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How to breed goat milk for babies

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Breast milk is the best food for the newborn baby. It contains the necessary trace elements and vitamins for the body, but not all newly-made moms are able to provide the baby with natural feeding, for example, due to illness. For this case, special milk formulas have been created that successfully replace breast milk. Unfortunately, artificial baby food is not suitable for all babies due to allergic reactions to cow's milk protein. In this case, goat's milk comes to the rescue.

The benefits of goat milk

Breast milk or adapted milk formula is the best food for babies from birth to 6-9 months. After the introduction into the child's diet of vegetables and cereals boiled in water, you can offer baby milk cereals based on goat milk. Its advantage in comparison with the cow is obvious:

  • a high content of calcium and vitamin D contributes to the strengthening of bones and the prevention of rickets,
  • potassium has a positive effect on the cardiovascular system
  • magnesium is closely related to the development of the nervous system and the maintenance of normal blood pressure,
  • folic acid, vitamins B6 and A are necessary for the development and formation of organs and body systems,
  • a minimum of lactose allows you to feed children with lactase deficiency,
  • the homogenized look of milk balls prevents regurgitation.

Goat milk damage

Due to the fatty acids in its composition, goat milk is considered to be a nutritious and useful food, but compared to breast milk, it has some drawbacks and contraindications:

  • Large casein content. This protein may not be absorbed by all children because of the formation of a dense lump in the stomach. The result is obstruction, pain and cramps in the abdomen.
  • Mineral salts, calcium + phosphorus in large quantities increase the load on the kidneys and adversely affect the urinary system.
  • The minimum of iron is a minus to immunity and intellectual development. We'll have to get this important element in other products.
  • There is no enzyme lipase, which is responsible for the rapid and proper breakdown of fats, of which there is quite a lot of goat's milk.

On the one hand, any product has contraindications for use, especially for 4-6 months old babies. If we compare goat's milk with cow's milk, then the first will win, since allergy to it in infants is quite rare (see also: what if the child is allergic to milk?). In addition, the bovine product contains less vitamins and beneficial acids.

However, it is impossible to eat only goat milk. As already mentioned, it lacks some important elements, without which the baby can not fully develop and grow. It would be reasonable to combine, for example, with an artificial mixture or other natural products. Ideal - HB (if possible) in combination with goat milk.

If the health of the mother allows, the optimal feeding regimen will be mixed - breastfeeding alternates with goat's milk.

Baby feeding

Often, opinions about whether to give goat milk to infants differ. If you delve into science, it should be noted that animal milk for humans is an alien product, just as female milk is alien to animals.

Only a pediatrician can prescribe feeding a cow, goat or other albumin (most female-like, for example, mare or donkey) dairy product due to illness or lack of certain microelements.

Famous pediatrician Komarovsky recommends that children be introduced to goat milk no earlier than 1 year (and sometimes not earlier than 2-3 years), referring to enzyme deficiency and increased stress on the body of infants. Correctly introduce a new product as follows:

  1. The first time you can offer 1-2 tsp. (if you are afraid, you can start with a smaller amount), followed by monitoring the reaction of the baby. If the body has mastered the novelty, you can gradually increase the dose.
  2. Any milk should be boiled and diluted with water (also boiled). This procedure is necessarily performed before feeding small children up to 2-3 years, because not everyone is able to immediately digest food with high fat content (sometimes it ranges from 3 to 6%).
  3. From the age of three, milk can be given in fresh, raw form. By this time, the child also begins to absorb butter, sour cream, cottage cheese, cheese, kefir in limited quantities, so there’s almost no need to worry about non-digestion (see also: can you drink kefir for nursing mothers with HB).
  4. The maximum volume is 400 ml per day. Of course, the kids do not drink so much, but older children should be followed. If desired, you can dilute the milk with boiled water, then the maximum will increase to 500-600 ml (see also: when and how can you give regular water to the newborn?).
  5. When the child begins to eat porridge, instead of butter, you can add goat's milk (about 1-2 tablespoons, depending on the cooked cereals). In fat and taste, it is not inferior.

Boiling and diluting with water kills some of the nutrients, however, these procedures are necessary to reduce the fat content of milk and destroy possible bacteria. In this form, it is absorbed better, but it is desirable to store it no more than a day.

Goat milk for nursing mothers

Goat dairy products are useful not only for children, but also for adults, especially pregnant and lactating women. It is very important to follow a certain diet, because the taste and benefits of breast milk depend on when and what mom eats.

New products should be used with caution, starting with small portions and observing the reaction of both your and your child’s body. Goat milk with breastfeeding rarely gives side effects, but if you still notice a deterioration in health, abdominal distention, allergies, constipation or diarrhea, you should immediately stop using this milk drink. Usually the discomfort manifests itself immediately.

With a good reaction, 1 cup per day is quite a normal dosage. If desired, a nursing mother can add milk to tea, and for colds, the ideal option is warm milk + a spoon of honey.

Goat delicacy as a universal medicine has a positive effect on:

  • bone system, teeth, nails, hair,
  • thyroid gland
  • heart, blood vessels,
  • immunity, memory,
  • weight (100 gr only 68 kcal).
The appearance and health of a nursing mother largely depends on her menu. Goat milk has a positive effect on the skin, hair, nails, as well as the work of the internal organs

If the choice has fallen in favor of fresh raw dairy product, then when buying, pay attention to color, smell and the presence of impurities. There should be no precipitation. It is also very important to have an idea of ​​the conditions in which the animal was kept and fed, so ideally it is better to buy dairy products not from the hands, but in shops or from farmers, that is, where they can provide relevant documents. You can also diversify the menu of a nursing mother with dishes prepared on the basis of goat milk.

DIY curd cheese

Cottage cheese is considered the easiest to prepare: you need only salt, gauze and enamelware. Salted goat milk is first brought to a boil, covered with a lid / gauze and then waits for the next procedure in a warm place for exactly 24 hours.

Fermented mixture is heated on low heat in an enamel saucepan, filtered through cheesecloth and left for 50-60 minutes in a suspended state so that the serum remains. By the way, from the whey, then excellent pancakes can turn out - a good addition to a delicious curd or condensed milk for sweet lovers.

Cheese at home

If the cottage cheese turned out to be too much, you can make cheese from it. The recipe is a little more complicated, but it will not leave indifferent to taste even the most capricious gourmet. Cottage cheese should be thoroughly rubbed through a sieve and filled with goat milk, then heated on low heat for 15-20 minutes and the waste water formed is drained through a colander.

The next step: in the resulting mixture add butter, two eggs, vanilla, salt and soda, quenched with vinegar. Stir and put on the fire again until the mass hardens. At night, we remove under the press in the refrigerator. In the morning the cheese is ready.

Proper storage

Goat milk is an unusual product. In pasteurized form (at a standard temperature of 72 degrees), it can be stored for up to 7-10 days in glass or ceramic dishes. The freshness of milk is perfectly preserved in the freezer, so when leaving for a few days, do not be afraid to freeze the milk product.

When thawing, it will be enough just to shake the container and you can enjoy a healthy drink. As a baby food it is recommended to store no more than 24 hours, especially if goat milk for babies in your family can be diluted with water.

Goat milk for babies

Many external factors lead to the fact that breastfeeding becomes almost a luxury, but not a reality. And although most mothers are trying to do everything possible to enhance the lactation and self-feeding of their child, each year the percentage of breastfed children decreases. It is necessary to find a worthy analogue that is capable of not losing breast milk in its composition, does not cause allergies, and is perfectly absorbed by the baby’s weak body. Recently, goat milk for infants has become a worthy alternative. And for those who are offered various alternatives, it is necessary to think carefully before feeding the infant with adapted mixtures, and not to give preference to a natural natural product.

Can baby goat milk?

For parents looking for a decent alternative and seeking to give their child only the best answer to the question: “Can baby goat milk?” Is obvious. Naturally the answer is positive. And in this case, it is worth considering that, in contrast to adapted mixtures made from cow's milk, you can completely avoid allergies, eliminate lactose intolerance, avoid dermatitis, and improve the health of the baby. And all because the fats contained in goat milk, in its structure are more close to the mother's milk. They do not have a negative impact on the pancreas, are easily digested and become a worthy alternative to breast milk.

Goat's milk for babies should be chosen with great care. This means that industrial milk should be excluded. Like a cow, it may be of insufficient quality. Cattle intended for industrial purposes are fed with genetically modified foods, soybeans and other feed that may have a negative impact on the health of the child. Moreover, over time, such negligence can lead to irreversible changes. If you use goat's milk for infants, you should have your own goat, or at least a trusted supplier whose cattle passed the necessary checks. The benefits of this product will be incommensurable. Allergies, indigestion, and inhibition of pancreatic activity will not be disturbed, since, in contrast to the adapted mixture, it is a natural product that has passed centuries-old trials and nourished a single child healthy and happy.

Baby milk on goat milk

What can we expect if babies are raised on goat milk? Only positive results. The child will be:

  • gain weight correctly
  • have a healthy pancreas,
  • have no allergies
  • to absorb iron from goat milk,
  • develop in accordance with the norms
  • Do not be deficient in vitamins and microelements.

Similar results baby goat milk will achieve quite quickly. Unlike mixtures produced with the help of numerous chemical treatments and operations, milk does not have such a complex structure. It is close to the mother, and therefore brings undeniable benefits.

How to breed goat milk?

Many people believe that whole milk that has not been subjected to various types of processing keeps vitamins, trace elements and nutritious nutrients intact. Therefore, a completely logical question is: is there a need to boil this product? Much depends on the age of the baby - boiling is obligatory for up to a year. For kids older, it all depends on many factors:

  • When buying powdered milk, you need to pay attention to preserving the integrity of the packaging and shelf life,
  • the quality of whole goat milk - it is necessary to ensure the complete health of the animal, cleanliness of the owners, good conditions of the animal,
  • for babies up to one year, goat milk must be diluted.

Instructions for the introduction of this product in the diet of infants:

  • the milk must undergo thermal cooking by boiling,
  • the foam must be removed,
  • boiling water also needs to be boiled,
  • for babies up to one year, the proportion for breeding is 1: 5 (boiled goat milk: boiled water),
  • after dilution, the milk must be drained through two layers of gauze and cooled.

As the child grows up, milk can be diluted:

after 1.5 years - 1: 2,

after two years, the introduction of whole milk into the ration is allowed (in the absence of side reactions).

Allergy goat milk

Goat milk practically does not cause allergic reactions, even in the presence of atopic dermatitis after taking cow's milk. Also, many experts consider goat dairy product a strong antihistamine and when used in children suffering from diathesis, the symptoms of this disease gradually decrease (but only in children over six months of age as complementary foods, following all the rules for introducing a new dish and the breeding rate).

Goat milk is useful in reducing the reactivity of immunity and frequent viral or catarrhal diseases.

How to give goat milk baby?

In order for the baby to develop properly, it is important to know how to give goat milk to the baby. There is nothing difficult in this process. But, you must comply with the instructions.

First, goat milk should never be given in its pure form. It should be diluted in a ratio of 1/1 with filtered boiled water. Otherwise, there will be a strong effect on the pancreas and digestive problems may occur.

Secondly, the milk must always be boiled, skimmed, and skipped over at least three layers of gauze. Such a precaution will protect against infections.

Third, even boiled milk should not be stored for babies for more than a day, since its beneficial properties are leveled.

How to give goat milk to infants is understandable and quite simple. It is necessary to make only a minimum of efforts to ensure that the child receives the maximum benefit from such feeding and to monitor its correct and timely development.

Goat milk baby reviews

From those who do not experiment, and enjoy centuries-old experience, goat's milk to babies has the most positive feedback. Whatever the life stages of a child, it may be introduced into the diet, the benefit is observed undoubtedly. Even for children with lactose intolerance, it can be a worthy alternative to mixtures. For children after a year, it is shown as a prophylactic and natural dietary supplement.

Goat milk for babies has undeniable benefits. And for those parents who wish to take care of their children with maximum efficiency, it will be the solution to many problems and a real helper in observing a normal diet.

At what age can baby be given goat's milk and how to properly breed it: feeding rules for up to a year

Breast milk is the best food for the newborn baby. It contains the necessary trace elements and vitamins for the body, but not all newly-made moms are able to provide the baby with natural feeding - for example, due to illness, pain in the mammary glands when feeding or even simply because of fear of spoiling the appearance of the breast. For such a case, special milk formulas were created, which, according to the manufacturer, can replace mother's delicacy. Unfortunately, not all babies learn a novelty due to allergies, non-digestion, or simply because they did not like the taste. Then there are two options: cow or goat milk. Pediatricians recommend the second option, since it is the goat that is less than the rest of domestic animals is subject to diseases.

If, for some reason, mommy cannot provide her child with milk, then the best alternative would be just goat, not cow.

Feeding age allowed

Famous pediatrician Komarovsky recommends that children be introduced to goat milk no earlier than 1 year (and sometimes not earlier than 2-3 years), referring to enzyme deficiency and increased stress on the body of infants. Correctly introduce a new product as follows:

  1. Первые несколько раз выдается по чайной ложке (если боитесь, то можете начать с меньшего количества) с последующим наблюдением за реакцией малыша. Если организм усвоил новинку, то можно постепенно увеличивать дозу.
  2. Практически любое молоко должно подвергаться кипячению и разбавлению водой (тоже кипяченой). This procedure is necessarily performed before feeding small children up to 2-3 years, because not everyone is able to immediately digest food with high fat content (sometimes it ranges from 3 to 6%).
  3. From the age of three, milk can be given in fresh, raw form. By this time, the child also begins to absorb butter, sour cream, cottage cheese, cheese, kefir in limited quantities, so there’s almost no need to worry about non-digestion.
  4. The maximum volume is 400 ml per day. Of course, the kids do not drink so much, but older children should be followed. If desired, you can dilute the milk with boiled water, then the maximum will increase to 500-600 ml.
  5. When the child begins to eat porridge, instead of butter, you can add goat's milk (about 1-2 tablespoons, depending on the cooked cereals). In fat and taste, it is not inferior. Especially it saves in the event that a fresh raw drink fell into disagreement with the chad.

Boiling and diluting with water kills some of the nutrients, however, these procedures are necessary to reduce the fat content of milk and destroy possible bacteria. In this form, it is absorbed better, but it is desirable to store it no more than a day.

Goat Milk Products

If a child refuses to drink goat's milk (many do not like the taste or smell), but the pediatrician recommended including this drink in the diet, then the best solution would be not just to add a tablespoon to the porridge, but to prepare new healthy products based on it. For example, for breakfast, very often parents feed children of school and preschool age with yogurt, cottage cheese or cheese. So why not make them yourself instead of buying in a store?

Cottage cheese is considered the easiest to prepare: you need only salt, gauze and enamelware. Salted goat milk is first brought to a boil, covered with a lid / gauze and then waits for the next procedure in a warm place for exactly 24 hours. Fermented mixture is heated on low heat in an enamel saucepan, filtered through cheesecloth and left for 50-60 minutes in a suspended state so that the serum remains. By the way, from the whey, then excellent pancakes can turn out - a good addition to a delicious curd or condensed milk for sweet lovers. There are other recipes for goat cheese.

If the cottage cheese turned out to be too much, you can make cheese from it. According to the recipe, this is a little more complicated, but it will not leave indifferent to taste even the most capricious gourmet. Cottage cheese will need to be thoroughly rubbed through a sieve and pour over goat milk, then heated over low heat for 15-20 minutes and the waste water formed is drained through a colander. The next step: in the resulting mixture add butter, two eggs, vanilla, salt and soda, quenched with vinegar. Stir and put on the fire again until the mass hardens. At night, we remove under the press in the refrigerator. In the morning the cheese is ready.

Useful tips nursing mom

Goat dairy products are useful not only for children, but also for adults, especially pregnant and lactating women. It is very important to observe a certain diet, because the taste and usefulness of breast milk depends on when and what mother eats. New products should be used with caution, starting with small portions and observing the reaction of both your and your child’s body. Goat milk with breastfeeding rarely gives side effects, but if you still notice a deterioration in health, abdominal distention, allergies, constipation or diarrhea, you should immediately stop using this milk drink. Usually, discomfort appears immediately, sometimes within a month.

With a good reaction, 1 cup per day during the year is the norm. If desired, a nursing mother can add milk to tea, and for colds, the ideal option is warm milk + a spoon of honey. Goat delicacy as a universal medicine has a positive effect:

  • on teeth, nails, bones,
  • thyroid gland
  • heart, blood vessels,
  • immunity, memory,
  • weight (in 100 gr only 68 kcal),
  • freshness of the face and hair.

The appearance and health of a nursing mother largely depends on her menu. Goat milk has a positive effect on the skin, hair, nails, as well as the work of the internal organs

If the choice has fallen in favor of fresh raw dairy product, then when buying, pay attention to color, smell and the presence of impurities. There should be no precipitation. It is also very important to have an idea of ​​the conditions in which the animal was kept and fed, so ideally it is better to buy dairy products not from the hands, but in shops or from farmers, that is, where they can provide relevant documents.

Cons of goat milk

Goat milk has always been considered a healing product by the people. But is it so similar in composition to the female breast milk, as they say? The qualitative composition of these products has significant differences in fat content, and in protein and fat content. We list the negative aspects of goat milk, which are written by doctors.

  • It is much fatter
  • It lacks the lipase enzyme that promotes the breakdown of fats,
  • Goat's milk contains a lot of phosphorus, which creates additional work for the fragile kidneys of the newborn,
  • Folic acid is absent in this type of milk; this can trigger anemia.

The benefits of goat milk

If the choice is between cow's milk (See the article on cow's milk for a newborn.) and goat milk, then the doctors' opinion is unequivocal - milk from a goat is much preferable to cow's. Why?

  • Cow milk contains a lot of casein. Casein turns into a tight clot in a baby’s ventricle and is long and difficult to process. Casein is much less in goat milk, so it is absorbed much better and fuller,
  • Goat's milk is richer in composition by vitamins of different groups,
  • It contains a lot of calcium, which is perfectly absorbed by the growing body of the child. Therefore, teeth in babies receiving goat milk begin to grow earlier and stronger,
  • Especially goat milk is shown kiddies prone to regurgitation. After all, milk balls are contained in it in a homogenized form (i.e., smaller), which means that it is better absorbed by the child’s body,
  • In the ventricle of the crumbs, the milk turns into small cheesy balls, almost like a female,
  • Another useful property of goat milk is that it practically does not cause allergies. This quality is important for babies prone to allergic reactions, patients with atopic dermatitis.

When can I give goat milk to a baby?

Doctors recommend giving goat milk to babies from 9 months, and before that feed them with adapted milk formula. Now produced milk formula, made on the basis of goat milk. It is a pity that they do not possess useful properties like natural goat milk. If the mixes do not suit your baby, he often spits up, then you can drive goat's milk almost from birth.

We read the article about the mixtures (how to choose the right mixture)

How to enter into the diet

If you still decide to feed the newborn with goat milk from the first days, then you must follow some rules.

  1. Try to take milk from friends, neighbors.
  2. See how the goat is contained, do not be lazy to come to the milking.
  3. If you buy in the market, ask for help from a veterinarian (is a goat healthy).
  4. Buying milk in the store, carefully review the date of manufacture and shelf life. It is impossible for kids to use products with the expiry date.
  5. Try the milk yourself - if there is an unpleasant taste.
  6. It is necessary at first to dilute the goat's milk with boiled water. For a newborn, one part of milk takes 3 parts of water. If you do not, from the large fat content of the baby can fix.
  7. The milk itself must boil. It is not recommended to use metal utensils for boiling.
  8. Milk should preferably be stored in glass, enamel or ceramic containers.
  9. When the baby gets used, it can be diluted in a ratio of 1: 2, a month later it is already possible to give undiluted milk.

As you can see, the use of goat milk far exceeds its disadvantages. Of course, mom's milk is optimal for an infant, but in the absence of it, goat's milk may well be a substitute for it.

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Features goat milk

The main advantage of goat milk is that it almost never causes food allergies. Therefore, it and the mixture based on it become a real salvation for children with allergies. What to do if babies have food allergies, see here.

The composition of goat milk includes a smaller amount of casein than cow's. Casein forms in the stomach in a tight clot that is digested hard and long. And goat milk is a more homogeneous and soft mixture, which is easily and quickly digested and absorbed by 100%. In the stomach, it turns into a soft loose clot that does not irritate the digestion. Goat milk is closer in composition to breast milk than cow milk. It also simplifies the adaptation of the child's digestion to a new product.

Goat's milk does not contain dangerous cow protein, which often causes atopic dermatitis in infants. The composition of the product includes a large number of vitamins and calcium, which ensures the normal development and growth of the baby. In addition, it improves the work of digestion and restores the intestinal microflora, helps with constipation and frequent regurgitation.

Despite its beneficial properties and composition, goat's milk carries a danger. First of all, it is much fatter than a cow. At the same time, the product does not contain lipase, which breaks down fats. Such a composition causes problems in the digestion of the baby and strongly strengthens the stomach, so children under one year old must goat milk with diluted water.

A high content of phosphorus and calcium give an increased load to the still weak lambs of the infant. And the lack of folic acid, a small amount of vitamins A and D in the composition of the product can lead to anemia. Next, we find out how old goat milk is allowed for infants.

When and how to give goat milk

Goat milk is unacceptable in the nutrition of babies in the first six months, a mixture of goat milk at this age is possible only by the testimony of a pediatrician. A newborn and infant up to six months simply cannot cope with the high fat content of goat milk, since the babies' body is not yet adapted to such food. In addition, children in the first months of life is very important folic acid and vitamin D, which are not enough in goat's milk.

Infants should not be given such a product until 9-12 months. In nine months, you can cook porridge and cottage cheese on goat milk. Artificially fed babies can begin to produce such foods as early as 6-7 months. Of great importance is the way to give goat milk to the baby.

To avoid a negative reaction, be sure to dilute the product with water for at least the first month. Start the introduction is better with goat curd. Follow the rules for including new foods in the infant's diet, recommendations for choosing and storing milk, and preparing dishes with this ingredient.

Dietary administration rules

  • Take only natural fresh goat's milk, it is desirable that this was a home product,
  • If you use a purchased product, be sure to check the composition and shelf life, the integrity of the packaging,
  • Before the introduction of the product is better to consult a pediatrician,
  • At first, dilute the milk with boiled water (three parts of water to one part of the milk),
  • For the first time, give your baby a teaspoon of cottage cheese cooked in diluted milk. Observe the reaction of the child in two days. If there is no negative reaction, you can give products with goat milk. If the stools deteriorate and stomach problems postpone the introduction for at least a month,
  • At first, give the diluted product as a component of porridge or cottage cheese,
  • Be sure to boil the milk before serving or cooking!
  • When a child gets used to a new product a little, the amount of water at dilution is gradually reduced. After 4-5 weeks, you can switch to pure milk, but pediatricians do not recommend doing it earlier than a year.
  • Milk can be stored in glass, enamel or ceramic containers for up to two days at room temperature and up to one week in the refrigerator.

How to cook goat cheese

For the first baby feeding, it is recommended to use vegetable purees, then gradually include cottage cheese. It is very useful for kids, strengthens bones and boosts immunity, is easily digested and rarely causes allergies. By the way, the famous pediatrician Komarovsky advises to start feeding with exactly dairy products. Details about the introduction of the first feeding, read the link http://vskormi.ru/breast-feeding/pervyi-prikorm-pri-grudnom-vskarmlivanii/.

The recipe for cottage cheese for baby foods includes a liter of goat milk and 700 grams of natural low-fat yogurt. The milk is poured into the pan and heated to 40 degrees. Then pour in the yogurt and mix the mass thoroughly. You can pre-dilute yogurt with a small amount of milk to make the curd soft and tender.

Wrap the pot in something warm and leave the mass for the night. In the morning, stir the mixture and cook over low heat, stirring regularly. Bring the mass to 80 degrees and cool, putting in a large container with cold water. Renew cold water until the curd mixture cools. Put the mass in a colander with gauze. Gauze tie and put the cottage cheese along with a colander for a day in the fridge. Drained serum can be poured or used as a mask for the face.

Blends on goat milk

This alternative adapted food for kids with allergies to cow protein and problems in the digestive system. This mixture is given according to the testimony of a doctor. It can be prescribed for food allergies, lactose intolerance, constipation and frequent regurgitation, dysbacteriosis.

Since goat milk is not quite suitable for feeding children under one year old, the product contains only 45-46% of this component. The rest of the composition includes additives and components, including probiotics and nucleotides, vitamins and minerals. Food contains two times less lactose than standard infant formula. It does not cause allergies and performs a number of important functions:

  • Reduces digestion stress
  • Improves the work of the digestive tract,
  • Reduces regurgitation
  • Relieves constipation
  • Strengthens and develops bone skeleton,
  • Increases immunity
  • Prevents weight gain and childhood obesity.

Features and benefits for the child's body

The properties of goat milk are caused, first of all, by its composition, which is somewhat close to cow's milk, and is somewhat different, approaching breast milk.

  1. Goat's milk and cows, as compared with women's milk, are distinguished by a high content of casein, but the composition of their protein fractions is different.
  2. The main advantage of goat milk is low allergenicity, due to the absence or low content of αs1-casein, γ-casein and β-lactoglobulin. In this regard, in 10% of children with allergy to cow's milk protein, an allergic reaction to goat's milk protein is not observed. In addition, when heated above 70 ° C, goat's milk proteins partially denature, losing their allergenic potential.
  3. By the amount of α-lacto albumin, goat milk is close to breast milk. This protein fraction under the influence of enzymes is split into individual pieces - peptides with antibacterial properties.
  4. Goat's milk has a great advantage over cow. Cow milk casein is converted into a tight clot in the stomach cavity, which leads to difficulties with its digestion. The density of the casein clot of goat milk is much less due to the large number of pores into which digestive enzymes quickly penetrate, so the product is easily digested.
  5. By the set of amino acids, goat and breast milk are very similar.
  6. There is little lactose in goat's milk compared to women's milk, but this gives it a great advantage in feeding people with lactose intolerance.
  7. The content of arachidonic and linoleic acids, especially important in childhood, is higher than in cow's milk.
  8. Goat's milk contains vitamins and microelements that are necessary for the proper development and growth of the child. Compared with all the same cow's milk, goat is much more calcium, iron, copper, manganese, vitamin A, ascorbic acid, niacin, biotin.

The main advantages of goat milk:

  • fat is well absorbed by lightweight children and children with digestive disorders,
  • contains growth factors that promote cell growth and the formation of immunity,
  • protects and restores intestinal mucosa due to special biologically active substances,
  • protein substances are well digested, ensuring the prevention of colic and constipation,
  • reduces the risk of functional bowel disorders,
  • goat milk minerals are absorbed most fully compared to cow milk,
  • contains oligosaccharides - natural prebiotic components that contribute to the formation of healthy microflora.

Product flaws

Despite the many beneficial properties and advantages, goat milk has disadvantages. What harm can it cause to infants?

  1. Very fatty, which can cause difficulties with its digestion due to the lack of enzymes in the infant. Кроме того, в его составе отсутствует липаза, которая, находясь в женском молоке, помогает расщеплению жиров.
  2. It has a high degree of mineralization (especially a lot of sodium and chlorine), and even more than cow's milk. As a result, the load on the kidneys of the child increases, and hypernatraemia may occur, caused by a lack of water in relation to solutes. In this state, the child has a strong thirst, there are disturbances of consciousness.
  3. Feeding goat milk instead of breast milk can lead to anemia due to a lack of vitamin B12 and folic acid, which is responsible for blood formation.
  4. The ratio of calcium and phosphorus adversely affects the absorption of calcium by the body of the child.

It is worth noting that the milk produced by animals is intended for feeding their babies. For a human child who feeds her mother's breast, this is an alien product.

Comparison of the composition of breast milk with goat and cow milk (based on the book “Chemistry and Physics of Milk and Dairy Products”, K. K. Gorbatova, P. I. Gunkova)

The positive properties of goat milk

At a time when the mixtures were not so widespread in the market, our grandmothers often fed babies with goat milk. The benefits of such milk are obvious:

  1. Milk is saturated with mineral and vitamin substances. In composition, it is close to the cow, but much richer in content of calcium, iron, magnesium, proteins and fats.
  2. Lactase in it is much less. Due to this quality goat milk can be given to children with digestive problems.

Thanks to the experiments of US scientists, it was found that it is more in tune with physiological needs than cow milk. In case of allergic tendencies, goat milk is the best option for feeding an infant.

  • Goat milk has a hypoallergenic property. This is achieved by the fact that protein casein, which provokes allergies, is in small quantities.
  • Special benefits:

    • thanks to linolenic acid promotes immune growth,
    • serves as prevention of rickets
    • it has, thanks to lysozyme, bactericidal properties,
    • normalizes the bowels,
    • due to the presence of potassium and magnesium improves the performance of the conductive system of the children's heart.

    Goat milk for newborns

    It is very important to determine the age range for introduction to the menu of this product. You can give goat milk in its pure form only from 9 months, when the digestive system has already been optimally formed, and its enzymes are ready for digestion of goat's milk.

    This puts a greater strain on the kidneys and the digestive tract of the infant.

    How to give goat milk?

    1. Before you give baby goat's milk, you need to find a quality supplier. This can be your own goat or a trusted store.

    If you take in the store, then be sure to look at the package for the implementation period - no more than ten days.

    It should be remembered that goat milk can transmit a number of infections. One of them is brucellosis.

  • Be sure to evaluate their organoleptic properties - smell, color, taste. There should be no odors, sour taste.
  • It is optimal to give the baby goat milk diluted with water 1: 4. In one meal, the child needs no more than 50 grams, so when diluted with water, a volume of 250 ml is obtained.

    This dilution is recommended because goat milk is very fat, saturated with a large amount of calcium and phosphorus. A large concentration of these substances and elements overload the body of the baby.

    In the first feed it is better to start with small portions in 20 ml.

    Look at the condition of the child, the absence of allergic reactions.

    With a positive effect, you can increase the single volume to 50 ml.

    Goat milk in infant formula

    Goat milk for infants can be given as adapted mixtures. Their big plus is that they are close in composition to the mother's milk. And most importantly, such a product is hypoallergenic and is good for kids with manifestations of diathesis. Such mixtures can be given to a child from birth.

    One of the brightest representatives of these mixtures - a mixture of the company "Nanny". The mixture is high in calories. She went on sale the very first in Russia. A mixture of "Nanny" is rich in protein casein, thereby saving from constipation. But its disadvantage is that it is not very similar to breast milk and other mixtures.

    Of course, before giving baby goat milk, you should consult a doctor. Goat's milk has a number of advantages over cow's, but also a number of drawbacks over breast milk. Do not seek to fully transfer the infant to animal milk. For full-fledged development, in the absence of human milk, it needs adapted mixtures, and only one feeding can be replaced with goat milk.

    She graduated from YuUGMU, internship in pediatrics, residency in pediatric cardiology, since 2012 she has been working in MC Lotos, Chelyabinsk.

    One comment to the article “From what age can you give baby goat milk? "

    Hello! How can a person with higher medical education write such nonsense? Goat milk is not a hypoallergenic product, it simply causes less allergy than cow's milk. And your statement about casein. Cow and goat milk are caseinominating types of milk. But breast milk, on the contrary, contains more whey proteins than casein. And you write about lactase. So maybe, after all lactose? Lactase is an enzyme, and lactose is a carbohydrate. Author, you just do not have the right to be called a doctor!

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