Symptoms of kidney disease in men
Kidney pain can occur even in people who lead a healthy lifestyle and care about their health. Moreover, pathologies of the renal system may appear in men who are prone to food excesses, who consume alcohol and smoke a large number of cigarettes a day. Along with a variety of causes that cause pain in the kidneys, there are many symptoms that make you look for the cause of discomfort.
Renal structures are not capable of such regeneration, which, for example, the liver exhibits, although most of the burden of cleansing and excreting decay products falls on them. When the self-healing reserve comes to an end, the urinary system sends symptomatic signals that cannot be ignored.
The volume of fluid that is filtered by the urinary organs of a man during the day is on average 170 liters. They transfer unnecessary and harmful substances to secondary and primary urine, but some toxins accumulate in the kidneys themselves, impairing their filtration capacity and leading to organic lesions. Along with this process, filtration capacity drops, which leaves more and more waste products in the blood. This again increases the load on the kidneys and the circle closes.
Predisposing factors for the lesion of the renal pelvis and the kidney tubule in men:
- Hypothermia, during which the immune system weakens. Especially often occur after a sharp fall in cold weather in those periods when the body did not have time to adapt to the new weather regime.
- Catarrhal diseases, increasing in the offseason. During their development, a huge amount of bacteria is filtered out of the blood during urination, which can initiate inflammation.
- Increased load on the urinary system. The constant use of harmful food, excessive concentration of salts in food can severely undermine the functionality of the formation of urine.
- Post-operative and post-traumatic period. During these periods, the likelihood of getting renal pathology increases significantly, so you need to pay special attention to preventive measures.
- Inflammation of the prostate gland with a significant decrease in the duct of the urethra, because of which there are periodic stagnation of urine in the cup-pelvis structures.
- The decline of immunity after courses of hormonal or radiation therapy and HIV infection.
- With hypertension or diabetes mellitus, sometimes there are lesions in the structure of the kidney with its further degeneration.
- Human depletion, marked deficiency of vitamins and all necessary nutrients that ensure the normal functioning of the body.
- Congenital anatomical features of the calyx-pelvis apparatus, abnormal tortuosity or narrowness of the urethra, etc.
Sometimes the reasons are purely physiological mechanism and manifest briefly. For such cases, no medical assistance is needed, the adjusted work is restored by itself:
- intense exercise or increased workout when the volume of pumped blood increases to the maximum,
- too much fluid intake in a short period of time with the need to filter out higher doses,
- use of brine, mineral water with high salinity in uncontrolled quantities.
Manifestations of pain in the kidneys
Pain is localized with kidney problems not directly above the pelvic area, as is commonly believed, but at the level where the lower ribs end. In most cases, such sensations arise from the back in the upper lumbar segment.
The kidney is a paired organ that is innervated by the paired nerve processes of the spinal cord, therefore the same sensations occur most often on both sides of the body. But there are also cases when the painful syndrome is present only on the right or left side.
The nature of the painful sensations may also differ, they may be:
- periodic or paroxysmal.
All of the above characteristics do not allow us to state with certainty that pathological processes in the renal structures became the cause of such sensations. Pain may radiate from the prostate, liver, ureter, small or large intestine, or spinal column. Therefore, it is inexpedient to draw conclusions about the reason before the examination by a specialist.
Compared with women, in men the intensity of symptoms in renal pathologies progresses much faster, which allows them to respond to the discomfort that appears in the shortest possible time. Typical features are:
- fatigue and weakness
- temperature rise,
- loss of appetite
- sleep cycle disorders
- recurrent chills
- numbness in the legs
- reduction of salivation,
- nausea and vomiting,
- bouts of hypertension,
- increased sweating
- paleness of the skin,
- redness of the skin in the lumbar region,
- turbidity of urine.
Sometimes there are spasms, giving into the scrotum. The temperature in such cases is poorly confused and often accompanied by convulsions.
In some cases, the patient is tormented by bouts of thirst, which is difficult to satisfy. A man may change his taste and ammonia smell from the mouth.
The intensity of the symptoms depends on the immunity of the man. If the acute symptoms disappear, and after a while they repeat again, but less pronounced, this means that the disease has become chronic. At the same time, the following signs are observed:
- weight loss,
- urinary complications,
- a marked decrease in daily urine volume,
- puffiness under the eyes, especially after waking up.
Chronic diseases are more difficult to treat, therefore bringing the process to this stage is fraught with complications.
How to determine that it is the kidneys that hurt
The causes of such pain can be not only renal pathology. Often the same symptoms are accompanied by diseases of the musculoskeletal system in a given area. Pains in the intestines, bladder, prostate and other organs located in the pelvis can cause similar symptoms.
Characteristic signs that the problem is localized in the renal structures:
- with moderate body bends and inclinations, the sensations do not increase,
- pain does not spread to other parts of the back,
- there are pronounced signs of intoxication,
- frequent urination,
- painkillers do not relieve pain or do not help at all.
With degenerative phenomena in the spine with similar signs, "goosebumps" and lack of sensation in the legs are felt. Moreover, with a certain body posture, which a man takes, all discomfort sensations become weaker, and with kidney problems, this effect is absent.
Lesions in pyelonephritis are localized in the pelvis of one or both kidneys. Unsharp dull soreness with a pressing effect is present in the back of the affected organ. Against the background of constant increased sweating, a man develops thirst.
There is peeling on the skin, especially on the hands. If you ignore the symptoms for some time begin to thin hair, nails become fragile and brittle.
Where does kidney pain come from in men?
Many organs of the human body have nerve endings, including the kidneys. The vast majority of them are located in the parenchyma, namely in the membrane that surrounds the internal organ. Pain occurs when the organs are enlarged, which leads to stretching of the parenchyma. The pain appears when any deformation occurs. As a rule, this deviation is observed in inflammatory processes, infectious diseases or in the case of injuries of an internal organ.
In most cases, the painful sensations are associated with the inflammatory process in the internal organ. In medicine, this pathology is called nephritis and is characterized by a violation of the microflora of the internal organ as a result of the penetration of harmful bacteria. With the disease marked fever, pain in the abdomen and lumbar spine.
A sign of jade is swelling of the face and limbs, which is especially pronounced in the morning.
Obstructed urination in men most often occurs on the background of the pathologies of the genitourinary system.
With inflammatory kidney disease, a man feels weakness and rapid fatigue, there is a disturbed urination. Types of inflammation of the kidneys are glomerulonephritis and pyelonephritis, in which the glomeruli of the kidneys or the organ's tubule are injured. In acute form, pyelonephritis threatens the rapid development of kidney failure. In some cases, against the background of this disease, a purulent process occurs, which entails sepsis and needs urgent surgery.
This kidney disease in men is manifested if there is a disturbed outflow of urine from the body. Pathology is marked by a significant expansion of the pelvis and cups of the internal organ. The disease can develop without special signs, so patients do not seek medical help for a long time, which leads to chronic hydronephrosis. In some patients, the initial degree of the disease is marked by sharp back pain.
The formation of stones and the presence of sand is associated with improper functioning of the internal organ when substances are not sufficiently dissolved in urine. If there are stones, the man is worried about dull or sharp pain in the lumbar region. Pathology is marked by blood in the urine. The pain arises precisely in the kidney in which the stones were formed. Especially brightly, it manifests itself after physical exertion or long walking. In some cases, the stones come out independently and injure the urethral mucosa, causing a number of unpleasant symptoms and inflammation in the urethra.
In some cases, painful pain in the kidneys in men with urolithiasis spreads to the stomach and sides. The emergence of an unpleasant symptom is sand, which leaves the body and irritates the organs of the urinary system. The first sign of sand in the kidney is a clouding or darkening of the urine. During urination, there is discomfort and pain in the groin. Often the presence of sand in the kidney provokes vomiting, nausea, fever, swelling and weakness throughout the body.
How does nephrosis hurt men?
The disease is marked by dystrophic changes in the renal tissues, especially those located in the tubule system. Nephrosis occurs in acute or chronic form. Signs of kidney disease in men are impaired urination, which decreases the amount of urine, and its output is accompanied by pain. The man has swelling of the face and limbs, anemia, pain in the head. The results of the analysis will indicate the presence of protein in the urine.
When nephroptosis occurs omission or displacement of the kidney in different directions. The disease is quite serious, since the rotation of the organ on its axis is possible. This is fraught with sprains, excesses of blood vessels, which would entail a violation of the circulation of blood and lymph throughout the body. The male half of the population is less likely to suffer from this disease, but it still takes place. Nephroptosis occurs with a sharp weight loss, intense physical exertion, when the body stays upright for a long time or is susceptible to injury.
In the case of renal failure, there is a partial or complete loss of function of the internal organ. The patient has an impaired water-electrolyte balance, and creatinine and uric acid are found in the blood in large quantities. The acute form of the disease is marked by a rapid progression, as a result of which toxic substances accumulate in the body and poison the kidneys. Chronic renal failure is preceded by renal diseases that have become chronic. Often, pathology is diagnosed in diabetes mellitus, gout, mercury intoxication or painkillers.
Cystic lesions in men are often diagnosed as benign lesions in the kidneys. Cysts occur with frequent injury to the internal organ. Often the cause of cystic formation is infectious or parasitic kidney damage. Often, doctors observe a cyst in men in the event of inflammation, heart attack or tuberculosis. With kidney disease, there is one or two-sided lesion. In this case, the patient has the following symptoms:
- pain of dull character in the lower back,
- pain after lifting weight,
- high blood pressure,
- the presence of blood in urine.
A malignant tumor in a man can occur for a variety of reasons, often other kidney diseases precede cancer. The pathological process in most cases does not manifest itself at first. Over time, there are some signs of the disease. The patient exudes blood when urinating, there is aching pain in the lower back.
In kidney cancer, a man quickly loses weight, there is constantly high body temperature, yellowing of the skin. With ultrasound diagnostics, an enlarged organ size will be noticed. As the pathology progresses, symptoms begin to appear brighter and more intense. When metastasis occurs, neighboring organs are injured and concomitant signs of disruption of their work occur.
Other signs and symptoms of kidney disease in men
When kidney disease manifests many symptoms, depending on the pathology and degree of organ damage. As a rule, in case of kidney diseases, pain is localized in the lower back, and then returns to different departments. Patients complain of dull sharp pain, which sometimes has a nagging character. In some cases, the painful sensations are paroxysmal, and sometimes they are present constantly and are marked by monotony. Kidney disease manifested by such symptoms:
- Anuria, which is characterized by the cessation of urine entering the bladder. Pathology provokes a violation of blood circulation in the kidneys and affects the organ at a diffuse level.
- Acute urinary retention, in which the patient experiences pain in the lower abdomen. This symptom occurs against the background of the formation of stones in the kidney, prostate adenoma or with a tumor in the bladder.
- Hematuria, which is marked by bloody discharge in urine. Pathology is observed in case of inflammation of the parenchyma, calyx or pelvis of the organ.
In adult men with pathologies in the kidneys, there are also general signs of the disease. There is an increased body temperature, which is difficult to bring down with the help of medicines. There is a lack of appetite, nausea, vomiting, skin itching. Often, the inflammatory process in the internal organ makes itself felt by increased blood pressure. External symptoms of the disease can be mild and vary depending on the course of the pathology.
Causes of kidney disease
Kidney disease is preceded by various factors. Men are often subject to abnormalities in the work of the internal organ, as they deal with physical exertion. Often, diseases occur due to non-compliance with the drinking balance, which provokes the formation of stones and the presence of sand in the organs of the urinary system. Men who are professionally involved in heavy sports are more likely to suffer from kidney disease.
In some cases, the pathological processes in the internal organ are associated with the anatomical features of the organs of the urinary system. It is possible to acquire a renal disease in case of an increased function of the adrenal glands. It is necessary to carefully monitor the state of the internal organs, since injuries and hematomas can provoke serious diseases. Kidney problems occur in the event of unfavorable genetics or blockage of the artery of an organ.
If you suspect a kidney disease or if the first symptoms appear, you should immediately consult a doctor and undergo a comprehensive diagnosis of the urinary system. The patient is prescribed to pass general tests of urine and blood. The doctor directs the man to bacteriological urine culture, ultrasound of the kidneys and pelvic organs. Diagnosis includes organ biopsy, biochemical blood test. An effective method of detecting pyelonephritis is excretory urography, which is performed using a contrast agent and determines the functional state of the organ.
Pathology can be treated by several methods. In inflammatory processes, antibiotic therapy is prescribed. Anti-spasmolytics are prescribed for pain. Drug complex includes vitamins and remedies that restore the immune system. In the formation of stones prescribed drugs that dissolve them, as well as diuretics. Если имеет место тяжелая патология, опухолевые или кистозные образования, тогда показано хирургическое вмешательство. Хирург проводит операцию несколькими методами в зависимости от тяжести болезни.After the operation shown special food.
The diet should include healthy foods that contain small amounts of protein and fat. It is necessary to reduce salt intake and increase the amount of daily fluid. Food should be fractional: it is recommended to eat often, but in small portions. Low-fat dairy products, vegetable broths, lean meat and fish are allowed. Food should be steamed or boiled.
Treatment of folk remedies
Treat pathology can be folk remedies, but before using them, you should consult with your doctor. Effective in the fight against inflammatory diseases in the kidneys are such means: celery juice, tansy flowers, bean pods, horsetail infusion. Such folk remedies as knotweed, dill seeds, half a floor, and others can be used to clean the kidneys and organs of the genitourinary system.
Preventive measures are aimed at preventing pathology in the body. Men are recommended to undergo an annual examination by a urologist. Proper nutrition should be observed, drinking enough water and giving up bad habits. It is recommended to move more and perform special physical exercises. In the case of diseases in the organs of the urogenital system in a timely manner to treat them and not to run.
Male Renal System Diseases
The most common pathologies of the kidneys in women and men are inflammatory processes that are often infectious in nature and develop against the background of secondary infection of the renal parenchyma. Pyelonephritis - inflammation of the kidneys resulting from infection in the systemic circulation - occurs in about 40% of men, with half of them having the disease in a chronic form and having frequent relapses (at least 1 time per year).
Symptoms of kidney disease
A more severe form of inflammation is glomerulonephritis. Unlike pyelonephritis, in which only parenchymal tissue, renal pelvis and calyx are affected, glomerulonephritis involves glomeruli in the inflammatory process in the inflammatory process. If untreated, pyelonephritis and glomerulonephritis can lead to serious complications, such as chronic prostate inflammation, cystitis or nephrolithiasis.
Nephrolithiasis (urolithiasis and kidney disease) is another common pathology characterized by the formation of oxalates in the kidneys and ureters. Oxalates are friable sand and stones consisting of salts and esters of oxalic acid. The disease is manifested by severe pain, renal colic, and can cause acute renal failure. Approximately in 7.1% of cases, a sudden blockage of the kidneys and ureters causes the death of the patient.
Factors for the development of chronic kidney disease
Other kidney diseases that can occur in both men and women include:
- unilateral or bilateral kidney cyst,
- renal failure (acute or chronic),
- nephroptosis ("wandering kidney") - is extremely rare in men.
Important! The most dangerous kidney disease with an extremely unfavorable further prediction of life is cancer. Signs of a malignant neoplasm in the kidneys may be mild in pathology stage 1-2, therefore, it is necessary to know what symptoms can be a manifestation of an oncological process and what to do when they appear.
Causes of kidney disease
The clinical picture in any kidney disease may vary depending on the age of the man, his lifestyle, the state of the immune system. For example, pelvic pain is one of the typical symptoms of kidney dysfunction - many perceive it as a consequence of sedentary work or a sedentary lifestyle (especially for men who, due to duty, have to spend a lot of time in a sitting position, for example, drivers). The prognosis for treatment of diseases of the renal system is quite favorable, if therapy is started at an early stage and the process has not turned into a chronic form.
Glomerulonephritis is a more severe form of inflammation, which in 90% of patients is diagnosed in chronic form and lasts for a long time (in some men, sluggish inflammation can last more than 10-15 years). Pathology is characterized by chronic edematous syndrome, asthenia, increased blood pressure.
Kidney with glomerulonephritis
The clinical manifestations of glomerulonephritis depend on the form of the disease and are listed in the table below.
Glomerulonephritis - a brief description of the disease
Important! Symptoms of urination problems with pyelonephritis and glomerulonephritis are usually absent. If a man experiences a false urge to empty his bladder or sore during urination, the cause is most likely in infectious cystitis.
Symptoms and effects of glomerulonephritis
The disease has an autoimmune nature, so radical therapy is impossible. Outside the exacerbation in most cases, nephroprotection is used - a set of measures, including medical correction, a special diet and lifestyle changes.
Kidney disease (nephrolithiasis)
Quite common cause of the appearance of pain in the lumbar region in men is kidney disease, in which concrements are formed in different parts of the renal system. Manifestations of pathology depend on the size of oxalates and their localization. Small stones and sand can safely go out with urine, while the patient often does not even know about his illness. If the size of the stones reaches 3 mm, the man notices the characteristic symptoms, such as cramps during the emptying of the bladder. In chronic nephrolithiasis without an exacerbation, the pathology is manifested by moderate dull pains in the back and lower back. In urine tests, traces of blood may be detected, less commonly, blood suspension is determined visually without the use of laboratory methods.
Urolithiasis from the inside
The exacerbation of kidney disease has pronounced symptoms, which include the following symptoms:
- sharp cutting pain in the side of the waist with possible irradiation to the groin (renal colic),
- pain syndrome of a spastic nature, the predominant localization of which is also the lower parts of the waist,
- vomiting and nausea (often against the background of normal body temperature),
- the appearance of drops of blood, mucous streaks and blood suspension in the urine.
Symptoms of urolithiasis
Treatment of nephrolithiasis involves a salt-free diet, taking drugs with analgesic and antispasmodic action ("Drotaverinum», «Papaverine», «Baralgin», «Spazmalgon") Diuretics ("Furosemide"). For large stones, surgical treatment is used.
Note! The method of litholysis, a therapeutic procedure aimed at dissolving stones, is effective only for uric nephrolithiasis, when the stones are insoluble salts formed from uric acid (urate).
Types of kidney stones
What to do with kidney disease?
If a man noticed any signs (or a combination of them) that may be a manifestation of kidney problems, you should consult a doctor and undergo a series of examinations, including an assessment of laboratory parameters of urine and blood. Treatment is prescribed based on the diagnosis, the degree of functional impairment, symptoms and age of the patient. Older men may need to adjust the dosage regimen.
Antibacterial therapy for kidney diseases is indicated for the infectious nature of the pathology, for example, for pyelonephritis. Antispasmodic drugs are used for spastic pains and signs of nephrolithiasis. With the stagnation of urine and marked edematous syndrome, the use of diuretic drugs and fees is indicated. The most gentle action in inflammatory and stagnant processes have drugs from herbal ingredients: "Canephron», «Brusniver», «Urolesan».
The release form of the drug Urolesan
Almost all disorders in the renal system in addition to medical treatment require adherence to a certain diet with the restriction or complete elimination of salt. The maximum amount of salt that can be consumed by the patient is 5 g per day. You should also limit the consumption of spicy foods and dishes with the addition of vinegar, as they irritate the inflamed tissue and contribute to the solidification of salts. With a strong edematous syndrome, the restriction of sugar and confectionery products is required, since these products contribute to abundant fluid intake (in excess of the established physiological norm) and to an increase in pathological symptoms due to fluid retention in the subcutaneous fat.
Symptoms of kidney disease in men
Various signs of the pathological process in the urinary system depend on the degree of inflammation. Symptoms of kidney disease in men are often characterized by fever and pronounced pain. If concrements or sand are present, the signs are aggravated and often require surgical intervention, as anesthetics become useless.
The main symptoms of kidney inflammation in men are as follows:
- Change urine color. It becomes darker, gets muddy composition. This indicates the presence of a characteristic inflammatory process in the urinary organs.
- The presence of blood in the urine. Indicates a violation of the integrity of the shell of the bladder or kidney. Blood can occur during tumor processes, as well as in the case when the stone scratches the urinary organs.
- Pain and cramps in the lower abdomen and in the lumbar region. This symptom is the most frequent and causes a lot of discomfort. The patient feels discomfort during urination and some time after it.
- The appearance of edema. Often the face becomes puffy, the same symptom accompanies the limbs. These manifestations especially often occur in the morning.
- Lack of appetite. Inflammation of the kidneys is often accompanied by general poor health and weakness. Appetite disappears, and there is a strong thirst.
- Dry skin and mucous membranes. Despite the fact that a person consumes a lot of fluids during an illness, he still constantly feels thirsty. The skin becomes flaky. There is constant dryness in the mouth.
- Signs of intoxication. An increase in temperature, pain in the head and body, and increased fatigue are frequent signs of kidney disease.
Signs of kidney disease in the male half of the population often have characteristic features. In young men, false urge to urinate may occur, with the result that the amount of diuresis decreases sharply. However, the swelling becomes more pronounced. Especially this feature is clearly manifested on the face immediately after awakening. But in the evening, on the contrary, the limbs swell.
If you delay the gum from the socks, then you can see a characteristic trace. When pressed, there also remains a groove that lasts for a while.
For older men, kidney disease symptoms are slightly different. They are similar to all of the above, but the course of the pathology is complicated. Due to a sharp deterioration in urinary discharge, a dysfunction of the prostate can develop. There are jumps in blood pressure, and back pain becomes unbearable.
Independently, it is very difficult to eliminate some of the symptoms without a qualitative diagnosis, so it is dangerous to treat at home, especially when it comes to the elderly. If stones are present in the kidneys, urgent surgery is often required, and the use of diuretics can lead to an increase in pain.
Treatment of kidney diseases in men
Symptoms and treatment of pathological processes in the kidney can only be determined by a doctor on the basis of laboratory tests. Drug therapy is used when there is inflammation and the presence of small stones. If there are significant stones or tumors in the organs, then surgical intervention is indicated.
An integrated approach to treatment is the use of medicines and traditional medicine.
The use of drugs plays a crucial role in the elimination of pathological processes in the urinary organs. Inflammation of the kidneys, characterized by pain, is eliminated by the use of antispasmodic agents: Nose, Papaverine. Nephritis can also be accompanied by the presence of sand and stones, they are eliminated using Cystone or Canephron, which are capable of dissolving and removing calculi. Often shown to receive anti-inflammatory drugs and antibiotics.
Traditional methods of treatment are used as an adjuvant, which is effective in the presence of a small inflammation. Most often used various decoctions of herbs that have a diuretic effect.
- Shredded dandelion roots have a good effect, which must be taken in an amount of 1 tsp. and pour a glass of boiling water. To insist raw materials need about 30 minutes. Then you should take a quarter glass 3 times a day 50 minutes after a meal.
- The second recipe is based on the use of horsetail, which has a good effect not only on the kidneys, but also on the entire body. To do this, it is recommended to pour a glass of boiling water 2 tsp. raw and let stand for about an hour. The best effect will be if you pour the composition in a thermos. But this is not a prerequisite. After the specified period, the liquid should be filtered and drink 3 times a day, 2 tbsp. l an hour after eating.
- And finally, the third recipe consists of a knotweed, which must be taken in the amount of 1 tbsp. l and pour two glasses of boiling water. To insist means should be at least 4 hours. Then take 100 ml 3 times a day 40 minutes after meals.
Diet as an auxiliary treatment method
Any kidney disease requires a diet. First of all, it is recommended to exclude salty and spicy dishes and reduce the daily amount of protein. This measure is necessary in order to reduce the excretion of nitrogen as a result of the breakdown of protein components, since this substance contributes to the loading of the kidneys.
Salt, in turn, provokes fluid retention, which is already present in inflammatory processes in the urinary organs.
So, what foods and drinks should be consumed:
- vegetable broth soups,
- cereal porridge,
- sour milk drinks,
- fresh fruits and vegetables.
When an inflammatory process is present, then legumes, chocolate and mushrooms should be excluded. If there are no stones and the kidney duct is not clogged, then you can use melon and watermelon. However, with a significant increase in blood pressure should be wary of the use of large amounts of fluid.
It is not recommended to drink sparkling water and soft drinks. Cranberry juice has an excellent effect on the urinary organs. It is good to include in the daily diet, but do not drink on an empty stomach.
If the manifestation of the inflammatory process is not pronounced, then walking in the fresh air is shown. But when the general state of health in patients is unsatisfactory, it is recommended to adhere to bed rest.
It is not recommended to self-medicate in case of kidney diseases, as it is dangerous adverse effects for the whole body, especially if there are problems with urine discharge.
Urolithiasis develops due to the formation of stones (stones) in the cup or pelvis structures. When moving these elements from the locations, there are strong cramping pains extending into the scrotum. The patient at this time suffers the discomfort, which increases with the movement of the stone through the ureter and urethra, sometimes causing damage to the internal epithelium. Often this is accompanied by nausea, vomiting and diarrhea.
In some cases, urolithiasis causes convulsions and high fever, which cannot be brought down with drugs available in the first-aid kit.
When to see a doctor
If such pains have occurred for the first time, it is important to understand the severity of the phenomenon. Ambulance need to call for such indications:
- temperature rise above 38.5 ° С
- intolerable renal colic,
- the occurrence of severe edema
- lower back swelling
- dizziness, loss of consciousness.
Lack of assistance at the stage of such serious symptomatic symptoms can be fatal, lead to amputation of the renal organ and other irreversible consequences.
If you decide to call an ambulance, then you need to refrain from taking any drugs. This is necessary so that the specialist can correctly assess the clinical picture to the full, without the influence of drugs.
When the symptoms are not so pronounced and the condition is assessed as stable, which is easy for the patient to endure, it is possible not to resort to emergency care, but to see a doctor in the clinic. В некоторых случаях может потребоваться длительное лечение.
In the future, it will be important to observe prevention, maintain a healthy lifestyle and adhere to a balanced diet to prevent such problems.
Causes of kidney pain
How to understand that kidneys hurt? First of all, listen to your feelings. If the problem is in the kidneys, then the main unpleasant symptoms will fall on the lumbar region, dull pain with aching shades (usually localized on one side, depending on the damage of a particular kidney). Unpleasant sensations are monotonous, in contrast to osteochondrosis and other pathologies in which pain increases during movements.
There are many pathologies, all of which are accompanied by back pain. Each illness is accompanied by specific symptoms.
In most cases, the pathological process itself does not give out, pulling back pain occurs during the rapid growth of benign growth, when the tumor damages the blood vessels or presses on neighboring organs. The only sure sign of a tumor is problems with urine outflow or the release of a small amount of urine.
Renal artery thrombosis
The victim feels a sharp pain in the lower back, which is shingles. Sensations may be of such intensity that patients often lose consciousness. Additionally, thrombosis of the arteries of the kidneys is accompanied by spontaneous vomiting, high blood pressure, and lack of urine.
Pain syndrome is not the main symptom of the disease, but it accompanies the last stages of the pathological process. Discomfort is formed not against the background of the malignant formation itself, but as a result of the patient's condition deterioration (anemia, prolonged hyperemia, constant fatigue).
The formation is a capsule covered with a film and filled with liquid. Painful sensations occur with a serious increase in the formation, after the addition of infection, when the cyst of the kidney is filled with blood with impurities of pus. Most cases are asymptomatic, sometimes there is nagging weak pain. The frequency of unpleasant sensations should alert the patient, lead to an appointment with the doctor.
Traumatic injuries of the kidneys and organs of the excretory system
Discomfort occurs on the background of the following pathologies:
- kidney contusion - the pain is short-lived and not intense,
- organ rupture - acute pain syndrome is observed, a sharp decrease in blood pressure is added, hematuria is observed, a hematoma forms at the site of injury,
- severe injuries - powerful pain, acute attacks are observed, the pathology is accompanied by internal bleeding, the victim loses consciousness.
The illness is accompanied by unpleasant sensations of a piercing character, they pursue the patient constantly, in some cases the man loses sleep due to pain. Tuberculosis of the kidneys is always accompanied by the presence of blood in the urine, then with impurities of pus.
Lumbar discomfort is often the only symptom that indicates a pathological process in a patient’s body.
Other illnesses can mimic kidney problems:
- acute appendicitis. Pathology is characterized by fever, acute pain in the right side of the lumbar region, the patient becomes sick, and loss of consciousness is possible. In such a situation, immediately call the ambulance brigade,
- abdominal pathology. In this case, the symptoms of back pain join the symptoms of intoxication, nausea, vomiting,
- diseases of the musculoskeletal system, in particular, osteochondrosis. Often these illnesses lead to back pain, which is confused with kidney disease,
- inflammatory process in the male genital organs. Sexual and excretory systems are closely related. Prostate adenoma can have unpleasant symptoms.
Symptomatology, how to distinguish from back pain
Pain in the area of the kidneys caused by various reasons, how to determine that the functioning of this paired organ is disturbed?
Illnesses of the excretory system, kidneys are accompanied by a number of specific signs:
- urination disorders. Bladder emptying may be frequent or rare. Often, problems with frequent urination are observed at night. Difficulty urinating, discomfort during intercourse is accompanied by almost all urological problems,
- normally, a healthy man should be allocated from 800 to 1500 ml of urine per day. Deviation from these indicators is a sign of problems with the excretory system,
- blood impurities in urine + back pain are true signs of diseases of the urinary system. During the allocation of red blood cells, the patient feels renal colic (acute attack of pain),
- increased blood pressure, constant swelling indicates problems with the urinary organs.
Learn about the symptoms of kidney pyeloectasia in a child and the treatment of the disease.
How to prepare a good diuretic at home is written in this article.
Go to http://vseopochkah.com/anatomiya/stroenie/parenhima.html and read about what the parenchyma of the kidney and what functions it performs.
Treatment of pathologies
Kidney pain: how to treat pain? Selection of therapy depends on the specific ailment that has been identified. Most cases are treated in several stages:
- antispasmodics act as painkillers, which facilitate the patient's condition, facilitate the passage of calculus through the excretory tract,
- antibiotics. Used in the presence of infection in the diseased organ. Selection of a specific drug depends on the causative agent of the disease,
- dieting Do not eat products that irritate excretory paths (fried, fatty, salty, alcoholic beverages). It is recommended to maintain the water-salt balance in the body (drink at least two liters of pure water per day),
- natural potions. Various decoctions and tinctures of chamomile, bearberry, calendula, Kombucha have diuretic and antiseptic properties, which positively affects the patient's condition.
More useful information on how to hurt the kidneys and how to get rid of unpleasant sensations learn from the following video:
Signs of pyelonephritis and methods of treatment
The most common diagnosis is pyelonephritis, which is a chronic disease. If the kidneys are sore, the symptoms in men can take an acute form, in which pyelonephritis affects both one and both of them at once. This disease develops due to bacterial infection of pathogenic effects, most often it is E. coli bacteria that enter the urinary tract from the intestine.
- increased sweating
- weakness and lack of appetite
- lumbar pains
- red color of urine.
If this disease is detected, the therapy consists of the medication of a group of antibiotics, selected individually, taking into account the microflora detected in the urine. Simultaneously with medications, a low protein diet is administered to remove toxins from the body. If the flow of urine is disturbed, the main cause is eliminated - a stone, a tumor or another formation. The process of remission is fixed by periodic administration of antibacterial drugs.
Symptoms and treatment of glomerulonephritis
Renal tissue damage leads to the development of glomerulonephritis, which is an immune-inflammatory disease. Glomerulonephritis can cause significant disorders, such as renal failure, up to the state of disability.
If kidney pain occurs, the symptoms in men may be as follows:
- small amount of urine
- swelling on the face
- high blood pressure,
- lumbar pain.
For treatment, patients are prescribed drugs from the group of antibiotics, and hormonal agents are used to adjust immunity. If necessary, diuretics, anti-inflammatory drugs and drugs for pressure are also used.
How is renal failure treated
In renal failure, the functioning of the organs ceases partially or completely. Causes of kidney failure can be poisoning with poisons, heart failure, an acute form of bleeding, anaphylactic shock, ischemia, blockage of the urinary canal with a stone or tumor, and tuberculosis infection.
The main signs, symptoms of the disease in men, characteristic of renal failure:
- general breakdown
- reduced urine volume
- disorders of the heart and pancreas,
- sleepy state
- pneumonia may develop simultaneously.
The treatment process aims to eliminate the underlying cause of the disease and its main symptoms. Pressure is normalized, the missing volumes of fluid are filled, and, if necessary, intestinal lavage is prescribed. The patient is prescribed diuretics and a low-calorie diet with a limited amount of potassium. In some cases, antibiotics are needed, which are selected after bacterial analysis. The use of hemodialysis helps to avoid further deterioration of the disease, as well as for prevention.
Due to the peculiarities of the structure of the kidneys in men, the diseases of these organs are distinguished by more vivid symptoms than in women. But even without a qualified diagnosis, it is possible to judge the presence of problems with the renal system. by the following features:
- general weakness and fatigue,
- increase in body temperature to subfebrile values
- dry mouth, despite constant thirst and a large amount of fluid intake,
- the urine becomes turbid in color (sometimes blood is found in it),
- loss of appetite,
- pain in the lumbar region,
- swelling of the face, limbs and abdomen,
- pain and burning sensation may be felt during urination, false urges are possible.
It is possible to independently determine whether swelling in the body is the cause of kidney disease: when pressing on the edematous areas at this place for a few seconds, there remains a distinct depression.
What factors contribute to?
In male patients, the following predisposing factors may affect the development of kidney disease:
- constant excessive exercise,
- fluid imbalance due to insufficient or excessive drinking,
- anatomical unique features of the structure of the kidneys,
- increased adrenal function,
- injuries and damage to organs
- renal artery blockage,
- genetic predisposition.
Exclusively "male" cause kidney disease excessive beer consumption. This drink can cause a number of pathologies, including jade (affection of the renal cups and pelvis of an inflammatory nature), which occurs when the filtration functions are disturbed.
Also, beer lovers often suffer from kidney infarctions, which are caused by clogging of the renal vessels with products processed by the body of beer. Often there is urolithiasis, when stones also form when ingested components of the beer.
Additionally, beer provides dehydrating effectin which dystrophy of the kidneys poisoned by toxins develops in the absence of sufficient fluid in them. Under such conditions, the ethanol contained in the beer infects the cellular structures of the tissues of the organs, entering them through filtration channels.
What kidney diseases are most often men?
In men, the following pathologies of the kidneys are most common:
- Inflammation of a different nature (nephritis). Such diseases are primarily characterized by painful sensations in the area of the kidneys, especially in the first hours after awakening. The main cause of such lesions is the activity of bacterial pathogens of renal diseases.
- Pyelonephritis. The disease can also develop with kidney damage by bacterial pathogens.
An acute form of the disease is more common, in which the body temperature rises to 39 degrees and higher, there are severe pains in the lumbar region, passing into the stomach and groin, urine becomes dark and turbid, and when urinating, dull aching pain in the urinary channel is often manifested.
In chronic form, the symptoms remain the same, but they are less pronounced.
Glomerulonephritis. The inflammatory process affecting the vascular system of the renal glomeruli, which occurs during the formation of various deposits in pathological areas.
In such cases, the main symptom is the manifestation of intoxication in the form of nausea, fever and increased blood pressure. Extreme swelling of the extremities is pronounced, and there is also pain in the lower back.
Urolithiasis disease. With this pathology in the body of the kidney concrements are formed - solid deposits, consisting of salts, proteins and other substances present in the urine from the outside.
One of the main signs of the disease is the presence of blood impurities in the urine, while the pain is manifested both at rest and during active activity.
Urination is painful, and with urine, small deposits can sometimes come out, which irritate the surface of the urethra, causing burning and pain.
With this disease, in most cases, surgery is indicated, since conservative treatment does not have the desired effect.
Tuberculosis of the kidneys. The disease is caused by kidney damage by pathogens of tuberculosis, which can penetrate into the pathological areas of the lungs during the advanced stage of pulmonary tuberculosis, or in case of serious problems with immunity.
Read more about kidney tuberculosis in our article.
Another dangerous pathology is the formation of benign or malignant tumors in the kidneys.
Such a problem may not manifest itself for years while the disease progresses, but at the peak of development, the patient may experience blood impurities in the urine, anemia and hypertension, a sharp causeless weight loss, lower back pain of varying intensity and almost constant body temperature at 38 degrees . to content ↑
Treatment of sick kidneys
Treatment of kidney diseases is characterized by a variety of methods used, depending on the type of pathology, the present complications and the severity of organ damage.
Allot four groups of eventswhich are used to treat kidney:
- The use of traditional medicine. These are mainly various tinctures, decoctions and other self-prepared means for internal use. All recipes in this case are based on herbal ingredients with the possible addition of honey.
- Strict dieting, which involves the complete or almost complete elimination from the diet of carbonated and alcoholic beverages, salty, fried, spicy and fatty foods.
People with diseased kidneys should constantly monitor the water-salt balance - for this, it is necessary to drink at least two liters of purified water every day (not including teas, juices and other beverages consumed during the day).
Treatment with antibiotics and painkillers.
Antibacterial agents of a broad and narrow spectrum of action are almost always relevant, since even if the pathology is of non-infectious origin, such therapy will help prevent the adherence of secondary bacterial ailments.
This is an extreme measure, which may be appropriate both for structural disorders of the kidneys, and in the presence of concrements in it. Timely surgery can guarantee a favorable outcome, even if the operation involves the partial or complete removal of the affected organ.
To prevent the development of pathologies of the kidneys in men and to avoid heavy and long-term treatment, you can first of all revise the lifestyle.
Required to refuse from bad habits and adjust your diet, but sometimes such measures, although they reduce the risk of disease, but cannot completely eliminate it (in particular, if a person has a predisposition to such diseases).
Lack of timely and adequate treatment kidney disease can lead to the development of the following complications:
- nephrotic syndrome (progression of several diseases of the above listed at once),
- anuria (difficulty in receiving urinary fluid in the bladder or complete cessation of this process, which requires immediate surgical intervention),
- acute renal failure
- dysuria (involuntary or frequent urination),
- urination with blood discharge in the urine (hematuria).
Kidney disease is easier to treat in the early stages, and ideally should prevent the development of such pathologies, and for this it is not necessary to constantly undergo a full instrumental examination.
Enough urine tests every six months: по консистенции урины и наличию в ней примесей и осадков специалисты лаборатории всегда могут с относительно высокой точностью определить наличие тех или иных заболеваний или хотя бы указать на сам факт присутствия нарушений.
What are the symptoms of pyelonephritis in men, learn from the video: