Bleeding gums during pregnancy
Women carrying a child often have to deal with unpleasant changes in the body.
In particular, future mothers are written to the dentist, because the gums bleed during pregnancy, which can not but cause excitement.
Since any disease state can affect the development of the fetus, it is necessary to establish the cause of the disorder as soon as possible in order to undergo an appropriate course of treatment.
What does it threaten with?
In no case, even the slightest health problems can be ignored, especially during pregnancy.
There are various reasons why the gums bleed, but in most cases, bleeding during pregnancy is caused by hormonal changes.
Due to the sharp increase in estrogen, progesterone and prostaglandin levels, the tissues soften. And neglecting oral hygiene leads to inflammation of the gums.
Due to inflammation, the fetus may suffer. If you do not eliminate the infection in the mouth for a long time, the consequences are quite serious:
- Premature labor or miscarriage may occur.
- Pregnant risks before the birth of the baby to lose teeth.
- A child in the future significantly increases the chances of caries development.
- Diseases of the digestive system are not excluded.
Causes of bleeding gums in pregnant women
Carrying a baby is accompanied by hormonal changes. For this reason, there is a weakening of the protective forces. Immunity is also reduced in the oral cavity.
As a result - the development of infectious and inflammatory processes due to increased reproduction of pathogenic bacteria, therefore, the gums often bleed and hurt during pregnancy. Thus, gingivitis is often diagnosed in future mothers.
In addition to the above reasons, there are other factors that contribute to the appearance of blood discharge from the gums. Women who are at risk include:
- microbial plaque on the teeth,
- reduced enamel strength
- calcium deficiency
- strong toxicosis.
The development of bacteria in the oral cavity occurs much faster if the gums soften due to the active production of the hormone progesterone, when toxemia comes out gastric juice and when the pregnant woman suffers from preeclampsia.
Many women refuse to brush their teeth, because it causes vomiting. A rinse is applied together with a toothbrush that cannot eliminate plaque. Naturally, the gums then become inflamed and bleed.
Symptoms of inflammation
The presence of the inflammatory process can be found on the characteristic signs.
In the first trimester, an acute course of catarrhal gingivitis is often detected, which results in:
- redness and swelling of the gums,
- bleeding due to mechanical stress (when eating or using a toothbrush),
- changes in the shape of the papilla,
- pain discomfort, temperature increase (occasionally),
- unpleasant smell in the mouth.
If you do not treat catarrhal gingivitis in time, the chronic form will appear instead of the acute form, that is, hypertrophic gingivitis will occur. In this case, the swelling increases. The crown of the tooth is partially closed by strongly enlarged gingival papillae.
To effectively get rid of gingivitis, it is necessary to apply for treatment on time, as well as regularly carry out procedures recommended by your doctor.
When the gums bleed during pregnancy, the treatment is adjusted to the position of the woman. Only those methods that do not harm the baby are permissible.
Therapy is usually initiated with the onset of the second trimester. Although earlier elimination of inflammation is allowed, if it develops too quickly.
Plaque on the teeth should be removed. The specialist cleans the mouth with hand tools, pastes and polishing brushes. Laser or ultrasound for hygienic cleaning use is contraindicated.
The timely elimination of plaque is the basis of gum health. Prevention measures and methods of removing plaque at home can prevent the formation of tartar.
In addition, during the treatment of bleeding in future mothers is prohibited:
- use arsenic
- do anesthesia
- whiten your teeth
Patients in the position are assigned anti-inflammatory drugs:
- Chlorhexidine (0.05% solution). The product is recommended for rinsing. There is an antibacterial effect that persists for a long time after using the drug.
- Gel "Metrogil Dent". The tool has antimicrobial effects due to the presence of antibiotic and antiseptic substances.
- "Holisal" in gel form. With it, you can quickly eliminate pain and block the inflammatory process. The drug has the ability to quickly penetrate into the tissue. Use Holisal only with the permission of the doctor.
Gels are applied to the affected areas 2 hours before eating.
Phytotherapy against inflammation
If the gums bleed heavily during pregnancy, you can use popular recipes to eliminate unpleasant symptoms. However, you must do it right.
With herbs you should be careful not to complicate the situation. Some plants may increase uterine tone. Such, for example, is yarrow. Therefore, it is best to talk about the use of specific herbs with a doctor.
For rinsing you can take:
To make the infusion, you need to pour boiling water over the selected ingredient (200 ml) and leave for half an hour to infuse. If desired, a cotton swab is moistened in the finished infusion and applied to the inflamed area.
Effective will be blueberry infusion. The steps are as follows:
- boiling water poured berries (20 g),
- means 10 hours should stand,
- The recommended dose - three times a day, 2 tablespoons for 14 days.
Inflamed areas are lubricated with animal oil, which is prepared in several stages:
- crushed leaves and flowers of Hypericum in dry form,
- a tablespoon of the plant is mixed with vegetable oil (100 ml),
- the mixture must be boiled several times,
- cool down after straining
- apply to the gums twice a day (treatment is designed for 2 weeks).
It is recommended to rinse the mouth with baking soda. In a glass of water enough to dissolve a teaspoon of soda.
To ensure that your teeth are healthy, you should always take care. It is advisable to visit the dentist before conception.
But if problems in the oral cavity have arisen while carrying a baby, it is not necessary to delay the treatment.
Doctors constantly remind of preventive measures. After all, it is easier to reduce the risk of diseases to a minimum than to treat them later.
For cleaning, you must use a soft brush or medium hardness. It is important to avoid gum trauma. The procedure is mandatory twice a day.
It is desirable that the diet of sweets was as little as possible. It is better to replace them with vegetables and fruits.
Future moms should refrain from self-medication. About the slightest unpleasant manifestations in the body should speak to a specialist.
From gingivitis during pregnancy no one is immune. But there will be more chances for a successful cure for those women who monitor their health and carry out medical instructions.
And although many methods during the treatment of future mothers are contraindicated, there are ways by which good results can be achieved.
Causes of bleeding gums during pregnancy
The first possible cause of bleeding gums in pregnant women is the restructuring of the hormonal balance and the redistribution of metabolic processes. During childbirth, the woman’s immunity falls, the body becomes more vulnerable to infections. The structure of plaque can change, the amount of harmful pathogenic flora in the mouth increases. If at the same time with these changes there is an incorrect cleaning of the teeth, then the problem of bleeding can come to the fore: in addition, the coating of the tooth weakens, until the enamel is destroyed.
The second cause of bleeding from the gums during pregnancy is a lack of minerals in the tissues, in particular, calcium. The fact is that calcium, which is actively consumed in the formation of the musculoskeletal system of a growing in utero baby, should be replenished to the same extent from the outside - with food. If this does not happen, then the skeletal system and the metabolic processes of the future mother suffer, which, among other things, affects the condition of the oral cavity - the teeth and gums.
The plaque on the surface of the teeth, under the influence of pathogenic microorganisms, over time transforms into more dense deposits, which are called tartar. These deposits should be periodically cleaned with special means at the dentist’s appointment. This procedure is painless, it is done fairly quickly, but it is indispensable for the prevention of such a serious gum pathology, like gingivitis.
Gingivitis is an inflammatory process accompanied by redness, swelling and bleeding gums. During pregnancy, this disease is more often manifested in the first trimester of pregnancy, against the background of toxicosis or a radical restructuring of the hormonal background.
Causes of bleeding gums during pregnancy
Recently, bleeding gums during pregnancy is observed more and more, but this does not indicate the normality of this phenomenon. Most often, gingivitis leads to bleeding, that is, inflammation of the gums, which turn red and swollen. The cause of gingivitis is poor hygiene and accumulation of large amounts of plaque on the teeth. At the same time, pregnancy becomes a risk factor, because progesterone, which is actively produced during this period, weakens the gums.
Other causes of bleeding:
- calcium deficiency
- reduced enamel strength
- saliva composition change.
If during pregnancy bleeding occurs once, then this indicates a hormonal adjustment. In this case, do not worry. Enough to regularly visit the dentist.
If gingivitis develops, its early symptoms will appear as early as 3 months after the onset of pregnancy. As a rule, we are talking about catarrhal gingivitis, that is, acute form. Its symptoms are:
- swelling of the gums
- sensation of itching in the mouth,
- bleeding when cleaning and eating solid food,
- unpleasant smell
- smack in mouth
- slight increase in temperature.
If you do not see a doctor if one or more of the above symptoms appear, the disease will become chronic by going into the hypertrophic form. A sign of such gingivitis is an increase in gums that can cover the crown of the teeth. In general, hypertrophic gingivitis has 2 forms:
- swollen. Differs bleeding even during sleep. At the same time, the interdental nipples gradually increase,
- fibrous. Redness of the gums is not observed, and bleeding occurs only with mechanical action.
It must be remembered that the inflammatory process in the body of a pregnant woman sometimes constitutes a danger to the fetus. So, with gingivitis the likelihood of premature birth increases about 5 times. In addition, the disease can lead to insufficient weight in the baby or caries of milk teeth.
If one of the above symptoms is detected, an urgent need to register with a doctor. The specialist will assess the condition of the oral cavity and give the necessary recommendations.
If gums bleed during pregnancy, most often various rinses are used based on decoctions of sage, chamomile, oak bark and hypericum. It must be remembered that during pregnancy, not all of these herbs can be consumed. For example, there is evidence that yarrow refers to hemostatic agents. Moreover, it is able to enhance the tone. Accordingly, during the carrying of the child can not use such a decoction.
Pregnant women can safely use the following folk recipes:
- chamomile decoction. 1 tbsp. l inflorescences pour a glass of boiling water. After half an hour, the broth is filtered. The finished product has anti-inflammatory effects,
- blueberry infusion. 20 g of dried blueberries pour a glass of cool water and insist 10-15 hours,
- a solution of soda is often used for rinsing the mouth. It is enough to stir 1 tsp. powder in a glass of warm water. Rinsing is carried out several times a day,
- Sealer oil has a pronounced anti-inflammatory effect. For the preparation of funds 1 tbsp. l St. John's wort crushed, and then poured into a container with 1 liter of any vegetable oil. Put the liquid on the stove and bring it to a boil several times. Then the oil is cooled, gently filtered and used to lubricate the gums.
If bleeding gums during pregnancy is observed more than once, an urgent need to consult a specialist. An experienced doctor will prescribe the removal of deposits, including a light touch and old tartar. If the condition of the teeth is good, the procedure will be completely painless. If the patient has started inflammation, there may be unpleasant sensations during the removal of the deposits. After the procedure for decontamination you must rinse the mouth chlorhexidine solution.
Anti-inflammatory therapy is required to normalize vascular tissue. For this purpose, special pastes and ointments are applied to the affected areas. In their composition only safe ingredients are presentedtherefore, the drugs do not affect the fetus. It is best to give preference to heparin ointment.
Revision of the diet
Active formation of dental deposits is possible with regular sugar intake, therefore, if gingivitis was detected, it is necessary minimize the amount of sweets in the diet. After each candy you need to carefully brush your teeth.
During pregnancy, immunity should be maintained. This is especially true when gum bleeding is observed. Vitamins A, C, D and some of group B will help to reduce inflammation. Since the teeth are very sensitive during this period, it is necessary to avoid eating too hot and cold foods.
To improve the condition of the oral cavity, you should add to the diet blackberries, broccoli, onions. To stabilize the condition of the gums, the use of vitamin C, which is contained in citrus fruits, strawberries and cabbage, is recommended.
It is necessary to responsibly approach the formation of the diet. Due to an oversupply of vitamins, negative consequences are possible.
Gums bleeding and gestational age
At this time only minimal intervention is allowed. Potent drugs are strictly prohibited. However, you should regularly visit the doctor. Only the specialist will be able to assess the condition of the oral cavity and find a suitable treatment or postpone it. During this period, you can not resort to ultrasonic laser cleaning. It is best to choose a good paste and brush.
Various dental procedures are shown. If necessary, dental treatment is allowed. Manual cleaning with anti-inflammatory measures is recommended.
During this period, you should abandon the use of ultrasound.
If for some reason you can not use a brush, you should take a dental floss. It is best to choose a brush of weak or normal hardness. Otherwise there is a possibility of damage during cleaning. When pregnancy is to abandon the electric brushes. Professional cleaning of the stone can be carried out at 7, 17, 27 and 36 weeks.
Gums that bleed during pregnancy may indicate serious dental problems. Of course, you can use broths and rinsesbut this is in most cases not enough. To solve the problem of bleeding during pregnancy, you should review the diet and regularly visit the dentist.
Why do gums bleed during pregnancy
The gum is a mucous membrane that covers the alveolar process of the upper jaw and the alveolar part of the lower jaw, covering the teeth in the neck.
Gingivitis is an inflammation of the gums (they turn red, swell up, become loose, bleed). This condition often occurs in the first months of pregnancy.
As a rule, the main cause of bleeding gums in future mothers is the inevitable change in hormonal levels during the period of gestation. This not only leads to a drop in immunity, including local (that is, in the oral cavity), but also to a change in the composition of plaque, its more rapid formation, and so on, which all together provoke inflammation and bleeding of the gums.
Equally important is the correct regular care of the oral cavity. Gingivitis occurs because of neglect of the rules of hygiene and leads to the fact that bacteria grow on the gums. It causes inflammation, pain and bleeding. If you do not take action, gingivitis can turn into a more serious gum disease - periodontitis. При этом заболевании бактерии проникают в глубину и воздействуют на кость и ткани, которые удерживают зубы.
Indirectly to the development of gingivitis and calcium deficiency in the body, which is experienced by almost all women carrying pregnancy. And because the problem in most cases should be solved comprehensively.
What to do if gums bleed during pregnancy
To stop the bleeding or soothe the pain, it is necessary to rinse the mouth with infusion of healing herbs. Just make sure that their composition was allowed pregnant. Expectant mothers can safely use chamomile, an infusion of linden-colored or walnut leaves, a decoction of Potentilla grass goose.
You can buy ready-made rotokan tincture at the pharmacy, dilute 1 teaspoon in a glass of water and rinse your mouth. For the treatment and prevention of gingivitis, Kalanchoe juice or a mixture of honey and salt (1: 4) is rubbed into the gums.
Of the drugs are widely used ointments or gels, for example, "Metrogil-denta". But before using any of these tools, you should consult with your doctor: a therapist (if we are talking about folk remedies) or a dentist (if you decide to resort to pharmacy drugs).
If you are pregnant and your gums bother you, do not expect that everything will pass by itself: untreated "trifles" can develop into a serious illness over time. During pregnancy, especially carefully monitor the condition of the oral cavity: rinse your mouth and brush your teeth after eating. If you feel persistent long-term pain, or noted bleeding gums, go to the doctor. Just do not forget to tell him about your situation, if this is not yet visible to the naked eye, because pregnant women are not recommended to take x-rays or some types of anesthesia. You should also visit a dentist if you feel swelling and observe redness of the gums, or you notice that a plaque forms on the teeth very quickly after cleaning them.
If you need dental treatment, it is better to transfer it to the second trimester - the safest period in every respect of the child bearing. Gum treatment rarely requires aggressive measures, but if the problem has overtaken you at the beginning of pregnancy, then caution will not be superfluous. And even more sensible will try to prevent bleeding gums.
But what will happen if you do not engage in treatment? Any, even the most insignificant, diseases of the future mother adversely affect the health of the fetus.
List of possible consequences:
- Premature labor that occurs due to gingivitis or periodontitis,
- Future health of the child (problems with weight, impaired growth of milk and permanent teeth, caries).
If the appearance of blood on the gums in a pregnant woman is caused solely by a failure in the hormonal balance, then bleeding will not be a frequent and threatening phenomenon, but if it is caused by inflammatory diseases of the oral cavity, then this is an alarm bell.
Characteristic symptoms include:
- sore gums, itching and constant burning in the place of their contact with the surface of the teeth,
- swelling and reddening of the circulatory tissues,
- gum exfoliates from the tooth surface,
- bad breath,
- a lot of plaque.
- on the interval from 1 to 4 months, catarrhal (acute) form of gingivitis appears, it can affect all the gums or only part of them in the area from 1 to 3 teeth. It flows with different intensity and touches the gums in both jaws,
- if catarral gingivitis is not cured in time, then in the second half of pregnancy it usually flows into the hypertrophic form. It is divided into two types: edematous and fibrous. In the first case, blood appears not only during physical impact on the affected gum, but also during calm, in the second - the gum does not change color, but its nipples increase in size.
What to do if gums bleed during pregnancy?
If you find yourself in the first signs, you should immediately contact your dentist. The more delay with this decision, the greater the risk to the health of the fetus. After examination and diagnosis, the doctor will tell you how to treat the gums and how best to do it.
There are several methods of treatment, although pregnancy limits the choice of drugs, but there are means that do not harm the fetus and at the same time effectively eliminate the problem of bleeding. These include dental methods, folk recipes and diets.
Before starting any activities, the dentist should be informed about your situation, he will conduct the procedure taking into account this information. Treatment can be carried out in several stages:
- Removal of plaque - it accumulates on the teeth, especially during pregnancy, bacteria infested in it, the main cause of most diseases of the mouth. The procedure takes time, especially if the plaque had time to petrify, and occurs step by step, the dentist moves gradually until it cleans all teeth. If by this time the patient already has a severe stage of gingivitis, then the process can be painful.
- Fighting inflammation - serves as a preventive measure. A special ointment is applied to the patient's gums, which remain there for several hours.
The means used in the course of dental treatment are not dangerous for the fetus because they are manufactured using safe technologies and materials. For these purposes, acetylsalicylic acid ointment, glucose and lidaza are most often used.
Video: what to do if the gums bleed?
At home (traditional medicine)
Particularly rely on folk methods are not worth it, but they are safe for the fetus and are excellent auxiliary means: decoctions of chamomile, calendula, oak bark. But before using any folk remedies you need to consult with a dentist or other doctors.
Here are some safe folk recipes that are used to combat bleeding gums at home:
- chamomile - one tablespoon of dried chamomile flowers is poured with a glass of boiling water and allowed to infuse for several hours, then rinse the mouth cavity with a warm infusion every 2-3 hours. This remedy has a strong anti-inflammatory effect.
- blueberries - 30 grams of dried blueberries are poured with boiled water, it is necessary to insist on this remedy for at least 12 hours, and then rinse their mouth 4-5 times a day,
- soda - 1 teaspoon of soda is poured with a glass of warm boiled water, you can rinse your mouth no more than 3 times a day for several days,
- St. John's wort decoction is another remedy that has a strong anti-inflammatory effect. One tablespoon is required to grind into powder and pour 100 grams of vegetable oil. After that, the mixture should be boiled 2-3 times, cool and smear the gums with it several times a day.
To get rid of the risk of re-occurrence of bleeding is recommended to adhere to a special diet. First of all, foods with a high amount of sugar should be excluded from the diet, they provoke a large amount of plaque.
To maintain the body's defenses, it is necessary to eat foods with vitamins of groups A, C, B. The temperature of the food should be at room, because when the gums bleed during pregnancy they are very sensitive.
Products that are recommended to use in the first place:
- Blackberry berries.
- Onions, which contributes to the suppression of the vital activity of bacteria.
- Broccoli cabbage increases the local immunity of the oral cavity, strengthens the gums.
- Eating kiwi has the same effect.
- Products containing vitamin C - cabbage, citrus.
It is worth remembering that an excessive amount of vitamins in the body is also not very good. Pregnant women should discuss the nuances of the diet with doctors, so that the effectiveness of the diet and its safety were the highest.
Features of treatment for trimesters
To improve the effectiveness of treatment measures are divided into stages in accordance with the course of pregnancy.
- first trimester - it is required to refrain from most drugs, since during this period the fetus is actively formed. Consult your dentist, because he will advise a safe and effective means. Treatment should be carried out even in the first trimester, especially if there are inflammatory processes in the mother’s body,
- second trimester - the doctors recommend that all therapeutic measures be taken at this stage. If you need dental cleaning of teeth from plaque and sanation of the oral cavity, then it will do it during this period. The use of traditional methods of treatment of inflammatory diseases of the gums is also carried out in the second trimester,
- the third trimester - constant monitoring of the state of the mother and the fetus. Give up any active treatment measures, with the exception of only those cases where the disease carries a greater threat than the process of its treatment.
What are the dangers of gum bleeding?
Blood from the gums may appear when biting, on a toothbrush, rarely, it starts to go for no reason. But in any case, this signal should make alert and take action. After all, the consequences of this symptom can directly affect the future baby. Accordingly, the sooner the problem is solved, the better.
What if the gums bleed during pregnancy
According to the latest research, problems with the gums of the mother can cause problems with the teeth in the future. It is not surprising, because while the baby develops in the womb, it is a single organism. Infection of the mother automatically becomes a problem of the fetus. And if you add to this weakened immunity ...
If you ignore the first symptoms, you can get into serious trouble. It turns out that problems with the teeth of the mother in direct proportion increase the risk of having a baby with low weight. The presence of infection with a high probability may cause tooth decay in a child. I would not like to frighten you, future moms, but your infection in a third of cases is transmitted to the baby and the consequences can be very serious. The probability of miscarriage or premature birth in such a situation increases fivefold.
Gums bleed during pregnancy - what to do
Fearfully? Do not be afraid if you are not going to sit back. In modern medicine, there is a sufficient arsenal of safe means for both of you. You only need to gather strength and visit the dentist, be sure to inform him about your delicate situation.
Why is gum bleeding?
This has a full physiological explanation. The body of a woman during pregnancy undergoes a variety of changes. The endocrine system, beginning to work actively, supplies the woman with hormones in unusual quantities. This imbalance becomes the source of all ills. The protective forces are weakening, the structure of the gums is changing. Against a background of weakened immunity, changes occur in the familiar microflora of the oral cavity. This can provoke a more rapid formation of plaque and stone in the future.
Strengthening immunity during pregnancy
Plaque is nothing but hordes of germs devouring food debris from your teeth. Here is the puzzle: plaque, microbes, gums, we get the beginning of the inflammatory process.
Everyone, and a pregnant woman - all the more, due attention should be paid to the care of the oral cavity. You will be surprised to know how many girls neglect this process. This happens for various reasons: some feel sick from the paste, others from the brush, and the third is too lazy to walk to the bathroom once more. There are many reasons you can think of, but you will agree that this is irresponsible.
Why is teeth brushing important during pregnancy?
The combination of all factors leads to gingivitis. This is when the gum is inflamed in one or more places and requires special attention. Pregnant women may notice:
- intensive plaque formation
- swelling of the gums,
- unpleasant smell
- itching and discomfort when touching the gums.
If you see something similar in yourself, do yourself a favor - go to the dental clinic. Consultation will not hurt you. After all, gingivitis is only the tip of the iceberg. Very easily, the disease develops into more serious pathologies, such as periodontitis. And cope with it even harder.
Visit the dental office
We solve problems with gums
Probably many, after the above, ran to check the gum to the mirror. But do not panic. If everything is done on time and correctly, there will be no problems at all.
We talked about hormonal imbalance as the most likely cause of all ills. So, besides this, a pregnant girl also loses calcium every day, and with it useful minerals and vitamins. The fruit grows, he is not greedy, but he also needs. In this situation, it is very important to pay attention to proper nutrition. Include in the daily diet of dairy products, more fruits and vegetables. Have you ever wondered how animals deal with dental problems? Yes, very simple. They gnaw constantly, thereby getting rid of plaque and strengthen the gums and teeth.
Carrots, apples, pears - eat for health. With them, not only the body is filled with vitamins, but the teeth will be cleaned. But remember that in everything there must be a measure. Eat a pound of apples - this is too much.
In addition to the inclusion of healthy and healthy food, it is necessary to eliminate harmful. Pulls on the sweet - eat a piece. You should not eat buns for breakfast, cake for lunch, eclairs for dinner. Otherwise, gums and teeth will become the lesser of problems.
Began to eat right, but the body still chemically? Do not rush to grab the medicine. Nature has prepared a whole storehouse of tools that are absolutely safe for mother and child. It is only necessary to carefully read the properties, so as not to harm. The first thing that comes to mind is ordinary pharmaceutical chamomile. Brew flowers according to the dosage on the package and rinse. Chamomile soothes pain and perfectly copes with inflammation. Can even be used as a preventive measure.
Application of chamomile decoction
Calendula and sage have a similar effect, but they also have a pronounced antimicrobial effect. Some brew oak bark, yarrow leaves or calamus root. Each of these plants will not harm either you or the baby. And, importantly, to prepare the broth is very simple. Tablespoon for half a liter of boiling water and allow to cool for about 30 minutes. You can rinse.
The most responsible are thoroughly struggling with the problem - they prepare homemade ointments based on honey and salt, extract Kalanchoe juice. Then it is applied to the gums or kept in the form of gauze applications.
But consider the option when all these methods for some reason do not work. The redness does not pass, the pain remains, and again the blood on the brush, the doctor can not do. Any medical appointments and medical procedures, if they really need, should be taken during the second trimester of pregnancy. It is believed that during this period the fetus is least at risk. But this does not mean that everything is possible. Strictly prohibited:
- the use of drugs based on arsenic and phenols,
- teeth whitening procedure.
Teeth whitening is prohibited during pregnancy.
You can, just be careful
The doctor may prescribe the tincture Rotocan. According to the instructions on a glass of water divorced teaspoon and can be rinsed. A strong bactericidal effect has an aqueous solution of chlohexidine. There are many other rinses. Care should be taken to ensure that no antibiotic is present in these rinses. Trust the doctor and check it yourself.
After each rinse, the inflamed gums can be lubricated with Metrogil Dent gel. It will remove itching and discomfort. But the use of this drug in the first trimester is not recommended. In any case, it's up to you and the doctor to decide only after an objective risk assessment.
Even the scientific world argues about whether to x-ray or not. On the one hand - radiation, and on the other - daily electromagnetic radiation from household appliances and mobile phones. Too bad, but no one refuses.
It is important to understand that visiting the dentist does not need to be feared. You go to a certified specialist who will not harm you and, all the more, will not force you to take this or that remedy. He may prescribe weak drugs, and he will be able to return to a thorough treatment after the completion of the breastfeeding period.
Gums bleed during pregnancy - the problem is better to prevent
Ideally, when planning a child, it is better to solve all dental issues in advance. Treatment, if needed, will pass without haste, without stress, in a planned manner.
Oral hygiene is an integral part of the health of the gums and teeth. I draw your attention to the fact that this should be done not only regularly, but also correctly. For the next 9 months it is worthwhile to get a couple of new brushes with soft bristles. On packages with such you will see the words “soft”. It will avoid unnecessary gum trauma.
The cleanliness of the teeth must be remembered not only in the morning and in the evening. Rinse your mouth after every meal. To do this, amiss warm boiled water. Do not forget to use dental floss. Only she can remove food debris between the teeth, where the gums are most susceptible to infection. For mechanical cleaning of teeth, you can use chewing gum. Но это скорее исключение, чем правило.
Использование зубной нити
В заключении, милые дамы, хочу добавить, что в любой ситуации с деснами не стоит паниковать. Стресс, полученный при этом, может нанести гораздо больший вред, чем тот же гингивит, который успешно лечиться.
You now have enough information to deal with gum problems easily and simply. If you encountered such a problem earlier, write about it in the comments. Many will be important to hear your opinion.
The first steps in detecting bleeding gums
Many women are immediately afraid of such a phenomenon, but it’s too early to panic, especially in this position. "If gums bleed during pregnancy, what should I do?" - This is the first question that flies from the mouth of the future mom. The first thing you need to rinse your mouth with water, and even better infusions of medicinal herbs.
It is advisable to first consult which herbal teas in this position are prohibited, for example, it is not recommended to use:
- linden flowers
- walnut leaves,
- Lapchatka goose.
Of the common means at this point, you can call the juice from the leaves of Kalanchoe (it can be rubbed directly into the gum), a mixture of honey and salt.
If such a problem appears, you should not hope that it will pass by itself. If you do not go to the dentist in time, this may result in more serious complications. Even if you notice the usual swelling of the gums without signs of bleeding, this is a reason to visit a doctor.
Symptoms of gingivitis
If you notice blood while brushing your teeth only a couple of times, then most likely the reason is hormonal restructuring. But most often during pregnancy, gingivitis is exacerbated or appears for the first time. Consider his signs.
- Swelling and redness of the gums.
- There was an itch in the gum area.
- Bleeding occurs after brushing your teeth or eating solid foods.
- Gingival papillae become dome-shaped.
- An unpleasant taste and smell appear in the mouth.
- Pain in the mouth.
- There may even be an increase in body temperature.
It should be noted that gingivitis is of two types:
The first variety is usually characterized by mild or moderate severity; it can capture an area of 1-2 teeth or a larger part.
Hypertrophic gingivitis may manifest itself with the appearance of blood even at night, the nipples between the teeth increase, in some cases, can cover the tooth more than half.
If any symptoms of gingivitis appear, or if the gums bleed during pregnancy, it is first necessary to see a specialist.
Manifestations of gingivitis in different periods of pregnancy
Usually for the first time, a woman can find in her mouth discomfort and blood when brushing her teeth at the end of the first trimester. At this time, hormonal adjustment reaches its maximum.
The procedure for brushing your teeth becomes painful, even eating solid food becomes uncomfortable. If at this time, in order to avoid unpleasant sensations, the woman ceases to engage in oral hygiene, the symptoms not only will not disappear anywhere, but will gradually worsen.
The gums bleed even more during pregnancy in the third trimester, the photo below demonstrates well. Most often, the front teeth are subject to this process, such a phenomenon can be observed even after filling, dental prosthetics, as these procedures injure the gums and aggravate gingivitis.
The last trimester is no longer so responsible in terms of laying the internal organs of the baby, so the doctor may recommend some medications for treatment.
Influence of the inflammatory process on the development of the fetus
In plaque, which constantly accumulates on the surface of the teeth of each person, contains bacteria. If you do not clean it in time, then the microflora begins to emit a lot of toxins, which, getting into the blood, can harm the baby.
In addition, these same toxic substances can provoke premature uterine contraction, which will lead to childbirth in the wrong time.
It is also worth noting that diseases of the gums and teeth of the mother during pregnancy may in future lead to problems with the teeth of the child. Since their tab is already on the fifth week of fetal development. Based on this, it can be concluded that if the gums bleed during pregnancy, the problem should be solved by a doctor.
Gum bleeding therapy
During the first visit to the dentist with such a problem, the doctor will ask you about the symptoms of the disease, examine the oral cavity, ask about the gestational age. In different trimesters this problem can be solved unequally.
After a detailed study of the condition of your gums, the specialist will determine the therapy.
- If plaque is the cause of bleeding, the doctor will clean his teeth from it, remove the tartar. During pregnancy, it is undesirable to use ultrasound, so this procedure will be carried out with a hand instrument.
- To stop the inflammatory process, antiseptics are prescribed, during pregnancy you can use Chlorhexidine. Rinse your mouth is necessary in the morning and evening.
- The doctor may prescribe applications, for example, using Metrogil Denta (this drug is allowed only in the third trimester).
If the gums bleed during pregnancy, the reasons may be different, but the main thing is to eliminate them, and this can only be done by a highly qualified specialist.
Prohibited products for treatment during pregnancy
If you visit the dentist in the early stages of pregnancy, when the tummy is not yet visible, then you should definitely inform the doctor. In an interesting position, some drugs and methods of treatment are prohibited, for example:
- use of arsenic is unacceptable,
- you can not whiten your teeth
- prosthetics undesirable
- Anesthesia should be carried out only with benign drugs and in a small dosage.
The best way to avoid all undesirable consequences after dental treatment during pregnancy is to visit the dentist before it occurs.
Toothpaste as a means of preventing bleeding
Currently, manufacturers of toothpastes are already producing not only preventive, but also therapeutic options. On sale you can find products that can stop bleeding gums and reduce inflammation.
If the process has gone too far, then one paste here will not get off. It is necessary to remove plaque and polish teeth, all these procedures are done manually. After them, the doctor can advise you which toothpaste is best to use. It may just be an additional tool in the treatment of gingivitis or in the fight against bleeding gums.