this topic in a separate article on our website.

Reiter's syndrome

Reiter's disease belongs to the group of rheumatic pathologies. It is characterized by a combined lesion of the joints, urogenital tract and eye mucosa. These organs and systems can be affected simultaneously or in a certain sequence. The disease is caused by a genitourinary or intestinal infection.

In the presence of Reiter's syndrome in the acute stage with menstrual knees hurt, urination is disturbed, urethritis develops. Then there is conjunctivitis and other eye diseases.

1 month after the manifestation of urogenital infection develops reactive arthritis, asymmetrically affecting the joints of the legs.

However, young men under 40 years old are more susceptible to the disease, women suffer from this disease much less often, it does not affect children.

Back problems

With spinal pathologies, pain in the lower limbs can occur. Causes: infringement of the nerves, displacement of the vertebrae, the development of osteochondrosis, muscle spasms. In this case, the leg hurts, and the following symptoms are present:

  • numbness of the feet,
  • convulsions
  • goose bumps on the skin,
  • pulling pains in the sacrum-lumbar region.

A characteristic sign of back problems - pain often radiates to the organ near which a pinched nerve or other spinal injury occurred. When a nerve is pressed in the cervical region, discomfort will be felt in the head and arm, in the thoracic region - in the internal organs.

Venous insufficiency

During menstruation, the legs go numb, there is a slight pain in the case of varicose insufficiency. The characteristic symptoms are swelling, aching in the lower limbs after exercise, the development of trophic ulcers.

Discomfort can be caused by a violation of the arterial blood supply (Raynaud's disease, atherosclerosis). During menstruation due to hormonal imbalance, a malfunction of the lymphatic drainage system of the body occurs, edema develops, which increases the symptoms of the underlying disease.

Joint diseases

Sometimes the legs hurt during menstruation and articular pathologies, such as:

Causes of discomfort can also be transferred injuries and operations. Additional symptoms - movement stiffness, crunching, reddening of the skin in the affected joint, pain and heaviness in the legs during hypothermia or increased load.


The feeling when the lower limbs whine and are taken away, during menstruation may also occur against the background of polyneuropathy. This disease is characterized by a feeling of chills in the calves and feet, heaviness, discomfort in the legs, hair loss, increased dryness of the skin of the legs.

When polyneuropathy occurs pain and damage to the nerve fibers. And due to this, tired legs, cramps, chills are constantly felt.

Diagnosis of the cause of the disease

In any period of the menstrual cycle, you must contact your gynecologist. If necessary, this doctor will send the patient for further examination to narrow specialists. For diagnostic purposes, apply:

  • biochemical and general blood, urine tests,
  • Abdominal ultrasound,
  • MRI,
  • examination of nerve endings and veins,
  • laparoscopy.

To identify the causes, the spine, joints, urogenital system are examined, exclude injuries and tumors.

Some procedures are undesirable to do during menstruation. For example, it is better not to do an MRI for menstruation, but to postpone the procedure until they end.

Consultation with a therapist

Appeal to the therapist is necessary if the pain is not associated with the menstrual cycle. The specialist differentiates leg diseases such as venous insufficiency, arthrosis or arthritis, and also excludes a stroke, the development of benign, malignant tumors, osteochondrosis, elevated sugar levels, or the approach of menopause. Assigned tests for the content of various hormones in the blood. If necessary, the doctor issues a referral for consultations of narrow specialists - phlebologist, gastroenterologist, traumatologist, orthopedist, oncologist.

Treatment of folk remedies

Frequent and severe pain during menstruation compels women to use antispasmodics and painkillers to alleviate the condition. But to completely get rid of unpleasant sensations is possible only after the exclusion of the root cause.

So, treatment of pain in the legs with folk remedies is an auxiliary measure. General recommendations for therapy are to give the legs regular rest and lift them up at the slightest opportunity, if necessary, to reduce weight, in the case of long walking, to take short breaks, not to cross the legs while sitting.

Compression underwear and creams

Often bandages and compression garments are used in case of varicose veins. It is necessary to use these products not only for painful sensations, but also at rest - for prophylaxis.

Apply a bandage to the morning without getting out of bed. At the same time the legs are raised, the product is wound from the bottom to the middle of the thigh. It is important not to crush the skin, so as not to aggravate the pathology of the venous system and not to provoke edema.

For painful sensations in the lower extremities, special ointments and creams are used. They have a cooling or, conversely, warming effect. Venotonics improve blood flow, strengthen the vascular walls, prevent the development of varicose veins and eliminate the heaviness and pain in the legs.

Only the doctor after the examinations will accurately answer whether the pain in the legs is associated with the disease. It may be that this is a physiological feature of a woman’s body. To avoid health problems, do not delay with a visit to a specialist.

Physiological processes

Sometimes the legs can hurt and have a perfectly healthy woman. This is due to hormonal shifts that occur during menstruation. In the middle of the cycle, an increase in the level of progesterone occurs, which expands the uterus vessels, affecting other organs. In particular, it is susceptible to the veins of the pelvis and lower extremities. Expanding, they hold a larger volume of blood, which can cause heaviness in the legs and swelling.

Pain in the lower limbs is sometimes accompanied by the establishment of the menstrual cycle in girls during puberty. In this case, there is an imbalance between the growth of the musculoskeletal system and reproductive function, which affects the blood supply and innervation of the pelvic and lower limb tissues. But with the establishment of menstruation and with regular sex life, the pain disappears.

Asking about the cause of pain in the legs associated with menstruation, you first need to consider the possibility of physiological changes in the woman's body.


Violation of the menstrual cycle, characterized by painful periods, called algomenorrhea. It can develop primarily (functional) or against the background of anatomical changes in the genitals. But despite the origin, the complex of symptoms will be of the same type:

  • Abdominal pain cramping character.
  • Unpleasant sensations apply to the lower back, groin and thigh area.
  • Headaches and dizziness.
  • Bloating, nausea and even vomiting.
  • General weakness, irritability.

Algodormenorrhea can lead to reduced working capacity and significantly reduce the quality of life. Therefore, it is not only a medical, but also a social problem.

Inflammatory diseases

Quite often, the menstrual cycle is disturbed in inflammatory diseases affecting the sexual sphere of a woman. Most often one has to deal with the pathology of the uterus appendages - adnexitis (salpingoophoritis). First, the disease develops as an acute process, but subsequently becomes chronic. This will disturb the pain in the lower abdomen, which radiates to the legs or lumbar region. Physiological secretions may change and discomfort may be felt during intercourse.

If inflammation is not treated for a long time, it provokes the growth of connective tissue and the appearance of adhesions in the fallopian tubes, which can cause infertility.

Pathology of the venous system

Considering the influence of female sex hormones on the vascular wall, it can be assumed that leg pain associated with menstruation is a sign of venous insufficiency and impaired blood flow. This often occurs with varicose veins or thrombophlebitis of the lower extremities. And women have to deal with these symptoms:

  • Heaviness in the legs, worse in the evening.
  • Swelling of the legs and feet.
  • Apparent expansion of the surface veins, the appearance of "nodes".
  • Trophic skin changes.

Thrombophlebitis is characterized by inflammation of the walls of the veins, which means that the pain will be much more pronounced, a strip of redness will be visible on the skin. In the same place, you can feel the dense cord - this is the affected vessel.


Sometimes it happens that the legs hurt not only during menstruation, but also at another time. Then you should look for reasons that have no connection with the menstrual cycle. These conditions include polyneuropathy, which is a common pathology in patients with endocrine-metabolic diseases (diabetes, hypothyroidism, etc.). First, the distal (lower) parts of the limbs are affected, and then the process rises higher. In addition to persistent and quite intense pain in the legs, there are other symptoms of a neurological nature:

  • Numbness of the skin, tingling, burning, "crawling".
  • Decreased sensitivity.
  • Changing reflex reactions.
  • Muscle weakness.

On examination, the doctor draws attention not only to the manifestations of neuropathy, but necessarily takes into account the signs of the underlying disease.

Joint diseases

Pathology of the joints of the lower limbs can occur in women at any age. Even degenerative-dystrophic diseases, such as osteoarthritis, often develop in the reproductive period of life. And pain in the legs sometimes coincide with menstruation. But at the same time they are associated with movements and physical activity. In addition, in the clinical picture there will be other symptoms indicating the pathology of the musculoskeletal system:

  • Swelling and redness of the skin over the joints.
  • Restriction of movements in the knee or hip area.
  • Soreness of the joints during palpation.

Thus, if during menstruation the legs hurt, then you need to undergo a medical examination. Why pain occurs in a particular patient, the doctor will determine. It is possible that this discomfort is temporary, as it is associated with physiological processes. But we can not exclude other causes that are within the framework of pathological disorders that require timely detection.

Causes of the phenomenon

It should be noted that menstruation proceeds differently depending on age. Therefore, the development of pain in the legs may have different causes. In some cases, this syndrome occurs with a fairly common disease - dysmenorrhea.

What is dysmenorrhea? If the legs hurt before the menstrual period, then this pathology can be suspected in a woman. The symptoms of this disease manifest themselves during the premenstrual syndrome, about a day before the onset of menstruation. At the very beginning of the cycle, they appear especially sharply and completely disappear after its termination.

From the point of view of gynecologists, this condition is associated with irregular menstruation. In the mild form, this pathology does not interfere with normal life, but in severe cases, the woman is forced to spend the period of menstruation in bed. Painful sensations are so acute that it becomes impossible to even go to work.

Dysmenorrhea has a close relationship with changes in the hormonal level during PMS, since it is manifested by emotional instability, a tendency to depressive mood, and manifestation of fears. Moreover, experts have proven that this pathology has a hereditary nature. That is, if the mother's menstruation is severe, then her daughter on critical days can also have serious ailments.

How does dysmenorrhea occur? Mild pathology is manifested by minor ailments, in which a woman can go to work, do household chores. With a moderate degree, the discomfort can be eliminated with the help of painkillers.

Severe pathology is manifested by acute pain, which is felt not only in the abdomen. A woman can hurt her legs and back. In addition, a severe degree of the disease may be accompanied by exacerbation of existing chronic ailments. For example, migraine.

After the end of the menstrual cycle, the condition of the woman is normalized. In the event that the disease appears at the very beginning of puberty or 2-3 years after menarche, then this condition is assessed as primary dysmenorrhea. Pathology can be caused by:

  • the formation of reproductive function
  • features of the nervous system,
  • hormonal imbalance.

Most often, the severity of the disease is associated with features of the perception of pain. Some women suffer even minor ailments. It is important to take into account the peculiarities of the psychogenic factor. Many girls have fear associated with the onset of puberty. They often become nervous and easily excitable. Spasmogenic manifestations of the disease are caused directly by uterine contractions during the menstrual period.

In adult women, dysmenorrhea is often associated with the development of chronic diseases, side effects when using methods of intrauterine contraception. The existence of this problem, many women can not even guess for a long time. However, with age, signs begin to appear that are associated with changes in hormonal levels. Therefore, the disease can make itself felt completely unexpectedly. And in this case it has a particularly pronounced course.

How do dysmenorrhea symptoms appear?

The disease can be divided into several types according to the nature of the course:

  1. Compensated dysmenorrhea. The woman’s well-being during menstruation remains unchanged for a long time.
  2. Decompensated. Painful sensations increase every year.

The characteristic symptoms of dysmenorrhea are:

  1. Pain in the lower abdomen. Often they are radiating to the sacral area and feet.
  2. Feeling weak.
  3. Increased fatigue for no apparent reason.
  4. Tachycardia.
  5. Dizziness.
  6. Bouts of nausea. Sometimes they are accompanied by vomiting.
  7. Diarrhea or constipation.
  8. Swelling in the arms and lower limbs, feeling of numbness.
  9. Low-grade or low body temperature.
  10. Odor intolerance.
  11. A woman becomes irritable or aggressive.
  12. There may be pain in the head or in the joints.

In some cases, these symptoms occur simultaneously. A woman feels really sick. Дисменорея проявляется иногда и после окончания менструации. Женщину могут беспокоить боли и во время сексуальной близости.

Dysmenorrhea can be associated with congenital abnormalities of the uterus or vagina. A number of diseases leads to the fact that there is difficulty in the outflow of menstrual flow. Often the cause may be hormonal failure, in which the prostaglandin balance is disturbed. In turn, this leads to uterine spasms.

In some cases, dysmenorrhea accompanies the occurrence of more serious female diseases, for example:

  • endometriosis,
  • myoma,
  • development of adhesions,
  • tuberculosis,
  • complications after abortion and after childbirth,
  • varicose veins of the lower extremities.

Necessary measures

It is not necessary to treat illnesses during menstruation lightly. In some cases, they can be symptoms of many serious diseases. Therefore, if the menstrual cycle is difficult, then you need to consult a doctor and be examined:

  • Ultrasonography of the uterus and pelvic organs,
  • if there is a suspicion of tumor development, the doctor may give a referral for MRI,
  • adhesions detected by hysteroscopy.

In that case, if these methods do not allow to determine why the legs hurt during menstruation, then laparoscopy is performed. In addition to the gynecologist, you should seek advice from an endocrinologist, a neurologist and a psychiatrist.

To facilitate the flow of the menstrual cycle, sedation can be prescribed to normalize the reproductive organs. These include Valerian, Motherwort, Relanium.

It is useful to take baths with pine extracts. Depending on the indications, it will be useful to undergo a course of treatment with complexes with omega-3 fatty acids, multivitamins. To normalize the psychological state, treatment may be prescribed by a psychotherapist.

If the pain is aching in nature, then discharged Ketoprofen, Diclofenac, hormonal drugs. In order to avoid such an unpleasant disease as dysmenorrhea, women and girls need to monitor their health, in time to treat acute diseases of the pelvic organs.

Pain in the legs during menopause

Women who have already turned fifty lose their childbearing function. To be more precise, there is a gradual extinction of the reproductive functions of the body and the lady begins a period called “menopause”, during which the menstruation becomes more rare and irregular. Before the beginning of menstruation, false symptoms may occur: headaches, pains in the abdomen, back, and also in the legs. In this case, the selection itself does not appear.

As a result of the aging of the body, the functioning of all organs slows down, which is why the reproductive, excretory, and cardiovascular systems wear out. In addition, disrupted and metabolism, as well as blood circulation, which can cause the occurrence of various diseases. The onset of menopause contributes to the emergence of serious pathologies, as well as their progression.


This disease most often occurs as a result of the proliferation of the inner layers of the cells of the uterus in inappropriate places. This disease has the following symptoms: aching pain in the lower abdomen, as well as lower back. So why do girls with this diagnosis complain of frequent pain in their legs? This is due to the fact that the nerve plexus is located near the uterus, because of which the pain can be given to the lower limbs. Women with this disease often have numb legs.