Recommendations Komarovsky for the treatment of rhinitis in infants
Dr. Komarovsky does not consider a runny nose a problem. In most cases, treatment is not required. First you need to clearly understand the reasons, then it will be easier to deal with the disease. Indeed, sometimes nasal congestion can talk about such serious reasons as vasomotor rhinitis in children.
To cure a runny nose in a child is possible only by overcoming the virus. But this does not need medication, just the right care.
In any case, you need to consult a doctor, because snot is not always as harmless as we would like. It may back rhinitis, allergies. In each case, the methods used will vary. The doctor will be able to clearly answer the question - how to treat a runny nose.
When using drugs, you must also take into account the age of the child. Not all pharmaceuticals can be used for children 1 year and under. In the treatment of infants often use folk remedies, because they are safer. But the main thing here is not to miss the moment when a complication occurs. At the child of 2 years they come very quickly.
A runny nose in children is also allergic. Quickly get rid of it will not work, you need to find what causes such an organism reaction. As a rule, mucus, protruding from the nose, is transparent. Upon contact with an allergen, its amount increases. Most often, the main allergies occur up to 2 years of life of the baby.
Treatment according to Komarovsky
In most cases, no urgent action is needed. If a child:
- clear mucus flows from the nose,
- no temperature
- there is no cough, then no need to do anything.
This is a common cold or a mild virus that the body effectively defeats itself. Perhaps it is allergic rhinitis, but in this case you need to watch the baby. Such a runny nose will intensify, then subside, but the baby will not stop sniffing. When a symptom does not go away by itself in two weeks, you should consult a doctor. After all, back rhinitis is also often confused with a cold and allergies. In any case, the consultation of an experienced doctor will not hurt.
When the body is faced with a viral infection, a runny nose is almost always inevitable. Especially unpleasant, if the baby gets sick up to 1 to 4 years. In children, treatment is carried out by creating optimal conditions for combating immunity with ARVI. Even a one-year-old crumb can easily beat the virus, if he walks in the fresh air, drinks a lot of liquid, the room will be thoroughly ventilated.
It is very easy to treat a runny nose according to Komarovsky. It is enough to humidify the air, and if there are problems with this, you can wash the nose of the baby with the help of special solutions in sea water or salt. This is easily done at home with a pipette or a special watering can.
A child of 4 years old will be able to wash his nose. The procedure is not very pleasant, but not painful. Of course, children under 1 year old should not conduct such manipulations on their own. It is enough for them to dig into the nostrils, 2-3 drops of the solution every two or three hours. This will help avoid drying out.
The use of vasoconstrictor drugs is impractical, can cause rhinitis medication. They are used if:
- the child has otitis at the moment or at least once was before.
- Completely difficult breathing nose.
In such cases, it is worth using drugs only at bedtime. If they are abused, then medical rhinitis occurs, which is characterized by addiction. Doses increase, the nasal passages swell.
If a child has 1 year of less problems for weaning, it will be less, because he doesn’t understand, then a child of 4 years old will already need to have a nose bleed.
Common vasoconstrictor medicine:
Therefore, it is necessary to select such means the most benign and according to the age of the crumbs. Medical rhinitis - this is not a joke, but a serious deviation in the body.
Any drug must be approved by your doctor. Even if mom knows how to treat a runny nose, you need to make sure that this is not a manifestation of such a disease as posterior rhinitis. Consultation with a doctor can speed recovery.
Tips of Dr. Komarovsky
In order not to think about how to cure a cold, it is easier to carry out preventive measures. These include:
- Daily walks on the street away from the roadway.
- Summer should be spent in the village or the sea.
- The room is thoroughly ventilated, the air is moistened.
- The use of drugs to a minimum, especially vasoconstrictor drugs to avoid the phenomenon of medical rhinitis.
- If allergic rhinitis has arisen, then you need to determine exactly what, and exclude it.
In the case of symptoms, you need to see a doctor on the very first day. It is important to understand what attacks the body: posterior rhinitis, ARVI, allergies, bacterial infections. It is especially worth controlling the course of the disease in children from 1 to 4 years old, since they develop complications more quickly and more seriously.
When a child has a runny nose, Komarovsky believes that in most cases no special help is needed. It is enough to rinse or bury the nose with special saline solutions. It prevents drying, kills germs. Children under 4 years should not use large amounts of vasoconstrictor drops, it is better to refrain from them altogether. Otherwise, they may cause rhinitis medication.
In any case, you need to check and consult a doctor. Only he will diagnose and prescribe treatment.
What to do first?
The problem of a runny nose in children was, is and will be - and it makes no sense to expect that they will be able to cope with a stuffy nose once and for all. According to Dr. Komarovsky, the average child suffers from rhinitis symptoms several times a year. A runny nose is not a reason for panic, but a valid reason to begin treatment. At the same time, parents can do quite a lot to alleviate the condition of their son or daughter - you just need to know how to act correctly.
To the question of how to treat a runny nose in infants, Komarovsky answers rather succinctly. It is necessary to eliminate not the symptom, but the root cause, that is, the disease, which resulted in nasal congestion. There is no universal recipe, since there are different types of rhinitis:
Infectious rhinitis can be viral or bacterial, and traumatic - can be based on mechanical, chemical or thermal injury. A special place is occupied by cold rhinitis, which occurs after hypothermia. The attending physician during an internal examination of a child should establish the nature of the head cold — this is important because sometimes a violation of nasal breathing is not associated with the inflammatory process.
However, the most common causes of nasal congestion and discharge from the nose are acute respiratory viral infections (acute respiratory viral infection) and the common cold. These diseases can be treated in the hospital if the condition of the child inspires fear (for example, the temperature rises significantly, there are convulsions, purulent complications of the common cold have developed). But in most cases, the treatment of rhinitis in infants is carried out at home and includes:
- Improving the parameters of the indoor microclimate.
- Measures to cleanse and moisturize the nasal mucosa.
- The use of symptomatic drugs for severe edema.
List items are not in vain arranged in that order. Dr. Komarovsky often mentions that in many cases it is possible to cure a cold in children, using a minimum of pharmaceutical means - a reasonable approach will help reduce the need for even symptomatic drugs.
All that is needed for a child with a stuffy nose for a cold or a cold or ARVI is the conditions in which the mucus will remain liquid.
Use of drugs should be only according to indications, which will be considered in one of the subsequent sections.
Microclimate in the nursery
Dr. Komarovsky pays a lot of attention to the requirements for the microclimate of the room where the child spends most of the time. Microclimate parameters are humidity, temperature and air velocity. They have a significant impact on the condition of the nasal mucosa, and for a child with a cold, they are quite important. Congestion is not always the result of an infection, it can occur even because of too dry and hot air - and after local immunity decreases, it is not far to SARS.
What microclimate indicators are needed in a child’s room with a cold?
Regular airing is also required - it can be done, for example, twice a day, while one of the adults stays with the child for a walk or in another room.
Of course, if the room is cool and humid, the child must be warmly dressed. At the same time you should not wrap it - especially if the body temperature is elevated. It is difficult for children to shed their excess heat, and during fever the risk of hyperthermia (overheating) is high even without thick blankets. What are the benefits of microclimate correction?
- discharge get a more liquid consistency,
- the mucus does not dry out on the surface of the nasal mucosa,
- liquid mucus is much easier to remove, thus easing nasal breathing.
Dr. Komarovsky reminds that small children do not know how to blow their own nose, so it is very important not to allow the formation of thick, viscous secretions - they will not be able to drain into the throat and block the nasal passages, blocking nasal breathing. In addition, the inhaled air should, as far as possible, be free from dust and chemical fumes. To do this, a wet cleaning without chlorine-containing agents is carried out, the use of cosmetics, perfume in the form of aerosols near the child is excluded.
Cleansing and moisturizing mucous
In the fight against rhinitis in infants it is necessary:
- Eliminate thickening of mucus.
- Avoid irritation of the mucous membrane.
- Properly use the methods of mechanical removal of secretions.
Liquid mucus, in contrast to thick, can shift from the front of the nasal cavity to the rear, after which it swallows. Thus, discharge containing viruses or bacteria does not enter the auditory tube, does not cause the development of sinusitis. To achieve a comfortable humidity and temperature in the room is not enough, it is also necessary to proceed with the direct moistening of the mucous membrane.
Runny nose in newborns - an indication for the use of salt solutions. Dr. Komarovsky proposes to use the means of their own preparation, for which a teaspoon of salt is diluted in 1000 ml of boiled water. You can also purchase a pharmacy drug - for example, a 0.9% solution of sodium chloride, Aqua Maris. What is the advantage of salt solutions in the treatment of infants aged 2 months, older or younger? First of all, they cannot be overdose, so they can and should be used often - for example, every one and a half hours. Secondly, salt means do not interfere with the action of other drugs.
Choosing how to treat a runny nose in a newborn is better to give up sprays - there is a high risk of damage to the auditory tube when creating strong pressure.
Saline drops are a suitable option, which randomly flow down the mucous membrane, thin the mucus and moisten the nasal cavity. If you have prepared a saline solution at home, you can use a small pipette or pour the product into a pre-washed bottle from vasoconstrictor drops.
Parents are often interested in whether it is possible to suck snot with a nasal aspirator. Dr. Komarovsky reminds that liquid discharges will flow out of the nose without any efforts, and thick ones simply cannot be removed. In the meantime, inept or inaccurate use of an aspirator can cause injury. Therefore, the best solution is to moisten the nasal cavity before cleansing with an aspirator, do not attempt to suck out viscous, dried mucus.
The younger the child, the harder it is for the parents if it is necessary to administer a pharmaceutical preparation. The risk of overdose is not so illusive at all, so many adults prefer to do only with salt solutions. There is, however, another approach - for a small patient, “children's” dosage forms (for example, vasoconstrictor nasal drops) are acquired.
How to treat a runny nose in infants? According to Dr. Komarovsky, for the treatment of classical viral and catarrhal rhinitis in young children, in addition to the correction of the microclimate, two drugs are sufficient:
- saline solution
- vasoconstrictor drops.
At the same time, the first of these means is the main one, and there are clear indications for vasoconstrictor agents (decongestants):
- Complete cessation of nasal breathing due to significant swelling.
- Fever with values greater than 38.5 ° C combined with impaired breathing through the nose.
- Breathing is difficult with the nose, and the indoor climate is unfavorable, dry and hot.
- The presence of signs of respiratory failure, severe shortness of breath in combination with a cold.
- The presence of otitis media, inflammation of the auditory tube, sinusitis.
Contrary to doubts, decongestants can be used even in one-month-old babies, since there really are “childish” concentrations of active substances — for example, not 0.1%, but 0.05%. But at the same time it is necessary to drip the remedy only symptomatically (that is, if there are indications, and not prophylactically every few hours), before administering the drug, clean the nose with saline.
It is possible to treat the runny nose in infants with the help of decongestants for no longer than 3, in extreme cases, 5 days, the drugs of choice - Phenylephrine or Xylometazoline in the "pediatric" concentration.
Limiting the duration of use is associated with the risk of developing medical rhinitis. Also addictive is observed - to achieve the effect, you have to use a larger number of drops, which means that the probability of an overdose increases. The classic symptoms are lethargy, low body temperature, when they appear, you should immediately stop taking the remedy.
Treatment of rhinitis in infants, in accordance with the recommendations of Dr. Komarovsky, requires, above all, correct assessment of the situation by parents. No need to abuse vasoconstrictor nasal drops when you can do with saline solutions, airing and moistening. However, with a high body temperature, the appearance of shortness of breath, decongestants are necessary. It is also worth remembering that the newborn requires a full-time examination of the pediatrician - especially if there are doubts about the nature of the common cold, a significant deterioration of the condition.
Komarovsky: we treat the runny nose in infants correctly
The appearance of a little man in the house is not only endless joy, but also a constant cause for concern. Any discomfort in young parents causes anxiety and fear, especially if this is their first experience. And the baby is so helpless ...
Nature took care of protecting the crumbs - in the first months of life they rarely get sick, because the mother's milk contains antibodies that protect them from many infections that her mother had had. But, unfortunately, this is not enough and the disease does not always bypass the kids side.
One of the frequent ailments is a runny nose, but it is recognized by the following signs: the little one breathes with aspiration, sniffles and aches, he is capricious and sluggish, sleeps restlessly, and has no appetite.
The causes of the disease can be: physiological, allergic, infectious or domestic.
In infants, the first form of rhinitis is often encountered, associated with the peculiarities of the structure of the nose, and the insufficient breathing skills of the mouth.
When the baby sneezes and his eyes turn red, it seems to be an allergy. In this case, it is necessary to find and eliminate its cause, otherwise it will periodically return.
The appearance of cough and fever, as well as discharge from the spout indicate an infection. You should find out the source of the virus, and if necessary take care of isolation of the infant.
And, finally, the grunting and wheezing of the small is the result of excessively dry air in the room. In response, his body produces protective mucus.
Dr. Komarovsky sure: It is necessary to treat not the cold itself, but the cause of its occurrence. In any case, the first thing to do is to show the child to the doctor, who will determine what caused the discomfort!
One more important principle of Komarovsky: he considers a runny nose (except for its allergic form, where it is impossible to do without drugs) as a protective reaction of the organism, which is treated on its own, you just need to help it!
According to the famous pediatrician, a runny nose in an infant is the way by which his body fights against a nasal infection, preventing its penetration into the neck and lungs. In addition, the nasal mucosa contains substances that can neutralize viruses. Preventing mucus drying is a major concern for adults! Otherwise, the baby will begin to breathe with the mouth, the mucus will clog the bronchi, provoking the development of pneumonia in them.
The doctor thinks: in order to free the patient from the illness, it is recommended to find the answer to the question “what to breathe”? And only then think about the preparations. Therefore, first of all, it is necessary to take care of providing cool (not higher than 22 plus) indoor air and clean air. In addition, the child must be given a large amount of fluid.
Guided by the principle of "do not let the mucus dry out!", Komarovsky proposes to moisten the nasal passages with the most ordinary saline solution sold in all pharmacies. It represents the usual salted water, which is allowed to drip into the child's nostrils three to four drops every 30 minutes - overdosing your child does not threaten.
Another remedy recommended by Komarovsky is an oily, weakly disinfecting drug called ekteritsid or oil vitamin solutions retinol and tocopherol. The oil contained in them prevents the drying of mucous membranes. It is recommended to bury these means in a nose on one - two drops each two hours. To fear the occurrence of side effects should not be.
Momma, attention! Strictly not allowed treatment with antibiotics and vasoconstrictor drops like naphthyzine, sanorin, orcolina or nazola! You risk only worsen the nasal breathing of the baby - the snot will disappear, but the baby will find it harder to breathe, as he develops swelling of the nasal mucosa.
Undoubtedly, this disease requires a serious attitude, otherwise it is fraught with chronic complications affecting the middle ear, sinuses, bronchi. We hope that if your baby has problems, the advice of Dr. Komarovsky will help you to be more confident and prepared. Be healthy!
Runny nose in infants - tips Komarovsky
By the daily worries and troubles in the first months after the birth of a baby, children’s rhinitis is often added. According to Dr. Komarovsky, a runny nose in infants is a consequence of a viral disease, the onset of an inflammatory process, or the manifestation of an allergic reaction.
Runny nose and stuffy nose causes great discomfort and discomfort to the baby. The appearance of snot disrupts the quiet sleep of the baby and causes difficulties with feeding. It is hard for him to breathe, he is capricious. After all, the baby basically breathes through the nose, to facilitate breathing because of the stuffed nose, the baby does not know how to consciously open the mouth. The nasal passages of the newborn are still very narrow, so even a small discharge or swelling of the nasal mucosa completely covers them.
These circumstances are very unnerving mother. Parents try to alleviate the suffering of their baby, but if the treatment is not carried out correctly or nothing is done, a runny nose may result in complications associated with inflammation of the sinuses and the child’s ears.
Therefore, before starting treatment of a cold, it is necessary to carefully analyze the possible causes of rhinitis, so as not to be mistaken with the treatment tactics.
Pediatricians distinguish between two types of main causes of nasal mucus in children:
- physiological, which do not require treatment. For example, teething, the active functioning of the salivary glands, which occurs in the first months of life of newborns. Discharge from the spout moderate, transparent and not cause much anxiety,
- pathological causes. These are the cases that require treatment and prevention. These include viruses, bacteria, allergens.
The manifestation of pathological rhinitis
Virus snot. Usually their appearance is associated with an increase in temperature, occurs after contact with the patient.
Bacterial rhinitis. This type of snot is also accompanied by elevated temperature, but the discharge from the nose is slightly different from viral rhinitis. The mucus is greenish in color, in which it is stained by white blood cells. They accumulate in the secretions after a child’s immune system struggles with bacteria that have entered the body.
Allergic rhinitis often manifests itself without fever, the general condition of the baby is normal. Allergens can be next to the baby in the form of pet hair, pollen, dust.
Dr. Komarovsky also emphasizes the attention of parents of newborn babies to the fact that if sufficient humidity is not maintained indoors (about 70%), a runny nose may be a reaction to dry air in the form of protective moist mucus.
According to Komarovsky, the main thing that the parents of the infant should do is to determine the cause of the origin of rhinitis and to treat it, and not the cold.
How to treat rhinitis in infants
If a doctor diagnoses a pathological rhinitis in a child, then, together with the prescribed treatment, the baby must remove the mucus that appears from the nose so that he can breathe. Naturally, at this age, the baby does not know how to show off, so parents will have to learn how to perform certain procedures.
How should a cold in newborns be treated?
1. Regularly suck mucus from the spout. For these purposes, the use of a nasal aspirator or a mechanical aspirator in the form of a tube or special vacuum and electronic aspirators is recommended.
Many models of electronic nose cleaners are equipped with a function of moistening the mucous membrane.
2. Use in the treatment of physiological solutions. By their chemical composition, they are closest to human serum. The most commonly used 0.9% solution of sodium chloride. This drug is used to moisturize the nasal passages, better remove snot from the nozzle and prevent their stagnation in the nasal passages of the child. Infants up to 1 year old need to bury a saline solution of 1-3 drops in each nostril. The fluid will soften the secretions and move them towards the larynx. The baby will subsequently swallow them, and breathing will be restored.
Saline can also be used to prevent rhinitis. And doctors say that for prophylactic and therapeutic purposes you can use a few drops of breast milk.
3. Use some vasoconstrictor agents, if recommended by the pediatrician. If the cause of rhinitis in infants is swelling of the nasal mucous membrane, then the dose of the vasoconstrictive drops prescribed by the doctor will remove the swelling in the nose and restore the baby's breathing.
The disadvantages of using vasoconstrictor drugs are the following:
- prolonged use can be addictive and cause medical rhinitis,
- these drugs also affect the cardiovascular system of the infant,
- the action of such drops makes the walls of the nasal mucous membrane quite vulnerable,
- all drops used to treat a child fall into his stomach. Saline is almost harmless tool, and vasoconstrictor drops have a more aggressive composition, which can cause a certain effect on the child's body.
What advises Dr. Komarovsky for the treatment of rhinitis in children
Komarovsky's technique is as follows. A child needs cool and moist air for normal breathing, which prevents the nasal mucosa from drying out. During a runny nose, the child should receive plenty of drink, which supports the necessary rheology of the baby spout.
Saline should be used regularly. Dr. Komarovsky advises treating rhinitis in infants as follows: every 30 minutes, 3-4 drops of the solution should be dripped into the nose.
One of the recommended preparations according to Komarovsky is the Extericide, an oily liquid that prevents drying and disinfects the nasal mucosa. The doctor also recommends the use of vaseline or olive oil.
How to care for your baby during a cold
Pediatricians recommend not to abandon bathing newborns during a cold under the condition of normal temperature and good general condition of the child. The same goes for walks in the fresh air.
In order to prevent the onset of a runny nose, parents of infants need to engage in strengthening the immunity of their baby - often walk in the fresh air, perform physical exercises and properly feed the child.
Runny nose in infants: doctor's answers
Runny nose occurs in infants inevitably, as if the parents did not care about them. This is a natural defensive reaction of the body, however, it is necessary to pay attention to it, look for the reasons for its occurrence, and also know how to help your beloved child with a cold, whether to call a doctor if the baby has a cold.
whether to call a doctor if babies have a runny nose
Dr. Komarovsky treatment of rhinitis in infants
If a cold in a baby does not go away for a long time, then it is impossible to cure it with nasal drops, since it is necessary to identify the reason for its appearance:
if a runny nose is of viral origin, then it is necessary to find out where the child constantly picks up this virus, since the virus infection itself cannot last more than 1 month. It is possible that for the treatment of rhinitis, the child must be isolated from other children in order to cure the baby to the end, and at that time he did not have enough new infections.
if allergic rhinitis, it is necessary to identify the source of its origin (that is, the allergen). Until the allergen is identified, a runny nose will appear again and again, as a protective reaction of the body to an irritant.
If the cause of a cold is dry air in the room where the child is located, then it is necessary to correct this by regular airing the room, walking with the baby, as well as thoroughly moistening the air in the room.
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Methods of treatment of rhinitis in children by Komarovsky
As a rule, treatment of snot according to Komarovsky begins with washing the nose with saline. If there is an infection, green snot appears in the child, Dr. Komarovsky recommends treatment in this case in combination: directional pills, airing the room, washing the nose, drinking plenty of water.
In order to identify the snot in the baby, it is enough to watch him: the child will begin to breathe with the help of the mouth, while breathing can be significantly difficult, and coughing can also appear. When a head cold appears, Dr. Komarovsky thinks that therapy should be started. without antibiotics and connect them only when absolutely necessary. The doctor believes that potent drugs have a negative effect on the protective level of the child’s body, and if a relapse occurs, the effect of treatment may decrease.
Green snot can manifest itself in a child absolutely at different ages, but often this disease disturbs children at an early age. If the baby has caught a cold and he has mucous discharge that makes breathing difficult, then he must act immediately. It is worth remembering that green snot are more dangerous for the baby, because they can provoke a number of associated diseases: otitis, bronchitis and others.
If the child has green snot, Dr. Komarovsky recommends treatment according to the following algorithm:
- Creating a comfortable environment for infants: regular airing and maintaining optimum room temperature.
- Frequent flushing of the nose with saline solution, which will help to provide hydration of the mucous membrane of the cavity.
- Do not forget about the abundant drink, as well as food rich in vitamins.
- An aspirator will be an excellent helper in dealing with a runny nose, especially for infants.
- In the absence of a reduction in discharge within two to three days, you should definitely seek help from a specialized institution.
If the parents of the child are followers of treatment with the help of tools and concepts traditional medicinethen before this therapy it is worthwhile to unequivocally discuss it with the doctor who is observing the infant. It is important to understand, whether the given manipulations will lead to occurrence of an allergy.
Treatment of rhinitis in children according to Komarovsky with medications
If necessary, the inclusion of more effective therapy, as a rule, we are talking about the inclusion in the work vasoconstrictor drugs. Often the baby is prescribed Naphthyzinum or Nazivin, Nazol baby.
For children from 3 years old it is possible to add to the concept of treatment and antiseptic preparationsHowever, it is not necessary to make a decision independently in this case, because all actions must be coordinated and conditioned by necessity. Antibiotics most often a child can be assigned no more than 5 days, and only in some cases it is about 7-10 days.
Homeopathy will help to remove the inflammatory process and neutralize the swelling. Also during this period, the doctor insists on taking drugs that can protect the intestines of the child from taking a large amount of medications.
Inhalation for the speedy recovery of infants
In order to completely neutralize the inflammatory process and swelling in a short time, it is recommended to resort to the use of inhalation. For the procedure of this kind can be used Dekasan, as it is widely known for its antimicrobial and antibacterial effects, and it also perfectly copes with the inflammatory process. Another positive point is the possibility of using this drug from birth, however, for these purposes you must have a nebulizer at hand.
Also for inhalation are widely used and aromatic oils. Dr. Komarovsky believes that eucalyptus, lavender and tea tree are considered the most effective ones to neutralize the common cold. It is important to know that before reaching the age of five, it is forbidden to add essential oils to the inhaler.
Types of snot in a child
What does the green snot lead to?
That is why the appearance of green snot should not hesitate with the appointment of high-quality treatment. Komarovsky rhinitis recommends treatment with antibiotics not earlier than the third day of the disease. This is due to the fact that the child must try to cope with the presence of infection in the body.
Transparent snot a child may occur at different ages. Often these manifestations are associated with one of the factors: the presence of allegri or acute respiratory disease. In this case, the following treatment should be chosen: to increase the frequency of cleaning the baby’s nose, to ensure an optimal moist environment of the stay, and to give the child an opportunity to stay longer in the crib.
Thick snot occur with prolonged absence of therapy. In this case, we can talk about allergies or various ENT diseases. Self-treatment in such cases is not carried out, since we are talking about the possibility of harming improperly prescribed drugs.
Yellow snot may indicate the presence of any infection, so promptly require expert advice. Treatment for such a runny nose is performed since washing the nose. Komarovsky believes that an ordinary physical solution from a pharmacy may be suitable for such purposes. Also appointed profile drops, which are fully capable of eliminating the baby’s runny nose.
A runny nose and fever in a child appears in the presence of one hundred percent infection, therefore, it is not worth delaying an appeal to a specialized specialist. The concept of parents' actions remains unchanged: wet cleaning of the room, airing, a walk in the fresh air, depending on the seasonality and weather conditions on the street.
Also pay attention to parents on side effects from frequent use of any vasoconstrictor drops: at first, the effect will be expected and will fully satisfy the needs. Однако при частом использовании капель такого рода произойдет привыкание к ним, что обеспечит систематичное увеличение дозировки и сделает их использование еще более частым, впоследствии недейственным для нейтрализации насморка. Любые капли не рекомендуется принимать дольше 5-7 дней. Побочные эффекты могут превзойти ожидания, так как возникнет отечность и сухость в носу и ротовой полости.Strangely enough, but even cases of malfunction of the cardiovascular system are known.
From all of the above, we can safely conclude: in order to produce a high-quality treatment of the common cold, there is not enough bottle of any drops of directional action. Therefore, it is important to determine the root cause of the disease, as well as to identify the density and appearance of nasal discharge. That is why a high-quality therapeutic effect on a runny nose can be identified only by a narrow specialist in this area, because the incorrect use of drugs can only worsen the health of the child to a significant extent.
Causes of rhinitis in infants
According to Dr. Komarovsky, a runny nose in infants can occur for several reasons:
- The most common of these is a virus or bacteria. Most often occurs in winter. The nose in a newborn child is not yet fully formed, the mucous membranes are very tender and vulnerable. The baby is breathing while only a nose, and all infectious attacks at this time fall on him.
- Also, an infant may develop an allergic reaction to some kind of external allergen. It can be house dust, wool of animals living in the house, washing means with which children's clothes are washed and others.
- It often happens that parents notice that the baby has difficulty breathing through the nose. It is clogged, and from it flow nozzles. In this case, everything happens without fever and other signs of a cold. The cause of this phenomenon may be a foreign body.
Kids often put something in their nose and can do it so deeply that nothing can be seen from the outside. Usually this is done by children who already know how to crawl and get something that they cannot.
- Too dry air in the room where the baby lives, can also provoke a runny nose, as a protective reaction of the body from drying out mucous membranes.
In any case, if the baby has a runny nose, it should be shown to the doctor. This symptom may further develop into a more serious disease.
Symptoms of rhinitis
Every nursing mother will immediately notice when her nose is clogged and her breathing is difficult. Symptoms of rhinitis in an infant are as follows:
- He refuses to take the breast or bottle. Or trying to take, but after a few seconds, turns away and cries.
- When breathing, the child makes a panting sound. Sometimes he kind of grunts.
- The kid is naughty, does not sleep well, often wakes up, pulls the fists to the face and nose, turns the head.
- If allergic rhinitis, baby often sneezes.
- If the cause of the cold is an infection, the temperature may rise.
From the spout begin the selection in the form of nozzles a little later, when the mucous membranes begin to allocate them.
Transparent snot in infants talk about their allergic origin. If they are cloudy or green, it is an infection.
How to treat a runny nose in infants
According to Yevgeny Komarovsky, a runny nose should not be treated. It is necessary to cure the disease that caused such a symptom.
First of all, it is necessary together with the doctor to find out what caused the appearance of discharge from the baby’s nose. If it is a virus, the treatment is one, if the bacterial infection is another. Allergic rhinitis has its own methods of therapy.
In addition to the main treatment, parents need to carry out activities that alleviate the condition of the child and help the speedy recovery:
- A baby, up to a certain age, cannot blow his own nose independently. Therefore, Mommy needs to make sure that the extra snot does not fill the nasal passages of the child and does not interfere with his breathing. For this, she must get the hand at doing some procedures.
- To get rid of excess mucus in the nose of the baby there are special devices. For example, a nasal aspirator sucking mucus. It can be mechanical, vacuum or electronic. Some of them are equipped with a special device that moisturizes the mucous membranes of the baby's nose. Mom needs to master these devices and learn how to use them.
- To moisten the passages of the spout of the child, you must use a saline solution. Its composition is very close to human serum. Apply a solution of sodium chloride. It cleans the nose well and does not allow the sockets to stagnate.
Saline softens dried mucus and moves it to the larynx. The child swallows and can continue to breathe normally. Children up to a year drip up to 3 drops in each nasal passage.
- Some doctors advise rinsing the breast milk. So did our grandmothers in their time. But Dr. Komarovsky is against such use of breast milk. He believes that milk is the best environment where bacteria breed. And bury it in the spout, then add power to the microorganisms.
- If the pediatrician resolves, you can drop a few drops of vasoconstrictor drugs. This is recommended when the baby has puffiness in the nose.
The treatment of a viral or bacterial infection should be handled by a doctor He prescribes the necessary drugs that can be babies.
Snot in infants Komarovsky advises not to treat. According to the doctor, in the mucus secreted by the nose of the child, there are a lot of different antibacterial agents that are able to fight the infection on their own. Therefore, it is impossible to get rid of them, but you need to make sure that the mucous membranes of the nose do not dry out, and always remain wet.
To do this, it is necessary to maintain humidity in the living room, as well as to monitor the constant flow of fresh air from the street. It is important that during a cold the child gets plenty of drink. It also contributes to the normal functioning of the respiratory system due to the proper moisture of the mucous membranes.
To keep the baby's condition normal, you should regularly use saline. His Komarovsky advises to use in the treatment of rhinitis in infants. It is allowed to drip up to 4 drops of the solution into each nostril every 30 minutes.
Of the drugs Komarovsky recommends Ekteritsid. This tool is prepared on the basis of oil, capable not only to prevent the drying of mucous membranes, but also disinfects them. If there is no such drug, the doctor advises to replace it with olive or petroleum jelly.
Why can not vasoconstrictor drops babies
Newborns at 1 month vasoconstrictor drops are contraindicated. They adversely affect the cardiovascular system, and for the fragile organism it is very dangerous.
In addition, the use of such drugs is addictive. Therefore, they can not be applied to infants and 5 months, because it may develop medical rhinitis.
Even in an adult, these drugs deplete the walls of the mucous membranes. And in infants, such destruction is most likely due to a very thin shell. Subsequently, the child will suffer from constant rhinitis and problems in the nose.
Children do not know how to spit out phlegm, as adults do. Therefore, all that is buried in the nose, falls into the stomach. Vasoconstrictor drugs in the stomach can cause poisoning or spasm, which will affect the overall well-being of the child. While the saline does not harm. That is why babies are recommended physiological means, and not drops from a cold.
What to do if the child has a wet nose, and you can only go to the doctor in the morning? And there are no suitable medicines at home. In this case, the tips of traditional medicine can help:
- You can drip into each nostril with a drop of fresh aloe juice diluted with water. This will clear the nose and relieve inflammation.
- Well helps Colanchoe juice. But after instillation, there is a strong sneezing, cleansing the entire respiratory system from mucus.
For the child at this time you need to monitor and regularly wipe snot. Juice is also recommended pre-diluted with water.
- Drip in the nose with some oil - sea buckthorn, fir, olive, 2-3 drops in each nostril. This well lubricates not only the nose, but also the neck and protects against overdrying of the mucous membranes.
Runny nose in infants is far from uncommon. Children at this age mostly breathe through their nose, so any cold starts from here. It is enough for them to inhale cold air, and the nose becomes snotty. Do not leave it without attention, because after the nose will begin problems with the neck, and there and to the lungs is not far.
Prevention of rhinitis in infants
To prevent the emergence of a cold in infants, you should follow simple rules:
- Monitor the humidity of the air in the room where the baby is. Do regular airing and daily wet cleaning.
- Ensure that there is no mold in the corners. If she appears, actively with her to fight.
- Do not carry a child to crowded places during periods of viral epidemics. If the child is unwell, it is better to call the doctor to the house than to carry the child to the clinic, where there are many patients, and he can catch the virus.
- Avoid contact with people with viral or bacterial infections.
- Do not allow relatives and strangers to kiss the baby, he can thus catch the infection even from a healthy person.
- Make sure that in the room where the child lives, there are no things that can cause allergies in the baby.
- Pets should not be in contact with infants. For them, you need to take a separate place in the house.
- No need to keep the child constantly in a locked room. With him you need to regularly walk in the fresh air. It is useful to install the stroller with a child on the terrace during lunchtime sleep. Only with this it is good to wrap it.
When it's cold outside you don't have to cancel walks. They can be carried out, but at the same time use a scarf. Do not allow the child to inhale too cold air.
- It is necessary to regularly clean the nose of the child. To do this, make cotton flagella, inject into the nostril, and, scrolling, clean the noses from the nozzle. Children do not like this procedure, they turn out and twist the head. Care must be taken not to damage the nasal mucosa and not to cause nosebleeds.
Such activities will help protect your child from breathing problems. If the child is able to breathe well, he will calmly fill up and get enough sleep, and will not be capricious.
Treatment of rhinitis in infants should be under the supervision of a doctor. Do not pursue a completely dry spout. Enough for the baby to breathe normally. And the mucus in the nose will protect it from infections.
11/25/2017 admin Comments No Comments
A runny nose in adults is not an independent disease. He accompanies a considerable number of diseases. In rare cases, rhinitis is physiological in nature. Often this type of rhinitis is found in children. A runny nose is called an increase in the performance of the nasal mucosa, because of which the production of mucus is intensified. This process can be caused by viral or bacterial infections, allergy attacks due to dustiness in the air, etc. Sometimes a runny nose appears after a tantrum with sobs, as the lacrimal ducts are closely connected with the nasal canal. Therefore, it is important to understand when it is necessary, and when it is not worth treating the cold with the classical method. Dr. Komarovsky gives detailed answers to these questions.
Why is it not always necessary to eliminate a runny nose?
Nasal discharge occurs for a specific reason, but not always of a medical nature. Most often this is due to the activation of the protective properties of the mucous membrane in contact with irritants in the nose:
- viruses, germs, bacteria,
- dust, toxic compounds,
Eliminate conservative ways rhinitis, if the increase in secretions are physiological, should not be. Examples of such processes:
- self-cleaning of the nasal passages in infants whose mucosa is not yet developed and not accustomed to the “adult” air after intrauterine life in a liquid medium,
- cleansing the nasal canals from tears that got there through the tear ducts while crying,
- reaction to overdried air, in this case, the mucosa is trying to independently fill the lack of moisture by excessive mucus production.
Usually with ARVI and ARI, the child does not need treatment for a cold. Mucous secretions in this case are protective. When parents begin to eliminate rhinitis, they automatically disrupt the natural functioning of the gland, which tries to prevent bacteria and viruses from entering the body through increased secretion. In this case, an excess of mucus removes pathogens through the nose. The task of parents is not to disrupt this process.
If you find a thick, with a strong smell, yellowish-green mucus, you need to take measures without fail. Such an environment is ideal for the reproduction of pathogens and viruses. Thus, according to Komarovsky, a runny nose is not treated if:
- discharge liquid, clear,
- no heat
- the mucus is fluid enough to freely come out of the nose.
Causes of rhinitis in children
As a response of the body, a runny nose in a child is a consequence of the action of pathogens on the nasal mucosa. If we are talking about an infectious lesion, then the cause of rhinitis is a weakened immune system. The body's defense system may suffer due to hypothermia, vitamin deficiency, a previously severe illness. Komarovsky’s methods are not aimed at eliminating rhinitis itself, but at overcoming the virus or the infection that caused it.
In children under one year old, a runny nose is physiological in nature, when the mucosa responds actively to any irritants and allergens. Treatment of rhinitis is not required, it is enough to provide a normal habitat for a child with an optimal temperature and humidity conditions, to provide plenty of drinks, regular walks.
The most common causes of rhinitis in children from 1 year to 3 years:
- bacterial, viral infections,
- reaction to allergens,
- gland dysfunction
- violations of the structure of the mucosa,
- the presence of a foreign body in the nasal passage.
When eliminating sources and irritants that cause the intensification of nasal secretions, a runny nose should go away on its own.
The effects of prolonged rhinitis
If after taking measures to eliminate the source or causative agent of rhinitis, it does not pass, but becomes protracted, measures should be taken urgently and treatment for a cold can begin. Otherwise, the child will develop undesirable effects:
- sinusitis, which affects the maxillary sinus,
- otitis media, leading to inflammation of the middle ear,
- adenoiditis, which provokes inflammation of the pharyngeal tonsils,
- tracheitis, bronchitis - diseases of the upper respiratory tract.
With such diseases, the mucosa will not get rid of the thick, drying out mucus. As a result, hypoxia or oxygen starvation of the body due to respiratory failure will be added to the nasal congestion. Such a process will adversely affect the mental development and emotional state of the child.
Komarovsky advises how to cure a runny nose in children
The doctor is recommended to determine the effectiveness of a particular therapy by the consistency and nature of mucous secretions. It is important to prevent the drying of the nasal gland, so it becomes a breeding ground for pathogenic bacteria. Therefore it is important:
- wash, moisturize, dig the baby's nose,
- air, wash the floors, control the humidity in the room where the child is.
Nazol, Galazolin, Naphthyzinum are not recommended by Komarovsky. Such vasoconstrictor medications will not cure a child’s runny nose, but will provide temporary improvement. Then side effects will begin to appear, addiction will appear, the mucous will dry out, which will lead to aggravation of the problem and injury to the mucous membrane.
Instead of vasoconstrictor drugs, Dr. Komarovsky prescribes oil drops Etericidal for children. The tool is safe, does not give side effects. In this case, the drug envelops a thin layer of the shell of the nasal gland, protecting it from drying out. Pediatrician advises the use of tocopherol, refined vaseline and olive oils. It is necessary to drip the nose with oil drops more than once every three hours for 3 drops in each sinus.
Drinking and humid air
We treat rhinitis by the method of Komarovsky copious drinking and providing cool, moist air. In the baby's room, temperature indicators should be 18-19 degrees Celsius with 60-70% humidity. The room should be ventilated twice, doing wet cleaning. In the absence of heat in the child, regular walks are recommended.
How to get rid of snot using an aspirator?
To make it easier for the baby to breathe, Komarovsky recommends to facilitate the outflow of mucus by artificial means, that is, an aspirator. The method allows you to quickly remove excess mucus and dried crusts with a pear syringe or a plastic tube. Before mechanically cleaning the nose, rinse the ducts thoroughly with a syringe with a removed needle, in which saline is collected.
Nasal washing with saline or salt solution: recipes
With a cold of all forms, Komarovsky insists on regular flushing of the mucous with saline solutions, such as:
- Humer, Aquamaris, Dolphin,
- independently prepared solutions of sea or table salt, the recipe of which is as follows: 1 teaspoon of the active substance is diluted in a glass of warm boiled water.
Komarovsky says that it would be correct not to cure a cold, but to warn him. Therefore, it is important to take preventive measures. These include:
- закаливание ребенка с первого года жизни,
- укрепление иммунной системы за счет сбалансированного питания, подбором правильных витаминов, оптимизации режима сна и бодрствования,
- providing regular walks in the fresh air,
- carrying out the physical strengthening of the baby with the help of massages, physical therapy courses, morning exercises, sports sections,
- saline washings of the nasal mucosa during epidemics of ARVI, influenza,
- maintaining optimal living conditions for the child.
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