What is useful radish and to whom the product can harm?
Radish belongs to the cabbage family plants. It is grown oblong, round, oval. Today, they often grow white, green, black, red (radish) radish, daikon. The fruit itself is consumed, salads and soups are made from its young tops. Useful plant is used in boiled, fried, added to vegetable, meat dishes. Radish is a useful root vegetable, but there are several contraindications to its use. The plant can not be eaten when:
- the presence of gastritis, ulcers,
- disorders of the cardiovascular system,
- diseases of the kidneys, liver.
Green radish is rarely found in stores and markets, but it is worth finding and buying. The most famous varieties of this root: watermelon, Margilan radish (Chinese). Green vegetable has a large amount of nutrients. What are the vitamins in radish? Chinese root vegetable is rich in vitamins A and B, which strengthen the visual and nervous systems, and are responsible for improving the body's metabolism. Green radish performs the following functions:
- a boiled or fried vegetable acts as a kind of catalyst for the digestive process,
- helps strengthen the immune system due to the fact that the composition of the green root contains salts of calcium, potassium, phosphorus,
- significantly improves teeth, human bones due to calcium and iron,
- calorie green radish is low, so the vegetable is great for losing weight,
- well cleanses the body of bile,
- improves the functioning of the stomach and the whole digestive system,
- stabilizes blood sugar,
- helps to cleanse the body of toxins, impurities,
- often used for colds, infectious diseases.
Black radish, as seen in the photo, differs from other varieties in its saturated unusual color. This is not the only feature of this cultivated plant. Root crop has a little specific, but pleasant taste. In addition, it is no less useful than green radish. In the culture with black skin and a fragrant core, organic acids, mineral salts, enzymes, phytoncides live. The plant of this species is recommended for folk therapy, because it is very rich in potassium, sodium, phosphorus, iron and other usefulness. Black radish has many advantages:
- responsible for the normal functioning of the intestines,
- strengthens the immune system and the body as a whole,
- black radish is an excellent anti-bronchitis drug,
- relieves a person from edema, removing excess fluid from the body,
- often plays the role of an effective drug for the prevention / treatment of atherosclerosis,
- Black radish oil improves appetite, stimulates the digestive process.
The storehouse of vitamins plus juicy, pleasant taste is white radish. In this nutritious vegetable there are sodium and potassium salts, fiber, useful vitamins C, B1, B2, essential oils, calcium, magnesium, phosphorus, amino acids and many other not less useful substances. Many followers of traditional medicine advise the use of white radish for preventive measures and the treatment of digestive system malfunctions. The main qualities of this cultivated plant are:
- increased appetite
- elimination of the problems of the intestinal system,
- eating a white root is an effective fight against constipation,
- treatment of chronic reduction of the lumen of blood arteries (atherosclerosis), gallstone disease,
- healing of damage to the skin,
- normalization of the liver, kidneys, gallbladder, stomach,
- White radish is responsible for the "smooth" carbohydrate, protein, fat metabolism in the body.
Another well-known and tasty variety of cultivated root vegetables is Daikon (Japanese radish). The white vegetable of the long form is constantly used by cooks and for the preparation of healing remedies of traditional medicine. Daikon has a rather large margin of utility: salts of magnesium, potassium, phosphorus, iron, and also has beta-carotene in its composition, many vitamins of group C and B. The nutrients of this variety of radish make it possible:
- effectively resist the emergence and reproduction of bacteria, reliably protect it from diverse infections,
- free the human body from toxins, slags, free radicals, heavy metals,
- thoroughly clean the kidneys, liver, dissolve stones in these organs,
- improve overall health, return strong immunity.
Red radish is useful as well as previous varieties of cultivated vegetables. This type of root is rich in a huge amount of vitamins, minerals, contains essential oils, salts, coarse fiber, and so on. The main functions of red radish are:
- treatment of various diseases
- getting rid of constipation and other intestinal problems,
- improved digestion
- used for the treatment of certain pathologies of the kidneys, liver, gallbladder,
- quickly rid the body of excess fluid
- significantly strengthens the body's defense mechanisms,
- provides all the organs with all the necessary nutrients
- recommended for use in the presence of anemia.
The benefits of radish
Many people ask, what is the use of a mixed radish for a child or a pregnant woman? Should I use this vegetable when the children's body is not yet fully grown up or weakened by carrying a baby? Often, any type of radish is recommended to be eaten even for a child, especially for therapeutic and prophylactic purposes. Find out more detailed answers in the continuation of the article.
Description of the vegetable and its varieties
Homeland plants are considered Mediterranean countries. This vegetable of the cabbage family is oblong, oval, round in shape, its varieties also differ in the color of the root crop.
Radish is of several types:
Root vegetables are eaten boiled, fried. Radish is also added to vegetable and meat dishes. Useful properties of vegetables allow you to get excellent vitamin salads, even from young tops. The product has a bitter, tangy taste and a specific smell.
The unique composition of the vegetable
What is useful radish, has long been known. Due to the high content of valuable elements, it supports health, improves immunity. The following substances accumulate in its underground part:
- essential oils,
- acids - nicotinic, ascorbic,
- amino acids
- vitamins of group B, E, C, PP,
- mineral compounds - sodium, iron, phosphorus, iodine, magnesium, potassium.
The use of radish for the body is that it has antibacterial and anti-inflammatory properties. Garden product will easily replenish depleted reserves of vitamins in the winter-spring period.
And the benefits and harm to health from taking vegetable were studied in antiquity. Eating root vegetables allows you to:
- improve your appetite
- strengthen the protective functions of the body,
- get rid of colds faster
- reduce blood pressure
- oxygenate the brain,
- normalize the flow of bile
- improve the activity of the digestive tract,
- bring out excess cholesterol,
- prevent constipation.
The low calorie value of a natural remedy allows it to be included in the diet during diets. The diuretic properties of vegetables will help remove excess fluid from the body.
The benefits to men of eating culture is its positive effect on the urogenital system and getting rid of prostate problems.
Undoubtedly, the root crop affects the human body is very beneficial. Therefore, it is worth learning more about the usefulness of each type of radish.
Black radish: benefits and contraindications
The benefits of black radish are great. Root has a rich black color, different specific taste and pleasant aroma.
This type of vegetable is considered the most useful, used in cosmetology and traditional medicine, used in cooking.
Useful properties of black radish:
- improves appetite
- cleans the vessels
- has a tonic effect,
- stimulates metabolic processes,
- normalizes the bowels,
- used as an antitussive and expectorant,
- black radish and its juice destroy the parasites,
- relieves swelling,
- promotes the dissolution of gallstones.
Radish juice (usually black) is used to cure painful urination, to rinse for toothache, and gynecological problems. Compresses are used to treat rheumatism, bruises and resorption of bruises.
However, if you experience discomfort in the stomach, with acidity, enterocolitis, individual intolerance of the product, you should know that black radish is not your product. In moderate quantities, the root vegetable can be eaten when there are problems with the gastrointestinal tract.
Green radish: beneficial properties and harm
Radish green rarely found in the markets and in stores. The composition of this species is similar to the black root, but the taste is softer, vaguely reminiscent of radishes. The plant has several varieties: green, Chinese, watermelon, Margilan radish.
This type of root has the following functions:
- strengthens the immune system
- cleanses the body of bile,
- due to the content of calcium and iron improves the condition of teeth and bones,
- suitable for weight loss
- adjusts the activity of the digestive system,
- normalizes blood sugar levels
- relieves colds.
Also, green radish helps improve appetite, improves eyesight, helps with diseases of the nervous system. It contributes to the withdrawal of harmful compounds, vegetable juice treat hair loss and baldness, compresses are used for radiculitis, gout and problems with joints. Margelanskaya radish with regular use reduces cholesterol.
Contraindications for inclusion in the menu of the green root are the same as in the previous species. However, due to the lower content of phytoncides in it in certain diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, its use in food is permissible, while black radish is contraindicated in such cases.
Which root vegetable is more useful?
After describing the varieties of vegetable culture, you can summarize and decide how the radish of each species is different and useful.
- Black radish is hot and bitter, but has the most valuable qualities. Suitable only for people with no stomach problems.
- White radish - best suited for salads. It boosts immunity, fights colds and eradicates infection.
- Green radish - sharp, but almost not bitter. You can use almost all categories of people, except those who are obese.
Each type of valuable root has its own characteristics and valuable qualities.
Radish with honey
The underground part of black radish for the body is a truly unique resource. Root crop has a tonic and immunostimulating effect, its use has a beneficial effect on the treatment of bronchitis, laryngitis, cough, cold and problems of the upper respiratory tract. Radish with honey is also famous for its antimicrobial and anti-inflammatory effect.
There are various recipes for the preparation of a national cough remedy based on a bitter vegetable. We give two of the most popular of them.
- Cut off the top of the root, cut the middle. In the resulting void add honey, cover the cut off part for 24 hours. Radish with honey during this time will give healing juice, which is worth taking 1 tsp. at night, in advanced cases, it is allowed to increase to three times the reception.
- With the vegetable peel, cut into small pieces and pour about 100-120 ml of honey. Let it stand for at least two hours in a warm place. Then the radish with honey is pressed. The resulting juice is recommended to drink the same way as in the first method of preparation.
Effectively parallel application of black radish for a speedy recovery in the form of a compress on the chest. To do this, rub the root, wrap in a thick cloth and attach for 15 minutes.
It has long been known that the juice of ordinary radish for men, women and even children can be a real salvation for health problems. This is a natural remedy for many ailments:
- catarrhal diseases
- tracheitis, lung diseases, bronchitis,
- ulcers, purulent wounds, boils, eczema.
Adherents of traditional medicine promise that natural medicine will help to cope with the problems of the respiratory tract. It is useful for the human body: removes mucus and improves the process of expectoration.
In case of skin diseases, compresses and lotions from a garden product remove the inflammatory process from damaged areas, accelerate the healing process. The expressed bactericidal properties of the plant make it possible to use it as an antiseptic, to treat problem areas of the skin.
Also, radish juice has the ability to normalize metabolism, treat atherosclerosis, improve digestion.
General contraindications to use
Even if you are fascinated by useful properties, and contraindications should not be discounted. Root crop affects the mucous membranes, therefore, it is forbidden to use for people with the following health problems:
- heart disease,
- gastritis (with high acidity of gastric juice),
- increased acidity of the stomach,
- recently suffered a heart attack
- liver disease,
- gastric and duodenal ulcer,
The benefit of the radish for the body in most cases does not cause any doubts, but it is absolutely impossible for women to eat during pregnancy. As part of the valuable root there are substances that enhance uterine blood flow, which can lead to abortion.
Young mothers in the period of lactation to introduce into the diet product with caution in very limited quantities: it can cause colic in the baby. But with moderate consumption of the root crop will increase the production of breast milk.
Radish juice is strictly contraindicated for children under 3 years of age. Compounds contained in it are irritating to the mucous membranes, and therefore has a critical value when released into the gastrointestinal tract.
In case of individual intolerance of the product, you should also be on the inclusion of this vegetable in the diet. Excessive consumption of the root can lead to indigestion.
The main thing that should be remembered by lovers of healthy food: the benefits and harm to health should be taken into account when introducing into the diet of each new product. Undoubtedly, radish is able to rid itself of various ailments and saturate the body with vitamins and beneficial compounds in a difficult winter and spring period. However, remember the possible contraindications is very important.
Dangerous properties of radish
The use of radish is contraindicated in diseases of the stomach, kidneys, pancreas, in a number of diseases of the cardiovascular system and small intestine.
Eating radish in its pure form, without other components, is not particularly recommended: it is very sharp and caustic in taste, which leads to excessive reactions in our body, can adversely affect the activity of the heart and the digestive system. Radish goes well with carrots and apples.
How to cook the most delicious vitamin radish salad.
Botanical characteristics of black radish
Black radish is a cruciferous biennial plant. In the first year of life, the plant produces only a tap root and a rosette of basal leaves. In the second year, the plant can be seen stalk, on top of which there is a flower. The stem of the plant is straight and well branched. Radish flowers are white or light purple. The flowers are small in size, which are collected in inflorescences - brush. The fruits of the plant are large pods with spherical seeds inside. The seeds are light brown in color and weigh little. The plant blooms in mid-spring, and its fruits ripen from late May to late June.
In the wild black radish is not found. It is grown in Europe, Australia, Russia and America. Radish prefers a temperate climate, humid and humus-fertilized soil.
Radish does not require any special conditions and requirements for growing. The main condition is - fertile, neutral or slightly acidic soil, and in no case too wet. In spring or summer you need to dig up the soil to the humus layer. Next, make mineral fertilizers: urea, potassium chloride and superphosphate.
Sowing radish seeds depends on the plant variety, for example, the winter radish variety is sown at the beginning of summer, and summer varieties - in the month of May. Sowing of seeds is carried out in rows, keeping a distance of 35 cm between the seeds. The seeds are buried 1-2 cm deep into the soil. With a lack of moisture in the soil, after sowing the seeds produce watering.
Aisle need to regularly loosen, weeding and thinning the emerged shoots. The first time thinning is carried out with the appearance of 2 true leaves, and the second thinning - after 1 month.
Radish responds well to the introduction of mineral fertilizers, but organic fertilizers are harmful to it: because of them, the quality of root crops deteriorates. At the moment when there are 3-4 leaves on the seedlings, the first feeding with mineral fertilizers is carried out, and fertilizers are applied a second time 3-4 weeks later (when the root crop is formed).
To radish lay all winter, it must be harvested until frost (September 18). Когда редьку соберут, её корни нужно удалить, обрезать ботву так, чтобы был уровень с головкой корнеплода.
In order to keep the radish for a long time, the roots should be placed in containers or boxes, or in paper bags, pouring each layer with sand.
Application of black radish
Traditional medicine has long recognized black radish a useful and effective medicine. It helps to fight many diseases of the liver and gallbladder. Radish has antitussive properties, so it is used for colds and flu. Radish juice is used externally in the form of rubbing, lotions and compresses, and inside - tinctures, decoctions and juices.
Radish with honey cough. To prepare this medicine, you need to take a large radish and grate it. The juice from this radish is mixed with 100 grams of honey. Leave for 10 hours to infuse and squeeze. Ready radish juice with honey is taken in a tablespoon 3-5 times a day.
Radish with flu and bronchitis. First you need to ask someone for help: that he prepared the medicine himself. A sick man takes a hot bath, coming out of it, wraps himself in a blanket. Someone else (assistant) mixes 100 grams of grated radish with the same amount of horseradish. Here also add a little salt and honey. A sick person needs to rub his back with this mixture and drink tea with raspberries for the night.
Radish with hypertension. Take 1 tablespoon of radish juice, and the same amount of carrot juice, horseradish roots and beets. Mix all this and add juice squeezed from one lemon. Take this juice three times a day and 1 tablespoon before lunch and dinner.
Radish tincture for skin diseases. To do this, take 100 grams of radish juice and add to it the same amount of wine. Put on the fire, close the lid, evaporating the liquid from the contents to obtain a thick mass. Finished tincture need to lubricate the diseased skin.
Alcohol tincture of radish. This tincture is prepared as follows: it is necessary to take 500 grams of radish, without peeling off the peel, chop finely and pour two glasses of vodka. Leaving 14 days to infuse, the contents need to be shaken periodically. Take this medicine for neoplasms of any localization of 30 grams three times a day 30 minutes before meals.
Radish with rheumatism. So, you need to take 30 grams of radish juice, 20 grams of honey and 10 ml of vodka. Add a little salt. This tool insist about 2 hours and take as a wound healing agent.
Radish with anemia. Take 6 root crops and squeeze the juice out of them, then add 5 units of beet juice to it. Here we also add carrot juice and mix everything. All poured into a ceramic dish and put in the oven, covered with a lid. After 3 hours, take out the medicine and take it to the food in a tablespoon. The course of treatment is from 3 months.
Contraindications radish black
People with a sensitive stomach first need to give a piece of radish. If there are no reactions, then everything is in order. People with gastritis, ulcers and low acidity are not something that they should not use medicine from radishes, but they must not eat radishes at all. Cores are also not recommended preparations of black radish.
Education: A diploma in medicine and treatment was obtained at the NI Pirogov University (2005 and 2006). Further training at the Department of Phytotherapy at the Moscow University of Peoples' Friendship (2008).
Nutritional value and calorie radish
This root crop is extremely low in calories - only 36 kcal per 100 g, which makes it an indispensable product of dietary nutrition. It contains approximately 90% water. Because of this, the benefits of radish are indisputable for people who are trying to lose weight or keep themselves in shape.
Radish - useful and healing properties
A lot of healthy elements have been found in the radish. Separately, it is necessary to mention the presence of vitamins, organic acids and healing essential oils. Most of it contains vitamin C and potassium. Vitamin C plays an important role in the process of iron absorption and increases immunity. Its lack leads to bleeding due to excessive fragility of the capillaries. Potassium regulates pressure and water balance, participates in many nervous processes.
The use of radish can significantly improve the condition of the body:
- normalize the digestive tract,
- improve your appetite
- remove toxins and toxins
- lower blood sugar levels
- facilitate the course of colds and promote rapid recovery,
- prevent the development of atherosclerosis,
- fight kidney stone formation,
- strengthen hair
- return skin fresh and radiant look.
Phytoncides contained in the fruit are a strong natural antibiotic, therefore the best home remedy for the treatment of colds, ARVI and bronchitis is not found.
The benefits and harms of black, green radish
Black radish is very popular in our country, although it is quite sharp. But its useful properties more than compensate for this disadvantage. White or green radish has a milder taste, so even children love it. Radish of all kinds is very useful in winter and spring, when the body lacks vitamins. It has strong antimicrobial properties and helps to resist colds. In addition, radish is used as a diuretic and choleretic agent.
Fresh juice improves the activity of the spleen and other digestive organs. They drink it in case of arrhythmia, anemia and atherosclerosis.
Any fruit with abuse can harm the body, and radish is no exception. Eating large quantities of root vegetables is dangerous in case of malfunction of the cardiovascular system and in acute forms of gastrointestinal diseases.
Radish Daikon - what is the use and harm?
Radish Daikon variety is very popular in Japan. It grows to huge sizes and can weigh 15-16 kg. It does not have a pronounced sharp taste, but this does not affect the beneficial properties of the vegetable, so the Japanese eat it as often as the people of our country - potatoes. Among the shortcomings - a short shelf life.
This root has a lot of useful properties:
- beneficial effect on vision and digestion,
- promotes rapid healing of tissues
- accelerates the process of development of gastric juice,
- reduces sugar levels
- normalizes pressure
- improves performance
- helps fight viruses.
The value of the fetus is that it helps food to transform into compounds that are easily digested.
A healthy person needs only to eat 50-100 g of daikon per day. There is no need to eat anymore, as this may cause flatulence and irritation of the stomach lining.
This list includes:
- liver disease,
- whooping cough,
The main thing - to choose the right recipe. Vegetable can be used for both internal and external treatment in the form of rubbing, compresses and mustard plaster. It has a strong irritant effect and improves blood circulation, and essential oils penetrate quickly inside, therefore effective mustard plasters are obtained from the grated mass.
Black radish with cough honey
You need to take one medium-sized fruit, cut off the top, but not throw it away. Use a sharp knife to extract a small amount of pulp, put 2 tsp in the groove. honey and cover the top. Leave overnight. The resulting liquid to drink 3 times a day for 5-10 minutes before meals for 1 tbsp. l Children reduce the amount of medication to 1 tsp.
Radish juice is often drunk as a cholagogue by 1 tsp. 50-60 minutes after eating. It is necessary to monitor the well-being. If there is no pain in the liver and the general well-being is good, the dose can be increased to 1 tbsp. l and more.
During the period of treatment you need to follow a diet, eliminating the sharp and acidic foods. The cake after the juice should not be thrown away. It should be mixed with sugar in the ratio of 2 to 1 and put in a heat press. Instead of sugar, you can use honey (in smaller quantities). This cake is consumed with food at 1.5-2.5 st. l after the course of juice treatment.
How to take with skin diseases?
100 g of minced black radish pour homemade red wine in the same amount. Boil over low heat until uniform. Use for external compresses for skin diseases.
To improve the condition of the skin, you can wipe your face with radish juice mixed with apple cider vinegar.
Fighting anemia with radish
It is necessary to squeeze the juice of 5 fruits, radishes and beets. In the resulting liquid, add 400 ml of carrot juice and mix well. Pour into a heat-resistant container with a lid and stew in the oven for 3 hours. When it cools, take 1 tbsp. l before every meal. The minimum duration of treatment is 3 months.
The composition that helps with rheumatism, lower back pain, joints
Compresses of grated root vegetables are good for rheumatism, gout and bruises. Need to prepare 4 tbsp. l radish juice and add 8-10 drops of lavender oil. This mixture is rubbed into the sore spot and wrapped with a warm scarf. Keep a few hours. After 5-6 procedures, patients note a significant improvement in health.
The use of therapeutic properties of radish in cosmetology
For cosmetic purposes, radish was actively used in the ancient world. This universal remedy well affects skin of all types. Radish can be used both externally as masks and internally for the overall healing of the body.
Masks, tonics and radish lotions are capable of much. They are helping:
- narrow enlarged pores
- eliminate greasy shine
- whiten the skin and even out the tone of the face
- Get rid of freckles and other age spots.
However, before use, you need to check whether there is an allergy to this product, causing a small amount of the prepared product on the wrist.
For mature skin, rubbing lotion is helpful. A handful of clean radish cleanings pour 100 g of vodka and leave for 1.5 weeks. Daily use of this lotion tones, nourishes and tightens the skin.
A very simple remedy is to wipe the oily skin with a slice of radish before bedtime.
Eliminate age spots and whiten the skin will help a simple mask. Light nourishing cream is applied to cleansed skin and slices of radish are laid out. The duration of the procedure is 30 minutes.
To improve the condition of the hair, you can make a mask of crushed radish pulp. Mass carefully rubbed into the scalp and leave for 40-50 minutes. This contributes to enhanced hair growth and improved blood circulation.
The use of vegetables for weight loss
Radish - one of the best products for weight loss, as it contains a lot of fiber. Plant fibers help cleanse the intestines of toxins and slags. The unique mineral complex of vitamins supports normal water-salt metabolism, which contributes to the rapid elimination of edema.
Enzymes contained in the product help to quickly digest heavy food. Therefore, it is useful to eat radish with meat and other high-calorie dishes. It simply does not allow fats to accumulate in the body.
You can eat not only roots, but also young leaves. Root vegetables are most often eaten raw, adding them to salads and okroshka. They have crisp spicy taste. This bitter taste can be softened using sour cream, apples, beets or carrots.
For weight loss is best to eat light low-calorie salads with cabbage, cucumbers, lemon. With radish, you can cook soup or make a stew. You should not fill them with sour cream or mayonnaise, it’s best to limit it to one vegetable oil.
Juice can be prepared in two ways:
- Take the fruit of medium size, carefully cut out the middle part and add some natural honey inside, leave for 4 hours. As a result, the juice starts to stand out. It is used in 1 tbsp. l three times a day before main meals.
- Take a small radish, peel, chop on a grater, mix with honey (3 tbsp. L.) And put in a warm place overnight. Squeeze the juice through cheesecloth and use it in the same way as in the previous version.
In order for this medicine to be beneficial, it must be taken according to the instructions. Overdose can harm.
When radiculitis and rheumatism, 3 servings of crushed radish should be mixed with 2 servings of honey and 1 part vodka. This mixture is necessary to rub the joints after a bath or bath.
Contraindications to the use
You need to know that the radish can not be eaten in certain diseases of the stomach, kidneys and heart. For this reason, these people need to consult a doctor. Gastric ulcer, gout, obstruction of the biliary tract, gastritis - clear contraindications.
Also, do not eat vegetables, even healthy people in large quantities in a pure form.
Radish, depending on the situation, can be both an assistant and an enemy. Therefore, without the advice of a specialist, it is not worth starting treatment in this way.
One of the main components of a healthy lifestyle is proper nutrition. Therefore, in the diet it is necessary to include dishes from fresh vegetables and root crops, in particular radishes.