Coenzyme Q10: Benefit and Harm
Description relevant to 19.03.2015
- Latin name: Coenzime q10
- ATH code: A11AB
- Active substance: Coenzyme Q10 (Ubiquinone)
- Manufacturer: LLC Alkoy-Holding, Russia
1 capsule includes: 490 mg olive oil and 10 mg coenzymeQ10 (ubiquinone) - active ingredients.
- 68.04 mg - gelatin,
- 21.96 mg - glycerol,
- 0.29 mg - nipagina,
- 9.71 mg - purified water.
Pharmacodynamics and pharmacokinetics
Contained in cell mitochondria(organellesproducing energy for the body) CoQ10, (coenzyme Q10 — ubiquinone), plays one of the leading roles in a number of chemical processes that provideenergy production and oxygen deliveryand also takes part in ATP synthesis, the main process of energy production in the cell (95%).
According to Wikipedia and other publicly available sources, coenzyme Q10 It has a beneficial effect on damaged tissue affected at the moment. hypoxia (lack of oxygen), activates energy processes, increases tolerance to excessive mental and physical stress.
As antioxidantslows down aging (neutralizing free radicals, donating its electrons). Also ubiquinonefirming effect on immune system, has healing properties for respiratory, cordialdiseases, allergies, diseases of the oral cavity.
The human body normally produces coenzyme q10upon receipt of all necessary of vitamins (B2, B3, B6, C), pantothenic and folic acid in sufficient quantity. Suppression of production ubiquinoneoccurs in the event of a shortage of one or more of these components.
The ability of the human body to produce this important compound decreases with age, starting from 20 years, and therefore requires an external source of income.
It is important to remember that the reception coenzyme Q10 can bring both benefit and harm in the case of its use in large doses. One study proved that admission ubiquinone for 20 days at a dose of 120 mg, led to violations in muscle tissuemost likely by increasing the level oxidation.
Contraindications to the use of ubiquinone are:
- hypersensitivity to CoQ10 itself or its additive components,
- age up to 12 years (for some manufacturers up to 14 years),
In some cases, when taking large doses of nutritional supplements, including coenzyme q10watched gastrointestinal disorders (nausea, heartburn, diarrheadecreased appetite).
Manifestations of hypersensitivity reactions (systemic or dermatological) are also possible.
Instructions for use
The instruction on coenzyme q10 "Energy of cells" of the manufacturer Alcoy Holding recommends daily intake of 2-4 capsules containing 10 mg ubiquinoneonce per 24 hours with meals.
How to take capsules dietary supplements, including coenzyme ku 10 other manufacturers should be seen in the instructions for their use, but most often do not recommend taking more than 40 mg of CoQ10 per day.
The duration of treatment is purely individual (as a rule, at least 30 days with repeated courses) and depends on a variety of external and internal factors that can be determined by the attending physician.
Analogues of the drug, also containing ubiquinone:
- Omeganol Coenzyme Q10,
- Coenzyme Q10 Forte,
- Coenzyme Q10 with Ginkgo,
- Vitrum Beauty Coenzyme Q10,
- Doppelgerts Active Coenzyme Q10 etc.
Not appointed until 12 years.
Coenzyme Q10 is localized in the mitochondria (these are cell structures that are responsible for the conversion of energy into ATP molecules) and is a direct participant in the respiratory chain of electron transfer. In other words, without this element, no process in our body is possible. Participation in such an exchange explains the fact that Coenzyme Q10 is most localized in those organs of our body that, with their vital functions, spend the most energy. These are the heart, liver, kidneys and pancreas. However, participation in the formation of ATP molecules is not the only function of ubiquinone.
The second most important role of this enzyme in the human body is its antioxidant function. This ability of ubiquinone is very high, and it is initially formed in our body. Coenzyme Q10, whose properties allow it to be a strong antioxidant, eliminates the negative effects of free radicals. The latter cause various pathologies, in particular, diseases of the cardiovascular system, which are the main indication for taking this coenzyme, and oncological diseases.
As a person ages, the production of ubiquinone in the body is significantly reduced, so the item “age” can often be found in the lists of risk factors for the occurrence of various pathologies.
Where does coenzyme come from
Coenzyme Q10, the benefit of which is proven by experts, is often called a vitamin-like substance. This is true, since it is a mistake to consider it a complete vitamin. Indeed, in addition to the fact that ubiquinone comes from outside with food, it is also synthesized in our body, namely, in the liver. The synthesis of this coenzyme is derived from tyrosine with the participation of group B vitamins and other elements. Consequently, with the lack of any participant in this multistage reaction, the lack of coenzyme Q10 also develops.
It also enters the body along with various foods. Most of all it contains meat (especially liver and heart), brown rice, eggs, fruits and vegetables.
When the need arises
As mentioned above, with age, human organs "wear out". The liver is not an exception; therefore, the coenzyme Q10 synthesized by it, whose properties make it possible to replenish energy reserves, turns out to be insufficiently developed to meet the needs of the whole organism. Particularly affected is the heart.
Also, the need for ubiquinone increases with increased physical exertion, constant stress and catarrhal diseases, which is especially common in children. How in such situations to maintain the right amount of this enzyme in the body and avoid the development of various pathologies?
Unfortunately, the amount of coenzyme Q10, which is contained in food, is not enough to fully provide the body that needs it. Its normal concentration in the blood is 1 mg / ml. To obtain the desired effect, the element should be taken in an amount of 100 mg per day, which is almost impossible to achieve only thanks to the coenzyme contained in food. Here come to the aid of medicines produced in different forms, which contain enough ubiquinone and do an excellent job with their tasks.
Treatment of other diseases
Ubiquinone, according to many clinical studies, has the ability to normalize blood sugar levels and reduce high blood pressure, so it is prescribed for diabetes.
Positive feedback on the action of coenzyme Q10 was also achieved by scientists in the field of oncology and neurology. Moreover, they all agree on one thing: in the process of aging, this coenzyme will be useful even for healthy people.
Coenzyme Q10 is applied to the skin. Its positive effect makes it possible to widely use this vitamin-like substance in cosmetology in order to combat aging. Creams containing this element ensure the normal functioning of mitochondria, increase the elasticity of the skin, fight its dryness by retaining hyaluronic acid, and even reduce the depth of wrinkles. To achieve the maximum rejuvenating effect in cosmetology, it is the local application of coenzyme that is used.
It also relieves fatigue, improves the condition of blood vessels, eliminates dry skin, bleeding gums.
Forms of release
Coenzyme Q10 itself, the benefits and harms of which are widely described in the medical literature, is a fat-soluble substance, therefore it is often written out as part of an oil solution. In this form, its absorption improves significantly.
If you take ubiquinone in the form of tablets or as part of powders, you need to remember that you need to combine this medication with fatty foods. This, of course, is less convenient and practical.
However, pharmacology does not stand still, and fat-soluble forms of drugs that require a combination with fatty foods have been converted to water-soluble. Moreover, it is much more convenient for the treatment of heart failure, coronary heart disease, post-infarction conditions.
So what are the drugs that contain this indispensable compound?
An example of such a drug is the widely used drug Kudesang. In addition to ubiquinone, it also contains vitamin E, which prevents the destruction of coenzyme from outside.
In the application of medicine is very convenient: there are drops that can be added to any drink, tablets and even flavored chewable lozenges for children. Also created Kudesan combined preparations containing potassium and magnesium.
All of the above forms do not require a combination with fatty foods, as they are water soluble, which is an indisputable advantage over other forms of coenzyme Q10. Nevertheless, the adoption of fat in itself is very harmful for the body, especially in old age, and it can, on the contrary, provoke the development of many pathologies. This is the answer to the question: which coenzyme Q10 is better. Reviews of doctors testify in favor of water-soluble drugs.
Besides Kudesana, there are many preparations containing such vitamin-like substances, for example, Coenzyme Q10 Forte. It is produced in the form of a finished oil solution and also does not require simultaneous intake with fatty foods. One capsule of this drug contains the daily rate of the enzyme. It is recommended to take it for one month.
So, the article considers such an element as coenzyme Q10, the benefits and harms it gives are also described in detail. Summarizing, we can conclude that the use of additives containing ubiquinone will be useful for all people over twenty years old. After all, regardless of whether they suffer from heart disease or not, after this age, the body in any case will lack ubiquinone. However, before taking it, of course, you need to consult with your doctor.
Indications for use
Coenzyme can be prescribed for therapeutic or prophylactic purposes as a complex component of an extensive course. Since the substance is a fortified supplement, it is able to restore the natural resources of the body, while normalizing its condition.
The accompanying coenzyme instructions for use indicate the following indications:
- various pathological changes
- violation of the vessels,
- hypertension of different origin,
- depletion of muscle tissue
- chronic fatigue
- aging prevention,
- gum tissue defects,
- some other states.
The main ingredient that has the desired effect is ubiquinone, which is contained in each capsule in an amount of 0.03 g. In addition to this substance, the product also contains additional components: a complex of copper and chlorophyll, specially prepared water, yellow wax, titanium dioxide, lycotin , soybean oil.
Release form and packaging
There are different forms of coenzyme release. In most cases, doctors prescribe a dietary supplement in capsules packed in blisters or a plastic container in the amount of 30 or 60 doses.
Coenzyme Q10 Capsules
In addition to the usual commercially available capsules with a more concentrated composition - Coenzyme Q10 Forte, instructions for use of which practically does not differ from the original drug, Russian manufacturer Evalar, as well as foreign manufacturers of medical devices.
If necessary, it is possible to purchase dietary supplements not only in the form of capsules. Pharmacies are supplements that are released in the form of droplets of different concentrations and tablets.
Pharmacological action: pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics
The ingredient is basic in the composition of the drug and has several important functions.
Ubiquinone has strong antioxidant properties. It can also accelerate and intensify the oxidation and reduction process.
As a result, there is an increase in the supply of energy to cells, the neutralization of free radicals that have a toxic effect on tissues, and the immunity is enhanced and the processes of aging and cell wear are slowed down.
Price and where to buy
The price of Coenzyme Q10 will depend on the concentration of the main substance, as well as on the number of doses in the package, the price policy of the pharmacy in which the drug is planned to be purchased, and also on the reputation of the manufacturer.
The price of funds in pharmacies can vary from 437 to 2558 rubles.
The most profitable will be the purchase of drugs in the online pharmacy. To select a better price, use the online price comparison service.
Among the drugs that can fully replace coenzyme Q10, include the following drugs: Solgar Coenzyme q-10, Doppelgerts Active Coenzyme Q10, Coenzyme Q10, Kudesan. Subject to the presence of chronic diseases, the choice of analog should be made by the attending physician.
During pregnancy and lactation
The accompanying coenzyme cue 10 instruction does not recommend the use of the drug for breastfeeding and pregnancy.
But not because it adversely affects the body of the fetus or the born baby. This area has not been studied by experts.
Therefore, they cannot give an absolute guarantee of the absence of harm to the child’s health.
In pediatrics, coenzyme Q10 is not recommended for use due to the lack of hard evidence of its obvious benefits to children's health.
However, in some cases, doctors still resort to the use of the drug in order to eliminate existing pathologies.
The choice of dosage and the duration of the treatment period for children is determined by the doctor.
Marina, 54 years old: “I have a hereditary predisposition to ischemia. A cardiologist prescribed coenzyme Q10. Very pleased. I feel a surge of cheerfulness, and now I breathe easier! "
Vladimir, 49 years old: “My mother used to skip pressure often. Bought Coenzyme Q10 Cardio. Already after several days of taking, the jumps stopped, and mom began to turn pink before her eyes. It feels so much better now. ”
For what and how to take Coenzyme Q 10? Instructions for use in the video:
How to beat hypertension at home?
To get rid of hypertension and clear blood vessels, you need.
- Eliminates the causes of pressure disorders
- Normalizes pressure within 10 minutes after ingestion.
I remember sawing it when I was still engaged in professional sports, and now I take Natubiotin with coenzyme R, this is a “beauty” vitamin, it makes hair more alive and strong, skin becomes more elastic, wrinkles become less.
What is CoQ10 and where does it come from?
Coenzyme (coenzyme) ku 10, or ubiquinone, is a fat-soluble organic substance from the group of quinones. It is necessary for cells to activate enzymes - substances that act as catalysts (accelerators) of biological reactions that take place in cellular structures. There are 10 isoprene units in its chemical formula — hence, coenzyme ku (CoQ10).
Coenzyme accumulates in the mitochondria - the energetic substances of cells, is involved in the production of energy and in cellular respiration. Without energy (fuel), no biochemical or physiological process is possible.
In the body, this coenzyme partially comes from food (fish, meat, soybean oil cover about a third of the need). But basically the synthesis of this compound is carried out in the cells.
CoQ10 was discovered relatively recently - 70 years ago. He was singled out by F. Crane (USA) from a bovine heart. Another scientist, Nobel laureate P. Mitchel, proved the role of ubiquinone in energy metabolism.
How does coenzyme Q10 work
The effect of CoQ10 is related to its ability to activate the work of the main enzymes involved in biological phosphorylation and energy production in the form of ATP - an energy substrate that Patrick Flanagan (the inventor of the so-called structured water) called the “currency of life”.
ATP is necessary for the implementation of all biochemical and physiological processes, but its level is genetically programmed and depends on a set of inherited genes, including genes that program coenzyme formation.
Coenzyme 10 is formed in cells from derivatives of certain amino acids in the presence of vitamins of group B. It is abundant in the cells of the heart muscle (myocardium), kidneys, and brain, since they consume a lot of energy. Enough coenzyme forms in the cells of children, adolescents and young people - the needs of all organs are covered. But from about the age of 30, its synthesis begins to gradually decline and the person is gradually aging.
Coenzyme Q10 is not a cure for all diseases. The tool is classified as a dietary supplement and is more likely to be vitamins, but not medicines. Cure any disease with coenzyme will not work. By efficiency, it is equivalent to such vital supplements as amino acids, vitamins and trace elements.The potency of coenzyme can be compared with Omega-3 or ginseng extract.
Coenzyme refers to coenzymes and vitamins. This substance ensures the normal functioning of the body. Not being a drug in full, coenzyme is used as part of complex treatment of various diseases, including chronic age-related pathologies. This tool does not cure directly, but it helps to take maximum benefit from other medications taken. As part of a comprehensive treatment, this substance is prescribed for oncology, hypertension, heart failure and other diseases.
In the treatment of coenzyme q10, the benefits and harms depend on the general well-being of the person. It is not advisable for children to take the supplement, provided that there are no diseases that lead to a violation of the energy metabolism of the body cells.
For people over 30 years old, coenzyme q10 will become an indispensable assistant. His properties:
- improved metabolism
- lowering blood pressure
- improvement of myocardium,
- normalization of the production of gastric enzymes,
- neutralization of the toxic effects of certain drugs,
- improved reproductive function
- improves blood composition.
The tool also helps to maintain the elasticity of the skin and protects against the development of diseases of the joints. The full list of useful properties of coenzyme is very large. The enzyme is advisable to take for the prevention of age-related changes at a young age (over 30 years) and as part of the complex treatment of various chronic diseases in the elderly.
Coenzyme can slow down aging.
How to use?
On how to take coenzyme Q10, instructions for use gives a comprehensive answer. The standard dosage for treatment and prophylaxis is 60 mg of the active ingredient. Supplements are available in capsules, 30 mg of ubiquinone in each pill. The daily rate should be divided into two doses, coenzyme tablets should be drunk in the morning and evening. In some cases, it is allowed to increase the dosage to 90 mg or three capsules per day.
The dosages given are standard. Two capsules of the drug can be taken for the treatment of any diseases, taking into account adequate therapy of the existing pathology, and to slow down the aging of the skin.
The exact treatment regimen depends on the indications. Coenzyme in large quantities does not harm the body. With a shortage of this substance, the daily dose can be significantly increased, up to 400 mg per day.
Supplements should be taken directly with meals. This will ensure better absorption of the active substance. To notice the result, the drug must be taken for a long time. The minimum course is two months of daily medication. For prophylactic purposes, it is enough to drink medicine twice a year. If the coenzyme is taken as part of the complex therapy of existing diseases, the duration of the course may be increased.
Admission for cardiovascular disorders
In hypertension, ischemia, or heart failure, coenzyme Q10 is prescribed as a vitamin supplement to food. This tool can not instantly normalize blood pressure or quickly improve the functioning of the heart. The effect of the agent is slow. With hypertension, dietary supplements can be extended to four months. In some cases, the constant use of a dietary supplement is practiced with short breaks every 2-4 months.
Infections and asthma
Frequent infectious diseases, diseases of the upper respiratory tract and asthmatic status are also indications for supplementation. In this case, you must take the drug for two months at the recommended dosage.
With ARVI and asthma, coenzyme acts as a kind of immunomodulator and tonic. His reception does not replace, but only complements the basic medical treatment.
Q10 is used in addition to the main treatment.
Prevention of Aging and Dermatological Diseases
Acceptance of coenzyme has a positive effect on the appearance of the skin. Coenzyme contributes to:
- improve skin turgor
- stimulate regeneration
- reduce facial wrinkles,
- protection from dehydration.
Regular consumption of capsules will prevent the occurrence of age pigmentation. Coenzyme prevents skin dehydration and improves the effect of various cosmetics. You can take it as a dietary supplement or as a means to care for the epidermis. In the first case, a two-month course of taking 60 mg of the active substance is shown. In the second case, a fat-soluble solution is used. It is added to face creams or homemade skin masks. The tool is present in the composition of most creams against signs of aging, so the choice of cosmetic is not difficult.
For dermatological diseases, coenzyme is taken in capsules. This tool strengthens the immune system and stimulates the process of restoring the cells of the epidermis, at the same time improving its elasticity. The remedy will not be able to remove the inflammatory process, therefore, it is used as a fortifying agent or food supplement in combination with preparations recommended by the dermatologist for treating the skin.
Use in childhood
There is no data on the effect of coenzyme on the children's organism, since no large-scale studies have been conducted. The instructions say that the tool is not recommended for children under 14 years of age. This is largely due to the lack of need for an additional source of coenzyme Q10, since up to 20–25 years, the substance is synthesized in the body in sufficient quantity.
If there is evidence in the child, you should consult with your doctor. The tool is not used in pediatric practice, so the specialist will tell you how to replace coenzyme Q10, whose analogues are allowed to be taken at children's age.
Vitamin E and coenzyme when used simultaneously can cause allergies.
Coenzyme is a safe drug. It does not affect the action of other drugs, so it can be taken in the treatment of various diseases. The only thing you need to be careful about is taking it at the same time with vitamin E and other antioxidants. In these cases, coenzyme enhances the action of other taken vitamins. To avoid the development of an allergic reaction should adjust the dosage.
I drink vitamin from 25 years for the prevention of wrinkles. My skin is very dry by nature, and this tool allows you to delay the inevitable process of aging and thinning. Very satisfied with the capsules and recommend it to everyone.
I began to get very tired at work, in the evening I simply had no strength left. The therapist recommended drinking a Doppelgerz course with coenzyme. Two months later I didn’t recognize myself - it was cheerful and full of energy, besides, the skin became more elastic. Now I will take capsules regularly.
I have diabetes and a lot of excess weight. The endocrinologist said to drink vitamins, including q10. I advise you to pay attention to coenzyme to all those who are struggling with excess weight - it really works. True, no one has canceled the diet, but I do see the results, since it took 5 kilograms a month, while the previous two months of a diet without taking capsules were wasted.
How useful is Coenzyme Q10
- For the work of the heart and blood vesselsthat function non-stop and need a lot of ATP. After 30 years in the heart muscle (myocardium), the content of cu 10 decreases, and the myocardium decreases with less force. As a result, his contractile ability gradually decreases, he cannot in time pump all the blood that stagnates in the vessels. With blood stasis in the small circle of blood circulation, shortness of breath appears, in the large circle - swelling.
- To normalize fat metabolism - coenzyme is involved in the normalization of blood lipid composition, cholesterol metabolism, has anti-sclerotic effect (prevention of coronary heart disease). Improves the ability of blood to circulate freely through the blood vessels, without stagnating and forming blood clots. Normalizes blood flow in the myocardium, heart rhythm and blood pressure in the vessels. Patients cores under the influence of ku 10 better adapt to additional loads. Normalization of lipid metabolism leads to dropping excess body weight, which has a positive effect on the state of the circulatory system as a whole.
- To normalize carbohydrate metabolism. Coenzyme regulates blood glucose levels and prevents the development of diabetes.
- For the active work of all internal organsthat consume a lot of energy. The brain especially needs this coenzyme.
- To prevent skin aging. The appearance of the skin depends on the energy consistency of its cells. Q 10 maintains the youth of the skin, so modern cosmetics often include it in their composition.
- To preserve and improve the strength of the cut striated (skeletal) the muscles. In young men, an increase in muscle volume occurs effectively, but over time, the ability to build muscle mass and muscle strength decreases, physical activity suffers, the ability of skeletal muscles to support joints and the spine. Osteochondrosis and osteoarthrosis develop, in which degenerative-dystrophic changes in bones and cartilage lead to disruption of the entire musculoskeletal system, and changes in muscles aggravate the patient's condition.
- For the reproductive system of women and men. Lack of it leads to hormonal disorders and infertility in women. In men, this coenzyme is involved in the process of spermatogenesis (sperm synthesis), the formation and maintenance of potency. Lack of it leads to a violation of male power and infertility.
- To enhance blood formation. Promotes timely synthesis of blood cells, prevents the development of anemia, regulates cellular immunity (immunity to infection, suppression of tumor growth and allergic reactions) and blood coagulation properties, preventing thrombosis and increased bleeding.
- To perform the function of cellular respiration. Сcoenzyme is vital for people suffering from broncho-pulmonary diseases.
- How powerful antioxidant. Ubiquinone neutralizes free radicals - active molecules that have separated during biochemical reactions and destroy cell membranes.
What is human need for CoQ10
The exact need is not established. It is believed that this indicator is individual. Its value is related to age, stress, stress, existing diseases and heredity.
A healthy person should consume 30 - 50 mg of ubiquinone per day. The need increases in the presence of some diseases and intoxications.
Lack of coenzyme ku 10 - when additional treatment is required?
Not enough coenzymeQ10 is associated either with a violation of its synthesis, or with high energy waste of the body. Violation of the synthesis depends on the age and genetic characteristics that are inherited.
In connection with the discovery of the conservation and accumulation of energy in cells related to the heredity of violations of these processes, a term such as mitochondrial insufficiency has appeared. It has been established that all human organs and tissues are chronically lacking coenzyme due to high loads, stress, lack of vitamins, genetic disorders.
Additional intake of CoQ10 is necessary for athletes, people engaged in heavy physical work, long-suffering people. Cardiologists, hepatologists, nephrologists, gastroenterologists, and neurologists consider coenzyme a vital substance for their patients.
After 30 years, prophylactic courses for coenzyme ku 10 are recommended for everyone, since it prevents the development of aging and the associated inflammatory, metabolic, dystrophic and oncological diseases. Such deficiencies as osteochondrosis, osteoarthrosis, obesity, coronary heart disease, disorders of the liver, kidneys, digestive organs, and the reproductive system are associated with K10 deficiency.
Premature aging is most reflected in the condition of the skin: it becomes dry, loses its elasticity, becomes wrinkled.
Replenishment of coenzyme is necessary for brain cells - neurons and the proper functioning of this organ as a whole. The deficiency of coenzyme Q10 plays a significant role in the formation of Parkinson's disease and Alzheimer's disease, as well as disorders of cerebral circulation and related strokes.
Deficiency ku 10 causes disruption of the immune system. In old age, this is a threat to the development of chronic infectious-inflammatory and oncological processes. Due to a decrease in immunity, older people often suffer from colds, which gradually acquire a long course. This is how chronic bronchitis, pyelonephritis, cystitis, periodontitis, etc. are formed.
The lack of regulation of the blood coagulation system due to a deficiency of coenzyme Q10 leads to the development of thrombosis and thromboembolism - complications that are easier to prevent than to treat.
Products containing coenzyme ku 10
This substance is present in many products of animal and vegetable origin: in meat, fish, seafood, soybean oil, nuts, etc. It is especially abundant in offal. Unfortunately, products can not always compensate for the lack of this coenzyme.
Table of contents of CoQ10 in different products is as follows:
The role of ubiquinone in the body
Coenzyme Q is also called the “health elixir”. Women, who always strive to look young and attractive, eat ubiquinone, add it to various masks and creams, and in beauty salons inject themselves with subcutaneous injections.
Coenzyme Q was discovered back in 1940, but it was only in 1957 that it was possible to isolate it from a bovine heart. In 1978, Peter Mitchell was even awarded the Nobel Prize, making one of the most important achievements in the field of biochemistry. The scientist was able to prove that coenzyme Q10 is involved in the production of 90% of cellular energy.
The benefit of ubiquinone cannot be overestimated: first of all, coenzyme Q10 is a powerful antioxidant, whose Q10 molecules are used many times, and after oxidation, ubiquinone itself is constantly regenerated by the body. In addition, the substance restores oxidized tocopherol, which, in turn, protects cell membranes from the effects of free radicals.
In addition, ubiquinone:
- involved in the formation of platelets ,
- relieves symptoms of vascular dystonia ,
- treats coronary heart disease ,
- involved in supporting the work of the thymus gland.
Coenzyme Q also has a beneficial effect on the circulatory system. The substance is involved in the formation of red blood cells (erythrocytes), regulates the level of cholesterol in the blood, makes blood vessels more elastic, clears them of plaques.
Moreover, coenzyme Q10 normalizes blood pressure, helps burn fat and promotes fast and, most importantly, proper weight loss. The substance also helps professional athletes, since coenzyme Q increases endurance of the body.
Coenzyme Q10 helps with immunodeficiency complications. Macrophages acting under conditions of energy starvation of cells cannot provide complete protection of the body, and only this coenzyme increases the phagocytic activity of macrophages.
Sources of matter
Plant sources include:
- wheat germ ,
- sesame ,
- White cabbage ,
- vegetable oils .
Animal products with a high content of coenzyme include:
- pork ,
- beef ,
- herring, trout ,
- eggs .
When eating foods high in ubiquinone, it should be remembered that most of its beneficial properties will be irretrievably lost if, for example, fry meat. But vegetable products are preferably consumed with fatty foods. Alternatively, you can stew the cabbage and pour it with olive oil. Such a diet will bring maximum benefit to the body. It is especially important to use coenzyme Q after 35 years. At this age, the production of substances begins to plummet.
Consider some of the difficulties arising from the lack and excess of coenzyme in the body.
Lack and excess of substance
In most cases, a person does not need additional use of ubiquinone, since most of the coenzyme is synthesized in the cells of the liver and intestines. However, if we are talking about a pregnant or nursing woman, the daily need of her body grows by 30 mg per day. Special attention to the level of the substance in the body is recommended to pay and existing athletes.
This is a non-toxic substance, so its overdose is almost impossible, and it happens only with the intentional introduction of large amounts of the drug intravenously. Hypervitaminosis Q10 can manifest itself only by stomach disorders, nausea.
The deficiency of coenzyme also has no severe symptoms and can be “lost” among such ailments as increased fatigue, deterioration of concentration, frequent colds and decreased muscle tone. Typically, these symptoms occur in people over 45 who do not play sports and do not keep track of their daily diet. In particularly difficult cases, anemia may occur as a result of improper production of red blood cells.
Coenzyme Q10 is produced with the participation of B vitamins, pantothenic, folic and ascorbic acids. Если этих веществ в организме будет недоставать, то и синтез убихинона в печени и кишечнике прекратится.
Восполнить серьезную недостачу этого витаминоподобного вещества самостоятельно, питаясь лишь «правильными» продуктами, нельзя. The fact is that the content of ubiquinone in them is extremely insignificant, and for replenishing stocks you will have to eat, for example, an inconceivable kilogram of peanuts per day or 700 grams of beef. Therefore, with a deficiency of coenzyme, it is recommended to take medicines containing ubiquinone.
The most famous medicine that is prescribed for a deficiency of this substance is "Ubiquinone Compositum." The drug has antioxidant, metabolic and anti-inflammatory effects. It consists of a bedstraw, hemlock spotted, blueberry.
The drug is released in the form of a solution and is prescribed, most often, with anemia, precancerous conditions, myocardial diseases and myodystrophy (weak skeletal muscle tone). Coenzyme Q is involved in the treatment of periodontal disease, stopping the process of destruction of the gums. Elderly drug is prescribed at high risk of atherosclerosis and muscular dystrophy. Moreover, positive reviews of the drug often relate to rehabilitation after previous heart attacks.
Instructions for use of the drug is quite simple: if a person does not have the opportunity to take the medicine intravenously, the ampoule (2.2 ml) can be dissolved in 50 ml of water and be drunk little by little during the day. Take the medication should be 1-2 times a week, one ampoule.
Instructions for taking the drug for children is as follows:
- up to 2 years - ¼ ampoules,
- from 2 to 6 years - ½ volume ampoules,
- since 6 years old It is permissible to prescribe the drug in the same amount as adults.
The course of treatment is from two to four weeks.
Side effects of the drug are extremely rare. This may be only a slight redness in the area of drug administration, resulting from allergies. Of course, if we are talking about women who are in the period of gestation and lactation, the drug is prescribed only after the recommendation of the doctor.
The substance is actively used in Western medical practice. In particular, the drug is included in the American program "The habit of being healthy" and is used in the prevention of diseases along with other vitamins, minerals and enzymes.
Summing up, it is worth noting that reviews of people who have included coenzyme Q10 in their diet or drug treatment each year demonstrate the indispensability of this substance for the proper functioning of the body. Dietary supplements, the active component of which is this coenzyme, have been used for many years in the treatment of various diseases of the cardiovascular system, endocrinology, gynecology, pediatrics and oncology. Moreover, the substance can interact with other medicines, without causing side effects. It helps everyone, both adults and children, to be healthy, vigorous and resilient.