Little kids

12 conditions of good baby health


Proper upbringing and development of a child — healthy and full-fledged — is a task that can be solved only by patient and loving parents. Adults who want to see their children in the future as smart, talented and comprehensively developed people should start working on this from the first days of the birth of the newborn.

Modern parents have the right to choose the most progressive methods of parenting, and, on the contrary, following the precepts of grandmothers, can raise a child according to conservative, time-tested rules.

However, the best option is, as always, somewhere in the middle. Do not neglect the experience of previous generations, but we can not ignore the current trends in pedagogy and psychology. The current parents need, first of all, to learn, and it is never too late to learn good and useful things.

Family education

The fundamentals of human character, as well as the fundamentals of human health, are laid at a very early age and are laid in the family. A person begins with a family, and what will be its beginning, so will the continuation. In families, where the atmosphere of warmth and love reigns, where everyone shares their feelings with each other, where consent lives, and parents respect each other, children grow harmonious and healthy, since the basis of all physical health is internal balance.

Such a family turns into a whole world for a child, reflecting life in all its diversity. The upbringing of children can be carried out by a variety of methods, but it is necessary to adhere to some simple universal rules:

  • respect the personality of the child, do not demand from him blind obedience: try to do so that their understanding of simple truths happens as if by itself,
  • never humiliate your child, do not physically punish him, remove shouts, commands, threats and insults from your dialogue with him,
  • spouses never need to find out the relationship with each other, especially on raised tones,
  • do not express with children negative, negative opinions about the people around you,
  • do not try to control the child 24 hours a day: if he is busy with something, do not interfere in his affairs until he asks you about it,
  • Remember that you are an object of imitation for a child: he takes from you all good and bad,
  • work out a “unity of demands” in the family: it’s impossible for mom to forbid something, and dad allowed her in her absence - “it’s impossible”, it means “it’s impossible under any circumstances”

Raising and developing a child in kindergarten and school

From 3 to 7 years, the development of a child includes the most complex psychological processes - such as thinking, speech, perception of the surrounding world, memory. At this stage it is very important to provide the child with the possibility of a comprehensive knowledge of reality in general, and of society, as an integral part of this reality in particular.

The society in which your child will live will first appear before him as a group of his kindergarten. The upbringing of children in preschool institutions should be aimed at teaching their life in society and the rules of interaction with its participants. Competent behavior of the kindergarten pedagogical staff consists in controlling and intelligently guiding the process of adaptation and preparing the baby for later life in the team.

Timely treatment

The treatment of children is the task of pediatricians, but maintaining the health of children at such a level that this treatment is as low as possible is the goal of fathers and mothers.

In other words, if in the first months of a child’s life you create comfortable “greenhouse” conditions for him, then in his later life without such conditions it will be very difficult for him to exist. Conclusion - the conditions for the physical development of the child from the first months of life should be close to natural: you should not be afraid (within reasonable limits, of course) of fresh air and temperature drops.

Starting hardening children as early as possible, you will create all the prerequisites so that in the future your children can resist colds and more easily cope with infectious diseases.

The treatment of the baby’s body, carried out by doctors with the help of medicines and parents with the help of proven folk methods, will be incomplete without healing the child’s soul, which is achieved by believing in God and following universal human commandments. Only in this case, the development of the child will occur in harmony and joy.

Proper nutrition

Another important development point that affects both the health of the child and much more, including his character and intellect, is nutrition, which plays no less a role in the lives of children than upbringing. The main rule of this paragraph is as follows: feeding the child should not become the meaning of the life of the parents.

To the nutrition of children must be approached from the standpoint of naturalness. In the body of a healthy person, all the physiological needs that govern both appetite and the amount of food consumed are inherently incorporated. Appetite is the equivalent of wasted energy: if a baby is mobile all day, plays in the fresh air, he has corresponding needs for the amount of food. If he spends his days lying in front of the TV, his energy needs will be disproportionately less.

There are basic rules in the nutrition of children, by adhering to which the parents will keep the baby healthy and their nerves:

  • no feeding by the hour: the meal time is determined by the child’s appetite,
  • no force feeding,
  • prevent your child from being fastidious about food consumption: if the food you cook is healthy and full, the child should eat what he is given, not what he wants at the moment,
  • feed the child more often, but in small portions,
  • food must be easily digestible, non-greasy, warm (but not hot), liquid,
  • loss of child's appetite during illnesses is a natural phenomenon: the more you feed the baby during the illness, the longer and harder the disease will last,

Spiritual and moral development

The time from 0 to 5 is the most important thing in the life of a child - during this period not only his character is formed, but the basis of his spirituality and morality. A child who is able to correctly understand another person — his feelings, emotions, thoughts, for whom the concepts of friendship, justice, love — is not an empty sound, endures difficult life situations and is more tolerant of negative influences from outside.

At a younger age, the basis for the moral education of a child’s personality is his emotional responsiveness, innate ability to empathize. The moral upbringing of children directly depends on the environment in which the child lives and develops: the child adopts methods of behavior in the family as generally accepted norms. If at this stage the parents make some moral and spiritual mistakes, retraining their son or daughter later, in kindergarten and school, will be much more difficult.

The moral education strategy should be directed not only at mastering the rules adopted by society, but also at creating a sense of unity of the child with their peers, and developing a positive attitude towards all people in general.

Answers to exciting questions about the health of the child, advice on their education, recommendations on the physical and spiritual development of the baby can be found on our website. We will tell you how best to act in this situation, if you are at a loss. Our site will help find the answer to almost any question about children. Ask, and get advice to ensure your CHILD is HEALTHY!

12 steps to the health of the child

  1. Correctly, competently and in advance, prepare for a future pregnancy. This is the first step to the health of the crumbs. The actions of most young people are distinguished by their spontaneity and rapid decision-making: “we need furniture — let's go and buy,” “we went on vacation — the flight was scheduled the next morning.” Having become accustomed to act in this way, many women do not prepare for pregnancy and are completely unaware of what to do when they find themselves in an “interesting position.” Since most often a woman finds out about her pregnancy by the end of 6-8 weeks, many very important actions to ensure the health of the unborn child are not done yet. Therefore, every woman who could potentially become a mother “today” wants to give some very important tips. To give birth to a healthy baby, expectant parents need to lead a healthy lifestyle and pass a series of tests, pass a sexually transmitted infection test with her husband, and if necessary, carry out treatment. In order to reduce the risk of probable malformations of the fetus, the expectant mother needs to take folic acid. Equally desirable is influenza vaccination. Having made such a vaccination, a woman for the entire duration of the pregnancy will reliably protect both herself and her baby from the effect of the virus. Even after the birth of the baby, the protective effect of this vaccine will spread to him through mother's milk.
  2. After pregnancy, make your lifestyle sparing. This does not mean that from now on the future mom should spend half a day in bed. Exercise is necessary for both her and her unborn child, they just have to be somewhat different. Favorite jogging in stuffy supermarkets is better to prefer a leisurely walk in a quiet park (walking in the open air, which is an excellent workout for muscles and blood vessels and oxygenating every cell, will prepare the mother's body for childbirth). Going to go to the cinema, the expectant mother should think carefully what is more important for her: short-term pleasure or the health of the future of the crumbs (after all, in the big cinema hall there are probably carriers of dangerous viruses and bacteria: staphylococcus, tuberculosis bacillus, influenza, streptococci). Sometimes an infection (for example, rubella or herpes), caught in a crowded place, causes miscarriage or fetal death. It is also a responsible approach to the choice of places for the long-awaited vacation. From trips to a number of exotic countries (especially island states such as Maldives, Ceylon or Goa), replete with rare infections and parasites, a couple expecting a baby, it is better to give up.
  3. Give birth naturally. A healthy woman should give birth on her own, and not by cesarean section. Unfortunately, this operation, not so long ago carried out strictly for medical reasons, today is performed unnecessarily often (“by agreement with the doctor”). Natural childbirth is primarily necessary for the child. In the process of passing through the birth canal, a powerful activation of the child’s body occurs, forcing him to produce a large amount of hormones (norepinephrine and adrenaline) that protect the fetus from hypoxia and prepare it for contact with an unusual external environment, which is so different from the conditions surrounding it inside the mother's tummy. The cesarean section, which unnaturally shortens the time of the infant's transition from one medium to another up to a gap of a few seconds, is a huge stress for him and is far from harmless to health.
  4. The woman who has just given birth should insist that the baby removed from the womb (not yet wiped from grease and not wrapped in a diaper) be immediately applied to her breast. This action is intended to activate at once two extremely important processes: the sucking reflex in the newborn and the beginning of lactation in the mother. The colostrum released from its breast in the first days after delivery is the ideal product for feeding the baby. Containing a large amount of proteins and antibodies, it prepares the infant's digestive system for breast milk and activates its immunity. The components of colostrum have a laxative effect, helping the intestines of the newborn to remove the original cal - meconium.
  5. Breastfeed your baby. Compulsory breastfeeding for at least six months is a reliable guarantor of the proper development and excellent health of an infant. All sane specialists constantly tire of this, every loving mother should learn this. It depends on her how long the breastfeeding period will be, since the best lactogonic agent, called the “lactation dominant”, is the mother's conviction that she can and should breastfeed her baby. If there is no such conviction on a subconscious level, the milk will either not appear at all, or will disappear very quickly. Convincing themselves that breastfeeding is a responsibility to the baby, each mother should adjust herself to the need to make it as long as possible. This hard work will certainly turn into the good health of the crumbs, which does not suffer from allergic reactions or from frequent colds and all sorts of infections (tips for nursing mothers about HB).
  6. Walk with your child at least twice a day for one and a half to two hours, remembering that walking with a stroller along a busy motorway or visiting shops with a crumb in her arms or in a sling has nothing to do with a walk. The best place to walk is a calm green courtyard or a clean city park. A walk in a place devoid of any kind of entertainment may seem boring for the mother, but for the health of the baby it has truly invaluable value (shouldn't this be the first thing to strive for?).
  7. Take care of the timely implementation of preventive vaccinations, revaccination and Mantoux tests: This is the holy duty of responsible and competent parents. The very first vaccinations (BCG and hepatitis B) should be made to the newborn during his stay in the hospital. Refusing to vaccinate her child, the mother must be aware that by doing so she puts at risk not only his health, but also life itself (the vaccination schedule).
  8. When seeking medical help, never hide from the doctors the true picture of what happened with the child. In the practice of any pediatrician, there are many cases when a baby’s life turned out to be in the balance from death due to the fact that his parents were afraid to admit that they dropped a crumb or fed him with “delicacy” (for example, healthy and tasty black caviar), which should not be in the children's diet. A true story about an event that preceded the baby’s poor health will help the doctor quickly make the correct diagnosis and provide him with qualified help.
  9. Do not ignore the monthly medical examinations of your baby by a pediatrician and a number of specialists (in accordance with the prescribed schedule) . They are necessary in order to detect the presence of any abnormalities in the health of the child, the doctor can promptly appoint appropriate treatment. Parental carelessness is fraught with the loss of precious time: any defect (for example, congenital dislocation of the hip), the correction of which in infancy would not be a particular problem, later it will be much more difficult to fix.
  10. Strictly follow the rules of introduction of complementary foods. There is no question of any pastry and sausage products in the baby’s diet (this is sometimes found in Russian families). The development of the enzymatic system is a gradual process, so untimely introduction of products from an adult table into the food of the crumbs can result in indigestion, intestinal dyskinesia, and in particularly advanced cases - the so-called intestinal volvulus (intestinal invagination) and even death (about the first complementary feeding).
  11. Never and in no way follow the advice of non-professional leading pseudo-medical programs shown on central television channels: This may cause irreparable damage to the health of a small child, so they should not be guided by any means. All questions regarding the health of the crumbs should be addressed to a qualified specialist.
  12. Trusting the doctors, never place on them the full responsibility for your child. All actions of caring parents who listen to the medical advice received should be directed first of all to what is really useful and necessary for their crumbs.

If a child

  • Runny nose You can suck mucus using an aspirator or your own mouth, rinse the nasal passages with saline, or drip the nose with breast milk (how to treat a runny nose in a newborn),
  • Began to water or faded eye. Moistening a cotton swab with saline, you can wash the eye from the outer to the inner corner. Suppuration of only one eye is an alarming symptom that may indicate obstruction of the lacrimal canal. A pediatric ophthalmologist will quickly fix the problem by sensing it,
  • The temperature has risen, the child is hot to the touch. After undressing the baby, he is quickly wiped off with a wet towel and left in a thin vest. После этого можно сделать клизму, используя кипяченую воду комнатной температуры. К паховым впадинам и к подмышкам можно приложить бутылочки, наполненные такой же водой. Если температура поднимется выше 38,5 градусов или на ее фоне появятся судороги, следует дать крохе детский ибупрофен или парацетамол и немедленно вызвать скорую помощь.If the hands and feet of the baby, despite the high temperature, continue to remain icy, you must first warm them, rubbing each finger thoroughly (after the massage, you can even put on mittens and socks). After that, you can perform all the above steps (how to bring down the temperature of the baby),
  • Dry skin (against atopic dermatitis) or diaper rash. The kid will be helped by frequent bathing and thorough cleansing of skin folds with a swab soaked in sterilized baby oil.
  • Apathetic condition, lethargy, prolonged lack of appetite, rash (in the form of small specks resembling subcutaneous hemorrhages), incessant piercing cry — all these symptoms are indications for calling a doctor or for the immediate hospitalization of a child.

Baby's health is the main value, which loving parents should take care of. Compliance with the simple rules set forth in the materials of our article will help them to ensure the optimal conditions necessary for the implementation of this difficult but extremely important task.

12 conditions of good baby health

Of great importance for the health of the future baby is several factors - heredity, pregnancy planning and preparation for it, compliance with all the recommendations of specialists during the bearing of the child and in the first years of his life. Correct actions of parents and their responsible attitude to the baby is a guarantee of his strong physical and mental health.

There are twelve basic steps of parents, which will help to achieve the goal.

1. Preparation for pregnancy and its planning

A planned baby is one of the first important steps to the health of the future of the crumbs. This step, unfortunately, in most cases is not respected. A young couple does not think about the children until the time when the pregnancy suddenly becomes an accomplished fact.

Ease of relationship and irresponsibility towards each other often take a man and a woman off guard. “Interesting position” is found for a period of one and a half to two months, when already some important preparatory measures have been missed.

Many important steps and actions of future parents remain unfulfilled.

To prevent this from happening to you, think about the future child in advance and listen to some important tips:

  • A healthy lifestyle, the absence of bad habits and chronic diseases are important components for the good health of your baby.
  • Long before conception, it is necessary to conduct a thorough examination of the health of a man and a woman by passing tests and consultations with specialists, and, if necessary, the recommended treatment.
  • During pregnancy, a woman is recommended to take folic acid. It will reduce many times the likelihood of the development of various defects in the fetus.
  • Flu vaccination is a reliable protection of mother and child throughout the entire gestation period and after childbirth against dangerous viruses and all sorts of complications from the flu. The baby in the first months of his life will receive the necessary protection through breastfeeding.

2. Changing the daily routine and lifestyle of a woman during pregnancy

Pregnancy is not a disease, there is no need for bed rest and a total ban on physical activity. It is better to reduce such loads and slightly change the usual mode of the day.

Some favorite activities should be replaced by more beneficial to the health of the mother and child.

This applies to many hours of shopping, going to the cinema, traveling in public transport and relaxing in exotic countries.

Much more useful walking in the park or near the reservoir. This will help strengthen the blood vessels and muscle tissue.

Avoid crowded places, as there is always the risk of catching a virus or bacteria that is very dangerous for a baby (for example, tuberculosis, staphylococcus, influenza, herpes or rubella).

These diseases can not only harm health, but also provoke premature birth or even death of the fetus.

3. Childbirth should take place naturally

If there is no indication for cesarean section, then the woman should give birth independently. Nowadays, unfortunately, this surgical procedure is carried out by agreement in order to “alleviate” women's sufferings, although one can argue about this for a long time and bring many arguments and arguments.

Natural childbirth is a complex process, but very important and even necessary for a baby.

After passing through the birth canal, the child's body turns on, activates its protective mechanisms that allow you to gradually move from the intrauterine state into an unusual environment.

A cesarean section deprives the child of this opportunity and, on the contrary, causes great stress in the baby and damages mental health.

4. The first application of the child to the chest

This action should occur in the first minutes after birth, when the baby has not yet been subjected to any hygienic treatment and swaddling. Mom should insist on this important procedure for her and the baby.

Early application to the breast activates the lactation process in women, and the baby has a sucking reflex. Of great importance for the normal functioning of the digestive organs of the baby is the receipt in the first days of the necessary amount of maternal colostrum.

It helps to strengthen the immunity of the child, as it contains a large amount of antibodies and proteins.

5. Breastfeeding - mandatory in the first six months.

The duty of every loving mother is prolonged breastfeeding. A woman must adjust herself to the fact that she is a source of protection for the child and a guarantee of his good health. The desire to breastfeed your baby will promote good lactation. Conversely, milk will quickly disappear if the woman does not wish to feed the baby in a natural way.

If the baby is breastfed for a long time, then his body is not afraid of various infections, allergies and colds. Breastfeeding is not easy and not always convenient. But after all, for the most part, the health of her beloved crumb depends only on a real mother and you can sacrifice your temporary inconveniences.

6. Daily walks are very important.

A walk is not a trip to a clinic or a shop. There will be little benefit from such trips. It is recommended to walk with the child in the area of ​​the park or square, away from the highways and city fuss.

Every day you need to walk for one and a half - two hours in the morning and evening. Choose a calm and clean place for walking, without noise and with lots of plants.

Clean air and positive emotions are equally important for the health of mother and child.

7. The need for timely vaccinations

Responsible parents should understand the importance of childhood vaccinations.

BCG, hepatitis vaccine, Mantoux tests and other mandatory vaccinations should be made on time, as recommended by the pediatrician.

Literate moms and dads will not experiment with the health of the baby and put him at risk. Sometimes not only health, but also the life of a child depends on the decision of adults.

8. Tell the pediatrician the whole truth.

Young parents sometimes hide the true causes of a child’s poor health. In adolescence or stupidity, mom or dad gave the baby a try from one of the “adult” foods or, due to inexperience, dropped a crumb.

You need to quickly and honestly talk about such moments to the medical worker to whom you asked for help, because the child’s life depends on it. Knowing everything that happened, the doctor will be able to establish the diagnosis and prescribe the correct treatment.

Remember that saving a child does not always depend only on doctors.

9. Every month - a mandatory inspection by a pediatrician.

A medical examination once a month is a necessity and opportunity at an early stage to identify health problems. In no case should such planned trips to the polyclinic be neglected.

The fact that the parents do not see and do not notice is sure to be discovered by a specialist. In infancy, it is much easier to solve health problems. In the future, it may take more effort, time and money.

Due to the carelessness and irresponsibility of parents, you can miss valuable time.

10. Strict compliance with the rules of feeding and introduction of complementary foods.

As mentioned above, breastfeeding should be as long as possible. But at a certain stage it is necessary to introduce new products into the baby’s diet. Parents are required to strictly follow all rules and recommendations for the introduction of complementary foods.

The condition of all digestive organs of the child depends on the correct feeding. Huge, and sometimes irreparable, harm to the baby can cause products from the adult diet. The child’s stomach and intestines are not yet able to absorb such foods.

Crumbs are forbidden to give confectionery, sausage, carbonated drinks and pastries.

11. Follow the advice of qualified doctors only.

Numerous television broadcasts with different tips from unknown “stars” of medicine should not be the basis of your baby’s treatment.

Only a qualified doctor who can examine the child, conduct the necessary tests and examinations, listen to all the complaints of the parents can monitor the health of your crumb and even more so prescribe treatment to him.

Pseudo-doctors, healers and traditional healers can cause great and even irreparable harm to the health of your baby.

12. Baby's health depends primarily on mom and dad.

Preservation of health and the process of recovery of the baby should depend not so much on the doctors as on the child’s mom and dad. Only they know their baby better than others and are primarily responsible for his life and health. Listening to the advice of physicians, put in the first place the benefits and the need for a child at the moment.

Young parents note!

1. If the baby has a runny nose, you need to help him ease breathing. First you need to free the nasal passages from mucus. It is more convenient to make an aspirator or the smallest rubber bulb. Then the baby's nose should be washed with saline and dripped with mother's milk.

2. In case of abundant tear release or “acidification” of the eyes, both eyes should be washed with saline. Moist cotton swab alternately washed eyes toward the nose.

If one of the baby’s eyes has festered, then it is advisable to seek advice from a pediatric eye doctor. So the infant's organism can react to the obstruction of the lacrimal canal.

This problem is solved by a specialist quickly and painlessly.

3. If the temperature of the child’s body has increased to thirty-eight degrees, special measures must be taken to normalize it. First, the baby needs to be stripped down to a thin vest and wiped with a damp cloth (water + 35-36 degrees). You can make an enema with boiled water (about +25 degrees).

At a temperature of 38.5 degrees and above, it is necessary to give the child a febrifuge (for example, paracetamol, ibuprofen) and immediately call a doctor. Too cold feet and knobs at elevated temperatures should be gently rubbed and warmed with socks and mitts.

4. Frequent problems of infants are diaper rash and dry skin. Moisturize the skin should be regular bathing and the use of baby oil. Try to constantly clean the folds on the skin of the hands and feet of the child with a cotton swab.

5. In case of some signs and conditions of an infant, it is not necessary to engage in self-treatment and self-elimination of these signs. The reasons for calling a local doctor or ambulance are: repeated refusal to eat, lethargy, apathy, rash, prolonged crying and anxiety of the child.

By following these simple rules, loving parents will be able to preserve the most important thing - the health of their baby.

Changes in the baby's body

During the year, you witnessed how a “helpless little ball” is rapidly turning into a rational person. Today, your baby is almost firmly on its feet and is able to support almost any conversation with the help of gestures and simple words.

In the second year of life, the baby is not growing as fast as in the first. For a whole year, the length of his body increases by an average of 10 cm, and his weight - by 2-2.5 kg (only 200 g for each month). However, despite the relatively small changes in size, the crumb continues to amaze you with the rapid pace of development.

Before your eyes there are significant changes in the body of the baby.

  • Its chest grows, lungs develop, the respiratory rate gradually decreases.
  • The heart grows, the work of the digestive organs is improved, the formation of the immune system continues.
  • The musculoskeletal system is also being improved: the crumb becomes more stable in the upright position, his coordination of movements is improved.
  • By 24 months the large spring is usually closed. But do not worry if this happens a little later: closing the fontan up to 36 months is considered the norm.

When a baby is just trying to take the first steps, its body looks disproportionate: the head seems to be excessively large, and the legs are short. But in 12 months, the child’s figure takes on a completely different shape, and by his second birthday he will no longer resemble a baby.

To assess the physical development of the baby, pediatricians pay attention primarily to the ratio of height and weight.

Very important is the fact that the development of each crumb is individual and depends on many factors, such as heredity, full-term / prematurity, anthropometric indicators at birth, past illnesses, etc.

There is one more nuance: in children of a given age, body weight and length do not always increase in parallel - from time to time a baby may slightly gain weight and then stretch.

Your baby develops vision and hearing: it is already well distinguish small things and began to better see objects in the distance. Gradually, the baby acquires the ability to perceive objects "volume" and assess the distance to them.

As a rule, the baby begins to walk independently at the age of about a year. Although here everything is individual: someone literally runs away from their parents in 10 months, while by 15 months someone only learns walking without support.

Do not worry: both options fit into the concept of norms. Also keep in mind that from the first attempts to make a step without support to mastering the skill of steady walking, as a rule, it takes 1 - 2 months.

We tell in detail about the development of this skill here.

The first steps of the baby are very short, he makes them spread his bent legs wide apart, but by the age of 2 the child walks, almost without bending his legs: his gait becomes confident and his hands no longer help to maintain balance.

Stages of formation of motor skills in children in the second year of life:

  • At 12 months, the average baby can walk, crouch and stand up without support, and also bring items at the request of adults, open or close the door
  • At 13-14 months, a child can crawl up the steps, climbing up to a height of 1 meter, walk 10 meters without stopping, climb on all fours through the log.
  • In 15 - 16 months, the crumb already confidently walks, steps over and climbs over low obstacles. He can already throw a small ball to a distance of 0.5 meters.
  • At 18 months, the baby easily climbs on a 10 cm high object, steps over obstacles of the same height, throws a sufficiently large ball at the target.
  • At 21 months, the child can step over the crossbar or rope, raised at a distance of 10 cm, step over several objects, which lie 20 cm apart, in incremental steps.
  • At 2 years, the most dexterous kids can already toss the ball upwards, jump about 40 cm in length, walk on a board tilted at an angle of 10 to 15 degrees, step over an obstacle 20 to 30 cm high.

To help the child in the second year of life expand his physical abilities and perfectly master complex movements, it is important not to limit his desire for freedom of movement. Of course, within the framework of rationality: the action planned by the crumb must not threaten him with danger.

In a child aged 1 to 2 years, mental development is directly dependent on the physical: the more the child moves and the freer he moves, the wider his ideas about space and time, the more precise his conclusions about cause and effect.

Speech development

The second year of a child’s life is a period of intense mental development. The baby develops the first ideas about his own personality, develops purposeful activity, speech becomes an integral part of thinking.

As a rule, up to 18 months, the baby is formed the skill of understanding speech, which appears much earlier than the ability to speak. We talk about the development of speech here.

  • From 1.5 to 2 years, there is an increase in the active vocabulary, that is, the words that the pussy says one way or another. According to the American Academy of Pediatrics, the active vocabulary of most two-year-olds includes 50 words, but it could well be 200 to 300 lexemes.
  • You should not be upset if the vocabulary of your baby in the second year of life for the most part remains passive. Все дети не могут иметь одинаковые темпы развития, и овладение речевыми навыками именно та область, в которой наиболее ярко проявляются индивидуальные особенности малышей. Скорость освоения языка у ровесников может быть совершенно разной хотя бы потому, что кто-то из них более «коммуникабелен» от природы, а кто-то — менее.And this absolutely does not say anything about the difference in the level of development of the intellect of the “silent” and “talkers”, at least in the overwhelming majority of cases.
  • It is in your power to help your child become more talkative by making reading a compulsory item for practicing with a child. At this stage, it is advisable to choose short books written in simple, accessible language, preferably in verses, with repeated rhymed phrases. Age-matched books should hold crumbs of attention with bright pictures, possibly with touch inserts. In addition, do not forget that you need to talk as much as possible with your child, using fairly simple and clearly pronounced phrases. Live communication with your mother is the best stimulus for the development of speech, because you so want to share your joys and feelings with her, praise your victories!

At the age of 1 to 2 years, the individual characteristics of each child begin to manifest themselves. The behavior of children of this age is also different, and it already strongly depends on the emotional atmosphere in which the baby grows, and on the upbringing that he has already managed to receive.

Scheduled visits to doctors and vaccinations

As you know, in 1 year you should pass an extensive comprehensive examination with the baby, including an examination of the child:

  • Pediatrician
  • By a neurologist
  • A surgeon
  • Ophthalmologist,
  • Otolaryngologist,
  • Dentist,
  • A psychiatrist.

It is also recommended to visit an orthopedist. A general clinical analysis of urine and blood plus a blood test for glucose and an ECG is mandatory.

After passing the clinical examination, it is recommended to apply visits to your pediatrician once a quarter, that is, every 3 months. Once a year (as a rule, at the age of 18 months) a laboratory examination of blood, urine and feces is carried out.

According to the national immunization schedule, the Mantoux test is carried out at 12 months, followed by measles, rubella and mumps vaccination, as well as the fourth vaccination against viral hepatitis B (not done to all children, as recommended by the doctor).

At 18 months, the vaccination schedule prescribes revaccination against diphtheria, whooping cough, tetanus and polio, as well as vaccination against pneumococcus.

Revaccination against polio is again carried out at 20 months.

Medical examination of a healthy child after a year is carried out only at the age of 3 and 5 years. However, if there are indications or chronic diseases, the doctor prescribes a child a check-up on an individual schedule.

How to maintain good health of the child

The health of a child at this age directly depends on the degree of his physical activity. Therefore, it is important to give him the opportunity to move a lot and, of course, walk in the fresh air.

Of course, you need to be very attentive to keep an eye on the smart kid, and also so curious. At this age, the child wants to reach everything, touch everything, taste everything.

  • It is very important to protect it from contact with objects concealing danger to children's health: these are small toys and various parts, sharp corners of furniture, shelves and chest of drawers not fixed on the wall, flammable objects, medicines, household chemicals and poisonous plants.
  • Do not forget to put special lattice doors that block the way to dangerous places - stairs, doors leading to the balcony, etc.
  • Make sure that no child in your home can open a window by yourself. Remember that children in the second year of life are smart enough to build ladders from scrap materials, and there are no heights that they would not have obeyed.

While your baby is learning to walk, be prepared for bruises and abrasions. Do not worry: only he who does nothing is not mistaken, and your crumb tries his best to become independent! Carry with you disinfectants and plasters with funny pictures and do not panic with every drop of the crumbs, better encourage it with the most benevolent tone.

The most important condition for the normal functioning of the baby’s immune system is a balanced diet that provides the growing body with everything necessary: ​​proteins (plant and animal), fats, carbohydrates, vitamins and minerals. We write in detail about the strengthening of immunity here. Take a closer look at the baby's diet - let him have vegetable and fruit purees, special children's juices on his menu.

  • Remember that the child still needs enough water: the daily need for fluid at this age is on average 50 ml per kg of weight.
  • To maintain healthy teeth, which continue to grow rapidly in the second year of life, the baby needs calcium, vitamins K2 and D. Take care that the crumbs ’diet is rich in calcium and K2, that is, includes a sufficient amount of dairy products - for example, Agusha K2 curd ".
  • A lot of trouble continues to bring parents teething. The 8 teeth of a one-year-old child in the first 6 months are joined by 4 incisors and 4 molars, and by 2 years - 4 more front ones. Fully teething "milk" teeth usually ends by 2 years.

When does a child have teeth? For everyone, this happens in its own time. Here it is important and health, and baby eating habits, and his heredity. Teeth can be cut and in pairs, and one by one.

The baby still does not know anything about hygiene, but the second year of life is the right time to get acquainted with its elementary rules.

  • A few teeth need to be cleaned twice a day - for this, when the baby is one year old, he needs to buy a special toothbrush and baby toothpaste without fluoride.
  • Hands should be kept clean. This is one of the most reliable ways to prevent colds and other diseases.
  • From 12 to 18 months, you can unobtrusively teach the child to the pot. But it is important to understand that the main role in this matter is not age, but the psychological readiness of the child.

If the baby wakes up in a dry diaper, disdains it soiled, he himself shows a desire to sit on the pot, then he, most likely, is quite ready for a gradual parting with pampers.

Elementary hardening techniques will help to maintain the health of the child. First of all, you should not muffle your child - always wear it according to the weather, and if it is not rainy outside, you should not be afraid - it is not so scary as the prolonged absence of a child’s walks in the second year of life.

Regime value for baby's health

The key to the harmonious development of the child is the correct daily routine. Do not underestimate the value of the regime, as it contributes to the successful development of the nervous system of the baby. He not only creates the necessary habits of the child, but also protects him from overwork and related whims, problems with appetite and falling asleep.

Many mothers are sure that the children who are tired during the day and do not sleep during the daytime sleep fall asleep faster in the evenings, but this is not so. An overworked child will most likely be agitated, moody and irritable by the end of the day, and if he falls asleep, then he will have restless sleep. Among other things, do not forget that the state of overexcitation for the immature nervous system of the baby is completely unhealthy.

Children who have recently turned a year old, during the first half of the year, as a rule, still prefer double daytime sleep, the duration of which in total is about 3 hours. The duration of a night's sleep is 10 to 11 hours.

The transition to one day's sleep is very individual. But in most cases, it is possible to take steps towards the transition to a one-time rest of 2.5 - 3 hours after 1.5 years, paying attention to the fact that the child sleeps for at least 12 - 13 hours a day.

You can “rebuild” one day's sleep if you see that the child is ready for this:

  • His daytime sleep becomes shorter,
  • He began to fall asleep a long day
  • In between sleep, he definitely does not have time to overwork.

It is still best to sleep in a cool, ventilated room with normal humidity. A sufficient amount of oxygen in the air is an important condition for a good sleep. Do not forget to ensure that the baby does not overheat and does not overcool while he is sleeping.

Age from one year to two years is one of the most beneficial, saturated with joyful discoveries and positive emotions. Enjoy it and be healthy!

see also

How to improve digestion during pregnancy

For every problem that is associated with the digestion of pregnant women, there will be a solution. Early toxicosis, nausea, heartburn, constipation, flatulence - let's see what specific steps to improve the digestion can be taken, how to adjust the diet and diet, as well as lifestyle, so that the pregnancy is comfortable.

How to temper a child from the first days of life? We strengthen the immune system of infants

Immunity is a complex of reactions aimed at protecting the body against infectious agents and substances that differ from it by biological properties. The functions of the immune system are extremely diverse.

It not only fights dangerous bacteria and viruses penetrating from the outside, but also keeps track of “saboteurs” inside the body — cells that, for one reason or another, have changed their original properties and have begun to cause harm to the body (for example, cancer cells).

The implementation of protective functions depends primarily on the coordinated work of all components of immune protection, on the balance between all its components.

Therefore, I would like to warn parents against unwarranted interventions in the child’s immune system with the help of various drugs that can not only upset its delicate balance, but also change the normal course of its maturation. Currently, immunological scientists emphasize that the uncontrolled use of immunostimulants is more dangerous than the unreasonable prescription of antibiotics, and call for more extensive use of natural healing methods.

What does immunity depend on?

Undoubtedly, to some extent the state of immunity depends on heredity and environmental conditions. But still more of a person’s resistance to disease is due to lifestyle.

And the World Health Organization has repeatedly stated this, noting that human health is 60–70% determined by the way of life, while heredity and the ecological situation contribute not more than 10–15%.

It is often difficult for parents to admit that they and their habits are to blame for many of the children's diseases.

Often, instead of improving the health of the child in natural ways, the mother begins to blame the immune system for everything and fights for his “enhancement” with the help of drugs, which often not only fails to produce the desired effect, but also interferes with the normal development of the immune system. So what is really important for the formation of a child’s immunity? The main components of good health are:

  • proper nutrition
  • regular exercise
  • hardening by natural environmental factors.

How to feed a baby to strengthen its immunity?

Breastfeeding has a profound effect on the immune system of a child of the first year of life. Breast milk is a unique, balanced product for an infant, providing it with nutrients in an optimal ratio and in an easily digestible form.

The composition of breast milk changes as the child grows and adapts to its individual needs and state of health, including the characteristics of the immune system.

Due to the presence of "living" immune factors (immune cells - leukocytes, antibodies and other active ingredients), mother's milk ensures the resistance of the baby to pathogens of infectious diseases, allergens and in general to foreign substances entering its body.

Compared with children who are breastfed, “iskusstvenniki” suffer from infections 4 times more often. In addition, immune factors not only protect against infections, but also set the direction for the formation of the child’s own immune status. Therefore, it is important to maintain breastfeeding for as long as possible. It is recommended, despite the introduction of complementary foods at 6 months, to continue to breastfeed the baby, at least up to a year.

Immunity in a child: strong hardening

The main effect of tempering procedures is the strengthening of non-specific (that is, general, aimed at protecting against any potentially dangerous factors) immune protection. Hardening helps the body to more easily adapt to changing environmental conditions and mobilizes the body's defenses.

Tempering procedures are divided into general and special. The common ones include the correct day regimen, rational nutrition, physical education, daily walks in the fresh air, regular airing of the children's room, and maintenance of the age-appropriate indoor temperature.

Special procedures are strictly metered effects of hardening factors:

  • air hardening (air baths),
  • hardening by the sun (sunbathing),
  • water hardening (water treatment).

7 rules for hardening a child

  1. Hardening of the child should begin only if the baby is completely healthy.
  2. The best time to start is the warm season. However, subject to all rules, hardening can begin in any season.
  3. Tempering procedures should be carried out systematically.

It is impossible to interrupt the hardening process of a child without good reason, since this will lead to a quick loss of acquired beneficial effects.

  • The intensity of tempering activities increase gradually.
  • Tempering procedures should be complex and multifactorial.

    This means the combined use of all three tempering factors, a combination of loads of different intensity, general and local effects. The method of hardening a child is selected individually, taking into account the peculiarities of the health, age, physical and mental development of the child.

    To do this, before starting the hardening of the child, it is necessary to consult with the pediatrician, observing the baby. Hardening of the baby should be carried out only if the child responds positively to the procedure. If the baby is "not in the spirit", the event should be postponed.

    With proper procedures, the child’s well-being should be good, the appearance should be vigorous, the reaction to hardening should be positive. Blanching or redness of the skin may occur. With the wrong dosing, the child shakes, chills, goose bumps, trembling, he cries and resists.

    If during the hardening process there is a deterioration of health, appetite decreases, insomnia occurs, and activity decreases, then it is necessary to stop the procedure and consult a doctor.

    Air baths for hardening a child

    The hardening effect of air is primarily due to the temperature difference between it and the surface of the child’s body. You can start this type of hardening from the first days of a child’s life.

    It helps to increase the intake of oxygen, improves the functioning of the central nervous system, normalizes sleep and appetite.

    Hardening air includes the optimum temperature of the room, air baths, walks in the fresh air.

    The optimum air temperature in the room where the child sleeps is:

    • 23 ° С - for a newborn,
    • 21 ° С - for babies aged from 1 to 3 months,
    • 20 ° С from 3 months to 1 year,
    • 18 ° С - for children older than 1 year.

    Air baths begin to be carried out even in the maternity hospital, when, when changing diapers, the child remains for a short time without clothes. Initially, the duration of the procedure is 1–2 minutes.

    Every 5 days, the time for air baths is increased by 2 minutes, bringing it to 15 minutes by 6 months and up to 30 minutes in the second half of the year.

    Air baths should be carried out in a well-ventilated room at an air temperature of 20–22 ° C for infants and 18–19 ° C for children after 1 year.

    Air baths should be combined with gymnastics for kids, massage, and at an older age - with outdoor games.

    Walking in the open air can begin almost immediately after birth. In summer, the time of the very first walk is 20–40 minutes and quickly increases to 6–8 hours a day. In winter, in the middle zone of Russia, newborns are brought out on the street for 5–7 minutes at first, and gradually they are brought to the air up to 1.5–2 hours 2 times a day.

    Water treatments for hardening a child

    The hardening properties of water are determined by its high thermal conductivity, which is 30 times higher than the thermal conductivity of air. For this reason, even a small temperature difference between the body and water is sufficient for the development of a powerful healing effect.

    For a child under 2 months, daily tempering activities include:

    • common baths at a water temperature of 3,736 ° C for 5 minutes, followed by pouring water below 12 ° C,
    • washing for 12 minutes at a water temperature of 28 ° C, with a gradual decrease every 2 days at 12 ° C until reaching 2022 ° C,
    • local wet rubbing with a mitten dipped in water at a temperature of 36 ° C. Rub the handles sequentially from hand to shoulder, then legs from foot to knee for 1–2 minutes. Once every 5 days the water temperature is lowered by 1 ° C, gradually reducing it to 28 ° C. Immediately after the procedure, each part of the body is rubbed with a towel until slightly reddening.

    В возрасте от 2 до 9 месяцев продолжают применять ежедневные ванны, умывание по методике, описанной выше. При хорошей переносимости местного обтирания переходят к общему, когда помимо конечностей воздействуют на грудь и спинку ребенка. Минимальная температура воды, используемая при общих обтираниях, составляет также 28°С.

    В возрасте от 9 месяцев до 1 года влажные обтирания можно заменить на обливание водой. This procedure is carried out from the shower from a distance of 25-30 cm from the body of the child.

    Consistently doused back, chest, abdomen, limbs. The temperature of the pouring water is reduced by 1–2 ° C every 2–3 days (from 37 ° C to 28 ° C).

    After douche, wipe the skin dry and rub with a towel until slightly reddening.

    Bathing a child in an open pond is one of the best ways of hardening, but given the high likelihood of contamination, it is better to postpone such activities for up to 1.5 years.

    Sun baths for hardening baby

    Ultraviolet rays with moderate exposure have a positive effect on the immune resistance of the body. However, be aware that the sensitivity to the sun in young children is very high. Therefore, they can only be in scattered sunlight (for example, in the lacy shade of trees).

    In summer, for babies under 1 year old, sunbathing is recommended to be carried out at an air temperature of 22 ° C and higher. It is necessary to ensure that the child’s behavior at this moment is active, if necessary, initiating him to move.

    The time of such tempering procedures should not be at the peak of the UV activity of the sun: from 11 to 17 hours. The duration of the first sunbathing for infants is 3 minutes, with a gradual increase to 30–40 minutes. Contraindications to the procedure is the air temperature of 30 ° C and above.

    And of course, sunbathing can be quite combined with the water procedures described above (washing, rubbing with a wet mitten, douche).

    Simple exercises for the little ones

    The physical development of a child is closely related to his level of health. Muscle work has a beneficial effect on the overall tone of the body, contributes to the development of the cardiovascular and respiratory systems, and thus improves metabolism, and increases resistance to any adverse environmental factors.

    For an infant, physical activity can be reduced to simple exercises during massage, gymnastics (specific exercises suitable for a certain age of the child can be recommended by a pediatrician) and swimming for the youngest.

    It is very useful to combine physical exercises with the elements of hardening.

    When hardening child contraindicated?

    Various hardening methods and techniques can be applied starting from the neonatal period, gradually expanding the range of influencing factors. There are no absolute contraindications to hardening, it is only important to competently approach the choice of methods, taking into account the age and individual characteristics of the child. Temporary contraindications for hardening are:

    • fever,
    • extensive skin lesions, including inflammatory skin diseases, injuries and burns,
    • diseases involving significant impairment of the nervous, cardiovascular, respiratory and excretory systems.

    After the acute manifestations of the disease pass, regular tempering procedures are resumed, but they are carried out sparingly. And with a break in tempering procedures for more than 10 days, everyone starts from the zero cycle.

    Risk is not worth it!

    The intensive (non-traditional) methods of water hardening include any methods in which at least short-term contact of the naked body of a person with snow, ice water, and negative temperature air occurs. Since the physiological immaturity of many body systems is typical for young children, such methods of hardening for children under 1 year old are not recommended.

    Health rules for the child

    The health of the child must be strengthened from birth. To do this, parents must adhere to certain rules, which over time will become an integral part of the child’s life and ensure good health for many years. The rules of health for children are to eat right, adhere to the daily regimen, perform tempering procedures, be physically active and respectful of your health.

      • Proper nutrition. Proper nutrition for a newborn baby is mother's milk. In addition to the fact that in the first months of life, breast milk protects the child from many diseases, strengthens the child’s immunity, breastfeeding also affects how the teeth grow in children. Thanks to him, the child is formed the correct bite. From a very early age, the baby needs to cultivate healthy eating habits. Food should be prepared only from fresh and natural products.

    The child must understand what is healthy and harmful food. If the parents tell him that the chips are harmful to health, and they can absorb them in unlimited quantities, they are unlikely to form a correct idea of ​​healthy food in the crumbs. It is important to teach the child moderation in food, so irregular nutrition, malnutrition adversely affect health. Excessive absorption of food also interferes with the gastrointestinal tract and leads to the fact that parents may need to master the skill of how to give an enema to a child.

  • • Daily regime. A child from an early age should be accustomed to eating, walking, learning, sleeping and waking up at certain times. This is the most natural way to keep healthy.
  • • Hardening. Hardening procedures train the body, strengthen children's immunity and allow to avoid many diseases, especially colds. Regularly performing tempering procedures, parents do not need to look for answers to many questions, for example, how to treat a child’s cough, how to treat a child’s runny nose, how quinsy develops in children, the treatment of these and other illnesses in a seasoned child will be quick and successful. Hardening can begin with air baths, gradually complicating, but you can not stop it, otherwise the result from hardening will be insignificant.

  • • Physical activity. Moderate exercise is necessary for both adults and children. Motor activity ensures the proper formation and normal functioning of the child's body. During outdoor games, cycling, running, swimming, all muscle groups work, ensuring the development of muscles and the skeleton. Also during exercise, brain development is stimulated. However, sports records should not become an end in themselves, it is fraught with negative consequences for children's health.
  • • Respect for health. The health of the child depends not only on adults, but also on how the child will treat him. From the very beginning, he should be taught that health should be protected, and during the illness not to resist treatment. And if parents do not have problems with how to bring down the temperature of a child, they very often don’t imagine how to treat lichen in children, how to wash the nose of a child during an illness or how to teach a child to blow your nose, because their child stubbornly resists such attempts.

    You should constantly explain to the child that you need to help yourself to be healthy, and that it is not always pleasant. However, children's health should be respected not only by the child himself, but also by adults: studies should not be put in the first place. Even a slight indisposition should be a reason to go to the doctor, not to school.

    Ecology and children's health

    If you follow the described rules of health for children, the chances that a child will grow up strong and healthy are very high. But, unfortunately, the unfavorable ecological situation contributes to the growth of child morbidity.

    The impact of ecology on the health of children is very large, because children are more sensitive to the effects of environmental pollution. Polluted air - this is what affects the health of the child in the most unfavorable way. Chronic diseases of the respiratory tract, reduced mental activity, a violation of the gastrointestinal tract, disorders of the musculoskeletal system and other health problems are the result of inhalation of polluted air.

    Dust, which is contained in large quantities in polluted air, interferes with the normal operation of the child (and adult) organism. Being a powerful allergen, dust can trigger the development of diathesis in young children. Therefore, before treating a child's diathesis and other diseases caused by the negative environmental impact on children's health, parents should provide the child with clean air. For this, it is desirable to spend as much time on the nature outside the city, in the countryside.

    Without health there is no happiness

    However, most people fully understand how wonderful it is to be healthy, only when suffering from an illness. So, Health Day is the time to remind everyone: you need to take care of your body and well-being all the time. And you can easily convince your friends about this - arrange a Health Day in your company in the form of an interesting quiz. Encourage participants to recall as many proverbs, sayings and popular expressions about health as possible. And, of course, puzzle themed riddles together. And I have already gathered here for you something that will definitely come in handy during the preparation for the festive quiz!

    Proverbs and sayings about health

    Good man and someone else's disease to the heart.

    Sick and honey is not tasty, but healthy and eats stone.

    Take care of the honor from your youth, and health under old age.

    God would give health, and happiness will find.

    Health is more valuable than money, I will be healthy and I will get money.

    Not happy sick and golden beds.

    Not sick is picky - pain.

    Each has his own illness.

    That was not frail, lethargic,

    Did not lie under the blanket,

    Not sick and was fine

    Do it every day ... (exercise)

    I have no time to be ill friends

    In football, I play hockey.

    And I am very proud of myself

    What gives me health ... (sport)

    In this bright store

    You will see in the window

    No clothes, no food,

    And not books, and not fruit.

    Here is a mixture and tablets,

    Here mustard plaster, pipette.

    Ointments, drops and balms

    For you, for dad and mom.

    For human health

    Opens the door -. (pharmacy )

    In fruits and vegetables there.

    Children need to eat a lot.

    There are more pills

    Taste like candy.

    Take for health

    Their cold at times.

    For Sashuli and Polina

    Who is sitting at the bedside?

    And how to be treated, he tells everyone

    Who is sick - he will offer to take a drop,

    The one who is healthy will allow to walk. (Doctor)

    Noticed the spelling mistake? Select it with the mouse and press Ctrl + Enter

    Proverbs and sayings about health

    Health Proverbs for School Children

    Health Proverbs

    Without health there is no happiness

    However, most people fully understand how wonderful it is to be healthy, only when suffering from an illness. So, Health Day is the time to remind everyone: you need to take care of your body and well-being all the time. And you can easily convince your friends about this - arrange a Health Day in your company in the form of an interesting quiz. Encourage participants to recall as many proverbs, sayings and popular expressions about health as possible. And, of course, puzzle themed riddles together. And I have already gathered here for you something that will definitely come in handy during the preparation for the festive quiz!

    Proverbs and sayings about health

    Good man and someone else's disease to the heart.

    Sick and honey is not tasty, but healthy and eats stone.

    Take care of the honor from your youth, and health under old age.

    God would give health, and happiness will find.

    Health is more valuable than money, I will be healthy and I will get money.

    Not happy sick and golden beds.

    Not sick is picky - pain.

    Each has his own illness.

    That was not frail, lethargic,

    Did not lie under the blanket,

    Not sick and was fine

    Do it every day ... (exercise)

    I have no time to be ill friends

    In football, I play hockey.

    And I am very proud of myself

    What gives me health ... (sport)

    In this bright store

    You will see in the window

    No clothes, no food,

    And not books, and not fruit.

    Here is a mixture and tablets,

    Here mustard plaster, pipette.

    Ointments, drops and balms

    For you, for dad and mom.

    For human health

    Opens the door -. (pharmacy )

    In fruits and vegetables there.

    Children need to eat a lot.

    There are more pills

    Taste like candy.

    Take for health

    Their cold at times.

    For Sashuli and Polina

    Who is sitting at the bedside?

    And how to be treated, he tells everyone

    Who is sick - he will offer to take a drop,

    The one who is healthy will allow to walk. (Doctor)

    Noticed the spelling mistake? Select it with the mouse and press Ctrl + Enter

    Proverbs and sayings about health


    Proverbs and sayings

    about a healthy lifestyle

    Harden your body for good.

    Don't be afraid of the cold, wash yourself up to the waist.

    Who engages in sports, he gains strength.

    The sun, air and water always help us.

    Who loves sports, he is healthy and alert.

    And savvy is needed, and hardening is important.

    In a healthy body healthy mind.

    Sails and tackles from an athlete in power.

    From age tempered, fit the whole century.

    The sun, air and water are our true friends.

    Start a new life not from Monday, but from morning exercises.

    Strong body - rich and deed.

    You are not on friendly terms with sports - more than once you cant.

    Walking on foot - live long.

    Give the sport time, and in return get health.

    “Proverbs, sayings, health rhymes in pictures for children”

    For example, the child will learn and remember better the meaning of proverbs, sayings, poems if the text is "encrypted" with pictures or with his own drawings.

    We wish you success!

    Health is in order! Thanks for charging!

    Child health is the definition

    Medicine considers the concept of a healthy child as the definition of three types of condition: physical, mental, moral. That is, your baby should have all the internal organs functioning normally, brain activity should be developed according to a certain age of the child, and finally, the child should be morally developed for a comfortable existence in society.

    1. Fresh air

    A healthy lifestyle for children is unthinkable without walking at any time of the year and in any weather. Therefore, it is necessary to go out with the baby more often, to take walks in the fresh air.

    If a child has strong immunity, then a walk in any weather should not be shorter than 2 - 2.5 hours, because fresh air helps to enrich the blood with oxygen, improve heart function, stimulate brain cells, as well as saturation with vitamin D, the lack of which can lead to the destruction of bone tissue, teeth, rickets. For the same reason, the rooms should be aired frequently.

    2. Movement

    A small child is a person who still only comprehends the world. In many ways, he knows it precisely through movement. So he just stood up on his legs, learned to hold cutlery in his hands, fasten buttons ... It is for the development of the physical health of the child that he should be provided with as much physical activity as possible, because his coordination and agility depend on it.

    Exercise helps to train muscles, so it is important to find time for active games even with a baby, for example, to play a ball. An older child, of course, needs to buy a bicycle, give it to an amateur sports section, such as swimming, athletics, and a football section. It is important to remember that at first the goal is not to bring up the Olympic champion, but to help the child become healthier, stronger, stronger, to instill the basics of healthy lifestyles. Therefore, it is not necessary to push a preschooler immediately into professional sports, when he grows up, he will be able to decide in which direction he should move.

    The vitality of the body depends on room temperature. Excessively warm and dry air can cause health problems. Naturally, you should not create the North Pole in the apartment, the best option is 18-20 degrees above zero.

    The second rule that must be respected - cleanliness of housing. It is possible to tell children about health as much as possible, but if order is not maintained in the house, it will not make any sense. In a dirty home, the rules of a healthy lifestyle for children will lose all value, and their health will be constantly in danger. First of all, the dominance of dirt and dust can lead to the development of allergies, so you need to clean and ventilate rooms as often as possible.

    In the nursery, special attention should be paid to things traditionally considered as dust collectors: soft toys, books, fluffy carpets. Their condition must be carefully monitored, because otherwise the child not only breathes dust, but often takes dirty toys in his mouth.

    When choosing clothes for a child, it is necessary to take into account the rule: children should not be too warm, because the skin must breathe, be saturated with useful components. Naturally, clothing should be chosen according to the weather, but it should not be forgotten that the body should be tempered and become immune. And if the baby is always dressed warmly, his body will not learn how to deal with temperature changes, which will later lead to frequent colds. Parents should ensure that the child does not overheat during the walk and does not overheat.

    Also, clothing should be chosen from natural fabrics that allow the skin to breathe and prevent the appearance of an allergy to artificial materials.

    6. Hardening

    Hardening increases the body's resistance to infections. Hardening by water, sun, air affects the functioning of internal organs, the proper functioning of the nervous and cardiovascular systems.

    It is necessary to begin to harden the child from an early age, for example, you can gradually reduce the temperature of the water during bathing. Другой не менее полезный вариант – вместе ходить в бассейн. В последнем случае это еще и положительный пример ЗОЖ для детей со стороны родителя.

    7. Внутрисемейный климат

    Как уже отмечалось, детство – это период формирования не только физического, но и психологического здоровья маленького человека. And a great influence on the latter has an atmosphere in the family. Constant cries, reproaches, quarrels destroy the psyche of the child, lead to the development of low self-esteem, complexion, closeness. And this, of course, will affect the success of the child when he learns the world without his parents: go to kindergarten, go to school, communicate with peers, attend sections, etc.

    The child should be surrounded by an atmosphere of love and attention. He should not see disagreements between parents, especially if they are expressed in a rude manner. A family’s financial well-being cannot replace its emotional microclimate.

    8. Emotional balance

    The older the child becomes, the less he needs parental care, therefore, early childhood is a period when it is necessary to spend as much time with your children as they are most helpless at this particular time, cannot cope with many things on their own, need support and help. In the future, this experience does not make up.

    It is important to involve the child in their classes, criticize him as little as possible, play with him more often, read books, go to museums and exhibitions, have more fun and laugh together.

    Do not forget that sometimes a harsh word may hurt to be imprinted in the heart of a child for life. The word sometimes beats stronger than any clutter, and therefore it is necessary to watch your speech, do not scold for no reason, based only on your own fatigue, and certainly not express yourself with a child. The kid must feel that he has, on whom to lean, that he is safe and protected.

    There are not too many rules that can form a healthy lifestyle for a child, and all of them are elementary for execution, and following them will lead to the success of those parents who understand how important healthy lifestyles are for children. Of course, a child can adapt to life himself, but it is worth considering where and what methods he uses for this, will his life be comfortable and happy in this case?

    We hope that this article fully explains how a higher standard of living physically and emotionally is able to provide a healthy lifestyle for children. Start forming it in your family now, without delaying a single minute, and soon you will notice the first results.