School drawing classes - any lessons of many children. They do not require tension and concentration; there is no need to think, learn and remember. You can simply enjoy the process and draw the world the way you see it. When collecting a child for a drawing lesson, he needs to purchase an album, paints, brushes, a water cup, perhaps a folder for drawings on separate sheets and an apron with oversleeves so as not to dirty the school uniform. In this article we will talk about one of the most important accessories for practicing the visual arts - paints. You will learn what types of paints are commercially available, how they differ from each other and what types of painting are intended for, which ones are best for school drawing lessons.
Types of paint for drawing
Watercolor - the most popular type of paint for drawing. They are most common in school lessons. Developed on a water-based, have a fairly transparent consistency. Watercolor paints provide smooth and harmonious transitions of colors, give the image tenderness, refinement. But they practically do not overlap other layers of paint, paper shines through watercolor. These colors can be drawn in several different techniques, which provides ample opportunities for learning. On our site kanc-magazin.ru presents watercolor sets of six, twelve, eighteen and twenty-four colors.
Gouache - also water-based, but the percentage of water content is much lower than that of watercolor. Therefore, gouache has a thicker texture, is opaque and has excellent overlapping characteristics. Another feature of this type of paint - very bright and saturated colors, a delicate shade with their help is not easy to get. After drying, the gouache paints slightly turn pale, thus acquiring a special velvety. Gouache should not be applied too thick - after hardening, it can crumble. This type of paint is also in demand in the classroom of fine art for schoolchildren. In our shop gouache is sold in sets of six, nine and twelve colors.
Acrylic paints - their characteristic features include durable coating, durability and fast drying. They are also water-based, not peeling off and not covered with small cracks. Another advantage of acrylic - resistance to sunlight, it does not fade, the colors do not grow dull and do not fade. Acrylic paints can have both a dense, and liquid consistence. With the help of thick paints you can draw canvas with an unusual texture. Acrylic is convenient to work on many surfaces, not only on paper. Paints of this type should be purchased for children who are really keen on painting. In kanc-magazin.ru you can order acrylic paints in sets of six and twelve colors.
Pastel colors - made in the form of crayons or pencils, to work with them do not need a brush. Simple and easy to use - you can get the desired shade just on paper, rubbing paint with your fingers, or through a special shading. Pastel has excellent overlapping characteristics, which allows you to quickly and easily correct the flaws in the figure. On our site there is oil and dry pastel, with the help of which your child will be able to create real paintings in drawing lessons.
Properties of graphite paint
A graphite wall with a magnetic surface is very convenient. It can be decorated with family photos, color magnets. Latex aqueous emulsion base is the basis for graphite paint, which has the following advantages:
- health safety
- drawing on wood, metal, concrete surface.
It is recommended to cover the wall with several layers in order to preserve more magnetic properties. It is better to choose magnets of medium and small size in order to hold better.
The benefits of slate paint
Manufacturers offer black, brown, green, purple, as well as other slate paints, the composition of which does not emit harmful substances and does not cause allergies. Consider their main advantages:
- High environmental friendliness.
- Lack of smell.
- Chalk inscriptions are easily erased with soap and water.
- The formation of a durable and hard coating after applying the paint on the wall.
- The coloring material can be applied to the surface of ceramics, metal, wood, drywall, as well as walls covered with plaster.
Note! Use it for internal work, as the material does not withstand low temperature. In addition to walls, you can paint the boards. It is recommended to paint with special crayons, which do not contain admixtures of sand and small stones. In this case, they will not scratch the surface.
If you use a magnetic slate paint, then on its surface will hold small magnets in the form of letters, words, fairy tale characters. The child quickly learns the material through games. The use of magnets diversifies any educational game.
Making your own hands
It is recommended to use acrylic dyes of any color. The composition must add two tablespoons of cement to one cup. Then everything is mixed to a homogeneous mass. In the resulting mixture, you can add magnetic primers in a dry form in order to give the coating magnetic properties. It is advised to apply two primers before painting. You can prepare for coloring a certain amount if you want to paint only part of the wall for your baby. The slate will solve the problem constant drawing of the wallpaper. It can also be used for the student during the necessary calculations, problem solving.
Rules of work
Coloring walls, boards and other items is accompanied by a rapid hardening of paint. The following rules for working with it should be considered.
1. Unevenness of the wall is cleaned, and the cracks are leveled with a putty.
2. It is better to wash the wall section for painting.
3. In the next step, apply a primer coat.
4. When the primer is dry, you can open a can of slate paint or the mixture prepared with your own hands.
5. If the work is carried out with magnetic slate composition, it must be organized in a well-ventilated area.
6. Thoroughly mix the mixture and evenly distribute on the site that you prepared in advance.
7. During dyeing, mix the mixture periodically.
8. Two hours after drying, apply a second coat.
9. If you want the layer of paint on the wall to be even, brush should be dipped in a can of paint by half. The roller should be rolled out additionally on any flat surface.
10. Carbonate-calcium chalk is rubbed into the board after 24 hours, and the excess is removed with a soft cloth.
11. The board should be used after staining after three days.
12. Chalk is removed from the surface only a damp cloth. Household chemicals for cleaning can be used in a month.
Matte finish can be an accent on your design. Do not be afraid to implement your creative ideas!
Types of paints and their application
If you have long dreamed of steel as an artist, holding a brush, a palette, drawing strokes on paper attached to an easel, this information will help you choose the right artistic tools for creativity.
It's time to put your plans into action. First, consider what types of paints are, their characteristics. This will help make the right choice and purchase the desired material.
Probably everyone in childhood had watercolors, so they should not be particularly represented. Already from the name “watercolor” one can understand that water (aqua) is part of the dye. Such material is intended for drawing exclusively on paper.
Sets of watercolor paints for children are unlikely to be suitable for serious painting. Professional artists use watercolor to paint still lifes, portraits and landscapes, which is made in tubes or cuvettes. When working with watercolors must use an easel. The watery structure of the material is absorbed into the paper, and it can warp.
The texture of the watercolor composition is light, translucent. Colors are well combined, you can easily create different shades.
Gouache paints are dense in composition, have rich colors. After they are completely dried, a matte coating is formed on the surface. For artists with experience to draw gouache is not difficult. With it, you can remove the flaws admitted, block the light paint with a dark color, and to create new shades will require professional skills and imagination.
Gouache paints come in 3 types:
- Fiction - used to write paintings.
- Poster - with the help of the material, various visual agitation is designed.
- Children's - has a non-toxic composition, used for drawing on paper.
Gouache composition is produced in small jars. Before use, diluted with water with the addition of wood glue. If you store the gouache in diluted form, it dries quickly. With it, you can draw something on a different surface (cardboard, paper, fabric, etc.). Do not apply a thick layer of gouache on the canvas, after drying, cracks will start to appear, and the paint will peel off.
Acrylic - one of the new types of art paints, popular among professional painters. The material is used for drawing on glass, ceramics, paper, cloth, metal and wood. Acrylic paints have a bright color range. After application to the surface they form a non-dull, resistant coating that is not washed off with water.
Acrylic paints are made in tubes. Before applying diluted with water or a special solvent. The consistency may be thick or liquid. If you purchased acrylic in the second version, it is not necessary to dilute it with water.
The texture of the material can be: pearly, matte, shiny, glossy. If you put undiluted acrylic on the canvas of a thick consistency, get a unique bright texture.
One of the first painting compositions, which was used for painting in the XVI century, is considered oil. For its manufacture used walnut, sunflower or linseed oil, as well as color pigment. The paint is available in separate tubes.
To work with oil material will require a palette, high-quality brushes, canvas, easel and solvent. Draw this composition on cardboard, canvas, wood, plain or primed paper. Thanks to the dense texture and bright colors, you can create a realistic image of the landscape or person.
Important! Among artists, this material is called "bulk paint for drawing." Oil paintings are stored for a long time and do not fade.
Before applying the oil composition to the surface, dilute it with a solvent. But do not overdo it so that the composition does not turn out to be liquid.
The composition of the tempera dye includes oil, glue, water and color pigment. The durability of the material should not even be doubted, since the pictures painted by him have survived to this day since the Renaissance. Tamper dries very quickly, the color does not fade from time to time, it combines well with other types of paints, it is not washed off with water.
But the most important advantage of such material is that it can be applied by different techniques, while they will resemble the texture of a transparent watercolor or thick gouache. And if you apply a pasty tempera, the pictures will be as if painted with oil paints. If you paint a picture with such paint using different techniques, the surrounding people will not immediately guess which material was used.
In order for the paintings painted in tempera to retain their original appearance as long as possible, after complete drying, they can be varnished.
If you notice that the baby began to draw on the wallpaper, then it's time to tell him how to do it without harming the interior. The materials used for this may be pencils, crayons, colored pens, felt-tip pens, etc.
Many teachers and psychologists advise parents to engage in educational and educational games with a child from a young age. The best of them for any kid will be drawing. Firstly, it broadens the mind and develops fine motor skills of hands, secondly, it reveals the creative potential and logical thinking of the baby.
Before you choose which paint your child will paint, read the composition of the material in more detail. His main task in the process of work will not harm the health of the child.
Children's paint for painting are:
Finger paints are recommended for babies from an early age. That is, if the child still can not hold the brush, but wants to draw, this option is just for him. All that is required is to dip a finger into the water, and then into the paint and make a few strokes on the paper. The material has a viscous texture, does not flow from the finger. The composition of paint for drawing includes food additives and dyes with bright bitter taste. This will discourage the baby to taste them.
Watercolor and gouache paints for drawing on the composition correspond to artistic materials. It is recommended to buy them for children from 5-6 years. That is, the child must learn to hold the brush in his hands, and then you can teach him the art of drawing.
Where to buy paint for drawing?
To date, a large number of specialized stores that sell products for creativity. In their assortment there is a large number of paints for drawing, and so you can easily choose for yourself or your relatives the interesting option.
In the video: an experiment with watercolor.
Also, good paint can be selected in the online store. Here is a reasonable price, a wide selection of different materials, delivery can be performed directly to the door of your apartment. And the quality of paint products for painting is no different from the store. In this case, you can choose a related product: brushes, solvents, palette, paper (or canvas) and much more.
Areas of use
Magnetic slate or simply slate paint can be applied to any substrate:
- plastered walls,
- wood boards and boards,
- ceramic surfaces.
The main thing is to take into account that the paint does not tolerate low temperatures, it is suitable only for interior decorating. It is widely used:
- for office walls,
- in the interior of the cafe,
- in school classes.
Advantages of coverage
Such paints have a lot of advantages:
- very hard, durable coating, almost without gloss,
- have strong adhesion with any basis,
- resistant to abrasion
- Available in green or black, but you can use color to give the desired shade and make any color,
- do not emit toxins and are fireproof,
- Fits perfectly in any interior,
- all the inscriptions on such walls are easily removed with soap and water.
Any hardware store will provide a wide range of magnetic slate or just slate paints. You can choose your favorite or do it yourself, with your own hands.
With your own hands, it is easy to make a magnetic slate mixture for turning a wall section into a semblance of a blackboard. It is good to use acrylic paint as a base - you can take any suitable color. Next, you need to add cement or any other cement-based mortar (2 tablespoons per glass of paint), and the paint with a slate effect, prepared with your own hands, is ready for use.
It is necessary to mix thoroughly, to paint - and the chalk no longer slides on the smooth wall, and, thanks to the light surface roughness, leaves traces. To give it magnetic properties, a dry magnetic primer is added to it (it can be replaced with a part of the cement base added to the paint), and 2 primers can be applied before painting. Using the second option is better, because a separate priming will improve the subsequent adhesion.
DIY paint has several advantages:
- You can choose any color you like.
- DIY paint will cost much less.
- You can make the amount needed for staining.
- You can use in the interior several color options magnetic slate coloring. It is better to use dark tones for this purpose - the light chalk will be poorly visible.
Through their use, you can give any solid surface the properties of a blackboard.
Chalk drawing wall in the kitchen
Write down the shopping list or favorite recipe, leave a message to loved ones and wish them a good day - the blackboard is very relevant in the kitchen.
If desired, you can apply the slate paint even on the surface of the refrigerator or kitchen cabinets:
If you do not want to use the whole wall to draw with chalk, you can paint only a part of the wall, a column or use a mobile board, which is also easy to make yourself:
How to read the paint label?
Paints are conventionally divided into groups according to the type of film-forming base. Они бывают эмульсионные, алкидные, клеевые, силикатные. Но об этом чуть позже. Нужная информация указана в буквенно-цифровых кодах на банке. Первые две буквы указывают на природу пленкообразующей основы.
- Полиамиды (АД)
- Полиакрилаты (АК)
- Сополимеры полиакрила (АС)
- Acetycellulose (AC)
- Bitumens and pitas (BT)
- Polyvinyl acetate (VA)
- Polyvinylbouteral (OH)
- Vinyls and vinyl acetates (HV)
- Polyvinyl acetate copolymers (BC)
- Glyphthalic resin (GF)
- Idiencumarone Resins (IR)
- Rosin (CC)
- Polyurethanes (UR)
- Silicon Resins (CO)
- Kopaly (KP)
- Copolymers of carbinol (CS)
- Rubbers (CN)
- Vegetable oils (MA)
- Melominoalkidy (ML)
- Alkyd and oil-styrene (MS)
- Urea formaldehyde resin (MCH)
- Nitrocellulose (NC)
- Pentaphthalic resins (PF)
- Saturated polyesters (PE)
- Phenolalkidy (FA)
- Cresol formaldehyde (PL)
- Phenolic oil resins (FM)
- Fluoroplastics (OP)
- Poly-and perchlorovinyl (HV)
- Vinyl Chloride (CH) Copolymers
- Shellac (SHL)
- Epoxy Resins (EP)
- Polyethylene and polyisobutylene (ET)
- Epoxy resin (EF)
- Ethylcellulose (EC)
- Yantar (YAN)
The following is a digital code. The first one or two numbers will tell you about the scope. The remaining digits are the factory number.
- weather resistant (1)
- indoor resistance (2)
- for the conservation of metal products (3)
- resistance to hot water (4)
- special purpose, for example, for leather, fur (5)
- resistant to petroleum products (6)
- resistance to aggressive media (7)
- heat resistance (8)
- electrical insulating properties (9)
- semi-finished products, as well as varnishes and primers (0)
- putty (00)
In the marking of an exception are finished oil paints. The letters MA represent the oil paint, the first digit is the scope of application, the second is which linseed oil is used as the basis:
- natural (1)
- oxol (2)
- glyptal (3)
- pentaphthalic (4)
- combined (5)
Now let's talk about groups of paints and determine the main advantages and disadvantages of certain materials for painting.
Emulsion paints are diluted with water (do not dissolve), their binding base and coloring particles are distributed in an aqueous medium, forming a stable emulsion. After drying, do not wash off with water. But it is easy to wash hands and tools from them (until the material is dry). Emulsion paints are economical, distinguished by their environmental friendliness, fire safety. Well fit almost any surface. Metals to avoid corrosion, you must first primed. Emulsion paints can not be applied to the surface, previously painted with glossy paints, glue paints. The same can be attributed to lacquered surfaces. In turn, after the emulsion paints, you can use any paints and enamels. Emulsion paints dry quickly and do not have a sharp unpleasant odor. They are resistant to alkaline effects.
Emulsion paints are divided into: water-based, acrylic, polyvinyl acetate (PVA), latex, water-dispersion and silicone. Many believe that water-based and water-dispersion paints are one and the same. All of them do not have features to exfoliate, are permeable to air and water vapor, that is, they “breathe”. Suitable for rooms with high humidity, not frost-resistant, but for a long time retain their color (read the detailed analysis of how to choose the color of the room).
But the differences are still there. Opaque water-based paints are gradually washed away with time, and water-dispersion are moisture-resistant, and therefore suitable for repeated washing. In addition, water-dispersion paints are mainly white, and water-based paint hit a variety of colors. Water-dispersion paints should not be applied at temperatures below + 5 ° C.
In addition, there are water-based paints designed to create volumetric effects - textured paints, which are also called structural paints. They can successfully decorate the surface, These coatings are also highly durable. They can play the role of reinforcement to protect the surface from cracking.
The acrylic resins serve as a binding element for acrylic paints. These paints are highly elastic (adapted to the specificity of wood) and have great strength. High-quality acrylic paints capable of blocking hairline cracks up to 0.5 mm. It is a pity that they are quite expensive. Their cheaper counterparts are made on the basis of acrylic copolymers. Acrylic paints are cold-resistant, but only after complete drying. They have low gas permeability, and therefore can well protect against corrosion, for example, reinforced concrete. Suitable for alkaline bases, but they can be applied to fresh plaster not earlier than in a month. The reason for this is low gas tightness: carbon dioxide is involved in the plaster hardening process, and this process is rather long.
Latex paints are the most expensive of emulsion paints. They are made with the addition of latex. This gives a strong water-repellent effect, and therefore you can wash the surface as much as you want. They are able to tighten hairline cracks up to 1 mm. Latex paints are applied on different surfaces: structured wallpaper, walls (concrete, plaster, brick, drywall), ceilings. Dry in 20-60 minutes. But their light fastness is lower than that of emulsion acrylic paints and PVA.
Polyvinyl acetate (PVA) paints
Polyvinyl acetate (PVA) paints, as opposed to latex, are the most budget. However, they also have low water resistance, and with regular washing the coating is gradually washed off with water. The paint is environmentally friendly, highly resistant to light, oil and grease, suitable for indoor use, especially for painting ceilings. By the way, read the article on how to choose paint for the ceiling.
Here, the binding element is emulsified silicone resins. Silicone resins are sometimes even added to acrylic paints. Silicone paints on drying form a water-repellent surface, but perfectly pass air and water vapor. They have high elasticity and are capable of blocking hairline cracks up to 2 mm. Silicone paints can be applied to fresh plaster after 48 hours (and not after 30 days as acrylic). Silicone paints can be applied to all types of mineral surfaces.
They are compatible with acrylic latex and mineral paints. They can even be applied to old silicate paint. Silicone coatings are resistant to dirt and also prevent the development of microorganisms. Their only drawback is the high cost. Therefore, they are used mainly for decoration, especially if they want to emphasize the prestige of the building.
Binder element alkyd paints is an alkyd resin. Alkyd paints include enamel and oil paints. Suitable for painting plastered surfaces, as well as wooden and metal substrates (for example, metal radiators). After drying, non-toxic, waterproof.
The oil paints popular in the past are made on the basis of drying oil. White spirit, turpentine, solvent naphtha or gasoline serve as diluents. They are quite small, but dry for a very long time (up to several days). When drying, they emit harmful substances, and therefore are more suitable for outdoor use. Their significant drawback is that over the years the painted surface turns yellow.
Enamel paints are made on the basis of varnish and because of this they have a high gloss and look very nice. Enamel paints are used for painting metal, appliances, wood surfaces, walls (plastered and plastered), and so on. They can be used for both indoor and outdoor use. Nitro-enamel dries very quickly - 15-45 minutes. Enamel paints are waterproof and resistant to rust and light.
Silicate paints are made on the basis of liquid glass, they can be classified as mineral. This is one of the best ways to protect the facade. Characteristics of silicate paints: vapor and air permeability, increased resistance to temperature changes and ultraviolet radiation, looseness, poor reaction to water. It should be borne in mind that silicate paints are not just resistant, they are almost indelible. Silicate paints are diluted with water and contain alkali - take care of your eyes and skin. They can not be applied to surfaces previously painted with acrylic or alkyd paints, as well as applied to glass, ceramic, stone, metal surfaces. But they are suitable for alkaline surfaces, for example, plasters. The primer before painting should also be silicate.
Silicate paints cannot protect walls from atmospheric moisture. With heavy rains, the water, though not for long, lingers in the walls. However, in case of poor waterproofing of the foundation, they are very useful if the humidity in the walls is higher than atmospheric. The color range of silicate paints is limited due to the alkali contained in the composition.
Made from water-based organic polymers. Eco-friendly, as in the composition there are no toxic or harmful chemical compounds. Their properties are similar to emulsion paints, but adhesive paints are less resistant to moisture, so the front of the application is very limited - such materials are suitable only for painting dry rooms. Glue paints are produced in a dry form and are diluted with water immediately before use.
What is chalk (slate) paint ↑
The paint, which has the effect of slate, is very often used for the restoration of furniture, making the coating matte, velvety and pleasant to the touch. Its creator is considered the British designer Annie Stone. In 1990, she developed a special finishing material, which began selling under the brand "ChalkPaint".
Making boards for chalk offers great opportunities for creativity
Note! Given the name and consistency of "ChalkPaint", it is logical to assume that one of its components should be chalk (calcium carbonate). However, the problem lies in the fact that for more than 20 years the original recipe was never disclosed by its creator. Therefore, there are many clones on the market, based on a variety of materials.
In addition to an interesting visual effect, chalk paint has a number of operational advantages:
- fits well on almost any material (wood, wood substitutes, metal, drywall, plaster, brick, tile and glass),
- has excellent adhesion to the surface
- has a good hiding power, hiding most of the defects of the old coating,
- dries quickly
- does not have a pungent smell
- non toxic.
The disadvantages of such finishing can be attributed to its price and shortage. ChalkPaint is not supplied to Russia in general, and its counterparts from Tikkurila and Siberia are much more expensive than ordinary paints and varnishes. Therefore, in order to save, many are trying to make a slate coating on their own, using more affordable and inexpensive components for this.
Factory slate paint is available in several colors.
5 recipes for making chalk paint at home ↑
To make chalk paint with your own hands, you can use several recipes. The essence of each method is to add a fine granular substance to a conventional gloss paint, which gives the coating the necessary roughness.
Acrylic or latex wall paint is suitable as the main component. The second one is also produced on an acrylic basis, however, due to the addition of rubber to the composition, it possesses enhanced strength characteristics. Therefore, if we are talking about the manufacture of chalk boards, the coating of which will be constantly exposed to certain loads, it is better to stay on the latex version.
An auxiliary component is sodium bicarbonate (common baking soda), calcium carbonate, gypsum, tile grout, and even cornstarch. All options have the right to life, and their success primarily depends on the right consistency.
Use of baking soda ↑
The preparation of such a composition is one of the most affordable options, since soda can be bought at any grocery store. The very process of creating paint is quite simple: you need to mix the two components until a homogeneous mass. If the mixture is very thick, adding a small amount of water will help bring it to the desired consistency.
Tip! To avoid lumps, soda or any other bulk material should be added gradually.
When using such a composition, a complete coating of the treated surface occurs when applying 3 layers of paint. After drying, the finish has a rather massive granular texture. If it is necessary to get rid of such an effect, for example, for a chalk board too large graininess is superfluous, it is enough to perform a fine surface polishing.
Use of cornstarch ↑
Corn starch application
Like soda, corn starch is sold in almost any supermarket and has a very affordable price. The technology of obtaining the desired mixture does not differ from the previous version, the only thing is that you may need a little more water to get the optimum mass for application to the surface.
For the complete filling of the surface is enough 2 layers of coating. At the same time, the need for fine sanding is also present, because after drying, smears will be clearly visible, which can adversely affect the texture of the finish.
Calcium Carbonate Application ↑
Calcium Carbonate Application
The price of 1 kg of fine calcium carbonate powder exceeds 200 rubles, so this recipe for chalk paint is not the cheapest. But from the point of view of the result, the addition of chalk makes it possible to obtain, perhaps, the best composition, which after drying has a uniform texture and does not require grinding. Full coverage of the part occurs after applying 2 layers of paint. With such a decoration, you can safely open up not only the chalkboard, but also the furniture.
Application of gypsum ↑
The use of building plaster (alabaster) is one of the most optimal options given the price / quality ratio. This material is much cheaper than chalk powder, while the coating after a 2-layer treatment has a uniform matte texture and, subject to the correct consistency of the paint, does not require additional grinding.
Note! Gypsum dries very quickly, so after the mixture is made, it should be immediately applied to the surface.
Apply tile grout ↑
Tile grouting is in the middle price range between calcium carbonate and plaster. The quality of the chalk paint obtained with this material is quite high, so with its help you can safely perform furniture finishing. As a rule, it is enough to apply 2 layers of such a composition so that the coating is uniform and has no visible defects. In this case, fine polishing is not required and after drying the surface on it, you can immediately draw or make inscriptions with chalk.
Tools and materials ↑
For the work will need the following materials:
- gloss latex paint on acrylic base,
- fine particulate component (one of those mentioned in the previous section),
- tank and stick for making the mixture,
- medium hard brush or roller
- paper tape, if you want to protect the edges,
- the basis for painting.
If the work will be done in a residential area, it is desirable to protect the workspace from accidental ingress of paintwork material. To do this, you can use oilcloth or old cloth.
Note! The paint color for the chalk board is selected individually. The choice is not necessarily limited to black. Chalk will be clearly visible on brown, burgundy, blue, green and any other dark surface.
To make a slate board, use the standard tool kit for painting works
The main stages of work ↑
- As a base for the board, you can use any material: plywood, chipboard, fiberboard, MDF, natural wood or drywall. It is desirable that the base is smooth, with no visible defects. Otherwise, sand the surface with sandpaper. The same procedure (grinding) should be performed if the workpiece has a glossy finish. In order for the paint to have good adhesion with the surface, the gloss must be removed.
For this master class, a regular cutting board was chosen as a base, which any hostess has
- Paint for chalk board can be prepared in any of the ways listed above. Most often for these purposes, a combination of latex paint with plaster or grout for tiles is used.
If the treated surface has a small area, you can prepare the finish in any available container
- The resulting mixture should be applied immediately after preparation, as it dries quickly. In order for the coating to turn out to be uniform, the movements of the brush must be sufficiently smooth.
For the complete filling of the workpiece is usually enough 2-layer processing
- Drying time of chalk paint is in the range from 30 to 60 minutes. If everything was done correctly, the surface will soon become dull and velvety.
In the presence of visible irregularities, light grinding should be performed with fine-grained sandpaper.
- После высыхания грифельную доску можно проверить на функциональность, сделав небольшую запись или набросав забавный рисунок.
Цвета мела и доски должны быть контрастными, чтобы надпись хорошо читалась
How to care for slate ↑
Despite the excellent performance characteristics of the chalk boards, they can easily be scratched with hard objects. Therefore, one should not draw cheap chalk, since it often contains impurities of sand and small pebbles. For home use, it is better to buy special crayons for drawing, which tend to be respect for the surface.
Note! The composition of chalk for drawing, in addition to calcium carbonate, includes a coloring pigment and a binder, designed to reduce dust formation during operation.
To wipe off the inscriptions from the board you can not use abrasive material and aggressive cleaning agents. To erase the chalk, just apply a damp soft cloth or sponge.
The use of soft material for cleaning the board from chalk will significantly prolong its service life.
Chalk board for drawing or writing, made by hand, will solve several problems at once. This accessory will decorate almost any interior, and all the important things will be recorded, and therefore fulfilled. But most importantly, the results of children's creativity will move from the walls, floor and furniture on the designated surface.
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Types of paint for drawing
There is a great variety of different colors for drawing. Depending on the material used and the composition of the paint, artists acquire everything they need in specialized stores for all subsequent creative works.
As a result, the choice of paint depends on you. Consider the most common types of paints, which are often used by artists in creating their masterpieces.
All novice artists choose gouache for their creative works.
This paint has excellent functional characteristics:
- dissolves in water
- acquires a velvety effect,
- It has a good color palette.
However, after it dries on the surface of the material, a slight paleness of the paint can be noticed. Gouache pales due to the fact that it consists of whitewash.
But this is only a small drawback, which can be hidden with the help of other auxiliary paints and varnishes. For example, varnish is sometimes applied to the finished work. It gives the work a shine effect, and the gouache colors look new in the picture in a new way.
On the one hand, this is the simplest paint for drawing, which is primarily chosen by the artists. On the other hand, working with gouache is very difficult. After all, in order to achieve the desired color will have to experiment with shades. Also some difficulty is the achievement of even tone. Therefore, before applying the paint on the working surface, artists prefer to use small drafts, allowing them to create the desired shades of colors.
But over time, when you learn to work with gouache, you will discover all the advantages of this paint. First of all, all the mistakes you made while working can be quickly corrected. To do this, you just need to apply a new coat of paint, which will differ from the previous one in its thickness. This will hide all the flaws that you made during the execution of all works with gouache.
Remember, do not apply gouache too thick. Indeed, after it dries, some elements of the picture can crumble. The paint itself does not have a solid structure, if you work with it incorrectly, all defects and your mistakes will be visible after finishing the application of paint.
Try to slowly accomplish all the creative ideas you conceived. This will avoid a large number of mistakes that even professional artists can make if they disregard the rules when using gouache in their works.
Surprisingly, it is with this paint that children begin their creative journey. However, with the help of the same gouache great artists create real works of art, fascinating for its beauty and originality.
With the help of gouache were created the greatest works of art of such famous artists as Picasso and Rubens. Still think that gouache is just child paint? It is time to take a different look at this unique paintwork material.
Watercolor can be bright or pale, depending on your chosen color. It, like gouache, is capable of dissolving in water, however, unlike the previous paint, it possesses special functional capabilities.
The first layers of this coloring matter give the paper a certain color. But the feature of watercolor is enclosed in the subsequent layers. After all, after applying and drying on paper, the paint gives it a shine effect, without dyeing the already applied words in a certain color. In fact, watercolor in this case appears on the working surface as a transparent emulsion.
Artists love watercolor precisely because of its properties. Transparency allows:
- to give the paintings a special flavor,
- highlight some of the details of the landscape
- emphasize the most significant moments in the creative work.
In order to convey the full range of his emotions and feelings, the artist has only paint and paper on which he can portray the future work of art. Sometimes for expressiveness or completeness of work there is a lack of a certain shade. In some cases, the paint applied in several layers can create the desired effect. But you need to know about these features of watercolor paints.
Ideally similar paints and varnishes are suitable for the image of landscapes. With the help of watercolor, artists often paint a changeable sky playing with different colors.
In some cases, it is watercolor that helps to create portraits that can strike with its mystery and unusual realism.
Any work done in watercolor will look perfect only if you avoid mistakes. Before you do all the work on applying paint, practice for a start on the drafts.
Even professional artists use small sheets of paper to check:
- how will the paint fall
- is this color perfect
- Is it worth it to apply watercolor in a similar way.
Only after the paint has dried can you determine if you have done all the work perfectly or if there are any shortcomings. When working with this paintwork material, you can use different techniques of applying paint.
It is always nice to try something new, unusual. See how a certain combination of colors can give a completely different picture of the same creative work. Surprisingly, two artists will draw the same flower in different ways. After all, everyone will use in their work different colors and shades, a certain technique, allowing to depict an object of interest to the artist on paper.
Perhaps watercolor is the best paint for artists. If you still do not know how to work with it, it's time to learn how to handle this paintwork material.
Magic shades of pastel
What kind of paint is suitable for painters, because for its application to use no paint. The paint material itself is produced in the form of comfortable pencils or small crayons, which are very easy to draw on the working surface. This is a special attraction of pastel, because it is quite fascinating to draw. The fact that you do not need to use a brush to work with pastels makes it a unique paint.
There is no need for mixing colors or dipping the brush to get the desired consistency of paint. In fact, such a pencil becomes a continuation of the hand, allows the artist to create unique paintings using only paint and paper.
Despite the special composition of paints and varnishes, it is quite easy to work with pastels.
Pastels, on the other hand, are very easy to work with. Just mix shades and get the colors you need right on the paper. You can use a special shading or just rub the paint on the paper with your fingers. Everything here depends on your desire and ability to do creative work professionally and correctly.
If you make small mistakes and omissions when working with paint, you simply hide them, overlapping one layer with paint of a different color or the same shade, creating a brighter and more saturated color.
Levitan is the most prominent representative of artists who professionally worked with pastels. His paintings are distinguished by an unusual play of colors and various shades, which the combination created pictures of incredible beauty. Perhaps it is this paint that will become for you the most acceptable material for creativity.
Do artists need tempera?
One of the most ancient colors used by artists is tempera. This paint is simply not able to change the tone over time, it has good brightness. Tempera dries quickly, so it is especially valued among professional artists, for whom time plays a very important role.
Work with this paintwork material is very interesting, because tempera is a rather durable paint in its functionality.
Professional artists can use tempera to work in various techniques. Therefore, if desired, you can create a watercolor effect or gouache.
Through the use of such a unique color you can create amazing pictures that combine the effects of different colors. It all depends on the original intention of the artist and his capabilities. Thus, it is possible to work with one paint, but at the same time it will seem that the painting combines several paints and varnishes that are identical in composition.
In addition to all kinds of paints that the artist uses for his work, a simple pencil is the most effective and important auxiliary tool. Without it, it is impossible to draw the outlines and sketches of the future picture.
The choice of colors depends on many factors. First, the artist is determined by what work will be depicted on the canvas. Only after this is the selection of appropriate paintwork materials. Professional artists can draw pictures using only one paint or apply several coloring substances that are harmoniously combined with each other.
Thinners for oil paints
Probably, everyone can remember for a similar occasion that during the repair period, more than once due to his own carelessness, he forgot to close the can of paint, from which the material, to great disappointment, froze and was no longer suitable for use. Below are examples of possible solvents for paints that will help you save a thickened paint, or simply dilute a new one.
Oil paint removal
The issue of removing oil paint today is of great relevance, since this kind of problem occurs in almost every case of cosmetic repairs. Such an exercise, like removing paint, can either become a matter of ten minutes for you, and it will appear to you more like a curse, taking away your hours of precious time, effort, and often money. Removing the oil paint from the walls is the most time-consuming process, and especially in cases where the paint is applied over plaster or concrete. However, if you nevertheless decided on a new painting, then the simplest and therefore popular methods for removing oil paint from surfaces will be given and discussed below.
What are water-soluble paint paints?
Artists are all different and therefore everyone finds his own way of embodying how he sees the world. To implement the conceived artist chooses those materials that are interesting to him and with which it is comfortable to work. At times, the result takes pretty fancy shapes. But more on that later. In the meantime, let's see what possibilities of choosing colors are open to the artist. Today, we consider only the most popular water-soluble types of paints for drawing, we leave all the exotic ways of drawing to you for independent research.
Bright glue, water-soluble paint. When dry, it becomes dense, dull and whitens a little (with the possibility of obtaining a velvet effect). It is with these colors that people learn to draw in school, because along with the difficulties and drawbacks of its use, such as getting a smooth tone and desired color, it has an undeniable plus - the ability to easily correct your mistakes by simply applying the desired paint over the first layer.
It can also be as bright, but at the same time it is pale-pale. The main difference from gouache is that watercolor is transparent. Watercolor is especially loved by many artists and connoisseurs of painting just because of its transparency. Watercolor is especially good to write a changeable sky, flowing water, sunrises and sunsets with their unique atmosphere. Although it is impossible to make mistakes in working with watercolors, as they cannot be masked with another layer of paint, it is very interesting and pleasant to paint with watercolors. One of the best materials for creativity, watercolor is worth it to learn how to work with it.
Relatively new water soluble paint. Acrylic dries quickly enough, forming a resistant coating that is not washed off with water and does not fade in the sun. Acrylic paints are both thick and liquid. With liquid paints you can paint pictures that look like watercolor or gouache, with a smooth finish. The use of thick acrylic allows you to create work with an interesting texture. Mastering the technique of working with acrylic is especially attractive because acrylic paints can be painted on any surface, which gives a lot of opportunities for creative self-realization: paper, cardboard, fabric, glass, wood, ceramic tile and even metal - all this can become a canvas for artist working with these paints.