Fourth week of pregnancy signs and sensations
4 week of pregnancy is considered a very important stage in the life of the unborn child, although the embryo looks like a small disk so far. Feelings in a woman may be similar to a slight indisposition, premenstrual syndrome, and sometimes others are added. However, it is still difficult to determine pregnancy.
4 week of pregnancy is 28 days that have passed since the beginning of the last menstrual period, or about 14 days after conception. During this period, the woman usually awaits the beginning of the next menstruation. Her absence is the first and most important sign of pregnancy.
In addition, there are other signs:
- Emotional instability, which is characterized by frequent changes of mood, sensitivity and irritability.
- The chest becomes larger and more sensitive.
- During the day, there is a strong weakness, fatigue and drowsiness.
- In the morning, nausea and vomiting, called toxicosis.
- Changing eating habits.
- At the bottom of the abdomen or in the lumbar region sometimes nagging pains appear.
- Urination becomes more frequent.
- There is an increase in basal temperature to 37 ° C.
At 4 weeks gestation or 2 weeks after conception, the ovum becomes a full-fledged embryo. In appearance, it resembles a disk, which consists of three layers.
The yolk sac, chorion and fetal membrane are formed from the outer layer. Each of these organs plays its own special role.
- Chorion in the future will become the placenta. This conversion will last approximately 12 weeks. Thanks to the placenta, the fetus will be able to get nutrients from the mother.
- The fetal coat is otherwise called the amnion. It is a cavity in which the embryo will grow and develop. With the course of pregnancy, it will turn into a fetal bladder. Inside this bubble is a liquid that protects the embryo from damage, is its drink and food.
- The yolk sac is responsible for the blood circulation process.
The outer layer of cells is also responsible for the formation of skin, nervous system, teeth, etc. The middle layer is called the mesoderm. It participates in the formation of bones, muscles, ligaments, circulatory, excretory and reproductive systems. The organs of the digestive tract, pancreas and thyroid glands, lungs and other organs of the respiratory system will later develop from the inner layer.
On the last days of 4 weeks, a head appears in the embryo. Also formed a plate, which is the basis for the formation of the spinal cord and brain. In the same period, the child has a face and even the rudiments of eyes.
Something new is happening in almost all organs and systems of the female body. After conception, the hormonal background, the state of the uterus, vaginal discharge, and so on, change.
The first changes concern hCG and progesterone. HCG is formed due to the work of the chorion. This substance contributes to the preservation and development of pregnancy. It performs several functions:
- Promotes the development of the yellow body up to 7 weeks.
- Protects the embryo from rejection by the maternal organism.
HCG levels increase every couple of days. Starting at 10 weeks, it begins to decline. The presence of hCG in the body is determined using a blood test or a normal pregnancy test.
The amount of progesterone is also increasing. At first, it produces a yellow body, and after - the placenta. Progesterone is very important in the 4th week of pregnancy, and in the following days, because it:
- Promotes uterine enlargement as the embryo grows.
- It prevents the uterus muscles from contracting, protecting the pregnancy from interruption.
- Thanks to progesterone, beneficial substances accumulate in the mother's body, which the embryo will need in the future.
- It does not allow the body of a woman to tear away the egg cell with other (paternal) genes.
- Prepares the breast for the process of lactation, and the bones and ligaments of the pelvis for childbirth.
- Participates in the development of certain organs of the fetus.
In most cases, at this time, the amount of progesterone is 18 nmol / l.
What happens to the uterus at 4 obstetric weeks, or 14 days after conception? It grows in size and becomes softer. This is especially true of the neck. In the mucous surface of the blood circulation becomes more intense. This leads to the fact that it acquires a bluish tint - this is seen on examination by a gynecologist.
A mucus plug appears in the cervix, which acts as a protective barrier. Throughout the pregnancy, it will protect the fetus from infections.
Endometrium becomes cyanotic. Glandular cells appear on it, due to which the embryo is fed. In the future they will become the placenta. Every day, the endometrium becomes thicker. By the time of 4 obstetric weeks, it reaches 20 mm.
Breast continues to be prepared for feeding. It grows in size and becomes sensitive. Nipples and the area around them darken. Sometimes there is pain.
With the stomach, while nothing happens, because the uterus does not protrude beyond the pelvis. Sometimes pulling sensations may appear in the lower abdomen. This is normal. Usually they disappear in a couple of days.
In the fourth week of pregnancy, the discharge becomes thicker. They are white or transparent, odorless and do not cause inconvenience. Sometimes there is a slime of a light brown shade. This suggests that the implantation of the egg has ended. If such secretions pass after a few days, you can not panic.
Brown or bloody vaginal discharge
Light brown mucus is the norm. Her appearance is due to the fact that the woman's body adjusts to pregnancy and childbirth. But if the discharge becomes dark brown and there is pain in the lower abdomen or in the lumbar region, you should immediately consult a doctor.
Often this indicates the death of the embryo, ectopic pregnancy, the threat of miscarriage or the presence of erosion.
Blood excretions may appear in several cases:
- The embryo is fixed outside the uterus.
- After intercourse.
- As a result of examination by a gynecologist.
- The embryo froze.
- There is cervical erosion.
Low back pain
Appears for the following reasons:
- a woman's body is prepared for future births,
- body weight increases
- there are violations of posture, osteochondrosis, etc.
- woman suffering from kidney disease.
Abdominal pain along with bloody discharge may indicate a threatened miscarriage. Consult a doctor
On average, the temperature reaches 37.3 ° С. That she can stay until the birth. If there are no associated symptoms, do not worry. The temperature may rise with SARS or inflammatory processes inside the body, for example, pneumonia.
At 4 weeks of gestation, many organs and systems of the child begin to form. Therefore, do not ignore the temperature increase. Also, do not self-medicate. Prescribe treatment and monitor the condition of the pregnant should the attending physician.
Often appears in pregnant women, which is associated with hormonal changes in the body. Accompanied by itching in the genital area and the appearance of white cheesy discharge. With the appearance of thrush it is strictly forbidden to be treated by folk methods. First, they only remove the symptoms, and secondly, they can harm the child.
Tips and Rules
In order for the pregnancy to pass easily, and the child is born healthy, you need to follow some rules:
- The first rule concerns alcoholic beverages. They must be completely excluded from the diet. "Thanks to" alcohol, a child is born premature and weak, and may lag behind in development (physical or mental).
- Tobacco. As a result of smoking, the child receives much less oxygen than needed. There is oxygen starvation, which can cause miscarriage or premature birth.
- Sport. At 4 weeks of pregnancy, and the rest of the time, it is worth refusing intensive training. It is enough to do simple daily exercises and often walk in the fresh air. You can visit the pool.
- X-ray It is forbidden to conduct any X-ray studies, whether it is an x-ray of a tooth or lung.
- Contact with chemicals. This applies to some household chemicals, varnishes and paints.
- Communication with animals. If possible, contact with animals that did not live in the woman’s house or yard until the moment she became pregnant should be excluded.
- Special attention should be paid to nutrition. The basis of the diet should be vegetables, fruits, meat and fish low-fat varieties. Do not lean on the sweet and flour. Proper nutrition will help control weight and ensure the full development of the child.
Starting from the first day of the fourth week of pregnancy, serious changes occur in the body of the expectant mother. He is preparing for childbearing and subsequent delivery. This period has its own characteristic features, for example, toxicosis, frequent mood swings and breast swelling. To ensure the fetus proper development, it is necessary to carefully treat their sensations. At the slightest indisposition, you should immediately consult a doctor.
That is already past 3 weeks of pregnancy. Quick step comes next, 4th, which is obstetric. Gynecologists count the time from the first day of the last menstrual bleeding, that is, in obstetric practice, pregnancy in the fourth week is equal to two weeks from the moment of conception.
In fact, the pregnancy has already begun, although the embryo is still considered an embryo, but it is quite firmly entrenched in the uterus. Its further development will be felt by the woman every day more and more, however at the moment it is almost imperceptible.
All signs of pregnancy at this stage are rather indirect and somewhat similar to the symptoms observed before menstruation. The future mother begins to tire quickly and experience constant drowsiness.
The mood also changed - it became changeable, irritability and nervousness appeared, often for no apparent reason. In very rare cases, taste preferences and mild nausea, intolerance to some odors change.
In the 4th week of pregnancy, the size of the fetus (embryo) increases to 1-1.5 mm and weighs about 1 gram.. It turns into an embryo, resembling in its form a disk consisting of 3 layers of cells called germinal layers. Each of them is the base for different parts of the body crumbs.
Subsequently, skin, hair, brain, tooth enamel, eye lenses, and the nervous system will form from the ectoderm or cells of the outer layer; Cells of the inner layer, the endoderm, will initiate the digestive tract, liver, pancreas, thyroid gland and lung baby. The formation of the head of the embryo begins, more resembling a drop in shape.
It is evidenced by the 4th week of pregnancy and that extra fetal organs of the fetus develop, and it is becoming stronger in the uterus. The formation of the amniotic bladder, yolk sac and chorion occurs, providing breathing, nourishment and protection of the future baby.
The external germinal shell, called the chorion, provides for the creation of a placenta. At the site of attachment of the unborn child to the wall of the uterus, a network of vessels begins to form, connecting it with the mother. The placenta will be fully formed only by week 12, it is through it that the fetus will breathe and feed for a long nine months..
Amnion is a kind of cavity in which the embryo is located. A little later, it is converted into a fetal bladder. The amniotic membrane produces amniotic fluid to prevent damage to the embryo from shocks, drying and creating ideal conditions for it to remain in my tummy.
The yolk sac is responsible for the hematopoietic functions in the embryo for the first 7-8 weeks.
Where a follicle burst about a week ago, releasing an egg cell, a yellow body appeared, having the appearance of a small vesicle 1-3 cm in diameter with a clear liquid on the wall of the ovary. It provides the production of the hormone progesterone, supporting the preservation of pregnancy in the first trimester.
Symptoms and signs
At this time, changes occurring in the female body affect all systems and organs.
- Very often, the fourth week of pregnancy is marked by a change in emotional background.. Unreasonable touchiness, tearfulness, irritability, excessive susceptibility to criticism - all this may indicate the birth of a new life in a woman
- Changes in appetite and taste preferences., possible symptoms of metabolic disorders, may be intolerant of some odors. Some women have vomiting in the morning,
- The mammary glands swellsensitivity and soreness of the nipples are increased due to the hormonal adjustment of the female body and the process of adaptation to the new conditions of vital activity,
- Thanks to successful fertilization and subsequent implantation of a fertilized egg into the uterus menstruation in the fourth week is missing. In rare cases, a pregnant woman may have spotting that does not have any relation to menstruation. This is implant bleeding associated with the attachment of the embryo to the wall of the uterus.
Gynecologists consider this period quite critical, since it coincides with the period of the next menstruation. Debugged for months the menstrual cycle can cause hormonal disruptions and increase the tone of the uterus. A woman at this time may have a stomachache and smear bloody traces.
The bleeding at 4 weeks gestation, which emerged from the genital tract, many of the fair sex take for the onset of menstruation, not taking into account the duration and amount of discharge. Although about the onset of pregnancy can speak not only the delay of menstruation, but also a reduction in their duration and volume of blood lost.
In the fourth week of pregnancy, the discharge may be quite abundant, whitish, or transparent without an unpleasant odor.. This is due to hormonal changes and increased blood flow. Normally, the discharge in the fourth week of childbearing is colorless and odorless and has a relatively thick texture.
If you have brown discharge at the 4th week of pregnancy or other unusual, we advise you to immediately consult a doctor. That experts will be able to establish their cause. You may even need to do an ultrasound.
Bleeding and miscarriage
Bleeding at 4 weeks gestation indicates miscarriage. As a rule, it occurs painlessly and the woman does not even assume that she lost the child, taking the bleeding for menstruation.
The death of the embryo, miscarriage, the fading of pregnancy in the fourth week can provoke a lot of adverse factors. These include infectious diseases, accompanied by fever, excessive alcohol consumption, physical exertion.
Pulling pains in the belly
The active development of the embryo and the restructuring of the body to a new mode of functioning can provoke the appearance of aching and pulling pains in the lower abdomen. As a rule, this symptom is observed in women whose menstruation was painful before.
But we should not forget that the fourth week of pregnancy is one of the critical stages. Therefore, such sensations can talk about increasing the tone of the uterus, which can later lead to a fading development of the fetus and miscarriage.
Useful tips and tricks
The most common cold can lead to a fading pregnancy in the fourth week. At this stage, the embryo is especially vulnerable and subject to the influence of even the most insignificant factors.
However, do not panic and in the absence of temperature it will be enough to limit visits to crowded places. To get rid of the first symptoms of a cold without harm to your baby, rinse the nasal cavity with salt water, drink hot tea with honey. Syrup with licorice root extract quickly relieve cough.
Body temperature, which has risen to 38 ° C, is much more dangerous. It can adversely affect the development of the embryo or provoke a spontaneous abortion. That is why it is desirable even in the planning period of pregnancy to do to strengthen the immune system.
Alcohol is very dangerous at 4 weeks gestation. It can lead to irreversible pathologies in the fetus, as well as cause a miscarriage. Being a toxin, alcohol violates the processes of formation and development of the fetus, increasing the likelihood of the birth of a child with various defects and pathologies.
Close attention should be paid to the food consumed. Extremely negative on the development of the embryo may affect the lack of useful substances required for its normal development. Старайтесь употреблять исключительно натуральные продукты с высоким содержанием витаминов и элементов.
Стоит также позаботиться и о своем здоровье. Поэтому настоятельно рекомендуем вам почитать статью, о том, как повысить гемоглобин при беременности. За более детальной консультацией все же советуем обратиться к своему врачу. Здоровья вам и вашему малышу!
How to ease your condition
Following these tips you can easily cope with such a difficult state:
- With increased irritability If possible, try to protect yourself from what causes your anger.,
- If you are constantly drawn to sleep, Do not try to cheer up, especially using coffee or energy drinks.. It is much more useful to review your daily routine. Try to go to bed earlier and do not deny yourself the pleasure of taking a nap for a couple of hours in the afternoon,
- With increased sensitivity of the mammary glands refuse lace underwear, preferring bras from natural, soft materials.
Also try to relax and get more positive emotions, you and your baby need bright and pleasant thoughts.
Believe me, time will fly very quickly, and with it, unpleasant sensations. So, for 4 will follow 5, for her 6 week of pregnancy, the sensation in the stomach at which leaves much to be desired. A little more time - and now the 11th week of pregnancy, and after half a year - giving birth. The main thing is to receive only positive emotions!
Photo of the fetus at 4 weeks of pregnancy
You will surely find the following ultrasound photos interesting for 4 weeks of pregnancy.
Ultrasound at 4 weeks gestation
Poor fetus visibility at 4 weeks
And in this picture is visible twins
This is a printed ultrasound scan.
Arrows indicate the location of the fetus 4 week gestation, chorionic gonadotropin study In the fourth week, the head of the embryo is formed, which so far has little resemblance to the head of an adult. The fourth week of pregnancy is very important for the future baby, since right now there is an active development of extra-embryonic organs: chorion, amnion and yolk sac. They will provide nutrition, respiration and comprehensive protection of the fetus. Soon the chorion is transformed into the placenta, and the amnion - into the fetal bladder. Interestingly, it is the male genes that are more actively working on the creation of these organs. The placenta will perform an important barrier function, not allowing harmful substances from the mother’s blood into the fetus’s body. Therefore, until its complete formation (first trimester), the embryo is not protected from toxic substances (alcohol, medicines) that have entered the woman’s body. Fetal bladder protects the future child from mechanical damage, providing him with comfortable conditions for growth and development inside his mother's tummy. The size of the embryo this week is 0.36-1 mm., That is, it is the size of a grain of sand or a poppy seed. Ultrasound in the early stages, is it worth it? Is it possible to go to the sea pregnant, read here. Prohibitions during pregnancy, what is possible and what is not. All the answers to your questions can be found here. Every woman is unique and feels pregnancy differently. Someone already in the first days in some unknown way understands that a new life is born inside it. And someone before the appearance of the tummy does not know about his interesting position, writing off the absence of menstruation on a simple failure of the cycle. The unusual sensations in the fourth week are mainly related to the general condition. These are emotional disorders and increased fatigue, drowsiness, and manifestations of toxicosis. Symptoms characteristic of PMS are also possible. During this period, a woman’s fatigue may increase and excessive irritability may appear. Blame the hormonal changes that are in full swing in the body of the future mother. It is very important at this stage to try to be less nervous and worried, as this may adversely affect the development of pregnancy. Relatives and friends should support a woman preparing to become a mother. However, not all pregnant women are subject to this behavior. Some, up to the birth itself, remain calm and balanced. By the way, there is a perception that a calm pregnant woman will give birth to a calm baby who will not cause much trouble and sleepless nights. The concentration of hCG gradually increases in the blood and in the urine, but it is easier to identify it in the blood, since the concentration of the hormone is higher in it. Therefore, having passed the blood test for the level of hCG, already on the fourth week you can learn about pregnancy. By the way, according to the analysis of hCG at later periods, it is possible to judge the course of pregnancy and the presence of any pathologies. This analysis is part of a comprehensive first trimester screening. But is it necessary to donate blood to determine whether it is a pregnancy or just PMS? For this there are pregnancy tests. With the help of special test systems, hCG can be detected in the urine even at home. Now pharmacies offer a huge variety of pregnancy tests. They are all quite easy to use. More expensive tests do not even require collecting urine in a separate container, which makes them even more convenient. The most modern and accurate of them promise to give an answer before the delay of menstruation. But still it should be noted that the optimal time for the test is the fifth week. By that time, the level of human chorionic gonadotropin will increase sufficiently. Ultrasound examination at this time may already show pregnancy. At the moment, the embryo is similar to a disk, which consists of 3 layers of cells - germ layers. Is it terrible to catch a cold during an initial pregnancy? What to do and whether to consult a doctor? What to do if you have cystitis during pregnancy. Symptoms and methods of struggle without the intervention of doctors. Folk methods. Normal discharge during pregnancy: light, milky, homogeneous consistency, having a slightly sour smell. If the discharge has a flaky or purulent character, if a yellow or brown mucus with an unpleasant odor appears, then an urgent need to consult a doctor. Such secretions may indicate the presence of infection in the genital tract. In this case, you will need to undergo tests and necessary treatment. It is better to come to the antenatal clinic as soon as possible. And even if you are taken into account closer to week 12, as early as week 4 you can take vaginal smears for analysis. Also, the gynecologist will examine you on the chair: your uterus is already slightly enlarged and the doctor may notice it. At the first appointment, your doctor may prescribe vitamins. Often, the entire first trimester (and ideally at the planning stage of pregnancy) a woman is prescribed folic acid. It reduces the risk of developing neural tube pathologies. The first twelve weeks is the most crucial period in the development of the future baby. Therefore, it is necessary to strictly adhere to the recommendation of the attending physician and discuss with him all controversial points.
External germinal organs
Weight and dimensions
Feelings of a woman in the fourth week of pregnancy
Pregnancy test at week 4
Ultrasound at 4 weeks gestation
Signs and symptoms of pregnancy at week 4
Discharge at 4 weeks gestation
Tips and tricks
4 week gestation, chorionic gonadotropin study
In the fourth week, the head of the embryo is formed, which so far has little resemblance to the head of an adult.
The fourth week of pregnancy is very important for the future baby, since right now there is an active development of extra-embryonic organs: chorion, amnion and yolk sac. They will provide nutrition, respiration and comprehensive protection of the fetus. Soon the chorion is transformed into the placenta, and the amnion - into the fetal bladder.
Interestingly, it is the male genes that are more actively working on the creation of these organs.
The placenta will perform an important barrier function, not allowing harmful substances from the mother’s blood into the fetus’s body. Therefore, until its complete formation (first trimester), the embryo is not protected from toxic substances (alcohol, medicines) that have entered the woman’s body.
Fetal bladder protects the future child from mechanical damage, providing him with comfortable conditions for growth and development inside his mother's tummy.
The size of the embryo this week is 0.36-1 mm., That is, it is the size of a grain of sand or a poppy seed.
Ultrasound in the early stages, is it worth it?
Is it possible to go to the sea pregnant, read here.
Prohibitions during pregnancy, what is possible and what is not. All the answers to your questions can be found here.
Every woman is unique and feels pregnancy differently. Someone already in the first days in some unknown way understands that a new life is born inside it. And someone before the appearance of the tummy does not know about his interesting position, writing off the absence of menstruation on a simple failure of the cycle.
The unusual sensations in the fourth week are mainly related to the general condition. These are emotional disorders and increased fatigue, drowsiness, and manifestations of toxicosis. Symptoms characteristic of PMS are also possible.
During this period, a woman’s fatigue may increase and excessive irritability may appear. Blame the hormonal changes that are in full swing in the body of the future mother.
It is very important at this stage to try to be less nervous and worried, as this may adversely affect the development of pregnancy. Relatives and friends should support a woman preparing to become a mother.
However, not all pregnant women are subject to this behavior. Some, up to the birth itself, remain calm and balanced. By the way, there is a perception that a calm pregnant woman will give birth to a calm baby who will not cause much trouble and sleepless nights.
The concentration of hCG gradually increases in the blood and in the urine, but it is easier to identify it in the blood, since the concentration of the hormone is higher in it. Therefore, having passed the blood test for the level of hCG, already on the fourth week you can learn about pregnancy. By the way, according to the analysis of hCG at later periods, it is possible to judge the course of pregnancy and the presence of any pathologies. This analysis is part of a comprehensive first trimester screening.
But is it necessary to donate blood to determine whether it is a pregnancy or just PMS? For this there are pregnancy tests. With the help of special test systems, hCG can be detected in the urine even at home.
Now pharmacies offer a huge variety of pregnancy tests. They are all quite easy to use. More expensive tests do not even require collecting urine in a separate container, which makes them even more convenient.
The most modern and accurate of them promise to give an answer before the delay of menstruation. But still it should be noted that the optimal time for the test is the fifth week. By that time, the level of human chorionic gonadotropin will increase sufficiently.
Ultrasound examination at this time may already show pregnancy. At the moment, the embryo is similar to a disk, which consists of 3 layers of cells - germ layers.
Is it terrible to catch a cold during an initial pregnancy? What to do and whether to consult a doctor?
What to do if you have cystitis during pregnancy. Symptoms and methods of struggle without the intervention of doctors. Folk methods.
Normal discharge during pregnancy: light, milky, homogeneous consistency, having a slightly sour smell. If the discharge has a flaky or purulent character, if a yellow or brown mucus with an unpleasant odor appears, then an urgent need to consult a doctor.
Such secretions may indicate the presence of infection in the genital tract. In this case, you will need to undergo tests and necessary treatment.
It is better to come to the antenatal clinic as soon as possible. And even if you are taken into account closer to week 12, as early as week 4 you can take vaginal smears for analysis. Also, the gynecologist will examine you on the chair: your uterus is already slightly enlarged and the doctor may notice it.
At the first appointment, your doctor may prescribe vitamins. Often, the entire first trimester (and ideally at the planning stage of pregnancy) a woman is prescribed folic acid. It reduces the risk of developing neural tube pathologies.
The first twelve weeks is the most crucial period in the development of the future baby. Therefore, it is necessary to strictly adhere to the recommendation of the attending physician and discuss with him all controversial points.
4. At the same time, if you feel well, you can keep an active lifestyle: walking in the fresh air, practicing yoga and swimming will only benefit you and your future baby.
It is important for expectant mothers to ensure that their diet is balanced, rational, rich in vitamins and microelements. It is better to refuse flour and confectionery, coffee, and a large amount of sugar. If necessary, the doctor will prescribe you special vitamins for pregnant women.
Diets during pregnancy are prohibited! Weight gain is inevitable, but overeat is not worth it. Eat right: more fresh fruits and vegetables, low-fat varieties of fish and meat. The ban will be products that have undergone insufficient heat treatment (sushi, meat with blood), cheese with mold. All products must be fresh and high-quality, because the young mommy does not necessarily have to deal with an intestinal infection.
Pregnant women are often worried about constipation, so now you need to enter into your diet foods that normalize the work of the intestine (beets, dried apricots, raisins, dairy products). Also avoid products that are attached.
During the formation of the placenta, which is completed by the end of 12-13 weeks, it is very important to exclude the influence of various harmful factors, including alcohol.
In the absence of the threat of miscarriage and the well-being of the future mom, there are no restrictions on sex life. However, you need to be very careful, to monitor their well-being.
- In the fourth week, the egg of the egg turns into an embryo, germ layers begin to form (the basis of future organs) and extra-germ organs.
- Emerging hormone hCG allows to determine pregnancy by blood analysis. A routine pregnancy test may not yet show a positive result.
- A pregnant woman may experience some malaise, fatigue and other symptoms that are also characteristic of PMS.
- From an early date, you need to monitor your health by balancing your diet and eliminating all negative factors.
4 weeks of pregnancy is an important stage in the development of the fetus, as the fertilized egg turns into a real embryo. Now it looks like a disk, which consists of three layers (germ layers). Each of them plays an important role in the development of the baby.
The outer layer (ectoderm) is the basis for the skin, hair, nervous system, eye lenses, and tooth enamel. The middle layer (mesoderm) will become the skeleton, connective tissue and muscles, as well as the excretory and circulatory systems, will give rise to the development of the genital organs. The inner layer (endoderm) will give rise to the development of the digestive system, the thyroid and pancreas, and the liver.
It looks like the fruit of 4 weeks
The very first begin to form the heart and blood vessels, and at 4 weeks you can find the first heartbeat. True, the heart still has the form of a simple tube through which blood flows uninterruptedly. By the end of the week, the main divisions will already be different. At week 4, the head of the fetus is also formed, which is similar to a small droplet, but it already has three brain bladders, even if they are primary.
Also actively is the process of placentation, which is fully complete only by the 12th week of pregnancy.
During the period of placentation, a yolk sac is formed from the endoblastic vesicle, which is a derivative of the embryoblast. It is an extra-embryonic organ located near the umbilical region of a growing and developing embryo. The yolk sac plays an important role in the respiration and nutrition of the embryo. As a hematopoietic organ, it will function until the 7th week of pregnancy. In the walls of the yolk sac, primary germ cells are formed, which together with the blood enters the germs of the sex glands.
What happens in your body at week 4?
During this period, your body has almost completely restructured, but the uterus has not yet increased in size. However, changes in the body of the future mother will occur throughout pregnancy. A gynecological examination may show changes in the structure and color of the cervix. A small weight gain is possible. But at the same time, pregnancy doesn’t affect the figure either.
The yellow body in appearance resembles a small vial on the wall of the ovary. It performs an important function, namely, it produces progesterone, which is necessary for maintaining pregnancy at the initial stage. At about week 12, the placenta will take over this function.
The pituitary gland increases in size, the production of follicle-stimulating and luteinizing hormones is reduced, which contributes to the temporary cessation of egg maturation and ovulation is interrupted. In turn, the production of prolactin increases, this hormone is responsible for preparing the mammary glands for feeding the newborn.
Your feelings on week 4
There is a feeling of roughening and swelling of the mammary glands. There may be nagging pain in the lower abdomen, irritability, fatigue, which in turn is often regarded as a premenstrual symptom. But many women feel the onset of pregnancy from the first days, if it is not a looping, which is very common in women who really want to get pregnant.
There is a slight increase in body temperature. Future moms can confuse day and night, this phenomenon is called sleep inversion.
Discharge from the genital tract
In most cases, the selection is standard, they should be light or milky, homogeneous consistency.
If there are other discharge, different from the norm, then you should immediately visit the doctor, as they may indicate the presence of infections in the female genital tract. In this case, it is necessary to undergo examination and fully follow the recommendations of the doctor.
The appearance of bloody or brownish discharge is also a reason for visiting the doctor, since this period is one of the most critical periods of pregnancy.
Survey 4 week
This is the most suitable time to visit a gynecologist. The doctor will carefully examine you, confirm the pregnancy, and also recommend visiting other specialists, prescribe the necessary tests.
The hCG assay is the most informative way to confirm pregnancy.
Despite the fact that the best time to conduct a pregnancy test is considered to be 5 weeks, by the end of the fourth week it is also possible to establish the fact of pregnancy. By this time, the level of hCG will vary between 101 - 4870 mU / ml, of course the gap is considerable, but every day the level of the hormone increases.
Pregnancy tests are of several types:
- test strips. This is an inexpensive option. To determine pregnancy, it is necessary to lower the test strip into the urine; when two strips appear, the test is considered positive. However, the test strip is not completely soaked, resulting in a false negative result.
- tests tablets. They are equipped with two windows, urine enters the first window, and the second displays the result. This test variant is of higher quality.
- inkjet tests are most effective. It contains blue particles that are firmly attached to hCG, unless of course it is contained in the urine. After a minute, the test results are evaluated.
Important for week 4
Remember that the laying of organs has just begun, so you need to avoid all negative factors as much as possible. Give up bad habits, because you carry a new life in yourself!
Also worth some time to abstain from sex. It is mandatory to visit a doctor who will give the necessary advice and tips, as well as tell about the vitamins and minerals that should be taken. Dental treatment should be postponed to the 2nd trimester of pregnancy, which lasts from 14 to 26 weeks, since anesthesia is often used here. All medicines should be taken only according to the recommendations of the doctor, forget about self-treatment!
Meals for 4 weeks
You should forget about your favorite fast foods, carbonated drinks, canned food, products with dyes and harmful additives. Your diet should be balanced. It is necessary to reduce the intake of strong tea and coffee, as well as fatty, smoked and fried foods. Future mom should eat more fresh fruits and vegetables, dairy products, fish, lean meat. However, overeating is also not worth it. In the diet you need to find a middle ground. In the presence of constipation, include in the diet prunes, beets, dried apricots, that is, those products that are natural laxatives.
Try to sleep in the afternoon, more often walk in the fresh air, you can visit the pool.
Your pregnancy calendar
- 7.1 Video Guide: 4 weeks gestation: what happens, symptoms, sensations, signs
Calculations by different methods
When doctors work with pregnant patients, they do not go into the details of ovulation and the day of conception. Term of pregnancy will be calculated by obstetric method: from the first day of the last menstruation.
The term trial is considered to be from the presumptive ovulation and is two weeks late compared to the obstetric period.
Sometimes women count the time since the delay. Then the fourth week will mark the eighth obstetric or sixth embryonic. Easy to get confused? Then it is better to stick to a medical point of view.. After all, the expectant mother will communicate with doctors quite often.
Details about the terms:how to count the dates correctly.
Размер плода: больше, чем одна клеточка
Как только сперматозоид оплодотворяет яйцеклетку, начинается бурное деление зиготы. Если задуматься, то это чудо. Одна-единственная клетка образует множество других. They are completely different, and their roles are different. And each cell knows where it is and what to do.
If the 4th obstetric week is on, it is too early to talk about the fetus. Zygote gradually enters the stage of the embryo. Now the unborn child is an almost invisible clump of cells, which scientists call morula. Under the microscope, it will look like a berry covered with pimples. If the fixation of the morula in the uterine cavity has not yet happened, it will definitely take place. And then the real cellular magic will begin.
Doctors often use the concept of the germinal disc, which is formed by the germinal layers. then special cell layers:
- the inner layer (endoderm) will give rise to the digestive tract, liver and lungs, as well as the pancreas,
- the middle layer (mesoderm) is the future kidneys, muscles, heart and blood vessels, as well as the baby’s skeleton,
- the outer layer (ectoderm) is responsible for the formation of the nervous system, the scalp (including eyes, teeth and hair), as well as the skin.
The wonder of nature is also in the fact that a single fertilized cell, when divided, provides the baby with everything necessary. Including full board. These are the so-called extra-embryonic organs. There are three of them:
- chorion: something like a hairy sac that later becomes the placenta,
- the amnion is the future fetal bladder, the strong packaging of the fetus,
- yolk sac - food supply for the embryo.
The last non-embryonic organ is particularly important. It is his dysfunction or pathology that can lead to miscarriage. As a yolk sac, the specialist on ultrasound will get some important information about the pregnancy and the embryo.
Scientists have established a curious fact: the male genes of the embryo are mainly responsible for the external germinal organs. It can be said that the function of the breadwinner and protector is laid at the deepest levels of the human being.
In the fourth obstetric week, a woman may still not know anything. The active development of the zygote in the female body can either give the first signs of pregnancy, or not at all affect the state of the future mother.
If a woman is planning a pregnancy, she is full of expectations. The main question now is: did it work or not? On the 4th obstetric week, the sensations of the mother are more emotional.
Physically, a woman may experience a slight malaise.. There may be slight weakness, barely noticeable discomfort in the lower abdomen, drowsiness. A similar condition is almost the same both in early pregnancy and on the eve of menstruation.
But the sensitivity of the breast and nipples can significantly increase. The mammary glands sometimes swell from the first days after conception. Also, by the end of the fourth week, the expectant mother may well have the first signs of early toxicosis. In this case, someone just empty the refrigerator, and someone will run to the store for something tasty, special. Maybe the other way around: nausea will come, and they will not want to eat at all.
Even in the fourth week, women's waistline may increase by 1-2 cm. If all the clothes are tight, a woman will definitely notice this. The main thing is to react correctly. If a pregnancy is not planned, the expectant mother may not recognize her condition. Then she rushes to the gym or to a nutritionist. That is why it is important to protect themselves. And if pregnancy is allowed, you need to be careful. Then even minor symptoms will give the correct hint.
Expectant mother may be slightly lighter. Weight gain in the early stages is due, like many other things, to hormonal adjustment. She, in combination with early toxicosis sometimes leads to a small weight loss. If the future mother's state of health is good, you should not worry.
In the normal course of pregnancy, the next menstruation will not come. If for some reason the zygote cannot consolidate in the uterus, the period will come. About miscarriage in this case do not say. Often women do not even know that they could become future mothers.
If pregnancy is confirmed, bleeding is an alarm. It should urgently consult a doctor.
Implant bleeding- This is a very minor bloody or brown discharge. One or two strokes are possible when an embryo is fixed in the uterus.
Mucous discharge the female body uses to create a special protective plug. It literally clogs the cervix and is normal only before childbirth.
A woman will have to be examined if the mucous discharge is unusual:
- with an unpleasant smell
- too abundant
- thick and white
- similar to cottage cheese flakes.
Ways to confirm pregnancy
How soon will the future mother be sure of her new condition? How long will it take to wait for the most accurate result? It all depends on the way.
Drug test: show or not?
Some modern tests even before the delay are able to recognize pregnancy. Therefore, if the gestation period is 4 weeks, the test can be applied if there is no patience. And yet it is better to wait until the first day of the expected monthly. The result will be more reliable.
At the beginning of the fourth obstetric week, the study is unlikely to help. But in the end, on a high-quality equipment, a good specialist will already see something. it will be a uterus with a thick layer of endometrium and an embryo - a small black dot. If a woman previously had an ectopic pregnancy, a specialist doctor will definitely check the entire female system.
Blood test for hCG
The level of human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) increases during pregnancy. Therefore, a blood test at the end of the 4th week will help confirm that the conception was successful.
A visit to the doctor: is it time or can you wait?
Modern women are often very busy. Work, family life and hobbies take a lot of time. But now the expectant mother will have to take care of two at once.
In the fourth obstetric week is still early to get registered. The pregnancy itself may not yet be confirmed. But if you already have a positive result, you can go for a consultation. What will the doctor do?
- Will examine the woman and externally assess her overall condition.
- Collect the raw data.
- Assign a suitable vitamin complex and folic acid preparations.
If conception was planned and passed under the control of doctors, a woman will visit her doctor anyway. The doctor will confirm the successful conception and prescribe measures to preserve the pregnancy. This is especially important if the patient has already had a miscarriage.
What to look for
It's amazing how many sides of life will have to be evaluated differently when pregnancy occurs. Special recommendations for expectant mothers need to start to stick as early as possible. If this has not happened before the 4th week, it's time to pay attention to a lot.
Completeness and balance: here are the main requirements. Fasting days from now in the past. And it is also desirable to abandon canned food, convenience foods and fast food.
Nutrition during pregnancy weekly
While cooking meat it is important to monitor the lack of fat. Fish, by contrast, can be consumed fatty varieties. Is there no contradiction here? Actually - no. Fatty fish contains many useful organic acids that are completely absent in animal fat. It is necessary to make a reservation: we are not talking about frying in oil. It is just that some species of fish live in cold seas and oceans, therefore they acquire a fat layer for their own heat. The most famous are salmon, trout and salmon.
If you want sweet, then better marshmallow or candy, than chocolate or cake.
Vegetables and fruits are indispensable components of a pregnant diet. They can be eaten fresh, boiled or stewed. Plus porridge and dairy products.
Future mothers often ask: what, now nothing at all is impossible? And if you really, to the nausea, you want sprat, chili compote or chips? If you approach the questions of diet strictly, the answer is only one: yes, nothing like this is really impossible. But if some kind of food, even harmful, will help the expectant mother cope with nausea or elevate mood, then why not? Only use unwanted products better in micro doses. A pack of chips to stretch for a week, and canned food is not a tablespoon straight from the jar.
Absolute taboo is only one thing: the alcohol of the future mother is strictly contraindicated! And no matter how many degrees in the drink. All sorts of homemade liqueurs are also alcohol, albeit as natural as possible. The best strategy for the future mother is a complete rejection of alcoholic beverages.
Food poisoning is dangerous for the future baby. Therefore, it is very important to protect your diet during the 4th week of pregnancy. Do not need this time to try exotic dishes and products. The body may not accept them and respond to gastrointestinal upset. And not only the expectant mother will suffer, but also the embryo. Right now it is very unstable to any negative influences.
Protection from harmful factors
The organism of the future mother can be very vulnerable. Some protective mechanisms in the 4th obstetric week have not yet been formed. Therefore it is very important:
- stop smoking itself and stay away from smoking people
- be careful during epidemics of viral infections,
- follow your mood and let only positive emotions into your life,
- avoid abrupt climate change.
Stretch marks can seriously spoil the look and skin, and the mood of a woman. One of the skin protection measures is olive oil. It is recommended to rub it into the problem areas even before the tummy begins to grow.
Pregnancy and sex
At the 4th obstetric week, a couple may not yet know that someone is already born third. Therefore, the intimate life of future parents proceeds as usual.. Some women after intimacy feel unpleasant heaviness in the region of the labia.
If conception is planned and carried out under the supervision of a physician, he may advise to take a break in sexual life. This is especially important if the woman had previously had miscarriages. In rare cases, uterine contractions during orgasm can prevent the embryo from fully consolidating in the uterine cavity.
In all other cases, with good health, there are no obstacles to sex with the couple. There is one psychological moment.. Perhaps, over time, the intimate feelings of the future mother will change. She may experience embarrassment, discomfort, or just fear at intimacy with her beloved man. It is very desirable to warn about this partner. The future father must be prepared and patient. With the slightest negative intimate life, a woman should not withdraw into herself, consider sex as a duty and obligation. The father of the child will probably feel the tension. Without knowing the true cause, there may be problems in family life. Therefore, mutual love, respect, attention and frankness are especially important now.
At the fourth obstetric week, the concept of miscarriage is used very rarely. In most cases, a woman does not have time to confirm the pregnancy accurately or even fully realize her condition. Therefore, for many, bleeding after miscarriage is monthly.
Some symptoms may indicate a possible interruption.
- It hurts and pulls the stomach. it is pain, not light discomfort.
- Bleeding profuse, sometimes with clots.
- Blood discharge - brown.
But even all the listed signs do not always signal that a miscarriage or spontaneous abortion.
Abortion may be intentional. Every woman has that right. However, the decision must be responsible. Nothing can be done in a state of nervous breakdown, from fear or in retaliation. Modern medicine is trying to spare women under any circumstances. But the adverse physical and psychological effects of abortion have not been canceled.
Grand total of the 4th week
- Fourth obstetric week can be a time to confirm pregnancy.
- In the embryo, there is not just a division, but a functional distribution of cells.
- The first, barely noticeable signs and symptoms of pregnancy appear.
The lifestyle of a pregnant woman in the fourth week will largely determine the further development of the tiny creature - the future baby.
Signs of the fourth week of pregnancy
The main and most obvious sign of pregnancy in the fourth week of embryonic development is delay. Even on the first day after the absence of the expected monthly rapid test will show a positive result. In 98% of cases, these data are correct. The fourth obstetric week can be characterized by frequent urination, alternate changes in taste sensations and an increase in the mammary glands.
Analyzes in the fourth week of pregnancy
In addition to the test, your “interesting position” can be confirmed by a urine test and a blood test for the presence of hCG. In a healthy non-pregnant woman, this figure ranges from 0 to 5 units. Since the first week after conception, the urine hCG index is 25–156 units. If the results of the tests performed show a value from 5 to 25, it is necessary to conduct a second study after 2–3 days.
Ultrasound in the fourth week of pregnancy
Often, neither the ultrasound scanner nor the efforts of a professional can confirm a pregnancy at this time. Wait a little while the embryo grows up. Another thing, if you are worried about strong, incessant pain, bleeding and other troubles, an obstetrician-gynecologist is obliged to appoint an ultrasound.
Discharge in the fourth week of pregnancy
In an ideal state of a pregnant woman, secrets secreted from her genitals will be white or almost transparent in color with a slightly sourish smell. Altered hormones can affect the amount of discharge in the direction of their increase, which is considered the norm. The transitional period from the fourth to the fifth week in gynecology is considered critical, because it “overlaps” on the days of menstruation. The mother's body may try to get rid of the fertilized egg as a result of increasing the tone of the uterus. Scanty bleeding, inferior in duration to this monthly, can be considered the norm. Women who are unaware of their pregnancy perceive such discharge as the next menstruation.