What foods may have food allergies in infants and how to cure it
Introduce oil into the lure when the baby is 5-6 months old. First - vegetable, and a little later - creamy. The first dose should be scanty and fit on the tip of the knife, that is, be approximately 1 gram (this is a couple drops). Moreover, vegetable oil is added to vegetable and meat feed (better is olive oil, first cold pressed), and butter is added to porridge. It is important that in the second case it was about products made from cream (fat content - at least 82.5%). Less fatty are another name - spread - and they are replaced by various food additives in their natural basis. It is also important to remember that in a canned bait the oil additive will be superfluous: it already exists in it in the form of the required amount of animal and vegetable fats.
Oil for children and lure.
Why do you need oil for children? If your peanut ate canned (purchased) complementary foods - vegetable oil is already familiar to him. In store purees add it to better assimilated. Therefore, if you cook a vegetable dish yourself, you can safely drop a drop of olive oil into it. A cream product goes well with cereal starchy cereals. But you need to add it directly to the plate, because in the process of boiling the vitamins are destroyed, and from harmful unsaturated fatty acids harmful saturated are formed. By the year the daily "oil" rate for karapuz will be 3-5 grams. But margarine and other "lightness" (spreads) are contraindicated in infants.
Choosing the first vegetable oil for children, it is best to stay on olive. It has almost as many fatty acids as breast milk. Over time, it can begin to alternate with sunflower and corn. And closer to two years, also give rapeseed and soy. They are part of the store canned mashed potatoes. But buying such food should always check the composition for the presence of GMOs.
Olive and other oils for children play another important role - providing the body with cholesterol. In small quantities, it is simply necessary because it participates in the synthesis of steroid hormones and the production of vitamin D, and also forms part of the cell membrane, is necessary for a number of digestive processes. That is, without cholesterol, the development of the baby, including the intellectual one, can be impaired. But, again, it is necessary to strictly adhere to the established norms, since the “oil stroke” on the liver and pancreas can be very tangible. Also, you need to carefully add it to infants with intolerance to cow protein.
Vegetable oil for children. This product contains vitamin E, as well as unsaturated fatty acids that the human body cannot produce on its own. Meanwhile, such compounds are needed for the retina and the functioning of the nervous system. Therefore, the grown-up toddler should be taught as early as possible to salads from fresh vegetables, seasoned with olive (sunflower, corn, soybean) oil. And it can be added to vegetable puree and soups. It is also great for cooking fried foods, since heat treatment is not dangerous for it and no carcinogens harmful to the body are released. But, of course, the fried will not appear in the menu of your child until it is one year old.
Introduce the butter in the lure. It is necessary to introduce butter made from cream into the lure in a timely and mandatory manner. Moreover, when the time comes, it should be present in the menu of your child every day (of course, in small doses), providing the body with vitamins A, B, C, D, E and K, calcium, phospholipids, amino acids. If vegetable oil for children is offered at 5-6 months, then the cream product is at 6-7. Six months old, who eat the mixture - early, and those who are breastfed - later. If your child suffers from allergies, be sure to consult with your pediatrician before introducing butter into the supplements. But, again, giving it to the baby is very useful. After all, it is a source of energy, an indispensable element, ensuring the proper functioning of the nervous system, beneficially affecting the skin, hormonal system, eyesight, hair, muscle and bone tissue. A unique property of "cream" - his ability to heal wounds and ulcers in the stomach and 12 duodenal ulcer. It also normalizes digestion. Contributes to the treatment of complex diseases of the bronchi, skin ailments, colds, tuberculosis. It protects the young body from infections. Butter for children begin to enter along with cereal food, that is, cereals. At first - 2-4 grams per day. By the year the rate is 5-6 grams. By the age of three, the karpuz should consume about 15 grams, and after 4 years - 25.
Finally, we repeat once again: when choosing which oil to give to a child, in no case should one buy a spread. After all, this product contains elements harmful to the baby - flavorings, emulsifiers, stabilizers, flavors ... And it’s easy to distinguish a natural product from a substitute: at the legislative level it is forbidden to hide that the spread is a spread.
Causes of Allergies
The food reaction in most children is diagnosed from birth. Irritant can be one product or several. Most often, an allergic reaction develops in cow's milk. Milk porridges and other products from this component are banned.
In infants the digestive system is poorly developed. Her final becoming goes the whole first year of life. The mucous surface of the intestine is thin and easily passes the caught allergen into the blood.
The digestive organs do not sufficiently produce enzymes that are able to break down heavy foods. Proteins in uncooked form enter the bloodstream and begin to excite the immune system.
With age, the immunity is getting stronger, the digestive organs are finally formed, and the body becomes able to overcome allergies. Therefore, if an allergy was detected in a small child, for example, on products such as rice, zucchini or seeds, this does not mean that she will accompany him throughout his life.
Signs of disease
Food allergies can manifest themselves in different ways. Symptoms appear immediately after eating the product or after a few hours. The severity depends on the state of the internal organs at the time the stimulus enters the body, the state of immunity. The duration of manifestations can be from several hours to several days.
When using certain products (zucchini, rice, prunes, seeds), the skin and the digestive system are most often affected. Symptoms of skin lesions:
- redness of various parts of the body,
- various rashes,
- peeling of the affected area,
- the formation of dry crusts on the head, eyebrows, behind the ears,
- prickly heat, diaper rash,
If the digestive organs are involved in the allergic process, the symptoms may be as follows:
- upset stool (most often diarrhea, less often constipation),
- vomiting, frequent regurgitation,
- bloating, increased gas formation.
The organs of the respiratory system may be included in the pathological process. Symptoms in this case look like this:
- runny nose with characteristic watery mucus, nasal congestion,
- frequent sneezing
- laryngeal edema and cough,
- breathing is difficult.
Allergies in children for products such as seeds and rice, most often manifested by urticaria and angioedema. The first symptoms can be observed immediately after eating the products. The face and eyes turn red, vomiting and diarrhea appear, the condition may be accompanied by coughing.
Allergy to prunes is manifested in the form of redness of individual skin areas, nausea or even vomiting, diarrhea.
Food allergies to zucchini can begin with itching and redness, vomiting and diarrhea. Body temperature rises. Less commonly, the respiratory system is affected.
Milk and dairy products most often provoke digestive disorders in the form of vomiting, frequent regurgitation, diarrhea, flatulence, skin rash. Milk porridge also can not be given to the child (corn, rice).
The reaction to butter is manifested by lesions of the skin, swelling of the mucous surfaces, a disorder in the work of the digestive organs, and impaired functioning of the respiratory system.
Treatment, first of all, begins with the exclusion of products that cause manifestations. In the process of additional examination, you can establish a specific irritant: seeds, zucchini, rice, prunes or other products.
To determine which stimuli cause a reaction in a child, you can use a special procedure in a hospital setting. This will eliminate the product and not provoke unpleasant signs.
Food allergies to seeds can occur due to the content of substances such as albumin and globulin.
Allergies are less likely to occur on sunflower and pumpkin seeds. But this is the case if there are kernels in raw or well dried form. Pumpkin seeds can cause allergies if there is a reaction to the vegetable itself. If the reaction to sunflower seeds has dramatically developed, the reason may not be in them. Can cause unpleasant symptoms vegetable oil, which was roasting.
Most often, the child is allergic to sesame seeds. The seeds contain proteins, which become a source of irritation. The situation is aggravated by various diseases of the liver, pancreas and gall bladder.
Flax seeds are not used in food, but they are made from oil. Dishes that have been added linseed oil can have serious allergic effects. It should be limited or completely excluded by pregnant and lactating women. And the more you can not add it to the dishes of the first food.
Allergies can cause prunes. Most often this is due to improper processing. Wax, glycerin and other fats are used to make the fruit marketable. Weakened immunity and individual intolerance to the body are also common causes of reactions to prunes.
Allergy to prunes is rare and occurs in a mild form, for example, cheeks turn red. In this case, you can not add prunes during cooking, as well as give it to the child raw.
There is a risk of cross-allergy to prunes if there has already been a reaction to plum, cherry, apricots.
If the child is breastfed, the prunes can be used by the mother herself, since the product is useful for intestinal motility.
Zucchini is a hypoallergenic product. It is from him that the first lures begin. But sometimes there are cases of allergy to zucchini.
There can be several reasons for the reaction to zucchini. An important role is played by the hereditary factor. If at least one of the parents suffers such a problem, then the situation will repeat with the child. Occur allergic to zucchini can on the background of an infectious disease or diseases of the digestive system. The risk of developing a reaction increases when the baby is fed with mixtures.
The most common first-meal foods are cereals. They can be cooked from various cereals. What cereals are recommended as a first feeding? Doctors recommend corn or rice porridge. The causes of porridge allergy can be several:
- cow or goat milk protein
- Gluten content in grains (barley, wheat, oats, rye)
- adding fruits, dried fruits, vegetables (for example, prunes, dried apricots, zucchini),
- adding sugar.
Milk porridge is best left for the period when the child is one year old. While cooking all porridge should be on the water.
The very first croup, which acquaint the child, should be buckwheat. It is hypoallergenic because it does not contain gluten. Allergies may occur in buckwheat in infants due to the content of plant proteins (globulin, albumin). The reaction may develop on buckwheat porridge, which mom ate.
Corn porridge is recommended as the first complementary foods, since it does not contain gluten. But it can also cause unpleasant symptoms. If you bought corn porridge in the store, then allergies can manifest themselves to all sorts of additives: sugar, milk, pieces of some fruit. True allergy to corn porridge occurs when the cereal was cooked in water on the house, without the addition of butter and sugar.
Rice belongs to useful cereals, from which you can prepare delicious dishes, such as rice porridge. It contains a lot of useful substances, including vitamins and trace elements. The body is enriched with complex carbohydrates, which are quickly absorbed by the body, give energy and strength.
Rice very often causes allergies in a child. There are several reasons why this happens.
- An undesirable reaction to rice often has a hereditary predisposition.
- Rash and other signs may occur due to the fact that rice is too often included in the diet of the baby. For example, during the day the child received rice porridge and a mixture of rice flour.
- Rice has a fixative effect, constipation develops. As a result, toxins begin to accumulate in the body, which cause various unpleasant symptoms.
- Rice does not contain gluten. But in its grains a large amount of proteins, among which are pollen proteins.
Butter, which is sometimes added to cereals, also causes unwanted responses. Butter is made from cow's milk containing allergenic proteins (casein, lactoglobulin, lactalbumin). These components do not disappear even during heat treatment.
You can not add to the dishes for children under one year and other types of oils: palm oil, sea buckthorn or sunflower oil.
Allergies that occur in response to milk in infants are associated with lactose or protein. The risk of developing a similar problem increases if the mother herself suffers from this type of allergy or there were various pathological conditions during childbirth (oxygen starvation of the fetus, the threat of miscarriage, bad habits).
Dairy products rarely cause allergies. Bacteria partially digest protein, and it is better absorbed by the children's body. Fermented milk products are shown as the first complementary foods, but only those that have a short shelf life.
Also may develop allergies to sugar in infants. It most often enters the body along with breast milk. Provocative factor is the wrong diet of a nursing mother, lowered immunity, dysbacteriosis.
Treatment can be carried out in three main areas: diet, drug therapy and allergen-specific immunotherapy. Mom should keep a diary in which products will be recorded and the child's body reaction to him. If the baby is breastfed, the changes should touch the menu of the woman herself.
If a child is allergic to the milk protein of a cow, then it is worth changing the used adapted mixture. Treatment in this case is carried out by transferring to a mixture of goat milk.
Drug treatment is used in rare cases when the child’s condition affects his development. The doctor may prescribe a complex of drugs.
- treatment begins with taking antihistamines in the form of tablets, drops, syrups, creams, ointments ("Suprastin", "Fenistil", "Zyrtec"),
- medications based on hormonal components ("Dexamethasone"),
- enterosorbents (activated carbon, "Enterosgel"),
- abdominal discomfort agents (Espumizan, Plantex),
- the treatment is accompanied by the intake of enzyme preparations (“Creon”, “Festal”),
- sedatives (valerian, motherwort).
Allergies can be cured in a few days. If you follow the recommendations of the doctor and adhere to proper nutrition, the allergy will take place on the 3-4th day.
From what age do they give butter to children?
Butter appears in the feeding of a baby while breastfeeding at 8 months of age. Babies who receive an adapted mixture, such a product is introduced into the diet a little earlier - as early as 6 months. The popular doctor Komarovsky recommends introducing butter into the supplemental food no earlier than 8 months after the child has become acquainted with kefir, cottage cheese and cereals.
Acquaintance with butter should occur after the child tries vegetables, cereals and vegetable oil. Most often, butter is included in complementary foods as a supplement to cereal porridge, since it not only improves its taste., but also has a positive effect on the digestibility of starch from cereals. At the same time add oil to grub should be before serving (do not cook with grits, but put in the already prepared dish).
The first portion of butter for babies is about 1 gram.That corresponds to a small amount of product at the end of the knife. With normal portability, the portion of the product is gradually increased until it is 1 teaspoon (about 5 g of butter).
How does the allergy to butter in babies
Food allergies are among the most common types of allergic reactions. It can even develop in infants who, in addition to mother's milk, do not get anything yet. In this case, the reason lies in the mom's diet, requiring its revision and preparation of a special diet.
Among the most powerful allergens include cow's milk.It contains proteins that are resistant to heat treatments, can cause allergies, even after processing the product. So it turns out that an allergic reaction can develop on cheese, condensed milk, butter.
Allergy in infants is quite bright. A few hours after feeding, he may experience symptoms such as:
- abdominal pain, colic,
- frequent regurgitation
- indigestion - constipation, diarrhea,
- anxiety, poor sleep,
- skin redness, itching, burning,
- the appearance of a rash on the skin.
Of course, such an allergy can be the answer to any food product, not just butter. In order to understand what the reason is, a mother should watch her diet very carefully.
To make it easier for the allergen to determine or confirm its assumptions, nursing mothers are advised to start a diary of their diet, where they would note what foods they consume and what reaction the baby has after that.
When an allergen has been identified, it should be excluded from your diet, even if it is butter. Of course, it is difficult to manage without it, because it is part of a variety of dishes and products, but it is worth taking care of the health of the baby and developing a special diet for yourself. Replace butter can be sunflower or olive. The latter in this case will be even more useful.
When the baby is already allowed to introduce complementary foods, doctors recommend starting with vegetables that are minimally allergenic. At the same time, while making vegetable purees, mothers should not add there anything other than that obtained when cooking vegetable broth. The oil can be used a little later, when the child’s digestive tract gets stronger, it can process it. At the same time, you need to add fats, starting with their minimum amount.
But, even filling a vegetable puree with a small amount of butter, the mother may notice that the child began to show symptoms of allergy. In this case, be sure to exclude this product from the diet of the baby, replacing it, for example, with vegetable oil. It is imperative that you contact a doctor in such a situation.
It is known that repeated contact with an allergen causes a more severe reaction, and may pose a risk to the health of the child.
In order to understand exactly what caused the allergy, the doctor must refer the child to the diagnosis. Initially, he will need to donate blood for laboratory analysis, in the course of which it will be clear whether there is an allergic reaction in this case or there is a different disease. Next - allergy tests. With their help, you can accurately determine the allergen. Considering the fact that it is very difficult to find natural butter today, and the minimum amount of cow’s milk is added to it, it is highly likely that allergies are caused not by a specific protein, but by a common preservative or dye, since many manufacturers add these substances to their products taste, extending the shelf life.
After the allergen has been identified, we can talk about treatment measures and further prevention. If it is still milk protein, then from the diet of the baby will have to exclude not only butter, but all the products that have in its composition cow's milk.
Do not worry about the fact that the baby will not be able to ever use such useful products. In most children, allergies, in particular, food, disappears over time. Therefore, most likely, after several years of repeated allergic test, it will be possible to determine that the tendency to allergic reactions in a small patient is no longer observed. In the meantime, you should follow a diet. Do not give your baby milk, butter and products with their content.
With regard to drug treatment, it will be carried out according to a standard program. If the symptoms of allergies are not too pronounced, there is a chance that after eliminating the oil from the diet, they will pass on their own. But, in cases where the child manifestations of allergy deliver significant discomfort, you will have to use medication.
The first thing a doctor will prescribe is an antihistamine drug that helps alleviate the symptoms of an allergic reaction. It should be noted that previously used drugs of the first generation, with sedative and hypnotic effects. They also caused a large number of side effects, because they should be applied systematically. But today, more and more attention is paid to the representatives of the second and third generation, characterized by prolonged action, the most safe for human health.
A huge choice of such means allows you to choose the one that suits a particular child. This may be Loratadine, Fenistil, Zodak, Zyrtec, Telfast or Trexil. When taking a drug prescribed by a doctor, it is necessary to comply with its dosage, because it is also capable of provoking the development of allergies, especially in case of overdose.
If skin symptoms occur, a non-hormonal ointment or cream will be prescribed to eliminate them. Such means are as safe as possible for children, practically have no side effects, they can be used for a long time. But, if the drug was not very effective, the doctor will recommend a hormonal agent. which should be used with extreme caution.
Hormonal ointments are addictive, so you can only use them for a short time, and cancel them gradually, diluting with baby cream.
If we talk about the prevention of allergies to oil, it is difficult to choose a method to completely eliminate the likelihood of its occurrence. But, you can apply measures that significantly reduce the risk. Enter the oil in the diet of the child should be in accordance with the recommendations of the pediatrician, before this is not worth it. When choosing a product, be sure to pay attention to the manufacturer and composition, as well as the shelf life. Starting an introduction to the diet of oil should be with a minimum amount.
Nowadays, both children and adults are moving further and further away from eating natural products. The ecological situation is also not satisfactory, especially in large cities. The health consequences of all this are very unpleasant: an allergy begins.
An allergic reaction is triggered by the body due to the active production of immunoglobulins. In other words, it is a certain failure of immunity, the consequences of which bring discomfort and pain, can cause poor health and serious health problems.
One of the products that cause allergies is cow's milk and casein, alpha-lactalbumin and beta-lactoglobulin contained in it. They are resistant to the effects of high and low temperatures, proteins that are not well absorbed by the human body. Still, nature provides optimal absorption of cow's milk, especially calves. Among children and adults there are a lot of those who are allergic to milk. Almost half of the babies under one year old have a similar reaction.
Fermented milk products are allergic to a lesser extent due to the fact that bacteria to some extent process proteins, allowing them to digest better. But the butter fermented milk is not, therefore, can cause an unpleasant reaction of different properties.
Allergies to butter in babies up to one year can occur in two cases: a reaction to the mother’s milk, which was eaten by this product, or to be administered directly to the supplement.
In any case, the first thing to do is remove the allergen from the diet. If the baby still does not eat anything except mother's milk, mom should refrain from dairy products.
First, the diet should be strict, that is, it is necessary to exclude not only milk and butter, but all fermented milk products. When the external manifestations of allergies will pass, you can start eating a little cottage cheese, kefir, yogurt, cheese. Milk and butter is better not to eat, since allergy from noncompliance with the diet can turn into a more rigid stage.
In the case of reaction to the butter, added directly to the porridge of the child after six months, you should refuse such an additive. You can replace the allergen olive, rapeseed, linseed oil, walnut oil, specially prepared for children. Such a product can be found in children's departments of supermarkets and specialized stores.
Unfortunately, the domestic grocery market can not boast of high quality products. Many and many milk products actually contain a decent percentage of vegetable fats, preservatives and sugar. Allergy can be explained by the fact that instead of natural butter mom or child use a fake of poor quality. This is fraught with not only skin, intestinal or respiratory reactions, but also the accumulation of harmful substances, toxins and carcinogens in the body, and even the formation of tumors. Careful attention to the choice of products can reduce the risk of allergies and other illnesses caused by food.
The main thing that should be done when an allergic reaction is found in a child is to consult a doctor. A pediatrician will most likely recommend making tests for various allergens and identifying the cause of this trouble. In addition to the diet, you will also need a course of an antihistamine, which will help the baby’s body to return to normal faster.
- Enterosorbents, such as Enterosgel or Polyphepanum will help to quickly remove allergens and toxins from the body.
- Tavegil, Zodak, Suprastin or Fenistil will remove redness and itching - the most unpleasant manifestations of allergy.
- If the situation is neglected and the means listed above do not help, hormone ointments, such as hydrocortisone, are used for the integuments. Apply them with caution and strictly for the purpose of the pediatrician.
Allergy in infants is, of course, an unpleasant phenomenon, but in most cases, amenable to adequate treatment. You should not be afraid that your child will have to limit himself all his life in certain products.
Most children outgrow their allergies. The most important thing here is to follow the diet until all manifestations of indisposition are completely extinguished, and then to introduce “dangerous” products little by little, sensitively reacting to all changes in the child's well-being. After some time, the baby's body will be ready to absorb a variety of foods, including cow's milk protein, and, therefore, butter.
A proper diet for a nursing mother is essential when breastfeeding. Before using a new product, the question constantly arises whether it is possible to eat this food and whether it will harm the baby.
It can really hurt. The body of the baby only adapts to new conditions and often negatively perceives new food. The baby has allergies and colic when breastfeeding. And some products can cause poisoning or even delay in the development of the child.
With the introduction of new products in the menu of a nursing mother, it is important to carefully monitor the well-being of the baby. If you see a violation of the chair in the baby. rash or redness, indigestion, then eating new food should be stopped for at least a month.
Pediatricians do not carry butter to prohibited foods when breastfeeding. However, it is recommended to use with caution.
The oil has a number of beneficial properties, as the product contains a large amount of vitamins A, D and E, as well as phosphatides and polyunsaturated fats. In small quantities it is necessary for full development, as it performs a number of important functions:
- contributes to the normal growth and development of babies,
- strengthens the immune system
- maintains visual acuity
- improves skin condition
- provides hair growth
- beneficial effect on the composition of breast milk,
- restores the body after operations on the intestines and stomach,
- forms the walls of blood vessels
- produces hormones
- normalizes the thyroid gland,
- cleanses the body
- protects against cancer.
Butter is easily digested and digested. Therefore, the product in small doses will not cause colic or other indigestion in both mother and baby.
But frequent use and in large quantities will lead to negative consequences:
- blood sugar increases,
- development of atherosclerosis, diseases of the heart and blood vessels,
- weight gain and obesity.
However, if you comply with the measure, the butter is not only possible, but also to be consumed.
Butter is a rich and natural product that is necessary for the proper development of children and the rapid recovery of mother after childbirth. Of course, it is fraught with danger. Excessive consumption of the product due to the high cholesterol content increases blood sugar and increases weight. However, if you follow the dosage and rules of use, then it will only benefit.
The maximum dose of use is 10-30 grams per day.
You can add oil in vegetable dishes or cereals. It goes well with millet oil, potatoes and pasta. Tasty and nutritious for a nursing mother will be a sandwich with butter. Bread is better to take coarse grain varieties. When breastfeeding useful bread with bran, rye and wheat bread.
Many are used to using butter for frying. It is better to refuse it. Pasta, potatoes, vegetables or chicken, fried in this way will be very fat and high-calorie. This will negatively affect the weight of the mother, and the functioning of the intestines of the infant. But in a boiled pasta or potatoes, you can add a small piece of butter.
In the first 3-4 months of a baby’s life, fatty fried foods should be eliminated from the diet. Prefer stewed vegetables and boiled meat. Stew products on vegetable, olive, sesame or linseed oil. What kind of vegetables you can eat nursing mother, find out in the article "Vegetables when breastfeeding."
Butter when breastfeeding can be consumed. However, remember the dosage!
Sources: not yet!
Food allergies are a common disease among infants. After all, the body of kids only gets used to the new conditions of life and does not always accept new products. Interestingly, in the first two or three weeks almost every baby has red spots on the face. The rash is manifested due to the hormones of the mother, which the baby gets in the womb. However, such an allergy disappears itself in the first month after birth and does not require treatment.
Food allergies are of a different nature and manifest themselves not only in the form of a rash. This reaction should be treated with a special diet, in rare cases - with the help of drugs. However, remember that only a doctor can prescribe drugs! Self-medication only aggravate the problem and lead to complications!
To recognize food allergies, you need to know what it looks like. Symptoms can be divided into three groups, each of which has certain signs.
Causes and symptoms
An allergic reaction when using butter arises from the heat-resistant proteins contained in its composition - alpha-lactalbumin, casein and beta-lactoglobulin. These substances are contained in milk, retain their properties after processing and are strong allergens.
This means that a child with such intolerance cannot eat other dairy products - cheese, cottage cheese, kefir, milk. Moreover, a baby may have a reaction to butter, even if a nursing mother ate it. Then the allergen enters the body through breast milk.
Symptoms of intolerance to this product occur in infants for several hours after feeding.
In varying degrees of severity, a child may experience the following symptoms:
- sleep disturbance and general anxiety,
- stool disorders - diarrhea or, conversely, constipation,
- frequent and abundant regurgitation
- general indigestion, flatulence, abdominal pain or colic,
- the formation of redness and rash on the body of the child, accompanied by itching.
The intensity of the symptoms depends on various factors - the age of the child, the quantity and quality of the allergen ingested. In some cases, an allergic reaction may occur to other additives that are contained in butter, especially if it is a cheap product.
In addition to the fact that allergies are bad for the health of the baby, there is a danger of dehydration of the body and leaching of useful substances from it - these are consequences of frequent regurgitation and disorder of the stool.
Important! If these symptoms do not disappear within a few hours or worsen, the child needs urgent medical care!
Colic is accompanied by sharp pain and leads to restless sleep. Therefore, if you suspect an allergy in an infant, you should definitely find out its root cause and begin treatment.
Rashes on the skin are not dangerous to health, but such a manifestation of allergy from butter gives the child noticeable discomfort. An example of this reaction can be seen in the photo above.
Treatment and Prevention
Before treating allergies to butter, it is imperative to establish that this is the allergen, and not some other product. Существуют различные анализы, позволяющие точно установить аллерген.
Другой способ определить, на что у грудничка аллергическая реакция – строгий контроль его рациона и питания кормящей матери. Из меню на время убирается определённый продукт, и ведутся наблюдения за реакцией.
Important! The best way to find out what causes allergies in an infant is to keep a food diary and introduce additional foods gradually, no more than one new product per week.
After the allergen has been established, the doctor prescribes treatment for the child. If you are allergic to butter, the first and most important measure to improve the condition of a child is the complete elimination of the product from the diet.
If allergies are caused by proteins found in milk, all other dairy products are also excluded from the menu. At the same time, you should carefully study the composition of finished products, because butter and milk are often included in the composition of children's purees, cookies and desserts.
Drug treatment is carried out in cases where the allergy is pronounced, and improvement after the exclusion of the allergen from the menu comes slowly. It usually consists of taking antihistamines and other drugs to relieve symptoms.
Specific antihistamine drug selects the doctor, based on the condition and characteristics of the child.
It can be:
Important! When taking antihistamines, you must comply with the prescribed dosage and regimen of the drug. In case of overdose, side effects are possible.
For the treatment of allergic rash on the skin apply ointments and creams. Ointments contain more active substances and are applied pointwise. Creams have a lighter texture and can be applied to large areas of the body.
Almost all such allergies are hormonal, so they should be used very carefully. For the treatment of infants, a non-hormonal drug is usually selected and replaced only if there is no effect.
The most common ointments for treating allergies in infants:
Important! When treating allergies in a child, it is impossible to self-medicate - this is extremely risky and can lead to serious consequences.
If necessary, medications for constipation, diarrhea, colic and other symptoms are added to the treatment:
- Candles Glitselaks and Duphalac syrup - from constipation.
- Stop Diar, Nifuroksazid - from diarrhea.
- Drops Bobotik, Espumizan - with colic.
For babies with allergies, new products are introduced into the supplements with extreme caution and initially in small doses. Preference is better to give hypoallergenic vegetable puree. Butter can be replaced with vegetable or olive - it will be even more useful.
Despite the fact that allergies to butter - a phenomenon unpleasant, it is easily treatable. The main thing is to follow a diet until all the symptoms disappear and subsequently. After a while, you can enter the product in the menu very carefully, watching the well-being of the child.
Even if the baby has manifested intolerance, it does not mean that it will persist throughout life. Most children have different food allergies with age.
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The benefits of oil for children
- Has a delicious creamy or specific taste, depending on the plant.
- Source of fat, saturated and unsaturated fatty acids and cholesterol.
- Contains fat soluble vitamins A, D, E, K.
- Helps the absorption of fat-soluble vitamins.
- Contains phytosterols, which reduce the absorbability of cholesterol.
- Contains phospholipids (lecithin).
Composition of oils
Butter is one of the most high-calorie foods. Butter has about 748 kcal per 100 g, and vegetable oils have 898-899 kcal. Adding even a small amount of oil to food significantly increases the energy value of the entire dish.
All oils, both animal and vegetable, contain fats that are necessary for the development of a child’s body. Butter contains 82.5% fat and vegetable oils 99.9%. Vegetable fats are easier and better absorbed than animals, so they are considered more beneficial. In addition, they contain unsaturated fatty acids, which lower the "bad" cholesterol and glucose in the blood and stimulate the immune system.
Such a high fat content does not allow the use of oil in large quantities, as this can lead to problems with digestion. Children and adults can only add a little oil to the ready meals to give them taste and smell.
The oils contain essential fatty amino acids omega-3 and omega-6, we get them only with food, our body cannot synthesize them. They are abundant in fish oil, so fish oil is a useful dietary supplement for children. Essential fatty acids are present in all infant formulas.
Essential fatty acids are necessary for the growth of the child, the normal development of the nervous system, improve vision and skin condition.
Omega-6 is more common in foods than omega-3, although the body needs more omega-3 than omega-6. Most of all omega-3 oils are found in flaxseed oil.
The fats contained in oils promote the absorption of fat-soluble vitamins found in vegetables, fruits, herbs, and cereals, especially carotene (vitamin A). In vegetable and fruit salads, as well as to porridge should add oil.
Phospholipids are complex lipids that contain phosphoric acid and some other group of atoms. Phospholipids are part of the membranes of all cells, including the brain. Vegetable oils are one of the sources of phospholipids. In oils, phospholipids are represented by lecithin.
Proteins are present only in butter, and then in a small amount. In vegetable oils they are not at all.
Fat-soluble vitamins D and A are found only in butter, as it is of animal origin, and in vegetable oils they are not. Only red palm oil contains vitamin A.
Fat-soluble vitamin E is present in large quantities in all vegetable oils. Most of it is in sunflower oil. Vitamin K is also present in sunflower oil.
Phytosterols contained in vegetable oils, reduce the absorbability of "bad" cholesterol in the intestine, have anti-carcinogenic effect and stabilize cell membranes. Most of them are in corn oil, and they are also present in significant quantities in soybean and olive oils.
Consider in more detail the composition of butter and various vegetable oils per 100 g of product in the table.
At what age can you give oil to a child?
Oil as a supplement is introduced into the diet of a baby after 6 months. Butter can be given if the child is not allergic to cow protein. Vegetable oils may contain traces of the protein of cereals from which they are made, so allergic to cereal crops must be taken into account.
How much oil can be given to the child
The oil is added to the supplements at 5 grams per 100 grams of the finished dish, it is not advisable to heat the oil, as the vitamins will break down. Butter is better to add to cereals, and vegetable oil in vegetable puree. What kind of oil to start feeding up is up to you, this is a matter of taste. Vegetable oils are more nutritious, but they are better absorbed than butter.
Consider the amount of all the oils that you add to dishes and use when cooking.
Butter for children
Butter can be given to children as complementary foods after 6 months, but usually it is added to cereals, and cereals are introduced after vegetable purée somewhere in 7-8 months on breastfeeding and 5-6 months on artificial.
Butter contains a sufficient amount of vitamins A and D, but inferior to vegetable oils on the content of vitamin E.
Butter contains butyric and linolenic acids, which have an anticarcinogenic effect, lauric acid has antifungal and antimicrobial effects, and lecithin reduces the level of "bad" cholesterol in the blood.
According to WHO recommendations, it is necessary to limit animal fats in the diet of children, since they contain large amounts of saturated fats. But recent studies have shown that saturated fats not only increase the content of "bad" cholesterol, which is deposited on the vessels, but also the "good" needed to destroy the "bad". They do not contribute to weight gain in contrast to carbohydrates. Therefore, they are useful for the body, but in limited quantities.
Butter can be considered real if it is made only from milk cream. If vegetable fats are added to the butter, this is not a butter, but a spread. Some Russian oil producers cheat customers by calling their products butter, but adding vegetable oils there.
European standards are more stringent - for them, butter should contain only milk fat in an amount of at least 80%. According to Russian standards, butter may have a fat content of at least 70% and may contain vegetable fats, colors and flavors.
According to the rating compiled by Roskachestvo on traditional butter with fat content of 82.5%,The following brands of butter are considered the best:
- Unsalted sweet cream butter "Brest-Litovsk" producer of JSC "Savushkin Product" Belarus.
- Unsalted sweet cream butter Savushkin produced by Savushkin Product OJSC in Belarus.
- Traditional butter "Ruzskoe" producer of JSC "Ruzskoe Milk" Russia.
- Butter "Traditional" Farm - LLC "TULCHINKA.RU" Russia.
- Butter "Traditional" Lattesco - PARTNERSHIP ON FAITH "CHEESE STARODUBSKY" Russia.
- Traditional butter, Vologda traditions - OAO Ankovskoye Russia.
- Oil traditional sweet cream unsalted “Asenevskaya farm” produced by LLC Agricultural Production Cooperative “Agricultural artel (collective farm) Moscow” Russia.
- Butter “Prostokvashino” is made by JSC “DANONE RUSSIA” Russia.
- Sweet creamy unsalted butter “Ecomilk” produced by Ozeretsky Dairy Plant CJSC Russia.
Sunflower oil for children
Sunflower oil is in all grocery stores. Sunflower oil for children can be given with vegetable dishes, it is possible to cook pancakes and other products on it. Sunflower oil is ahead of all vegetable oils on the content of vitamin E, especially its many in the oil of direct extraction. Vitamin E is a powerful antioxidant and is necessary for the growth of the baby.
Also in sunflower oil contains vitamin K, regulating blood clotting.
Only bilge oil is ahead of sunflower in the content of polyunsaturated fatty acids. Somewhere 45-60% is linoleic acid (omega-6), 1% linolenic acid (omega-3) and 25-40% oleic acid (omega-9).
Direct-pressed sunflower oil must be filled with ready-made dishes, and in the refined one you can fry and stew.
Olive Few Kids
Olive oil is the second most popular after sunflower. Some consider it more useful than sunflower oil, but this is not entirely true, as it contains less polyunsaturated fatty acids and vitamin E.
But in olive oil there are monounsaturated fatty acids: oleic (omega-9) and palmitoleic acid (omega-7), although these acids can be synthesized in our body, but they are very important for health.
The content of oleic acid (omega-9) - about 60-85% - olive oil is superior to all other oils. This acid reduces the concentration of cholesterol and glucose in the blood, increases the sensitivity of cells to insulin, has a preventive effect against cancer.
Palmitoleic acid strengthens the immune system.
Olive oil contains very little omega-3 and omega-6, and we can get them only with food.
Linseed oil for children
Lyanoe oil is the most useful oil for children, as it contains the most omega-3 (alpha-linolenic acid) - about 55%, and it also contains a lot of omega-6 (linoleic acid) - about 20-30% and omega -9 (oleic acid) - about 15-30%. It contains much more polyunsaturated fatty acids, about 67.5%, than in olive oil.
But you cannot fry foods in lean oil, as there is a large amount of free fatty acids in it. But for refilling ready meals and salads, it fits perfectly.
The disadvantage of blubber oil is that it can be stored for no more than 12 months and must be refrigerated so that the oxidation of fats does not take place so quickly.
Corn oil for children
On the content of unsaturated fatty acids, corn oil is inferior to sunflower and lyalnoy. Only sunflower, palm and rapeseed oils are ahead of the corn content of vitamin E. But corn oil significantly exceeds the olive oil in these indicators.
The main advantage of corn oil is the content of the greatest number of phytosterols and the fact that it is very resistant to heat (does not lose its beneficial properties).
On corn oil best fry food.
Soybean oil for children
Soybean oil - one of the most common and cheap oils, which is used throughout the world. Soybean oil is considered the main source of phospholipids (lecithin) - a substance from which all cell membranes are built.
The composition of soybean oil is close to sunflower, but wins from it in the content of omega-3, but inferior in content of vitamin E.
Soybean oil is added to infant formula, cereals, vegetable and meat purees, and various food products. There are even soy mixtures that are given to an infant with an allergy to cow protein. Soybean oil is harmless to the child, and even beneficial.
Palm oil for children
It outruns all oils in the content of saturated fatty acids, as we said above, they are not harmful to health, but unsaturated ones are more beneficial.
Red palm oil is the leader in vitamin A content and is considered one of its first sources in the diet.
On the content of vitamin E, palm oil is inferior only to sunflower oil and at the same time contains not tocopherol, but tocotrienol, a substance necessary for the development of the body.
Palm oil is added to infant formula, as it helps to bring the mixture of fat to the breast milk as close as possible. Increasingly, not palm oil is added to the mixture, but its derivatives - palm olein or “super” olein. They do not cause negative effects of palm oil, and retain all the positive properties. You can read more about palm oil in the article: “Mixes without palm oil”.
Rapeseed oil for children
Rapeseed oil contains erucic acid (omega-9 monounsaturated fatty acid), which is not good for health, as it is bad for heart and blood vessels in large concentrations. Canola rapeseed contains the minimum amount of this acid (2%) and therefore this rapeseed oil is not harmful to health and can be used for food purposes.
In Russia, rapeseed oil with an erucic acid content of less than 5% is allowed for food production. It is added to infant formula, cereals, baby puree, cookies and other pastries.
In rapeseed oil a lot of vitamin E.
Rapeseed oil is rich in omega-3 (linolenic acid) and is only slightly inferior in concentration to bilge oil. And the content of omega-9 (oleic acid) is second only to olive oil. In rapeseed oil there is the best proportion of omega-3 to omega-6 - 1 to 2.
Coconut oil for children
Coconut oil significantly exceeds all oils in saturated fatty acid content and is therefore not recommended for baby food as a food additive to meals. But sometimes it is used in infant formula as a source of saturated fatty acids, which are necessary for the harmonious development of the child. Coconut oil contains calcium.
Which oil is better for a child
All oils have their pros and cons. In the diet of the child it is better to combine the use of butter with vegetable. Butter is rich in replaceable and essential amino acids, vitamins A and D, minerals. Vegetable oils contain large amounts of omega-3 and omega-6.
Among vegetable oils, bilge oil is the best in chemical composition, but it cannot be fried on it, corn oil is best suited for frying, while sunflower oil will be universal and useful at the same time.
For frying it is better to use refined oil, but it contains only fats, it does not contain phospholipids, free fatty acids, waxes, proteins, carbohydrates, hydrocarbons. А также следует учитывать кислотное число, которое вы можете посмотреть в таблице выше, оно указывает на количество свободных жирных кислот, которые при нагревании окисляются и становятся вредными для здоровья кацерогенами. Самое маленькое число у рафинированных масел, они лучше всего подходят для жарки. Из таблицы мы видим, что лучше всего жарить на кукурузном и подсолнечном масле, а льняное масло для этого не годится.
Soybean, rapeseed, coconut and palm oil you most likely will not give to the child due to the fact that there is a bad opinion about them, partly true, partly not. For example, soybean oil is harmless and can be given to a child, but there may be problems with the rest.
Allergy to butter in children
Allergy to oil is quite rare. But since all the oils are made from foods high in protein, be it cow's milk or cereals, the oils may contain traces of protein, and for the onset of allergies only a very small amount of allergen is needed. Therefore, for children with an allergic reaction in the history of cow protein or one of the cereals, it is undesirable to give oil made from them. It is possible, when allergic to corn, to give a child barkering oil or sunflower oil.