Cycle failure after contraceptive abolition
Hormonal contraceptives in recent years are very popular among women. Pharmacies of this type come in two versions of estrogen-progestin and progestin drugs.
Many of them have a prolonged action and affect the level of the hypothalamus and pituitary gland. Contraceptives inhibit the functionality of these organs, and thereby prevent unwanted pregnancies. The process that stimulates follicle maturation and ovulation onset is suppressed.
Thus, the ovaries cease to perform their function. This method of contraception has one major drawback, which is not customary to pay attention.
In this case, the follicles are wasted. Since the number of follicles in a woman is formed in advance and this number cannot grow at all, their reduction can lead to serious problems in the future.
First of all, a decrease in the number of follicles can cause the onset of early menopause. Because of this, the fertile age of a woman can be significantly reduced. Against this background, immunity and the body’s ability to resist stress can be significantly reduced. Therefore, the decision to cancel OK is fully justified.
When small doses of hormones are taken, only partial blocking of the processes occurs, so a situation arises when the follicle becomes able to mature. In the same case, ovulation occurs in due time. But pregnancy does not occur, as the fertilized egg is not able to gain a foothold on the wall of the uterus.
It turns out that the fertilized egg dies. The cause of the death of the egg is the endometrium, which is modified by the action of hormones. Mucous becomes friable. It turns out that hormonal abortion occurs.
The second type of drugs has an almost similar effect, but in this case, the possibility of egg maturation is blocked. In this case, there is an intervention in the pituitary gland. Natural hormones are replaced by artificially created, and it is perceived by the body as a pregnancy.
Long-term use of contraceptives of this type leads to the fact that the uterine endometrium is loosened, becomes a thicker secret, produced by the cervix. The corresponding cyclical changes do not occur in the ovary.
It is well known that oral contraceptives are used in medical practice to treat many gynecological diseases. But their use allows to achieve only a temporary effect, since the source of the problem in this case remains.
As a result, and treatment leads to the fact that the resource follicles invariably decreases. Another very unpleasant feature of these drugs, which they try not to recall, all of them have a high degree of carcinogenicity, since the hormones they contain are synthetic substitutes for natural. This significant lack of oral contraceptives has long been confirmed by long-term studies.
Previously, this type of drugs was used very rarely by doctors, only when it was urgently needed, when the question of the patient’s life or death arose. Now hormonal drugs are used quite widely, not always justified, including for oral contraception.
The use of hormones was previously considered justified when they were to replace the missing organ. For example, when removing the ovaries, and then only in young age women. The remaining cases do not fall under the criterion of vital.
Therefore, taking oral contraceptives, it is necessary to weigh the possible negative effects and the effect obtained from their use. A more competent approach would be if possible to find alternative ways to treat and prevent unwanted pregnancies.
The issue of restoring the cycle after canceling OK is always very serious. Stop taking the drug just willful decision will not work. In addition, by this time the woman has serious problems with the childbearing function. Only a small proportion of patients, absolutely healthy gynecological women, have a normal monthly cycle that can be restored independently and in a short time.
But most often, doctors have to deal with a situation where long-term use of hormonal drugs leads to irreversible disorders, primarily from the hypothalamus and pituitary gland.
The condition of a woman going through the abolition of hormonal contraceptives can be compared to breaking up with an addict when drug use is canceled. Cancellation affects both physical and psychological condition. A certain percentage of women have a chance to remain barren, since they cannot fully restore the functions associated with childbirth.
In order to rid the body of the consequences associated with the use of hormonal contraceptives, will have to spend a lot of time and effort. The treatment process is associated with certain difficulties, especially if the changes that have occurred are great.
Will have to restore the functionality of both the reproductive and endocrine systems. To conceive a child immediately after the cancellation of OK probably will not work, or this pregnancy will end in miscarriage.
So, planning a future pregnancy can begin no earlier than six months, or even longer, after the last use of hormonal drugs. During all this time you will have to maintain the body, stimulate the disturbed processes.
How quickly the recovery will take place will depend on many factors. Primarily from the time of taking the drugs. Next, you have to take into account the initial state of health of the woman before starting the reception of OK. Not a small role is played by the age of the woman, the type of drugs taken.
Drugs containing progesterone are more easily tolerated by the body. The withdrawal of estrogen-progestin drugs is more difficult to tolerate.
For example, the restoration of the cycle after the abolition of OK, a girl at the age of 23 years old, who has taken hormones for several years, will take about twelve months. After 30 years, this process may take several years. After 35 this period will be increased several times.
First of all, a woman should prepare herself to give up OK morally. She should understand how this process will be reflected in her physical and mental state. For a long time, many processes in the body were suppressed, so their recovery may be accompanied by severe stress.
It should immediately be said that each organism individually copes with the abolition of OC and to combat nervous breakdowns it is necessary to determine a clear day regimen, which will take into account the amount of physical exertion, meal times and the time needed for proper rest and entertainment. To create a normal emotional background, it is recommended to use fish oil, eleutherococcus, licorice, rhodiola rosea.
Next, you need to contact your doctor and determine the list of problems that could arise during the intake of hormones. Restoration of the cycle after the abolition of contraceptives should be one of the priorities for the doctor and his patient.
First of all, you need to pay attention to how the first day of bleeding will pass after canceling OK. This day will be considered the first base day of the cycle. It is important that hormonal drugs be canceled gradually. If there is no spontaneous bleeding, the dose should be reduced by a quarter of the tablet within a month. The body must learn to take a reduced dose.
Abolish the drug can only dramatically with a short period of its use. The most difficult to break from the combined OK. Synthetic substances become part of the metabolic chain, so abrupt cancellation is stressful for the body. Against this background, signs of menopause may appear due to the fact that artificial hormones no longer enter the body, and natural hormones are not yet fully synthesized.
Vitamins and phytoprogestins will be able to help ease the rejection of OC, the latter will help restore ovarian function. Herbs correctly mitigate the effects of hormone failure on the body. Herbs, similar in their action to the action of hormones, can alleviate the problem. Moreover, they do not affect normally functioning glands, only those of them that fail are observed are supported.
Phytoestrogens are prescribed in the first follicular phase of the menstrual cycle, and they are accepted until the moment of ovulation, then the woman switches to phytoprogestins. Do not be afraid, if the first half of the cycle is delayed for a long time, this phenomenon is considered normal when you cancel OK.
The small intestine in a small amount is able to produce hormones produced by the epiphysis. While receiving hormonal drugs, this ability is also suppressed. Therefore, it is necessary to support this part of the digestive system.
To do this, you will need to normalize food and clean the bowels. During the period of cancellation of hormonal drugs, it is necessary to reduce the amount of carbohydrates in food, as well as to abandon animal fats. Fully excluded from the diet of milk and dairy products.
Should eat more lean meat. Of sweets, it is necessary to give preference to those products, which include not glucose, but fructose. Drinks can be drunk, but they should not contain sugar. You can't eat potatoes all this time. You can not eat fried and spicy, since fats after such processing become powerful androgens. Fruit must be abandoned grapes and bananas.
Delay of menstruation after the abolition of birth control pills
Violation of the menstrual cycle after taking or canceling hormonal contraceptives occurs quite often. The delay after contraceptive drugs does not depend on the age of the woman, even in a young and healthy body, there is a failure of the ovulation process and other phases of the cycle. Gynecologists claim that such a situation with a delay is a natural and natural reaction of the body to a dose of hormones not planned by nature.
Action of contraceptive drugs
The main purpose of contraceptive drugs is the elimination of favorable conditions for conceiving an unplanned child. In their composition there is a large number of so-called female hormones that affect the work of the ovaries. These contraceptives affect the ovulation process, slow it down or completely block it. In addition, their action is aimed at changing the structure of the uterine mucosa and genital tract, making it more dense and viscous. This condition of the membranes prevents the invasion of sperm into the fallopian tube. At the same time, the uterus shell itself becomes thinner - if the egg cell fertilizes, the embryo does not consolidate. Therefore, after taking contraceptives, the delay is not surprising.
There are also combined contraceptives that combine both the male hormone (progestin) and the female hormone (estrogen). In the body of a woman, the ovaries from puberty to the period of menopause produce estrogen. Its greatest concentration occurs in ovulation, the pill reduces this level of the hormone, preventing the maturation of the egg.
Combined contraceptives can be monophasic - the whole intake is one level of hormones, and three-phase - during the menstrual cycle, a set of hormones is different. All combined funds are qualified for:
- Microdose appointed nerzhavavshim girls who just started to live sex life. Minor doses of hormones in these drugs do not violate the menstrual cycle, reception is not accompanied by side effects, the delay is unlikely.
- Low dose drugs are used when for some reason a small dosage of hormones does not affect the girl's body.
- High dosage Contraceptives are used to treat serious hormonal disorders in women of middle and old age.
- Progestin tablets - It is a contraceptive for nursing mothers. In their composition there is no estrogen.
When choosing contraceptive drugs, it is important to consider the age of the woman, the presence or absence of hormonal disorders, and the fact of pregnancy and childbirth. This is required so that after taking contraceptives a delay does not become a symptom of a serious problem with the body.
What to expect after the cancellation of contraceptives?
Against the background of discontinuation of hormonal drugs, ovarian activity is activated. Due to the fact that the flow of gestagens and estrogens stopped, the body begins to prepare for ovulation. The pituitary gland regains the ability to produce hormones that stimulate follicle maturation.
A woman may observe symptoms of contraceptive withdrawal:
- Delayed menstruation,
- frequent mood swings
- the period of menstrual bleeding increases with time or decreases,
- severe abdominal pain,
- active sebaceous glands.
At the end of the intake of contraceptive drugs, the ovulation process stabilizes in 1-2 years. By this time, the woman can already plan pregnancy and is preparing to replenish the family, the whole period is possible slight delay of menstruation. But there are cases when pregnancy occurs immediately after the abolition of contraceptives. This happens due to too vigorous ovary activity after a long stagnation. Also, successful fertilization depends on the time of reception of contraceptives. Thus, a woman taking the drug for less than six months can quickly become a mother after the cancellation. Protection of more than 3 years significantly increases this time. Gynecologists recommend to abandon hormonal contraceptives for 6 months before the desired date of conception. This period, under favorable conditions, will have enough reproductive function for full recovery.
The body of a healthy woman begins to function normally within 3 months after giving up contraceptives. But hormonal drugs are prescribed not only to protect against unwanted pregnancy. They are taken for the treatment of endometriosis, fibroids, uterine bleeding and other diseases. In such a situation, it is impossible to completely refuse contraceptive drugs until recovery.
Delay after Clyra
The composition of Klayra is substantially close to the natural hormones of the human body. After taking the drug side effects occur in very rare cases. If, after the cancellation occurs delayed menstruation, then the woman should be patient. After taking contraceptives, the delay to the next menstrual cycle will pass, there will be a spotting according to the timing. But they can be more abundant than usual. You should not be afraid, after 2–3 months the situation stabilizes.
How much time may delay
Long-term use of contraceptives teaches the woman's body to exist according to an artificial scheme. In it, the reproductive function is in a sleepy state, and the ovaries are not able to produce the required amount of hormones. In such a situation, you should not be surprised at the delay. The body will need some time to fully recover. The duration of the process depends on the individual characteristics of the woman and the duration of exposure to contraceptives. Sometimes it happens that a woman returns the ability to fertilize already in the next menstrual cycle after the abolition of contraceptives.
And in some women, after taking contraceptives, the delay lasts more than a year. In advanced cases, hormonal failure becomes chronic, and only a doctor will be able to prescribe adequate treatment. Most often you have to go back to hormone therapy, while the gynecologist can artificially cause menstruation. In such a situation, a woman needs to prepare for a rather long treatment to restore reproductive function.
Contraceptive drugs in any case cause a delay in menstruation. Whether it is a slight postponement of monthly bleeding or a long period of absence, women are advised to listen to their feelings and adhere to the rules of contraceptive withdrawal. This will help eliminate the development of complications in the future, and not blame yourself for futile attempts to get pregnant.
WHAT TO DO IF YOU HAVE DETECTED MYOMO, CYST, INFERTILITY OR OTHER DISEASE?
- You are worried about sudden abdominal pain.
- And the long, chaotic and painful periods are already pretty tired.
- You have insufficient endometrium to get pregnant.
- Highlight brown, green or yellow.
- And the recommended drugs for some reason are not effective in your case.
- In addition, constant weakness and ailments have already firmly entered your life.
Эффективное средство для лечения эндометриоза, кисты, миомы, нестабильного менструального цикла и других гинекологических заболеваний существует. Перейдите по ссылке и и узнайте что Вам рекомендует главный гинеколог России
Правила приема оральных контрацептивов
As gynecologists note, it is important to adhere to several basic rules to ensure the safety of intimate communication:
- Take the pills in the correct order according to the enclosed instructions.
- determine the time of day or certain hours of taking the drug,
- If you have nausea while taking pills, try taking them with food, after meals or before bedtime.
- Your menstrual period usually comes within the last 7 days of each pill package. Such dynamics is observed as soon as your body adapts to the pills. Thus, it is easy to control the beginning and end of menstruation,
- Do not forget about the drug.
Discontinuation of contraceptive use: what happens in the body?
After completing a course of treatment or protection, the woman is faced with the task of restoring fertility. It is important to understand that the body may be weakened and need additional strengthening. A number of factors affect its condition. If a woman previously extremely rarely encountered diseases, there are chances to restore her health quickly enough. With a weakened immunity and predisposition to the ailments, the situation is more complicated.
It is especially important to pay attention to the functionality of the body after a long course. Due to the effect on the reproductive system, the hypothalamus and pituitary, hormonal changes. In the first stages, even side effects can occur, which are associated with internal processes. Doctors sometimes even compare such a state of patients with drug breaking, since it can be very difficult to adapt to the rejection of OK.
Changes are associated not only with the deterioration of the physiological characteristics of the organism, but also the psychological state. It becomes hard to control your behavior. To restore the function of carrying a fetus, it is important to stabilize and normalize the reproductive and endocrine systems. Doctors have developed a whole system to determine how much the body has undergone hormonal changes. This requires self-control, medical advice and testing.
The ability of a woman to become pregnant and bear a healthy child depends on the emotional state. The fair sex should feel great, not complain about the general condition, admire the body. In this case, it is also important to support a partner who is able to increase self-esteem and sexuality.
Delivery after cancellation OK
If initially the patient sets a goal to normalize the hormonal balance for the further conception of the child, it is important to understand that fertility is the result of a healthy endocrine system. Therefore, it is important to make efforts to normalize it. The body needs to be returned to the usual rhythm, providing natural physiological processes.
If you ignore the poor condition, the symptoms of serious symptoms, increases the chance of losing a child in the early period. This is due to the fact that oral contraceptives have a significant impact on the body, after which it needs a comprehensive reboot.
Pregnancy should be planned no earlier than 6 months after the rejection of hormonal pills. Such a serious decision should be taken only after consulting a gynecologist, so as not to endanger yourself and the unborn baby.
Factors affecting the recovery period of the body:
- the age of the woman: the young body many times comes to itself,
- level of health and predisposition to various diseases,
- stress tolerance and emotional perception of what is happening,
- the composition of drugs that are taken before the desire to get pregnant: how strong hormones, their concentration and dosage. For example, progesterone is practically safe for the reproductive system, so it takes less time to recover,
- The effect of other hormonal pills on the body.
There are several typical side effects that can occur while taking pills:
- nausea, headache
- breast tenderness
- bloating, weight gain, problems with the chair,
- mood variability, emotional instability,
- depression and stress,
- bleeding or breakthrough discharge between the menstrual cycles.
Do not stop taking pills with the manifestation of the above side effects. They disappear on average after 3 months, as your body fully adapts to the pills. If the side effects bother you, make an appointment with your doctor.
It is necessary to sound the alarm in cases where the course of treatment is accompanied by persistent severe headaches that do not go away. Also, loss of vision and blurred eyes, severe pain in the chest, difficulty breathing, coughing up blood, fainting, numbness of certain parts of the body are also unacceptable. Bad habits (smoking, alcohol, drugs) increase the risk of complications associated with taking oral contraceptives. Estrogen-containing birth control pills may increase the risk of thickening of the blood that can travel to the lungs or brain.
Features recovery cycle after cancellation OK
The principle of exposure to contraceptives associated with the saturation of the body with a sufficient amount of synthetic sex hormones. Thus, the ovaries reduce their natural production, due to which it is possible to prevent pregnancy. After the abolition of the pills the body needs a full renewal and restoration of its functions. For this he will need enough time. Depending on the age of the woman, the composition of the drug and other factors, this period is determined. Only after it a girl can think about planning a pregnancy.
According to statistics and conclusions of gynecologists, menstruation should recover 2 months after the end of hormone intake. It is about stabilizing the timing and duration of the cycle. More time is needed for patients who have subjected their body to hormonal changes for more than a year. Women are also facing recovery problems after 30 years, as this is hampered by physiological features.
Patients who have taken drugs from 3 years can not get pregnant in the first year. In this case, only a competent doctor and a properly selected treatment method will help, which will require considerable financial costs. Age barriers are associated with a low ability to naturally reduce the number of eggs.
Normalization of hormonal levels is also associated with the functionality of the ovaries. If there have been previously observed violations, inflammatory processes, there is the likelihood of complications. If before the start of taking contraceptives, the patient was seen by the gynecologist with a cycle failure, pain, you should not hope for the restoration of women's health.
Lack of menstruation
Restoration of the cycle after the cancellation of OK in 80% leads to irregular menstruation. Due to the lack of blood discharge, women begin to experience and look for the reasons for this turn of events.
There are several reasons due to which such disruptions occur in the body:
- Pregnancy: in case of refusal of synthetic hormones, the chances of getting pregnant increase. In the first month after stopping the reception of OC, the organism is predisposed to conception, therefore pregnancy is not excluded. To do this, it is important to consult a gynecologist to avoid unpredictable consequences. Refusal of the drugs leads to the resumption of the reproductive system, so already on the first cycle the sperm cell can fertilize the egg.
Experts do not exclude the probability (albeit low) of pregnancy at the time of contraceptive intake. This may be due to indigestion, side effects in the form of vomiting, exposure to other drugs, non-adherence.
- Restart the system. In the first stages of the recovery of the body, insignificant discharge may occur, which represent menstruation. This is due to physiological changes at the hormonal level.
- Amenorrhea is one of the rare side effects of taking contraceptives. This is due to the negative impact on the work of the hypothalamic-pituitary system. Most often, such cases occur when using contraceptives of potent composition. Some hormonal components can affect the work of vital organs. That is why it is extremely important to consult a gynecologist and select the safest contraceptive.
- Infection or inflammation. Unlike condoms, during intimate contact, oral contraceptives do not protect against infections. Inflammatory processes caused by infections can lead to disruption of the menstrual cycle. To eliminate this cause, it is important to pass a series of tests on time and be checked by a gynecologist. Running inflammatory processes lead to chronic illnesses and infertility.
- Violation of the functionality of the ovaries and thyroid gland. In order to determine whether menstrual failures are caused by these factors, you also need to pass all the necessary tests and do an ultrasound scan. Complications in the form of polycystic ovaries are caused by ignoring contraindications to taking OK or incorrectly chosen drug. If the cyst does not disappear after the normalization of the cycle, treatment may result in surgical intervention. Polycystic is important to diagnose in time to prevent infertility.
Methods for the restoration of the reproductive system
The endocrine system is susceptible to adverse effects throughout the course of taking pills. This affects not only the functionality of the female organs, but also the general condition of the patient. At the first stage, it is extremely important to control and restore emotional balance. To do this, it is enough to observe the sleep and rest regime, control the level of fatigue, take time for physical activity, switch to proper nutrition, monitor the weight and prevent its sudden changes.
It is also important to protect yourself from fear of a future pregnancy.. Reviews on the Internet, stories about disastrous consequences horrify future moms. Recognition of the problem should be reasonable, and its solution - phased. During the period of recovery cycle after failure OK, observe the behavior of your body. It is even desirable to have a health diary in which to record the state, duration of menstruation, its beginning and end.
Refusal of OK should be gradual with lower doses. To do this for at least a month worth taking a quarter pill. A phased transition is less detrimental to the overall condition. The body needs time to get used to reducing the dose, and then completely life without contraceptives. If the drug is used a little time, you can give it up much faster. At the same time the risk of side effects is minimal.
To strengthen the body, it is recommended to support its use with phytoprogestins and phytoestrogens. These are herbal tinctures capable of stabilizing the state of the body and the gland.
What are hormonal contraceptives?
Hormonal drugs to prevent unwanted pregnancies contain estrogen and progestin. Each manufacturer uses a special combination of these substances, which allows each woman to choose the means that best suits her. The hormones contained in the OK, in their structure and properties are most similar to those produced by the ovaries. That is why they have many positive properties.
The contraceptive effect of these drugs is provided in the following way:
- the process of maturation and release of the egg cell is suppressed. In women taking these drugs, ovulation does not occur at all,
- the uterine mucosa changes in such a way that the attachment of a fertilized egg is simply impossible,
- mucus in the cervix is significantly thickened, which will be an obstacle to the penetration of sperm,
- certain changes occur in the fallopian tubes. As a result, sperm are unable to move normally there.
What other beneficial properties of hormonal contraceptive drugs exist?
Taking hormonal contraceptives, every woman can feel the beneficial changes in her body:
- very often menstruation becomes less painful, their duration and the amount of discharge may decrease,
- monthly come always on time, if you follow the recommendations for taking pills,
- due to the inhibition of ovulation, the woman is protected from ectopic pregnancy, which can lead to death,
- decreases the likelihood of developing ovarian and uterine cancer,
- significantly increases the chance of a successful pregnancy after the end of the medication,
- the likelihood of developing many inflammatory diseases in the pelvic organs is reduced,
- decreases the risk of osteoporosis,
- natural protection of the woman’s body is increased, since pathogens are not very often able to penetrate viscous cervical mucus,
- decreases the number of lesions on the body, which had a hormonal nature of occurrence.
How to act when you need to cancel contraceptives?
According to the recommendations of all gynecologists and manufacturers of hormonal drugs, their cancellation should be done after the package is completely finished. Only in this case, you can avoid hormonal failure, which is sure to happen otherwise. After taking the last pill from the pack, menstrual-like bleeding begins.
It is also called a cancellation reaction. Usually, such menstruation begins 1-2 days after the completion of the pill. In order for this process to proceed as smoothly as possible, you must adhere to the following recommendations:
- Before canceling oral contraceptives, it is imperative to consult with your gynecologist. In some cases, stop taking these drugs is strictly prohibited.
- It is recommended to pass tests to determine the level of sex hormones.
- It is necessary, if possible, to drink the whole pack to the end. Interruption of oral contraceptive intake in the middle of the cycle leads to serious consequences for the body. In this case, the female reproductive system will experience tremendous stress and react with intense uterine bleeding.
When can women resort to canceling hormonal contraceptives in the middle of a cycle?
In some cases, the abolition of hormonal contraceptives in the middle of the cycle may be a justifiable step. Doctors recommend abandoning OK until the end of the pack in the following situations:
- at pregnancy,
- with rapidly developing thrombosis,
- in identifying malignant tumors of any localization,
- with the development of serious diseases affecting the liver,
- at detection of diabetes,
- with exacerbation of hypertension.
Hormonal failure after the cancellation of OK in this case is likely to occur. Therefore, after abrupt discontinuation of oral contraceptives, a woman should regularly visit a doctor in order to timely identify and eliminate the problems that have appeared.
What complications may appear after the abrupt cancellation of hormonal drugs?
If oral contraceptives were administered to a woman to treat certain gynecological problems (menstrual disorders, endometriosis, uterine fibroids, and many others), after they are discontinued, a so-called withdrawal syndrome develops. This means that all the symptoms of diseases that were previously disturbed may return with a new force. Also to the side effects that occur after the cancellation of oral contraceptives include:
- mood swings, the appearance of irritability, tearfulness, the development of persistent depression,
- skin rashes, acne,
- excessive body hair all over the body
- the appearance of unexplained weakness, fatigue,
- reduced sexual desire
- appearance of dysfunctional uterine bleeding,
- increase the functional activity of the sweat and sebaceous glands. As a result, a woman's hair quickly becomes greasy, and numerous comedones (black dots) form on the skin,
- intense headaches appear,
- intense hair loss. Sometimes even baldness occurs,
- nausea and vomiting sometimes occur.
If after the failure of oral contraceptives more than 6 months have passed, and all the unpleasant signs of cancellation have been preserved, it is necessary to consult with the gynecologist.
After what period after the abolition of OK hormonal woman recovers?
Most gynecologists agree that in 2-3 months after the cancellation of oral contraceptives, the woman's body begins to function as before. This applies to cases where these drugs were prescribed only to prevent unwanted pregnancy. In other situations, a woman's body may need more time. The term hormonal balance restoration is very individual.
Обычно на протяжении этих 2-3 месяцев после отмены ОК женщина наблюдает некоторые изменения. У некоторых менструальный цикл может укорачиваться, а у других – удлиняться. Если его продолжительность не превышает 36 дней, поводов для беспокойства нет. This is completely normal and does not require any medical intervention.
Also, in some women, after stopping the use of hormonal contraceptives, menstruation may be completely absent for some time. If this violation is not observed for longer than 3 months, nothing needs to be done. This condition indicates that the ovaries need a little more time to recover their work. In this case, the gynecologist must constantly monitor the condition of the woman to prevent pregnancy.
How does the recovery of the woman's body after the abolition of birth control pills?
After the abolition of hormonal contraceptives, the female reproductive system undergoes certain changes, which leads to the restoration of its functioning:
- The processes that occur in the secretory phase of the menstrual cycle are restored.
- The first atrophic changes in the endometrium begin (the inner layer of the uterus).
- The ability of the uterus to provide optimal conditions for the implantation and development of the fetus is restored.
- Changes are also exposed to the vaginal microflora.
- Viscosity of cervical mucus decreases. This leads to the fact that sperm can easily penetrate into the uterus and fertilize the egg.
Planning for pregnancy after the cancellation of oral contraceptives
After the cancellation of hormonal contraceptive drugs, many women begin to plan pregnancy. Doctors recommend to postpone it for about 2-3 months. Such a term is connected with the fact that the female reproductive system needs time to fully restore its work. While taking oral contraceptives, the ovaries were in the so-called sleep state. Therefore, after the abolition of these drugs, they begin to function immediately.
However, one should not forget that the onset of pregnancy is possible earlier. Despite this, it may develop incorrectly. Also, such pregnancy often ends in spontaneous abortion in the early stages. This is due to the existing hormonal imbalance in the body of a woman. Therefore, it is better to postpone pregnancy planning for several months, which will guarantee the absence of dangerous complications that are associated with OK.
Do I need a break during long-term use of hormonal drugs?
Many women while taking oral contraceptives are experiencing whether their use is not harmful for a long period. This is due to the fact that previously many manufacturers of hormonal contraceptives recommended taking a mandatory break every 2 years. For 2-3 months, the body needed to give a break to restore the functioning of the sex glands. This was not always convenient, since during this period it was necessary to use barrier methods of contraception.
At the moment, there are a lot of drugs for which there are no such restrictions. They can be taken continuously for 35 years. They contain small doses of hormones, which allows you to not adhere to this rule. Many doctors do not recommend stopping the reception of such OK, and then resume again after a few months. This will create additional stress for the body and produce an unnecessary burden on the endocrine system.
Is it possible to gain excess weight after discontinuation of contraceptive use?
Many women complain that after they stop taking hormonal contraceptive drugs, they have significantly recovered. But the cause of this problem is not this at all. If a woman has any endocrine disruption, then weight gain is associated with them. In most cases, the use of OK does not affect this.
Moreover, it should be remembered that a slight increase in weight occurs after the start of contraceptive use. This is due to the fact that the hormones contained in their composition, lead to the accumulation of fluid in the tissues. Therefore, after canceling OK, an average woman can lose up to 2 kg.
How to cancel hormonal contraceptives?
Many women are very afraid of the consequences of the abolition of birth control pills and, despite the discomfort and desire to quit, continue to buy new packaging for the drug.
As a rule, it is best to cancel the hormonal oral contraceptives after the last pill is taken from the pack, after which the woman should begin menstrual-like bleeding, or so-called withdrawal bleeding.
In order for the female body to respond as painlessly as possible to the abolition of drug treatment, you should follow certain rules:
- Be sure to consult with the gynecologist (there are situations where it is strictly contraindicated to cancel the treatment, as this will lead to a deterioration of the general condition)
- To pass tests for determining the level of sex hormones in the body,
- To finish the started pack - abrupt discontinuation of the drug in the middle of the cycle - this is a big stress for the reproductive system and the uterus is likely to react with heavy bleeding, there will be a kind of cancellation effect.
It is important to understand that oral contraceptives are a hormonal agent and use them yourself without prior examination and consultation with a physician increases the risk of complications.
Cancel OK (oral contraceptives) in the middle of a cycle
Of course, it is advisable to finish the packaging of pills until the end, if you decide to stop using OK and minimize negative reactions, but in some cases a woman needs to urgently stop taking it. These situations include:
- Suspicion of pregnancy
- Development of thrombosis,
- Malignant neoplasm detection,
- The development of liver diseases,
- Arterial hypertension.
After abrupt withdrawal of the drug, a woman should be regularly examined by a gynecologist, since in such situations the risk of serious complications increases.
Cancellation syndrome OK: adverse effects
In the case when the woman was prescribed oral contraceptives for the treatment of diseases of the reproductive organs and the establishment of the menstrual cycle (myoma, endometriosis, algomenorrhea, uterine bleeding and others), against the background of drug withdrawal, the so-called withdrawal syndrome occurs. In this case, the signs of the disease may return and intensify.
Against the background of a drastic drug withdrawal, the following adverse reactions may occur to a woman:
- Development of persistent depression,
- Skin rashes, acne,
- Excessive hairiness
- Weakness and irritability
- Change in sex drive,
- The development of breakthrough uterine bleeding,
- Strengthening the work of the sebaceous and sweat glands, with the result that the patient's hair becomes rather greasy, acne and comedones appear on the skin,
- Nausea, vomiting.
If after the cancellation of OK has already passed more than six months, and the symptoms of cancellation persist, you should consult with the gynecologist.
How much the body is restored after the cancellation of contraceptives?
Gynecologists claim that if a woman felt well and took the drug solely to protect against pregnancy, before the use of pills and during their use, the body would function as before, 2-3 months after stopping, that is, there will be a full recovery.
What to do if after cancellation there are no monthly periods?
For 2-3 months after stopping the use of the drug, a woman may notice a change in the menstrual cycle - shortening or lengthening it. A cycle duration of up to 36 days is considered normal and does not require any special treatment. In some cases, women may delay menstruation after the abolition of birth control pills, sometimes it is 2-3 months. In most cases, this is the norm, since this period is required by the body to restore its strength and reproductive function. With a delay in menstruation against the background of canceling OK, the patient should always be examined by a gynecologist to exclude the presence of pregnancy.
Hair loss after the abolition of hormonal contraceptives
Against the background of the abolition of pills, patients often note increased hair loss, up to the formation of foci of baldness. This is caused by a dramatic change in hormonal levels and the body takes time to restore the work of all organs and systems. In most cases, after a couple of months, the condition of the hair follicles returns to normal, however, if hair loss continues 2–3 months after stopping the drug, consultation with specialists is required.
Cancel contraceptives before pregnancy
Many women are concerned about the question whether it is possible to get pregnant after canceling OK and after what time conception should be planned. If the woman decided to plan a pregnancy and canceled the pill, then the body needs time to fully recover the menstrual cycle, you should wait for 2-3 months. Ovaries against the background of the use of OK for a long time were in a state of “sleep”, therefore, it is recommended to wait a certain period so that their physiological function resumes. Of course, conception can occur immediately after pill withdrawal, however, such pregnancy will be at risk, since there is a great chance of miscarriage against the background of progesterone deficiency in the future mother's body.
When is conception possible after cancellation OK?
Many women worry that after long-term use of oral contraception, pregnancy becomes more difficult, but medical practice disproves this fact. On the contrary, gynecologists prescribe OK for 2-3 months for women with ovarian hypofunction, after which they recommend planning a pregnancy, since the chances of successful conception are significantly increased, and the chances of conceiving twins are also increased. After the abolition of pills and active planning of pregnancy, conception safely occurs within 3-4 months.