Tremor in newborns: 3 main causes
Many parents, noticing a frequent and minor twitching of the lips, chin, lower jaw, arms or legs in a newborn child, often wonder if these twitches (tremor) can be considered the norm. Tremor - this is a compensatory reaction of the immature nerve fibers of the baby in the form of small muscle cramps that occur to stabilize the state of the nervous system. It can be physiological and pathological.
Physiological tremor small in its amplitude, it is rhythmic and occurs more often during the crying of a child. In tremors in newborns, the lower lip or chin is more likely to shiver, and in rare cases - the hands or feet. Shivers can appear asymmetrically and symmetrically. For example, one pen or both can tremble.
Distinctive features of physiological tremor are:
1. Its fast disappearance (after a few seconds),
2. Appearance after nervous tension (bathing in the bathroom, intestinal colic, crying, changing clothes, REM sleep or hunger, etc.).
Most often, physiological tremor appears in the first days of a baby’s life, and gradually its episodes become increasingly rare. Especially pronounced symptoms of tremor in premature babies, because their nervous system is more immature than in full-term newborns. As a rule, physiological tremor completely disappears before 1-3 months of life.
Pathological tremor differs from the physiological one in that not only the baby’s lips, chin and limbs, but also the head are involved in the process of jerking.
Episodes of pathological tremor over time become longer and cause no reason, and twitching becomes more intense and can spread to the whole body. The baby becomes more restless, capricious and does not sleep well.
Such a child’s condition should alert the parents and become a reason for a visit to a neurologist, since pathological tremor can be a symptom of neurological diseases and disorders (increased intracranial pressure, intracranial hemorrhage, hyperglycemia, hypomagnesia, hypocalcemia, perinatal encephalopathy, etc.).
The main cause of tremor of the lips, chin, upper and lower extremities in a newborn child is the immaturity of some nerve centers of the brain and high serum levels of the adrenal hormone norepinephrine, which is responsible for the transmission of nerve impulses. Physiological tremor is observed in most (approximately half) of newborns up to 1 month and in almost all premature babies.
The main predisposing factors for the underdevelopment of the baby’s nervous system are: oxygen starvation and an excess amount of norepinephrine in the blood of the expectant mother. The reason for the development of such states can be a variety of factors:
- fetal hypoxia during pregnancy
- stressful mothers during pregnancy
- threatened miscarriage
- infectious diseases in the mother,
- fast delivery
- cord entanglement
- placental abruption,
- injuries during childbirth.
With pathological tremor treatment should be carried out under the strict supervision of a neurologist. After establishing the cause of the tremor, the doctor may prescribe medications to treat the underlying disease.
In addition, such children are prescribed remedial gymnastics and relaxing massage. These procedures should be carried out by a specialist, he can also teach some skills to the mother of the baby. Good results are given by swimming lessons, as well as the creation of a friendly and relaxed atmosphere in the family.
Massage with tremor in the newborn
Massage with tremor in the newborn is recommended to start with 5-6 weeks of life. It is relaxing and generally strengthening in nature and helps strengthen the nervous system of the baby. Massage should be performed by an experienced masseur, and later the mother of the child can also learn massage techniques.
Recommendations for the treatment of tremor in a newborn:
1. Air out the room before a session.
2. Hands should be clean, warm and dry, nails cut short.
3. To conduct a session at a time when the baby is in a good mood and he is awake.
4. To perform the session on a flat surface, in a comfortable and familiar place for the baby (for example, on the changing table).
5. During the massage with the child must talk.
6. The massage must be stopped if the child cries or somehow shows his displeasure.
7. Do not use aromatherapy oils or baby powder for massage (you can use the usual baby cream).
The following movements can be used for a relaxing massage:
Each massage session for a newborn must begin and end with a stroke. All movements should be smooth and pleasant for the baby. The movement should be directed along the joints (from the periphery to the center or from the bottom up). The force of pressure is determined by a specialist and, in the event that the mother of the child also performs the massage, he must teach her this subtlety.
When performing a relaxing massage, it is important to observe a certain sequence:
- First, the handles are massaged - the child’s hand is held (by the hand) with the left hand, and the right hand is stroked (10 times), gentle rubbing of each finger is performed, then another hand is massaged,
- chest massage - palm of hands placed on the base of the neck and perform stroking down (herringbone), repeat 6-7 times,
- massage of the tummy - put the palm of the right hand on the child’s abdomen and make circular movements in a clockwise direction, perform about 10 times,
- foot massage - performed in the same way as massage pens,
- back massage - baby, holding the handle and leg, turn over on the tummy, perform stroking from the bottom up, then "herringbone".
The duration of the massage and the types of massage techniques depend on the age of the child. For babies 1.5-3 months, it is 4-5 minutes. The number of procedures is determined by the doctor, depending on the condition of the child.
Physiological tremor does not leave negative consequences for the health of the baby. As a rule, it passes to 1-3 (sometimes by 4 months). In some cases, physiological tremor can be observed up to a year. Further, the child’s nervous system is strengthened, and muscle twitching of the lips, chin and extremities completely ceases.
Pathological tremor more dangerous for the future health of the baby and needs constant monitoring and treatment (in some cases, surgery). The severity of the consequences depends on the area of the brain damage: from complete recovery to the development of severe forms of intellectual disability or cerebral palsy.
With timely access to a neurologist, as a rule, treatment allows you to avoid serious consequences and to achieve restoration of the functions of the nervous system.
Chin tremor in newborns
Underdevelopment of the centers of the nervous system leads to the appearance of tremor. Since these centers are responsible for the work of the torso, lower and upper limbs, as well as the muscles of the face may begin to involuntarily contract. Tremor usually occurs due to excessive release of norepinephrine.
The cause of the development of pathology can be even the most minimal deviations in the critical period of development of the human nervous system.
It is very important to monitor the development of the child, especially in his three, nine and twelve months. The smallest deviations should be a reason to visit a neurologist. Prolonged tremor may indicate that the baby’s nervous system was injured during development in the womb or during labor.
Causes of tremor:
- The nervous system is still immature,
- During pregnancy, fetal hypoxia occurred,
Chin tremor usually goes away when a child reaches three months of age. An alarming symptom is the simultaneous tremor of the legs, arms, and chin. Tremor is considered dangerous, which does not go away after a couple of weeks or a month.
Causes of tremor of hands in infants
In the first days after birth, parents may notice that the baby has muscle cramps. Some parts of the face, lower and upper limbs may shiver. One can speak about serious pathology in the presence of head tremor.
Tremor of the limbs occurs due to disruption of the endocrine or nervous system.
Tremor can occur due to the underdevelopment of nerve endings that are located in the brain and affect motor activity. Muscle cramps may appear due to a high concentration of norepinephrine in the blood. As a result, the baby may experience strong emotions that lead to tremor.
The causes of hand tremor can be trauma to the nervous system, the release of large amounts of norepinephrine or oxygen starvation.
Causes of hand tremor:
- Isolation of a large amount of norepinephrine,
- Crying too long
- Neurological abnormalities
- Trauma to the nervous system
- Oxygen starvation
- Weak labor activity
- Cord entanglement
- Narcotic abstinence syndrome,
It is impossible to figure out the cause on your own. If hand trembling does not pass within a month, parents should be alerted and turn to a neurologist. Treatment of tremor of the extremities takes place under the supervision of a specialist. Also, parents should systematically make the child a relaxing massage.
Characteristic physiological tremor in infants
Spontaneous muscle trembling is called tremor. Most often in newborns there is a trembling of the chin, lips, upper and lower extremities. Increased muscle tone and immaturity of the peripheral nervous system leads to convulsive contractions.
Pathological tremor is diagnosed if muscle spasms increase and go to the rest of the body.
Serious disorders of the nervous system lead to pathological tremor. Nerve strain can cause intense crying or fright, which leads to muscle tremors. Most often, the provoking factor leads to trembling of the lower jaw, lips, hands, or feet.
Characteristic physiological tremor:
- The rapid disappearance of the quivering
- Complete disappearance at the age of three months.
The critical moments to which attention should be paid occur in one, three, nine and twelve months of a child. It is at this time that parents should pay special attention to the state of the child and regularly show it to the neurologist. Pathological tremor leads to the fact that the child becomes nervous, overly excitable, capricious, his appetite and sleep are disturbed.
Why does tremor of limbs in newborns
Tremor is a compensatory reaction of immature nerve endings that leads to muscle cramps. Tremor is divided into physiological and pathological. The first type of tremor is characterized by small amplitude and rhythm. Most often, it causes shaking of the lower lip and chin of the child.
In physiological tremor, tremors may be asymmetric or symmetrical.
This type of tremor passes pretty quickly. Most often it is caused by excessive nervous tension of the baby, for example, after bathing, prolonged crying or during intestinal colic. Tremor symptoms are most common in premature babies.
Quite often, tremor appears in premature babies.
Causes of pathological tremor:
- The immature nerve centers of the brain,
- The improper functioning of the endocrine system,
- High content of norepinephrine.
Pathological tremor can occur due to hypoxia, stressful situations, the threat of miscarriage, rapid birth, cord entanglement, placental abruption, birth injuries. Dr. Komarovsky believes that physiological tremor should not cause concern to parents. But the continuing symptoms in children from one year should alert and become a reason to visit a neurologist.
Tremor in newborns: Komarovsky (video)
Tremor in babies - neurology, which can be physiological and pathological. This is an involuntary contraction of the muscles, which most often occurs due to the underdevelopment of the nerve endings in the brain responsible for the movements of the body. The neurological symptoms of physiological and pathological tremor are different. The first most often passes until the moment when the baby reaches three months. If the leg, pen, or chin is twitching for weeks or months, and the tremor does not stop, parents should see a doctor. If a child's head is shaking, it must be shown to a doctor immediately.
Tremor as a medical problem
Involuntary trembling of parts of the body (limbs, head, lips, eyelids, etc.) is called tremor in medicine. It is considered normal when a healthy person has some trembling of the fingers or head. But increasing tremor is often a manifestation of various diseases.
Tremor can occur in different periods of human life. Immediately after birth, children can also experience oscillatory movements of various amplitudes. Tremor in infants is expressed in trembling of the extremities, also head tremor occurs.
Features of tremor in newborns
Frequent muscle contractions are common to many newborns. According to medical statistics, almost every second baby has a tremor diagnosis. Noticing the shaking of the chin or head of the baby, the mother should know that such a phenomenon can occur in the first months of life.
The instability of the nervous system affects the body crumbs, it begins to respond with muscle contractions at the slightest arousal. Physicians do not perceive a slight trembling of a child in that period when the nervous system only develops, from birth to 3 months of birth, as pathology.
The slight trembling of the lips or lower jaw during this period of life can be taken calmly. Do not worry if your baby starts shaking hands or legs from time to time. You should know that the limbs can move at the same time, in this case, the tremor is called symmetrical.
Alternate, asymmetrical trembling of the hands or feet of a baby is also considered normal. Tremor occurs as a muscular reaction to various procedures that lead to nervous tension. For example, when a child begins to bathe, they change clothes when the baby is hungry or has cramps in the intestines.
Muscle cramps with tremor are possible in a calm state when the baby is sleeping, or, on the contrary, during excitement and crying. Seizures last a few seconds, then go away on their own. All this does not go beyond the norm.
Mom is required to monitor the condition of the baby, so that when the convulsive movements increase after reaching 5 months, immediately consult a specialist to begin treatment.
When should tremor alert?
Adults should be attentive to infant behavior. We indicate that should alarm the parents.
Signs of pathological tremor:
- In children, not only sponges with a chin, pens or legs, but also a head are shaking
- Convulsive trembling becomes longer and more intense.
- In a child older than 3 months, the tremor does not pass and does not become less, but on the contrary, the convulsions increase, the child becomes more excitable.
The best thing is to get a consultation from a children's neuropathologist.
Features of the nervous system
The nervous system of the baby, being in the developmental stage, in the first weeks of life cannot yet provide and control the full functioning of all organs. The tremor in the newborn indicates that a number of nerve centers have not yet been completely formed.
As they form, muscle cramps cease. That is why, the great authority of the parents of the little ones, the children's doctor E. Komarovsky, appealing to the close people of the newborn, convinces them that because of the quivering muscles, there is no need to worry, because it is normal for newborns.
Features of the course of pregnancy
In cases of pregnancy complicated by bleeding, high water, infectious diseases or threatened miscarriage, fetal development also occurs with complications. In the womb, the baby is undergoing oxygen starvation, which affects the functioning of the brain. After birth, the baby experienced hypoxia can lead to tremor.
If the baby was born prematurely, the baby’s nervous system, which did not have the opportunity to fully develop, reacts acutely to a variety of influences. This reaction has an external manifestation in the form of tremor.
Features of the flow of labor
It does not go without a trace and how childbirth proceeded. If they were swift or, on the contrary, very long, this can cause cramps in the infant. Complications such as detachment of the placenta, fetal umbilical cord fetus cause tremor. Это также лишает мозг ребенка достаточного количества кислорода и становится причиной тремора.
Чем опасен тремор?
Оставлять без внимания усиливающееся подергивание малыша нельзя. Ведь тремор сигнализирует об осложнениях, испытываемых нервной системой младенца, результатом чего могут стать серьезные последствия. Pathological tremor can be associated with intracranial pressure, intracranial hemorrhage, abnormally low serum calcium levels, too low magnesium levels, or elevated glucose levels. A specialist with the help of special diagnostics and tests will be able to exclude serious diseases or, confirming them in infants, prescribe timely treatment to alleviate the condition of the infant.
And if the reason for the nervous tremor was the fact that your baby started to have teeth, the doctor will also tell you how to reduce the discomfort experienced by the baby.
Lips, Jaw (Chin)
Unformed important organs (nervous, endocrine systems) and immature adrenal glands lead to the trembling of the lips or jaw of the crumbs. This happens to most babies. The tremor of the lower lip or lower jaw is usually observed. If you see that the chin or lip is shaking in children at the moment of intense physical or emotional state, this is not considered abnormal.
This does not mean that the mother can not help the baby with chin tremor in newborns. Check if you have walked too long and if the baby has frozen, is not feeling hungry, is he comfortable in the clothes that you put on the baby.
Light, gentle touches and strokes will help to relax the muscles, relieving them from involuntary shuddering. Such a massage, performed by the caring hands of a loving mother, will help the child to calm down, relieve a shaking syndrome.
Enhance the effect will help swimming and swimming. And if the child does not have an allergic reaction, try from time to time (systematically, but not too often, 2-3 times a week is enough) taking a bath filled with warm water with the addition of mint or valerian broth, turns or chamomile.
Frequent also becomes tremor of the limbs in newborns. The child cries a lot, is frightened, emotionally agitated, and an immature adrenal gland in the blood released an excessive amount of the hormone - norepinephrine. At the same time, the immature nervous system cannot cope with emotions. As a result, the hands and feet of the baby begin to shake.
Parents are met with tremor of the feet in infants also quite often. If the shaking occurs within the first three months of the crumbs, experts consider this to be quite normal. In addition to strong emotions, hand and foot tremor may occur as a result of physical exertion or hypothermia.
In the first weeks of life, parents may notice that the arms and legs of the newborn involuntarily twitch even at the moment when the baby is asleep, and the dream seems to be quite calm for adults. This also indicates that before us is an immature organism, the formation of which will continue.
The task of parents is to help strengthen the muscles and nervous system. Massage, which the baby's mother can learn through video, swimming will be an effective help to a non-stiff body.
Tips for parents
Professional doctors have repeatedly mentioned that massage can have a positive effect on the well-being and condition of the child. To conduct the treatment procedure correctly, first watch the video with the massage therapist performing the procedure correctly. After that, you can start, just remember to follow certain rules.
- Do not start a massage with tremor in newborns during the first month of their life. The best is the procedure with a baby older than 5 or 6 weeks.
- So that the procedure does not become an additional irritant of the baby, it should be carried out in comfortable conditions for him: in a ventilated, but warm room, touching the baby with warm hands.
To achieve the effect, you must have the following conditions:
- Massage on a cotton-covered hard surface,
- Gentle and at the same time quite energetic use of various massage movements (stroking, rubbing, kneading, vibration),
- Compliance with the rules when performing movements “from the periphery to the central part of the body”: from the foot to the inguinal zone, starting from the hand, to the armpits,
- It is not necessary to affect the following parts of the body: the liver - when stroking the baby’s tummy, the spine - when stroking the back,
- Observance of the sequence during the massage: the handle, the handle - the chest - tummy - legs - the back,
- Do not try to make the massage very rich. To make the baby comfortable, the whole procedure should take no more than 4-5 minutes. During this time, you will have time to massage each part of the body for 7-10 times.
Such a procedure will not only strengthen the muscular and nervous system of the child, but will also be useful for circulatory organs. It is not necessary to put on the body of any special aromatic oils or special powder. You can soften the hands and skin of the baby with baby cream if the child is already used to it and does not experience an allergic reaction.
To add pleasure to the baby, do not be silent during the procedure. Talk with babies, and children and adults get the same pleasure from such a procedure.
Now you know that tremor is quite common for newborns. Be calm about your baby’s muscle cramps and watch him closely at the same time. Knowing that tremor can pass on its own, you understand that it is possible to successfully treat a pathology, if its symptoms continue in 5 months. To do this, you need to start treatment in time for the intended purpose to consult a specialist if the tremor does not disappear on its own in the fourth month of the infant's life
What it is?
Multiple contractions of different muscle groups in newborns are involuntarily called a tremor. This condition is found in children's practice almost every day. When tremor appears, it is very important to distinguish between what time it occurs and whether it is pathological.
Tremor can be seen independently. The baby begins to shake some parts of the body. In some cases, there may be several hundred small oscillations in one minute. Their amplitude is usually small. Sweeping tremor occurs only in pathological neurological conditions. As a rule, in newborn babies, it is often the tremor that occurs with a small amplitude of vibrations that occur.
The most frequent manifestation of this state - trembling hands and feet, chin and parts of the face. Head tremor is less common, however, is considered one of the most important symptoms of ill-being in the neurological status of infants. After a year, tremor is becoming less common. The appearance of this condition at an older age indicates the presence of functional disorders, often caused by pathologies in the nervous system.
Many scientists have tried to find the answer to the question of what changes in the children's body occur during tremor. It turned out that the immaturity of the nerve centers affects the appearance of involuntary contractions. This is especially pronounced in premature babies. Babies born earlier than the established deadline are subject to the appearance of various types of tremor much more often than babies who were born on terms. Imperfect functioning of the nervous system leads to the fact that in babies of the first months of life various multiple muscle contractions easily appear.
Some scientists believe that the appearance of tremor occurs with an increase in the concentration of noradrenaline in the children's body. This hormone, synthesized by the adrenal cortex, is responsible for the transmission of nerve impulses. Increasing its concentration in the blood contributes to more rapid excitation and active muscle contractions.
The development of various clinical forms of tremor leads to the impact of various causes. As a rule, they operate even during intrauterine development. This explains the appearance of tremor in babies in the first months after birth. This condition can even develop in a completely healthy child. Any appearance of tremor in a newborn baby is an occasion for consultation with a pediatrician.
The appearance of the child involuntary contractions of the body results from the following causal factors:
- Imperfect work of the nervous system. Most neurological disorders occur in babies who were born before the prescribed period. In this case, organogenesis is disturbed - the process of organ formation. The shortening of the period of intrauterine development leads to the fact that the organs of the nervous system simply do not have time to form properly. After birth, this is manifested by the appearance of tremor in the baby, which often affects the limbs or certain parts of the face and head.
- Dysfunction of the endocrine glands. Impaired work of the adrenal glands leads to increased levels of norepinephrine. This condition provokes the appearance of involuntary muscle contractions of different amplitude in the child. Most often, such situations occur in premature babies or with congenital diseases of the endocrine glands. Tremor can be manifested by twitching of the lower jaw, tongue, lower lip, hands, and other parts of the body.
- Physiological causes. Body tremor can occur in babies and is normal. During sleep or after waking, a newborn baby may feel involuntary muscle contractions. This is a completely normal situation that does not require medical intervention. It is connected with the functional feature of the nervous system. As the child grows up, the central nervous system organs normalize their work, and the tremor will completely disappear.
Tremor in newborns: causes and effects
Quite often, you can observe tremor in newborns. The reasons for this condition lie in the immaturity of the nervous system of a small child and in the absence of full regulation of hormone production. The nerve centers of the brain that are responsible for movement, the field of birth of the child will continue to mature as it grows. The child gradually gets used to life outside the womb of the mother, and he needs time to adapt.
Another cause of tremor in infants is a surplus of norepinephrine. The adrenal glands of the child produce too much of the hormone norepinephrine due to the fact that they are also just adapting to functioning outside the womb. The concentration of norepinephrine in the blood of a child increases during hunger, cold, fright and other strong emotions. In addition, norepinephrine can be produced in the mother's body and transmitted to the child during fetal development (as a result of which the fetal tremor can be observed), or with mother's milk. That is why a pregnant and nursing woman should beware of stress, stay calm and be in a comfortable environment.
The tremor in the newborn can be noticed during a strong crying and hysteria. In this case, tremor acts as a compensatory phenomenon of the peripheral nervous system, which is necessary to stabilize the state.
However, tremor can indicate not only the maturation of the child, but also the development of pathology. Disturbances in the child’s nervous system, which are accompanied by a tremor, may result from:
- preterm labor
- oxygen starvation of the fetus during pregnancy and during labor,
- weak labor,
- head and neck injuries in labor,
- placental abruption,
- cord entanglement
- mother-borne infectious diseases during pregnancy
- withdrawal syndrome in the mother during pregnancy caused by alcoholism or drug addiction,
- sepsis and others
Tremor in newborns is observed from the first days of life and can last up to 3-4 months. Therefore, to answer the question, when the tremor in infants, just can not. Everything is very individual. However, if parents notice head tremor, tremor alone, you should contact a specialist. These are alarming signs of the development of neurological pathology. It is better to be safe and check the state of the nervous system of the child. If the doctor finds any irregularities, they will be easier to eliminate at an early age.
Tremor of hands in infants
If we compare the tremor of the limbs in infants, the tremor of the hands in newborns is much more common. The tremor is characterized by twitching movements of the hands (more hands, with a transition to the forearm) of a certain frequency and amplitude.
In a calm state, usually tremor does not appear. In the first days of life, you can only note the rare light twitching of the hands at rest, which is normal for a newborn. The intensity of tremors may increase if the tremor stimulus is not isolated. For example, tremor of the hands of infants may appear when frightened. Then you need to reassure the child, hug, offer a breast or a bottle of the mixture. A serene atmosphere should be created around the child, which will promote the harmonious maturation of his nervous system.
Leg tremor in infants
Tremor of the feet in newborns is less common than trembling of other parts of the body. Tremor of the lower limbs in newborns appears during hysteria, falling asleep, during the period of REM sleep. A child may have one foot or two at a time. The intensity of twitching will also vary. The child may even jerk his foot and wake himself up. To eliminate the trembling, gently stroke the child on the leg, to pump, to sing a lullaby. The more the child will experience positive emotions (care, love and affectionate treatment of loved ones, the environment is calm without harsh sounds and bright light), the less the likelihood of his tremor.
Tremor in infants: consultations in the Yusupov hospital
You can get advice about the causes of tremor in a child from the neurologists of Yusupov Hospital. It employs experienced doctors, doctors and candidates of medical sciences who perform quality diagnostics and treatment of various neurological diseases. The doctor will perform a neurological examination, evaluate reflexes, analyze the development. If necessary, additional examination methods will be assigned, which can be performed at the modern diagnostic center of Yusupov Hospital. After examination, the doctor will give recommendations for further action.
If the tremor in the newborn is not pathological, then it will be enough for the child to massage, do physical therapy with him, swim, make baths with soothing herbs, breathe fresh air. Additionally, drugs that improve the nutrition of tissues with oxygen can be prescribed.
In the case of the pathological nature of tremor, appropriate treatment will be prescribed, which will include more serious measures: drug therapy, physiotherapy. The treatment is prescribed strictly on an individual basis, depending on the condition of the small patient.
To sign up for a consultation with neurologists or to be examined at a diagnostic center, please call the Yusupov Hospital. The clinic takes adult patients.
What is tremor and when it passes
This term is called the systematic twitching of the child's arms, legs, chin, head. If this phenomenon is accompanied by an increase in tone in the muscle tissues, it can be concluded that the baby’s nervous system is not sufficiently formed and is distinguished by high excitability.
This condition occurs quite often - about every second baby. Muscle contraction in most cases occurs during sleep or with strong arousal.
Head tremor the baby may appear in the case of underdevelopment of the centers of nerve endings that are in his brain and are responsible for movement. In addition, this often contributes to the increase in the hormone norepinephrine in the blood.
Tremor of the hands, feet, chin or lips often occurs in premature babies. This is due to the fact that their nervous system did not have time to form, and maturation outside the womb is still considered unnatural, even with proper care.
Tremor in newborns does not need correction up to three months, but parents should understand that the child has a problem that requires their close attention.
The clinical picture of the disease
Tremor in newborns differs in the specific nature of the course and has characteristic manifestations:
- As a rule, with tremor in newborns, the lower lip and chin are most often trembling. Less frequently observed twitching of the lower or upper extremities.
- Shivering may be asymmetrical in nature - in this case, the body parts tremble separately. For example, a chin and handles, one leg and one hand can tremble at the same time.
- If the tremor is symmetrical and not too intense, this is also considered a variant of the norm. The movements in both situations are small and rhythmic.
- Physiological tremor should last just a few seconds. Twitching is usually observed in the period of crying or strong nervous tension, for example, after bathing. However, in some cases they may appear suddenly.
- For the first time, tremor may occur or increase slightly after the first month of life. До этого происходит период адаптации, когда ребенка рекомендуется защищать от внешних раздражителей.
После месяца малыш уже может принимать водные и воздушные ванны, а потому нагрузка на нервную систему существенно увеличивается.
Чаще всего тремор у новорожденного малыша является поводом для родительской тревоги. Однако до трех месяцев это состояние считается абсолютно физиологичным, и вызвано оно лишь незрелостью нервной системы.
Parents should be on their guard if after three months the symptoms of tremor do not diminish, but on the contrary increase. In addition, fear should be caused by the fact that twitching occurs without obvious reasons, and the child has an increased excitability - for example, he reacts too violently to sudden movements or sounds.
In this case, be sure to contact a neurologist.
This condition may be associated with diseases such as:
Tremor in newborns is considered quite normal, which occurs in every second child. Dr. Komarovsky claims that the nervous system of a newborn baby has a number of distinctive features.
In this case, the baby’s muscle tone is more pronounced in the muscles that flex its arms and legs. That is why tremor is considered to be quite normal and does not need treatment.
In most cases, such babies are prescribed swimming, gymnastics and therapeutic massage. How to treat tremor in newborns and whether it is necessary to treat it can only be decided by a specialist.
Most often in this case shows a regular relaxing massage. You can also be assigned to warm bath with the addition of lemon balm, mint, valerian. These herbs have a soothing effect, which has a positive effect on the health of the baby.
In order not to cause an allergic reaction, you should not do such baths too often - it will be enough three times a week.
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It is recommended to start a massage to a newborn baby after it is already 5-6 weeks old.
All movements used should be performed along the joints, namely from the periphery towards the center.
Massage must be done on a hard surface, and the room must be ventilated and ensure that it is warm enough.
For the procedure to be effective, it is enough to master a few simple movements, these include:
When stroking a baby, movements should be made along the current of the lymph in the direction of the nearby lymph nodes. Feet should be stroked from the feet to the groin. Hands need to be ironed, starting from the hands in the direction of the armpits.
With the help of strokes it is possible to improve the blood supply to the internal organs and tissues. Also, this procedure allows you to relax the muscles, relieve pain, calm the baby.
Rubbing is very useful for a child under one year old. For this finger pads need to perform rectilinear and spiral motion. Such procedures have a positive effect on the skin, muscles, ligaments and tendons.
Kneading makes it possible to activate blood circulation and calm the nervous system. It should be done gently and with enough energy.
There are several types of movements that are very useful for children up to a year and after:
- "Hang glider". To perform this massage you need to stroke the baby from the sacrum in the direction of the armpits. With this procedure, it is possible to calm the child and increase the flow of lymph.
- "Hot Track". The edges of the palm need to rub a strip located along the spine. After this procedure, the skin of the child should turn pink.
- "Geese". This massage is performed by tingling the skin on the back. Moreover, it is recommended to pay special attention to the shoulder blades, shoulders and the area along the spine. Similarly, perform the movement "Chickens". However, in this case, the child must be tapped.
- "Spiral". Performing spiral movements, it is necessary to move from the sacrum towards the baby’s neck, and this should be done along the spine. During this procedure, it is very important to feel all the vertebrae.
- "Wave". This procedure can be started when the baby's skin is well warmed. Only in this case, your movements will not cause painful sensations in the child. It is necessary to grab the skin fold with your fingers and begin to sort it out quickly. Should move along the spine, from the sacrum to the shoulders and armpits.
In the video you can see the technique of massage and gymnastics, which will be useful to the newborn during tremor:
If you follow all the medical recommendations, after three months the tremor should disappear or at least significantly decrease.
If improvements do not appear, and twitching occurs for no apparent reason, you should immediately consult a doctor - it is likely that the tremor is a consequence of more serious neurological disorders.
However, this does not mean that it should be ignored. Only the doctor will be able to determine whether the twitching of your child is a variant of the norm or whether they need special treatment.