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Sleep rates of a child up to a year, from a year to three

Parents of a newborn baby should understand that the sleep of a baby for months affects the proper development of the body. Every month of life outside the womb for the crumbs - different in terms of sleep. Much here depends on the actions of the parents themselves. Imprint imposes and the rate of metabolic processes, the individual characteristics of the body of the baby, temperament. These factors complicate the fast falling asleep of an infant.

Pediatricians have developed general sleep patterns for months for babies under the age of 1 year. They report the amount of time allowed for a child to sleep. The presented values ​​are optimal for the specified age, and if the parents adhere to them, then the newborn during the day looks rested and happy, feels good and develops correctly.

Sleep from 0 to 3 months

Up to 3 months, a newborn sleeps quite a lot — from about 17 to 18 hours a day for the first few weeks and 15 to 17 hours a day for three months.

Children almost never sleep more than three or four hours in a row, day or night. And that means that you, too, will not be able to sleep for many hours. At night you will have to get up to feed and swaddle your child, during the day you will play with him. Some babies sleep all night long at the age of 8 weeks, but most babies do not sleep continuously all night long, not only up to 5 or 6 months, but also longer. It is necessary to observe the rules of good sleep from birth.

12 to 18 months

Typical sleep at this age

Your child is already quite big. But he also, as before, needs a lot of sleep. Up to two years, the child must sleep 13-14 hours a day, 11 of them at night. The rest will go into daytime sleep. At 12 months, he will still need two days of sleep, but by 18 months he is ready for one (one and a half or two-hour) daytime sleep. This mode is stored for up to four or five years.

The transition from two day dreams to one can be difficult. Experts recommend alternating days with two daytime dreams with days with one day rest, depending on how much the baby slept the night before. If the child slept in the afternoon once, it is better to lay him in the evening early.

How to instill healthy sleep skills?

At this age, there is almost nothing new that would help your baby become good sleepy. Follow the strategies previously learned.

Observe the constant bedtime ritual

A proper bedtime ritual will help your child gradually calm down at the end of the day and get ready for bed.

If the child needs to splash excess energy, allow him to run a little before moving on to more relaxed activities (such as a quiet game, a bath, or a bedtime story). Follow the same pattern every night - even when you are far from home. Children love when everything is clear. The ability to predict when an event will happen helps them to control the situation.

Make sure your child has a regular day and night sleep.

The baby’s sleep will become more regular if you try to follow the regimen constantly. If he sleeps during the day, eats, plays, goes to bed every day at the same time, he will most likely easily fall asleep in the evening.

Give your child the opportunity to fall asleep on their own

Do not forget how important it is for your child to be able to fall asleep on your own every evening. Sleep should not depend on a motion sickness, feeding or lullaby. If such a relationship exists, the child, waking at night, will not be able to fall asleep on his own and will call you. What to do if this happens is up to you.

What difficulties may arise?

At this age, the child may have difficulty falling asleep, and he may often wake up at night. The cause of both problems is new milestones in child development, especially standing and walking. Your baby is so happy with his new skills that he wants to continue to engage with them, even if you say that it is bedtime.

If the child resists and does not want to go to bed, most experts advise leaving him in his room for a few minutes to check if he will calm down. If the child does not calm down, you can "give the child a cry out."

You will also have to decide what to do if the child wakes up at night, cannot calm down on her own and calls you. Try to come in and see if he stands, you must help him to lie down. But if the child wants you to stay and play with him, do not give up. He must understand that night time is for sleep.

Rules of sleep

Here is what you can do at this age to help your child acquire the right sleep skills:

Study the signs of child fatigue

For the first six to eight weeks, your child will not be able to stay awake for more than two hours in a row. If you do not put him to sleep longer than this time, he will be overworked and will not be able to sleep well. Watch until you notice the baby is getting sleepy. He rubs his eyes, tugs at his ear, faint dark circles appear under his eyes? If you see these or any other signs of drowsiness, send it directly to the crib. Soon, you will learn your child’s daily rhythms and behavior so that you will develop a sixth sense and you will instinctively know when he is ready for bed.

Start explaining to him the difference between day and night.

Some babies are owls (you may have already noticed some hints of this during pregnancy). And while you want to turn off the light, the child can still be very active. In the first few days you can't do anything about it. But as soon as the child is about 2 weeks old, you can start teaching him to distinguish night by day.

When a child is alert and active during the day, play with him, turn on the lights in the house and in his room, do not try to reduce the usual daytime noises (phone, TV or dishwasher sounds). If he falls asleep while feeding, wake him up. Do not play with the child at night. When you enter his feeding room, dim the lights and noise, do not talk to him for too long. Not so much time will pass, and your baby will begin to understand that night time is for sleeping.

Give him a chance to fall asleep by yourself.

When your child is 6 to 8 weeks old, start giving him a chance to fall asleep on his own. How? Put him in bed when he is sleepy, but still awake, experts advise. They discourage cramping or feeding the baby before bedtime. “Parents think that if they start teaching the child too soon, it will not have an effect,” they say, “But this is not so.” Infants acquire sleep-related habits. If you shake your baby before bed each night for the first eight weeks, why should he expect something else later? ”

What problems with sleep can occur up to three months?

By the time your child reaches 2 or 3 months, he can already wake up at night more often than necessary, and also develop negative associations associated with sleep.

Newborns must wake up at night for food, but some may accidentally wake themselves before they really need to be fed. To avoid this, try swaddling your baby (snug him comfortably in a blanket) before putting him in a bed for the night.

Avoid unnecessary bedtime associations - your child should not be dependent on motion sickness, feeding in order to fall asleep. Put the baby in bed before he falls asleep and let him fall asleep on his own.

Sleep from 3 to 6 months

By 3 or 4 months, most babies sleep 15–17 hours a day, 10–11 of them at night, and the rest of the time is divided between 3, and mostly 4 afternoon dreams of 2 hours.

At the beginning of this period, you can still get up once or twice a night for feedings, but by 6 months your baby will be able to sleep all night. It’s not a fact, of course, that he will sleep continuously all night, but this will depend on whether you bring up sleep skills.

How to put the baby to sleep?

Set a clear night and day sleep mode and stick to it.

While your child was a newborn, you could decide when to lay him up during the night, watching for signs of drowsiness (rubbing his eyes, ear tugs, etc.). Now that he is a little older, you must set him a certain time for night and day sleep.

In the evening, a good time for a child is between 19.00 and 20.30. Later, he is likely to be too tired and it will be hard for him to fall asleep. Your child may not look tired late in the evening - on the contrary, he may seem very energetic. But believe me, this is a sure sign that it's time for a child to sleep.

Likewise, you can set the time for daytime sleep - plan it at the same time every day, or go to the touch, putting the baby to bed when you see that he is tired and needs to rest. Any approach is acceptable if the baby is sleeping enough.

Start setting bedtime ritual

If you have not done this yet, then at the age of 3-6 months it is already time. The ritual of bringing a child to sleep may include the following actions: make him a bath, play with him in quiet games, read one or two bedtime stories, sing a lullaby. Kiss him and wish good night.

No matter what the ritual of your family includes, you must perform it in the same order, at the same time every evening. Children need consistency, and sleep is no exception.

Wake up your baby in the morning

If your child often sleeps more than 10 - 11 hours at night, it is advisable to wake him up in the morning. Thereby you will help him to restore the mode. Compliance with the schedule of night sleep may not seem to you difficult, but remember that your child should sleep on the regime and during the day. A wake at the same time every morning will help.

What problems with sleep can occur up to 6 months?

Two problems — nighttime awakenings and the development of negative associations associated with sleep (when your child gets used to depend on motion sickness or feeding, as prerequisites for falling asleep), affect both newborns and older children. But by about 3-6 months, another problem may arise - difficulty falling asleep.

If it is difficult for your child to fall asleep in the evening, first make sure that he does not go to bed too late (as we mentioned, the overworked child has difficulty falling asleep). If this is not the case, then he may have developed one or more associations associated with sleep. Now is the time to get rid of them. The child must learn to fall asleep himself, but it does not matter if you fail.

Some recommend waiting until the child “cries out and falls asleep”, but what is more precious to you: the child’s nerves or your own comfort when you put the child in bed and forget? At the same time, some babies do not just fall asleep, but even so are exaggerated that the usual methods of drowsy will no longer help you and the child will wake up crying all night.

Sleep from 6 to 9 months

Children at this age need about 14-15 hours of sleep per day, and they can sleep for about 7 hours in a row. If your child sleeps for more than seven hours, he probably wakes up for a while, but is able to fall asleep again on his own - a wonderful sign. This means that your sonya is growing great.

He probably falls asleep for a couple of hour and a half or two hours of daytime dreams, once in the morning and once in the afternoon. Remember: a regular day and night sleep regimen helps regulate sleep skills.

Norm - 10-11 hours of sleep at night and 3 times 1.5 -2 hours during the day

18 to 24 months

Typical sleep at this age

Now your baby should sleep around 10-12 hours a night, plus a two-hour afternoon rest. Some children can not do without two shorter daytime dreams to two years. If your child is one of them, don't fight it.

How to instill healthy sleep skills?

Help your child break bad sleep habits

Your baby should be able to fall asleep on its own, without cradling, breastfeeding, or other “sleeping” means. If his falling asleep depends on any of these external factors, at night he will not be able to fall asleep himself, if he wakes up, and you will not be there.

Experts say: "Imagine that you fall asleep lying on a pillow, then wake up in the middle of the night and find that there is no pillow. Most likely, you will be worried about her absence and begin to look for it, thereby finally waking up from sleep. Likewise, the child falls asleep every night listening to a specific CD, then when he wakes up at night and does not hear the music, he wonders “what happened?”. A puzzled child is unlikely to fall asleep easily. To prevent such a situation, try putting it to bed, to GDS he drowsy, but still awake, so that he could fall asleep himself.

Give your child an acceptable choice before bed.

These days, your baby begins to check the limits of its newly discovered independence, wishing to assert control over the world around you. To reduce confrontation at bedtime, allow your child to make choices whenever possible during his evening ritual — which fairy tale he would like to hear what kind of pajamas he would like to wear.

Always offer only two or three alternatives and make sure that you are comfortable with any choice. For example, do not ask: “Do you want to go to bed now?” Of course, the child will answer “No,” and this is an unacceptable answer. Instead, try to ask: “Do you want to go to bed now or after five minutes?”. The child is glad that he can choose, and you win no matter what choice he makes.

What difficulties may arise?

The two most common sleep problems in children of all ages are difficulty falling asleep and frequent nocturnal awakenings.

This age group has its own peculiarity. Sometime between 18 and 24 months, many children begin to rise from their crib, potentially putting themselves at risk (falling out of the crib can be quite painful). Unfortunately, the fact that your baby can get out of his crib does not mean that he is ready for a big bed. Try to protect him from danger, using the following tips.

  • Lower mattress. Or make the walls of the crib higher. If it is possible of course. However, when a child gets older, it may not work.
  • Free the crib. Your child can use toys and extra pillows as a stand to help him crawl out.
  • Do not encourage the child to get out of bed. If the child gets out of the crib, do not be delighted, do not swear and do not let him lie down in your bed. Stay calm and neutral, firmly say that it is not necessary to do this and put the baby back in his crib. He will learn this rule pretty quickly.
  • Use the canopy for the crib. These products are attached to the handrails of the bed and ensure the safety of the baby.
  • Watch out for the baby. Stand in a place where you can see the baby in the crib, but he cannot see you. If he tries to get out, immediately tell him not to do it. After you make a comment several times, he will probably become more obedient.
  • Make the environment safe. If you cannot prevent your baby from getting out of the crib, you can at least make sure that it remains safe. Soft pillows on the floor around his crib and on nearby drawers, bedside tables and other objects that he might hit. If he is completely unwilling to stop getting up and getting out of bed, you can lower the barrier of the crib and leave a chair nearby. At least then you will not worry that he will fall and harm himself.

Why sleep is important to a child

It is not for nothing that pediatricians pay special attention to the norms of sleep and wakefulness of a child under one year - this is the time of the most active growth and development of a baby, which requires a large amount of strength and energy. And in order to “recharge”, the baby just needs a good rest. But this is still far from everything: during sleep, tissue regeneration is activated, growth hormone is produced, muscles develop, immune cells are formed, and the brain is able to process a huge amount of information coming from the outside world and consolidate the acquired skills. Rest and for the nervous system of the child is extremely important - just after having slept well, he can start the day in a cheerful mood and dedicate it to new discoveries.

A little reminder to parents

It has been proven that for the well-being of children under one year old they need not only sound sleep, but also prolonged sleep. Without it, they can show aggression, be whiny and excited, showing signs of hyperactivity and attention deficit. If the baby rests less than normal, with age, these problems, as a rule, are only aggravated, leaving an imprint on his behavior in general. Therefore, it is so important for parents to pay attention not only to the increase in weight and height of the child, the number of feedings and breaks between them, but also the norms of the baby’s sleep, creating all the conditions for its full development.

Sleep baby from birth to one year

Новорожденный младенец может отдыхать до 20 часов в сутки, просыпаясь только для того, чтобы подкрепиться. Такой режим позволяет его организму быстрее адаптироваться к новым условиям, в которых он оказался, покинув утробу матери. В это время сон грудничка особенно крепкий, поэтому его бывает сложно разбудить, даже если в комнате шумно и включен яркий свет.

But time goes on, and the situation is gradually changing - the baby is becoming increasingly interested in the outside world, waking periods are getting longer, and in order to rock him again, you have to make considerable efforts. Of course, such problems may not be with appeasable and calm babies, but parents of more temperamental children often wonder if they have enough rest and do they have enough time to restore their strength? For this case, pediatricians even developed a special table with the norms of sleep in children from birth to one year. She clearly shows how, as she grows, the baby’s day regimen gradually changes - babies can be conditionally divided into several age groups for each month of life, and each has its own duration of day and night rest.

During the first 4 weeks of life, newborns can sleep 18–20 hours a day with breaks for feeding, without feeling much difference between day and night. But at the end of this period, a certain mode of the day begins to line up, and from 1 to 3 months babies sleep, usually 6-7 hours a day, and 8-11 hours a night. By 5 months, the duration of daytime sleep is reduced by 60-90 minutes, and at night, on the contrary, it increases, that is, the infant gradually gets used to the “adult” way of life.

Healthy sleep baby has a beneficial effect on the mood of parents

Six-month-old children during the day often rest no more than 2-3 hours, and at night - 10-12 hours. Over the next 6 months, wakefulness periods increase only by reducing daytime sleep - at night, babies up to a year still sleep 10-12 hours, and daytime rest gradually decreases from 2-3 hours in 7-8 months to 60 minutes a year.

Sleep from 9 to 12 months

At the end of the first year of life, actively developing children no longer have such a great need for prolonged rest - it is enough for them to sleep 12-14 hours a day. About 10-12 hours from this time is accounted for by continuous night sleep, without feedings and motion sickness. In the afternoon, children aged 10-12 months often sleep only once, refusing a midday rest and falling asleep for 2-2.5 hours after dinner. If with such a schedule the baby remains active and cheerful, it is better for parents not to try to persistently put him in a bed, provoking tears and whims. The main thing that needs to be guided is the state of health and mood of the child, who by his behavior may well make it clear whether he has enough time to rest during the time spent in a dream.

The routine of the baby

Observing a certain daily routine makes it much easier for parents to provide the baby with everything they need: good nutrition, rest, comfortable conditions for physical and intellectual development, as well as take care of his hygiene and natural needs. With this approach, mom and dad can plan and their affairs, managing to do work, the usual household chores and paying attention to the baby. But in order for the infant to be comfortable both at night and during the day, remember: a constant regime of day and night rest should provide him with good health and mood, and not become the cause of whims and tantrums. So, making up such a schedule, it is important first of all to take into account the needs and individual characteristics of the child himself.

Pediatricians recommend young parents to adhere to the following schedule:

  1. Morning. The first feeding (between 5 and 9 am), hygiene, gymnastics, massage, air baths, and then sleep.
  2. Day. Active games, walk, feeding and rest (at noon and in the afternoon).
  3. Evening. Water procedures, preparation for night rest, feeding and sleep.
  4. Night. Rest with short breaks for feeding.

It is especially at night that it is especially important to take care of the comfort of the infant — if the baby does not get enough sleep, it does not have the strength to actively explore the world and develop in the daytime. Therefore, parents should make sure that the baby’s room is not too noisy, the bright light does not burn, and to maintain the normal temperature in the bedroom, change wet clothes in time and not miss evening feeding, so that the child does not wake up from hunger.

Signs that sleep is not enough

If a baby sleeps 1-2 hours less than it should be at his age, but at the same time he feels good, does not cry and is not capricious for no reason, parents should not make excessive efforts and try to sway him. But how to understand that the baby still does not have enough time for a good rest? The fact that the child does not get enough sleep, you can say if he:

  • restless and scattered during wakefulness, constantly nervous, refuses to play on its own and calms down only in adults on hands,
  • screams and cries in the evenings, twists and turns for a long time and resists when trying to rock him,
  • wakes up several times at night until midnight, just 1-2 hours after being laid in the crib,
  • eats badly and weakly gains weight.

Faced with such a problem, parents first need to look for sources of anxiety of the infant - perhaps it does not get enough sleep because intestinal colic or cutting teeth interfere with it, and maybe the reason lies in the wrong day regimen and hyper-hyperpathy. But in fact, and in another case, the situation must be changed for the better, creating all the conditions for the harmonious growth and development of the child.

But, of course, despite the generally accepted norms, parents should not forget that every child from the first day of life is individual, and his need for sleep and rest depends largely on the temperament and speed of the processes occurring in the body. So, “fit” the child under the standard indicators - not the right decision. And when the baby is healthy, cheerful and active, it is probably not so scary if he sleeps for an hour more or less than what he is supposed to.

Why is sleep so important for babies?

Quality sleep affects the development of all the internal organs and systems of the infant. Young children have increased activity during the day. They love to crawl, to study the qualities of unfamiliar objects and things. Waking tires a small body, so at the end of the day, kids literally fall off their feet. Naturally, the baby needs time to recover the spent strength and good rest. The sleep of a newborn is exactly the period when the tired organism is restored.

The following processes occur in it:

  1. Renewal of force resources, restoration of organs and tissues.
  2. Active development of muscles, internal organs, bone system, production of growth hormone. In infants, lack of sleep provokes developmental delays, inconsistencies in weight and height with medical standards.
  3. Full recovery of the nervous system. If the sleep in a newborn baby conforms to the norms recommended by the pediatrician, he feels well in the waking period, demonstrates a cheerful disposition and good mood.
  4. Brain development, increasing its volume. When a child is sleeping, his brain continues to function actively. The body is working on the creation of neural connections, the analysis of news received during the day, the formation of interrelations between specific events, the fixation of the necessary information in memory, the consolidation of new skills acquired during the day.
  5. The formation of immune cells that help the body of the baby to resist various diseases.

Inadequate rest and poor sleep in infants causes aggression, tearfulness, impulsiveness, distraction of attention. Children with sleep problems also develop hyperactivity syndrome. Before the year, babies form behavioral reactions. If during this period the rest does not correspond to the norms, after several years of life, the child’s behavior causes many complaints.

Sleep mode in babies under 1 year old: a useful table for young parents

Parents of the infant should take care of proper sleep and rest, preventing developmental delays. The following table shows the average sleep rates for a child under the age of one.

The given sleep norms for a child under one year of age are approximate and conditional. They are influenced by the baby’s temperament, the quality of his health, and the overall condition of the body.

Some babies like to rest during the day, others - at night. It happens that the baby does not want to sleep during the day, but parents are obliged to ensure that he rests (good health and health depend on it).

Baby's sleep up to 3 months

The first 3 months of life, the main of all newborns - a long rest. Immediately after the birth of a crumb, he should sleep for 17-18 hours. By the 3rd month of his life, the baby should gain 15-17 hours of sleep per day. The newborn is awake for 3-4 hours. Continuous night rest comes in children at about 8 months, and before that the crumbs can wake up several times during the night. In order to preserve the health of the child and protect themselves from the experience, parents must develop a mode of rest for their offspring, and should strictly follow it. The following tips will help you make the right routine for your baby.

  1. Pay attention when your child gets tired. Keep in mind that a 3 month old baby feels tired after 2 hours of activity. If he is not put to bed in a timely manner, the crumb will begin to be capricious and persuade him to lie down in the crib will be more difficult.
  2. Encourage your baby to play active games during the day and sleep at night. Some babies are so hyperactive that they continue to play in the middle of a completely dark room. It is better not to disturb such children at night, after feeding. When they are awake, play active games with them, but as your sleep time approaches, reduce the tone of the conversation, stop playing all sorts of games, mute the sound on your phone and TV (or turn off the devices completely). Let the baby feel intuitively that you need to fall asleep.
  3. Do not sit with the baby all the time, let him fall asleep on his own. At 6-8 weeks of age (3 months), babies should enter a state of sleep themselves, without being lulled, lullabies or rocking the bed.
  4. Make baby swaddle before bedtime. Children aged 2-3 months wake up at night, not only because they want to eat. They are awakened by loud sounds or involuntary movements made in a dream by a tired little body. Pediatricians recommend infants before bedtime easy swaddling, which will avoid sudden movements and provide the newborn with high-quality rest.
  5. Do not rock baby. The process of motion sickness is not always liked by children. Some babies are nervous, fall asleep poorly, show anxiety in a dream. Constant motion sickness is addictive, and subsequently the baby does not want to fall asleep without them.

The main thing for children up to 3 months is a healthy and prolonged sleep. Make the wakeful periods short so that the mind of the newborn is not overloaded.

Sleep characteristics in infants 3-6 months

The tots, whose age reaches 3-6 months, sleep 15-17 hours a day. In the afternoon, the duration of their rest is 6-8 hours (3-4 times for 2 hours with breaks in wakefulness). At night, babies of this age sleep 15-17 hours, waking up several times to eat. The task of parents at this stage of development of the crumbs to instill in him the right habits.

Adults should follow the following guidelines:

  • Plan your baby’s sleep for months, develop a detailed, understandable scheme of rest for your child, follow it strictly,
  • Some parents put the baby to sleep only if they see that he is drowsy, but it is better to follow the schedule (the baby will quickly orient in the mode of night rest and daytime wakefulness),
  • It is necessary to put the baby in the bed between 19: 30-20: 00 hours, because at a later time he will overwork and will not be able to sleep properly,
  • Before the rest, the mother should conduct a set of relaxing procedures that will help the baby tune in for a night's rest (for example, a newborn is massaged with a light cream, washed with warm water, delighted with a children's song or a favorite fairy tale),
  • developing a plan for daytime sleep, consider the feelings and needs of the newborn (there are children who themselves express a desire to sleep during the day at certain hours),
  • if the child sleeps longer than usual (more than 11 hours in a row), wake him up to save the rest mode (it will be much easier for the baby to wake up in the morning if he has a habit of falling asleep at the same time in the evening).

Putting your baby in bed can be a real torture for parents. Little stubborn people refuse to go to rest, respond to adult requests by crying and shouting. It is impossible to leave fidget in an upset state, because it will aggravate the situation, will lead to night tantrums. Adults should better study the preferences of the newborn baby, so that later with their help to calm him down.

The main task of parents of a baby aged 3-6 months is to instill in him a sense of good and the need for sleep. A child should not be overwhelmed, because from an overabundance of emotions and an abundance of impressions he cannot fall asleep in the evening.

What problems with sleep may occur?

Small children who have never had trouble sleeping at this age may suddenly start waking up in the middle of the night or have trouble falling asleep. Sleep disturbances are more often associated with the fact that right now your child is learning to sit, roll over, crawl, and perhaps even get up on his own, it is not surprising that he will want to try out his new skills during sleep. The baby can wake up at night to try to sit or stand for one more time.

In a half-awake state, the child sits or rises, and then cannot independently go down and lie down. Of course, he finally wakes up and begins to cry and call mom. Your task is to calm the child down and help him lie down.

If your child goes to bed after 8:30 pm and suddenly begins to wake up during the night, try to roll it off half an hour earlier. To your surprise, you will find that the baby has become sleepier.

Sleep from 12 to 18 months

Up to two years, the child must sleep 13-14 hours a day, 11 of them at night. The rest will go into daytime sleep. At 12 months, he will still need two days of sleep, but by 18 months he is ready for one (one and a half or two-hour) daytime sleep. This mode will continue up to 4-5 years.

The transition from two day dreams to one can be difficult. Experts recommend alternating days with two daytime dreams with days with one day rest, depending on how much the baby slept the night before. If the child slept in the afternoon once, it is better to lay him in the evening early.

What are the difficulties with sleeping and falling asleep?

At this age, the child may have difficulty falling asleep, and he may often wake up at night. The cause of both problems is new milestones in child development, especially standing and walking. Your baby is so happy with his new skills that he wants to continue to engage with them, even if you say that it is bedtime.

If the child resists and does not want to go to bed, most experts advise leaving him in his room for a few minutes to check if he will calm down. If the child does not calm down, we change tactics.

You will also have to decide what to do if the child wakes up at night, cannot calm down on her own and calls you. Try to come in and see if he stands, you must help him to lie down. But if the child wants you to stay and play with him, do not give up. He must understand that night time is for sleep.

How to help your child fall asleep?

Help your child break bad sleep habits

Your baby should be able to fall asleep on its own, without cradling, breastfeeding, or other “sleeping” means. If his falling asleep depends on any of these external factors, at night he will not be able to fall asleep himself, if he wakes up, and you will not be there.

Experts say: "Imagine that you fall asleep lying on a pillow, then wake up in the middle of the night and find that there is no pillow. Most likely, you will be worried about her absence and begin to look for it, thereby finally waking up from sleep. Likewise, the child falls asleep every night listening to a specific CD, then when he wakes up at night and does not hear the music, he wonders “what happened?”. A puzzled child is unlikely to fall asleep easily. To prevent such a situation, try putting it to bed, to GDS he drowsy, but still awake, so that he could fall asleep himself.

Give your child an acceptable choice before bed.

These days, your baby begins to check the limits of its newly discovered independence, wishing to assert control over the world around you. To reduce confrontation at bedtime, allow your child to make choices whenever possible during his evening ritual — which fairy tale he would like to hear what kind of pajamas he would like to wear.

Always offer only two or three alternatives and make sure that you are comfortable with any choice. For example, do not ask: “Do you want to go to bed now?” Of course, the child will answer “No,” and this is an unacceptable answer. Instead, try to ask: “Do you want to go to bed now or after five minutes?”. The child is glad that he can choose, and you win no matter what choice he makes.

Standards of sleep: from two to three

Типичный сон в этом возрасте

Двух-трехлетние дети нуждаются приблизительно в 11 часах сна ночью и одном-полутора-двухчасовом послеобеденном отдыхе.

Большинство детей в этом возрасте ложится спать между 19:00 и 21:00 и встает между 6:30 и 8:00. Кажется, что сон вашего ребенка, наконец, напоминает ваш, но разница в том, что ребенок младше четырех лет больше времени проводит в, так называемом, «легком» или «быстром» сне. Result? As he makes more transitions from one sleep stage to another, he wakes up more often than you do. That is why it is so important that the child knows how to calm himself and fall asleep on his own.

How to instill healthy sleep skills?

Now that your child is older, you can try several new methods to improve your night’s sleep.

Transfer the child to the big bed and praise him when he stays in it

At this age, your baby will probably move from a cot to a large bed. The birth of a younger brother can also accelerate this transition.

If you are pregnant, transfer the child to a new bed at least six to eight weeks before the scheduled date of birth, advises sleep expert Jody Mindell: crib. If the child does not want to change the bed, do not rush it. Wait until his newborn brother / sister is three or four months old. The baby can spend these months in a wicker basket or a cradle, and your older child will have enough time to get used to it. This will create the preconditions for an easier bed-bed transition.

The main reason why you have to think about transferring the child to bed is his frequent crawling out of the crib and training to the toilet. Your child must get up at night to go to the toilet.

When a child goes into a new bed, do not forget to praise him when he goes to bed and stays in it all night. After moving out of the crib, the child can get up from his big bed again and again just because it is convenient for him to do it. If your baby gets up, do not swear and do not be nervous. Just put him back in bed, firmly say that it's time to go to bed and leave.

Follow all his requests and include them in your bedtime ritual

Your baby may try to postpone the time of sleep, asking for “one more time” - a fairy tale, a song, a glass of water. Try to fulfill all the child's reasonable requests and make them part of your bedtime ritual. Then you can allow the child one additional request - but only one. It will seem to the child that he is achieving his goal, but you will know that in fact you stand firm on your own.

Extra kiss and good night wishes

Promise your child an additional “good night” kiss after you have laid and covered him for the first time. Tell him you will be back in a few minutes. Perhaps by the time you return, he will be sound asleep.

What are some sleep difficulties?

If, after moving to a large bed, your baby begins to get up more often than before, put him back in bed and kiss gently.

Another widespread sleep problem at this age is refusing to go to sleep. You can solve this problem if you manage the child’s requests before going to bed. However, be realistic: no child runs happily to the bed every evening, so be prepared for the fight.

You have probably noticed that the child has some new nightly worries. He may be afraid of the dark, monsters under the bed, separation from you - these are normal children's fears, do not worry too much. Fears are part of your child’s normal development. If he has a nightmare, immediately go to him, calm down and talk about his bad dream. If the terrible dreams are repeated, it is necessary to look for sources of anxiety in the daily life of the child. Most experts agree that if a child is really scared, he can sometimes be let into your bed.

Sleep features in babies 6-9 months old

Children aged 6-9 months can sleep up to 15 hours during the day. At night, they have a continuous sleep, takes about 7 hours of time. If the duration of night dreams is more than the specified norm, the baby probably wakes up, but then falls asleep again on his own. The optimal sleep for babies 3-6 months during the day is 2-3 times for 2 hours, and at night from 10 to 11 hours.

Parents of a six-month-old baby should follow the following tips to quickly and without problems put him to bed.

  1. Prepare the crumbs for the night rest, perform relaxing manipulations (bathing, massage).
  2. Make evening walks in the fresh air with your baby.
  3. Strictly follow the daily routine, follow the established medical norms and rules.
  4. At bedtime, play with the child in quiet games that do not excite the nervous system.
  5. When the baby is capricious, not wanting to go to bed, make sure that this is not a trick. Children of this age are intelligent and try to deceive their parents in order to extend the time of games.
  6. In 3-6 months, the baby has already mastered a lot of skills, can independently crawl, roll from one barrel to another, sit in the arena. The practice is so fascinating to him that the crumb continues to make attempts to consolidate the acquired skills even in a dream. True, he stood on his legs in the crib, he cannot lie back, because he has not yet learned how to do this. Then the child calls for help from the parents through crying and whining. The task of adults is to calm the baby, to help him get comfortable in the crib.

If you put the baby to bed at the same time of day, but he continues to show anxiety through a dream, try to shift the rest schedule 30 minutes ago. Typically, this technique helps parents deal with the problem of disturbing a sleeping newborn.

Children's sleep at 9-12 months

With sleep in a child under one year, various metamorphosis occurs. He is bad, long, restless, short. Only in 9-12 months noticeable progress is observed. The tiny man has already grown, and at night he sleeps for 12 hours. Remains and daytime rest for 2 hours. The mother of the newborn has studied well the recommendations for laying in the crib, successfully fulfilling them. The emotional state of the baby, the amount of free energy is changing rapidly due to the progress in the development of physical abilities. Active kids make their first steps.

To ensure a good rest for the baby, without horrible dreams, the parents themselves can, adhering to the following recommendations.

  1. In the room where the baby sleeps, maintain an optimum temperature. At bedtime, remove all toys away from the crib. If the baby wakes up at night, he will not have a desire to play.
  2. Pick up clothes for a night's sleep so that it does not squeeze the neck of the crumbs, do not rub the skin.
  3. Child's toys must be large, not have small parts. Remember that at 9-12 months, children become inquisitive and want not only to touch the subject, but also to taste it. Small items of toys they can swallow, which is very dangerous.
  4. Parents of the baby should also make time for rest. Rest is especially necessary for women who are breastfeeding.
  5. There should be no noise around the child during his rest. If he sleeps deeply, he may not hear extraneous sounds. However, there are also superficial phases of sleep, when the crumb sensitively reacts to the slightest sound vibrations of the air. From the loud voices, trampling and clapping, he wakes up, and laying the baby again is difficult.

Schedule a child's sleep for months will help to quickly establish a rest regime for the newborn. If the process of falling asleep proceeds with difficulties, parents should consult a pediatrician.

Perhaps the baby reacts like this to itching, pain or illness. The local doctor will examine him and find out the causes of sleep problems.