According to Federal Law No. 171-ФЗ dated November 22, 1995, alcohol products are food products that are produced with or without ethyl alcohol made from food raw materials and (or) alcohol-containing food products with ethyl alcohol content of more than 0.5% finished products, with the exception of food products in accordance with the list established by the Government of the Russian Federation. Alcohol products are divided into such types as alcoholic beverages (including vodka, brandy), wine, fruit wine, liqueur wine, sparkling wine (champagne), wine drinks, beer and beverages made on the basis of beer, cider, puare, mead
Article 2 of the Federal Law of November 22, 1995 N 171-FZ (as amended on 07/03/2016) “On state regulation of the production and circulation of ethyl alcohol, alcoholic and alcohol-containing products, and on limiting consumption (drinking) of alcoholic beverages” contains the definition of “alcoholic beverages "
Non-alcoholic beer can be sold to minors
The effect of substances from such drinks on a growing organism is simply terrible. And even children begin to drink. And the consequences may not be the best. This will affect the physical development of the adolescent, and his mental abilities. It is important that the early adoption of alcohol will affect future life and values. So if you take this issue carelessly, you can simply put an end to the life of your child.
All the main stages assumed in the traditional brewing process are certainly observed in the process of making a soft drink: the grain turns into malt, the malt turns into wort, the wort is flavored with hops and, finally, the yeast gives the final product the desired degree. None of the steps do not throw.
Is it possible to sell minors
As you can see - there are no lighters and matches in the list. But they were there for quite some time. This ban was introduced by letter number 1-314 / 32-9 issued by Roskomtorg. But since 2012, this document is recognized as invalid, and therefore any prohibitions imposed by it, are removed. Including a ban on the sale of matches, lighters for minors.
Modern Russian legislation prohibits the sale of alcoholic beverages to persons under the age of 18. However, the law also provides for the procedure of emancipation of minors - the acquisition of full legal capacity until the age of 18 years. That is, if a teenager at the age of 16 works under an employment contract (does business) or entered into marriage with the consent of the guardianship authorities, he can be emancipated and get all the rights of an adult. Will such a teenager get the rights of an adult to buy alcohol? There is no direct answer in the law, as well as practice in such cases.
Is the sale of non-alcoholic beer allowed to minors
Thus, alcohol from 01.07.2012 refers to beer with an ethyl alcohol content of more than 0.5 percent of the finished product. If beer contains ethyl alcohol not more than 0.5 percent of the finished product (the so-called non-alcoholic beer), then such beer does not fall under the concept of alcoholic beverages. * Accordingly, the advertising of this beer will not be covered by the requirements of Article 21 of the Federal Law. About advertising.
By virtue of Part 2 of Art. 16 of Law No. 171-FZ, retail sales are not allowed. alcohol products to minors. If a person directly selling alcohol to minors (the seller) has doubts about the fact that the buyer has reached the age of majority, the seller has the right to demand from this buyer an identity document (including an identity document of a foreign citizen or stateless person in the Russian Federation) and allowing you to set the age of this buyer.
Is it legal to drink non-alcoholic beer by persons under 18?
Thus, alcohol products include beer with an ethyl alcohol content of more than 0.5 percent of the finished product. If the beer contains ethyl alcohol no more than 0.5 percent of the volume of the finished product (the so-called non-alcoholic beer), then this beer does not fall under the concept of alcoholic beverages.
According to clause 7 of Article 2 of the Federal Law “On State Regulation of the Production and Turning of Ethyl Alcohol, Alcohol and Alcohol-Containing Products”, alcoholic products refers to food products that are produced with or without ethyl alcohol produced from food raw materials, and (or) alcohol-containing food products with an ethanol content of more than 0.5 percent of the finished product, excluding food products in accordance with the list established by the Government m of the Russian Federation. Alcohol products are divided into such types as alcoholic beverages (including vodka), wine, fruit wine, liqueur wine, sparkling wine (champagne), wine drinks, beer and beverages made on the basis of beer.
Is it possible to sell non-alcoholic beer after 23:00? And if you can still, and the seller refuses to sell, then which point of the law to refer
According to the Decree of the Government of the Russian Federation dated 28.06.2012 No. 656 (as amended on March 18, 2014) “On approval of the list of food products produced with or without ethyl alcohol produced from food raw materials and (or) alcohol-containing food products, with ethyl alcohol is more than 0.5 percent of the volume of finished products not related to alcoholic beverages, fermented beverages, kvass and beverages with an ethyl alcohol content of 0.5 to 1.2 percent, inclusive, do not apply to alcoholic beverages.
In accordance with subparagraph 7 of article 2 of the Federal Law of 22.11.1995 No. 171-ФЗ “On state regulation of the production and circulation of ethyl alcohol, alcoholic and alcohol-containing products and on limiting consumption (drinking) of alcoholic beverages” (as amended on 06.29.2015) Alcoholic products are food products that are produced with or without ethyl alcohol, produced from food raw materials, and (or) alcohol-containing food products, with an ethanol content of more than 0.5 percent a marketing product, with the exception of food products in accordance with the list established by the Government. Alcohol products are divided into such types as alcoholic beverages (including vodka, brandy), wine, fruit wine, liqueur wine, sparkling wine (champagne), wine drinks, beer and beverages made on the basis of beer, cider, puare, mead .
The law on the sale of beer in 2018, new bans and requirements
- According to the law on the sale of beer in 2018, organizations and individual entrepreneurs for realizing the goals of beer retail should have in the ownership, operational management, economic management or on loan rights stationary retail facilities, storage facilities and cash registers.
The laws on the sale of beer in 2018 set new rules for trade, and also touched on advertising. From now on, beer ads cannot be placed on the front and back pages of newspapers and magazines, contain a statement about the harmlessness and benefits of the product, and use images of people or animals, even animated ones. The remaining requirements of the law on advertising of alcohol products did not undergo significant changes.
Beer sale in 2018
If along with food services in a cafe, alcoholic beverages are also sold, the content of ethyl alcohol in which does not exceed 16.5%, instead of a cash voucher, you can write out BSO (paragraph 4 clause 6 of article 16 of the Law N 171-ФЗ On beer and alcoholic beverages ), and the cash register does not use. What BSO.
Organizations engaged in the retail sale of alcoholic beverages in urban settlements should have for such purposes in property, economic management, operational management, or lease (the term of which is determined by the contract and is at least 1 (one) year or more) stationary retail facilities and warehouses with a total area of at least fifty (50) square meters (in rural settlements not less than 25 (twenty five) square meters. m) as well as cash registers.
Lawyer Answers (17)
According to the general rule of article 16 of the Federal Law of 22.11.1995 No. 171-ФЗ “On state regulation of the production and circulation of ethyl alcohol, alcoholic and alcohol-containing products and on limiting the consumption (drinking) of alcoholic beverages” it is prohibited to sell alcoholic energy drinks to children who are under 18 years old. In some regions of the country, there is a complete ban on the sale of all low-alcohol energy drinks, regardless of the age of the buyer.
There is no law or other federal document that prohibits the sale of non-alcoholic energy drinks to minors. Therefore, the subjects themselves set the rules.
Kristina, to find out whether the sale of non-alcoholic energy drinks in your area is allowed, use this table.
What is a drink?
Beer, which is called non-alcoholic, tastes very much like the drink of the same name with an alcohol content. It is no secret that many adults love this taste, and even young children often have a desire to try a little foamy drink from their parents' glass. Tastefulness - in malt and brewer's yeast, which children, by the way, love and in its pure form.
Another question is whether the child needs to get used to the taste of beer. Most psychiatrists and narcologists are inclined to believe that previously getting used to these taste nuances can lead to increased alcohol consumption in adolescence and youth. If mom and dad have nothing against the child drank years to 30, you can start giving him non-alcoholic beer from an early age. All the rest should ask what really is a drink called non-alcoholic.
The inscription on the label, saying that the contents of the bottle or jar 0% alcohol, is actually a tricky trick. It is impossible to brew beer with a completely zero alcohol content.
Therefore, by default, only the integer is taken, the producers are trying to conceal shamefully.
In fact, in non-alcoholic beer from 0.5 to 1.2% alcohol, and this is a fact. Therefore, a child who is given such a drink still gets alcohol, but in small doses.
Alcohol from traditional brewed beer is removed at the plant either by evaporation or by the membrane method, or by using special yeasts, which are not able to process glucose into alcohol. The fluid called nonalcoholic foam contains water, hops, barley malt, and maltose syrup.
At first glance, the composition is rather innocent. However, do not assume that such a combination of ingredients can bring to the child (and adult) the body at least some benefit.
Benefit and harm
Speaking of benefits, it should be understood that benefits are evaluated solely for adults, not for children. A useful property is a vasodilator property, a small calorie content, which is important for dieters. Some fans claim that beer reduces the risk of getting cancer with illnesses, however experts in the field of oncology consider such statements to be ridiculous and ridiculous. The indisputable fact is that beer (and not only non-alcoholic) contains quite a large amount of vitamins of group B.
This is where the useful and questionably beneficial properties of the drink end. Begin harmful. These include:
- the content of harmful chemical compounds that are used to redeem alcohol and foam in the finished beverage during production,
- cobalt content exceeds all reasonable limits by 6 times,
- high probability of hormonal imbalance due to the content of phytoestrogens in the drink,
- a high probability of developing a child's gastrointestinal diseases,
- the content of fusel oils as a mandatory attribute of the fermentation process, which affects the body toxicly,
- the presence of morphine (contained in hop cones, it is this substance that causes dependence with regular consumption).
Everyone knows that any beer, regardless of its alcohol content, increases the intensity of urination. Naturally, the child, after consuming such a drink, will often run to the toilet. Frequent urination is dangerous leaching from the children's body so valuable for it calcium and phosphorus.
It is especially dangerous to drink non-alcoholic beer to underage adolescents who have entered puberty. Phytoestrogens cause the development of boys in the female type, reduce reproductive functions. The girls may develop menstrual irregularities, followed by infertility.
Sale - age restrictions
With non-alcoholic beer in Russia there is a paradoxical situation. By law, it does not apply to alcoholic beverages, and therefore it is allowed to sell it even to children. However, the drink is not completely non-alcoholic. And even if the manufacturer is cunning with the indication of% on the label, then they do not cheat at all, pointing out on the label thatThe product is harmful to pregnant women, nursing mothers and children under 18.
On this basis, only the seller decides whether to sell or not to sell non-alcoholic beer to a child or teenager. In a strange way, this question is left to his discretion, and the state is essentially not regulated. Therefore, it is only from the conscience of the merchant, as well as his clear understanding of what this drink is, that your child can buy non-alcoholic beer in his 13-17 years of age.
If the drink is sold, the law will not be violated; if the seller refuses the child, he will also be right, as he follows the manufacturer’s recommendations on the packaging of the drink.
The tragedy of the situation lies in the fact that most sellers do not even think about the health of another child, and their own salary often depends on the amount sold and the amount of revenue. And therefore, with a probability of 95% and even more, a child can still buy beer, if he strongly wants. Not in one store, so in another.
The child's body gets used much faster even to the minimum doses of alcohol that are contained in food or drink. He can not resist alcohol, because almost does not produce special enzymes that break down alcohol.
It is a mistake to give beer to a child both from medical and pedagogical points of view only because “it is necessary to form a culture of drinking” and “the forbidden fruit is sweet”. This is how sometimes mothers and fathers of adolescents argue, trying to appear democratic parents. The best thing is to show by example that alcohol is not at all interesting, not needed. Most children adopt exactly the pattern of behavior and attitudes towards alcohol that they see in their own family.
The method of prohibition, of course, is not the best that parents can apply. It is much more honest to exclude the use of a non-alcoholic beverage drink by younger children, and to children who are already able to understand causal relationships, to talk about the dangers of this drink and the possible consequences, including obesity, alcoholism, infertility, diseases of the kidneys, liver, mental and intellectual decline. abilities.
Is it worth trying the fate and children's organism for endurance, giving it beer, even if it is non-alcoholic, because there are a lot of alternatives - milk, juice, compote, in extreme cases - juices. They are more palatable and healthy for the child.
And finally, let's take a fresh look at the popular methods of treatment with beer. Often you can find tips to give a warm beer for cough or small doses of non-alcoholic beer for a better sleep for a restless and hyperactive child. For cough there is a huge group of drugs, the resolution of which is allowed in childhood, there are traditional methods that do not imply the use of alcohol-containing liquids.
Sleep well contribute adequate load and mode day child, as well as light sedatives, including medicinal herbs permitted by age. Insomnia and coughing are not reasons for a child to create a platform for future problems associated with alcohol dependence. Children can not be treated with non-alcoholic beer.
Interesting facts about non-alcoholic beer can be seen in the next video.
Beer in traditional medicine recipes
There is always some grandmother or neighbor who tells you that beer with sour cream improves the appetite, and if the child drinks a tablespoon of drink before bedtime, he will not wake up at night and wake the parents. More beer improves digestion and relieves constipation. This is partly true. Quality beer contains:
- vitamins C, PP, group B,
- amino acids
- potassium, magnesium, phosphorus, chromium and other trace elements.
However, in addition to the nutrients in the composition of the drink - 4-6% alcohol. In addition, unfiltered beer has fusel oils formed during fermentation. Но вес малыша в 10–15 раз меньше массы тела взрослого человека. При этом печень ребёнка гораздо хуже справляется с токсинами, образующимися в результате распада этанола.Carbon dioxide enhances the effect of alcohol and fusel oils on the body.
A tablespoon of beer for a kid is equivalent to a glass of drink for an adult. A daily glass of beer and for an adult - a direct path to beer alcoholism. In children, addiction occurs much faster.
Ethanol adversely affects brain cells. The kid, accustomed to small doses of beer, becomes nervous, absorbs information worse, since it is difficult for him to concentrate. Growing up, the child is experiencing increased craving for alcohol.
The admissibility of drinking beer by teenagers
Sometimes parents themselves offer beer to 12–14-year-old sons or daughters, arguing that it is time for growing children to master drinking culture. There is an opinion that beer for teenagers is normal, let the children drink alcoholic beverages better than anything stronger.
In adolescent girls addiction to beer provokes irregular menstruation, alcohol can cause bleeding. In addition, ethanol adversely affects the state of the eggs. Some of them just die, others are injured. If a damaged egg is subsequently fertilized, the child will be born sick.
Non-alcoholic beer for children
Non-alcoholic beer is considered by many to be “childish”: there are supposedly vitamins and trace elements in it, but there is no ethyl alcohol. Contrary to the name, in the composition of non-alcoholic beer - 0.25–0.7% of alcohol. But such a portion of ethanol is dangerous for a small child. In addition, in a non-alcoholic beverage, various chemical additives are no less, and sometimes more, than usual.
Non-alcoholic beer contains up to 0.7% alcohol
Pouring non-alcoholic beer at the festive table to children, parents themselves form their bad habit of enjoying alcohol.
What to do if a child asks for beer
The child does not always understand what is useful to him (a vivid example is the children's love for chips and candies of poisonous colors). Kids pulling hands to the bottles and glasses, most likely, do it out of curiosity, the desire to keep up with adults. Therefore, the attention of the capricious crumbs must be switched by offering compote or tea in a beautiful cup. If the child really needs microelements, it is better to purchase a brewer's yeast food supplement: there is at least no alcohol or cobalt in it.
A teenager is not so distracting, but it can be explained with examples of how the misuse of beer leads to diseases. Boys are unlikely to want to get a “beer” belly, and girls will be frightened by the prospect of growing fat and spoiling the complexion, and in 10–15 years - giving birth to a sick child.
It’s not for nothing that the legislation establishes the minimum age for buying and drinking beer - 18 years:
- by this age, young people are physically mature,
- it is assumed that at the age of 18, boys and girls are able to behave sensibly and know how to use alcohol.
What is this drink?
This product is produced in several ways:
- in the fermentation process does not allow the liquid to gain a high fortress. This is done with the help of special yeasts that do not process sugar into alcohol. The fermentation process in this case can be stopped with the help of cold,
- alcohol is removed from the finished drink in order to get a percentage of alcohol less than 0.5%. This is done by evaporation, vacuum distillation or membrane method.
Non-alcoholic beer, which is prepared using the first method has a pronounced sweetish taste. The product with artificial reduction of ethyl alcohol is no different from its alcohol counterpart. Its taste and color are identical.
The composition of the product
The composition of this drink most often includes the following components:
- drinking water that has gone through several stages of purification,
- hop products,
- barley malt
- maltose molasses.
Despite such a harmless composition, the benefits of this product are almost minimal.
The benefits of this product
If you drink it is non-alcoholic beer, you can enjoy the taste of your favorite drink with the use of a minimum amount of ethyl alcohol. This is useful for people who can not give up their favorite intoxicating product, but want to maintain sobriety while thinking. Scientists around the world agreed that it has the following useful properties:
Beer has vitamin B, which is found in barley and malt.
- in moderation it has a positive effect on the heart and blood vessels,
- can reduce the risk of developing malignant tumors,
- This product contains the minimum number of calories (about 30 kcal per 100 g). It can be used without fear for your own figure,
- In its preparation, malt and barley are used, which are sources of group B vitamins, silicon and other vitamins and minerals.
This benefit of such beer is relative, since with its regular use it is impossible to achieve a positive effect on the body. This drink can cause addiction and become the first step to the development of alcoholism.
Action on the heart and blood vessels
During the production of beer used such a chemical element as cobalt. It is toxic, negatively affects the functioning of the heart and the condition of the blood vessels. This element is used to make the finished drink well foamed. Consider that in non-alcoholic beer the cobalt content is several times higher than the permissible rate.
Effect on human hormones
With regular use of both alcoholic and non-alcoholic beer, an imbalance of hormones is observed. In men, this is accompanied by alopecia, female-type overweight, breast enlargement and other unpleasant symptoms.
Women suffer no less from abuse. For example, they begin to grow a mustache, the menstrual cycle is disturbed, which makes it impossible to get pregnant. Also, such women have an increased risk of developing serious gynecological diseases, including oncological ones.
If children are given non-alcoholic beer regularly, this will negatively affect their physical and intellectual development. Abuse of this drink leads to serious pathologies that are difficult to treat.
Development of dangerous addiction
Despite the fact that non-alcoholic beer contains in its composition the minimum amount of ethyl alcohol, it can still cause addiction and adversely affect the human body of any age. This action is caused by the presence of the following components:
- fusel oils, which are formed during fermentation. They produce a toxic effect on the human body,
- morphine, which is present in the hop cones. They are used as the main component in the production of both alcoholic and non-alcoholic beverages. It causes addiction that is hard enough to get rid of.
Negative effects on the kidneys
When consuming a large amount of this product, a diuretic effect is produced. This is an additional burden on the kidneys, which is not always beneficial. This is especially true of people who have some kind of chronic illness. Also in this way, vitamins, minerals and other beneficial substances that are necessary for normal human life are washed out of the body.
With regular use of this drink may develop beriberi, chronic fatigue. A person will feel bad, insomnia and other problems that are associated with a lack of vitamins and minerals may appear.
Recommendations of specialists
Non-alcoholic beer is even sold to children, as it contains an allowable amount of ethyl alcohol. Despite this, such a drink does not need to buy for their loved ones. It will not be beneficial, since its composition includes harmful substances that adversely affect the human body.
You can sell this drink as freely as kvass, cider or carbonated sweet water. Therefore, tell your child that there will be no benefit from drinking non-alcoholic beer. Instead, offer him homemade kvass, berry juice or freshly squeezed fruit juice. They are more useful and will not harm the unformed body of the child.
Also, non-alcoholic beer is strictly prohibited for pregnant women at any time. With its regular use can harm the baby in the womb. Through the placenta it receives both useful and harmful substances that get along with food into the mother's body. According to recent studies in women who periodically consumed this drink, the risk of having a child with significant defects in physical and intellectual development increases.
Therefore, this intoxicating drink will not be useful for people of any age, despite the fact that it can be sold to anyone.
Buying and drinking 0% beer by children under 18 years old
Legislation does not spell out any responsibility for drinking non-alcoholic beer by children under 18 years old. In reality, the chance of selling non-alcoholic beverages to a minor depends on:
- Regional legislation. If the sale of non-alcoholic tonic drinks is prohibited in a particular region of Russia, then most likely the alcohol-free beer will not be sold in order to avoid possible problems with the law.
- Practice specific store and retail network. If everything is clear with cigarettes and alcohol, then you can never be sure about energy drinks and non-alcoholic beer.
It turns out that in some stores they ask for a passport and do not sell such goods to minors. In other stores they release such drinks calmly and bluntly say that there were no orders from the authorities regarding the power engineers and 0% of beer was received. The manual, in turn, should be guided by the law.
Sale of non-alcoholic beer according to the law
Anyway, the absence of alcohol in such a drink allows you to sell it to children under 18 without fear of liability. Non-alcoholic beer is sold even at gas stations, it can be bought at night and so on - the legislation governing the sale and use of alcohol does not apply to it.
Accordingly, non-alcoholic beer can be drunk in public places, given to minors, brought to various events and so on. But it should be understood that in a particular store can still refuse to sell, and you can argue with the seller indefinitely for a long time.
And yet: even non-alcoholic beer in itself contributes to obtaining pleasure at the level of dopamine release in the brain. The abuse of non-alcoholic beer further increases the risk of developing beer alcoholism.
- Federal Law of November 22, 1995 No. 171-ФЗ (as amended on June 30, 2012) “On state regulation of the production and circulation of ethyl alcohol, alcoholic and alcohol-containing products, and on limiting consumption (drinking) of alcoholic beverages”. The law establishes that an alcoholic drink is considered as such if the alcohol content is at least 0.5% (otherwise kefir and kvass would be included).
- Local legislation. For example, Article 4 of the Law of the Vologda Oblast of October 14, 2014 No. 3437-OZ “On imposing restrictions on the retail sale of alcoholic beverages and non-alcoholic tonic beverages” prohibits the sale of non-alcoholic tonic beverages to minors. Again, the question remains: is it possible to consider non-alcoholic beer a non-alcoholic tonic drink, since there are no strong tonic substances in its composition.
In most cases, adolescents are denied the sale of not only alcoholic, but even non-alcoholic beer. This is primarily due to the fact that the store consultant simply fears any problems with the law. According to many sellers, for children in the store there is soda and juice, allowing to quench their thirst. Therefore, letting go of beer to adolescents, even if it contains 0% alcohol, many of them consider it simply indecent and immoral.
However, it all depends on the particular store. In some outlets, at the checkout they ask for a passport, in others, non-alcoholic beer is released without any talk. Many sellers also point out that no instructions were given by the authorities regarding the sale of such a tonic. So, everywhere in different ways.
From the point of view of the law
Is it possible to sell non-alcoholic beer to minors? So, the absence of alcohol in a foamy drink allows you to let it go to adolescents and at the same time not be afraid of any responsibility, unless, of course, regulations of the regions provide otherwise.
For example, in the Voronezh region, the sale of energy drinks to persons under 18 is prohibited. And this is absolutely correct. Non-alcoholic beer is also referred to them in the Voronezh region. After all, even a small percentage of hops can adversely affect the psyche of a teenager. Many of them generally begin to feel craving for non-alcoholic beer, believing that there is no alcohol there, thus showing others to their adulthood. From a moral point of view, this is completely wrong.
Moreover, non-alcoholic beer is sold even at gas stations. This drink can be purchased even at night. After all, the norms of the legislation on the sale of alcoholic products do not apply to it. It is also necessary to know.
However, is it possible to sell non-alcoholic beer to minors? If there are no direct prohibitions in the legislation, it is not prohibited by the legal norms of a particular region, respectively, it is allowed to release a frothy drink to teenagers.
However, in a particular store can safely refuse to sell non-alcoholic beer to a citizen who is not yet 18 years old. And, to argue with the seller on this issue can be very long. Moreover, the majority of adult citizens agree that it is impossible to sell such drinks to children.
After all, the use of even non-alcoholic beer can increase the interest of a teenager to drink more strong alcoholic drinks in the future. Moreover, for many juveniles, beer alcoholism begins precisely with non-alcoholic beer drinks. This must be taken into account.
Is it possible to sell non-alcoholic beer to minors if the administration of the store does not object to this? Such a question is being asked by many supermarket cashier sellers, where teenagers like to buy such drinks. Accordingly, if the legislative acts of the region do not prohibit this, then it is quite acceptable.
After all, as mentioned earlier, non-alcoholic beer does not apply to alcoholic and alcoholic beverages, therefore, it can be sold even at night. Although each region very often sets its own rules, and many store cashiers still try not to let non-alcoholic beer go to children. However, it happens.
Is non-alcoholic beer sold to minors in trade pavilions, if so, is it legal? To clarify this issue, you need to refer to the regulations. By law, alcoholic beer will be the only drink in which the proportion of ethyl alcohol will be more than 0.5% alcohol in the finished product.
By the way, if you pay attention to the can of non-alcoholic beer, then there are no contraindications to its use for pregnant women and adolescents. In such a beer, the share of alcohol does not exceed 0.5% in the finished product, therefore, such a drink is not considered alcoholic. Therefore, in many retail chains it is quietly released even to teenagers. Although, from the point of view of morality - this, of course, is not correct.
Most importantly, the sale of non-alcoholic beer to minors is not punishable by law. Moreover, many employees of retail chains claim that the foamy drink does not contain alcohol. Therefore, it can be released even to teenagers. Especially, if the legal norms of the region do not prohibit this.
In a specific region
What else do you need to know about the sale of non-alcoholic beer to minors? In certain regions of our country, authorities treat this differently. For example, in the Vologda region it is prohibited to sell energy drinks and non-alcoholic beer (where it is also classified as a tonic product) to persons who are not yet 18 years old. This is absolutely true.
But, what do we, in general, say the law on the sale of non-alcoholic beer? As noted earlier, there are no specific restrictions on the sale of such products from stores in the regulations. Because the share of alcohol in this drink does not exceed the norm of 0.5%, therefore, it can be sold without those restrictions that apply to all alcoholic beverages. Thus, if the regional authorities do not impose their restrictions on the sale of non-alcoholic beer, then all persons without exception can buy it.
Moreover, the legislation does not contain a clear distinction between alcoholic and non-alcoholic beer. In the understanding of the common man, in the last tonic alcohol is not contained at all. This means that even drivers behind the wheel can drink it, which is also not entirely correct.
Тем не менее, правила продажи безалкогольного пива не содержат в себе каких-то жестких ограничений, поэтому такой напиток некоторые продавцы отпускают без зазрения совести даже подросткам.