32 week of pregnancy: what happens to the baby
During 32 weeks of gestation, changes occur in the woman’s body due to the approaching moment of labor. The future mother has a hard time, because the baby is already quite large, he is constantly moving, squeezing the internal organs. This causes discomfort and fatigue in a pregnant woman.
During this period, women who are expecting a baby should eat particularly well. In their wardrobe should not be things that restrain movement. It is necessary that the pregnant woman daily received the daily rate of vitamins and mineral elements, as the process of active growth of the baby.
What dangers await expectant mothers at 32 obstetric weeks? How much does the baby weigh at this gestational age?
Distinctive features of 32 weeks of pregnancy
At week 32, a woman feels internal changes, notices the changes occurring in her body. The kid completes its development by this date, all the main systems responsible for its vital activity have already been formed. The face of the child becomes more rounded, the skin is smoothed and brightens, the hair begins to grow.
The baby in the womb feels perfectly touching, hears all sounds, discerns voices, so doctors advise parents to talk with him as much as possible. By this stage, the position of the baby in the uterus must change. He takes a pose, testifying of the approaching labor.
The bone system becomes stronger, softness is maintained only in the bones of the skull to facilitate passage through the birth canal. Stirring at certain moments may occur less often or more often - this is how the baby responds to the posture of the mother in which he feels uncomfortable. At 31, 32 weeks of pregnancy, he becomes very crowded in the womb.
At the 8th month of pregnancy, girls have edema of the extremities, swelling of the veins in the legs. This is considered normal as the amount of amniotic fluid increases. To get rid of discomfort, experts advise women to wear more spacious clothes and not wear rings on their fingers.
Child development, height and weight, the table of standards
By this time, the growth of the baby normally reaches 43 cm. The weight of the fetus at 32 weeks varies between 1.7 and 1.8 kg. Small deviations from the norm are not considered critical, as the intrauterine formation takes place individually. The little man can weigh a little more or less than the specified norm. About how serious are the deviations in height or weight, the gynecologist will judge. At this time, the baby continues to grow actively, which is the cause of the increasing body weight of his mother.
The child’s organs are fully functioning, the nervous system is formed, and the endocrine glands already regulate the infant's metabolism well. The immune system begins to function, the production of antibodies occurs, which are necessary to protect the newborn baby in the first hours of life.
Amniotic fluid volume is about 1 liter. They are updated every three hours, so the baby is always surrounded by clear waters. The baby is fed through the placenta, because it is important to prevent the occurrence of any pathologies of this formation.
A distinctive feature of 32, 33 weeks is considered to be the descent from the skin of the baby lubricant, which performs a protective function. The skin becomes pink. Hair grows and strengthens on the head. By week 32, the baby turns its head upside down, but if this does not happen, it is not necessary to be upset. He still has time to 35 weeks to take the right position.
The body of the child produces vasopressin and oxytocin. These substances affect the readiness of women to give birth and feed the newborn.
Feelings of a woman
Feeling a woman at the beginning of 8 months of pregnancy can not be called pleasant. The stomach reaches 85 cm, the uterus has greatly increased and has risen, its weight has become more by 0.5 kg. At this time, many women may experience the phenomenon of false contractions. These are Brexotne-Higgs uterine contractions, which are not accompanied by pain and occur irregularly. Thus, there is a preparation of the uterus for the upcoming labor.
Discomfort in the gastrointestinal tract remains. The pressure of the uterus on the internal organs may cause heartburn, belching and nausea. Often pregnant women suffer from constipation. In some cases, breathing may be difficult due to the pressure of the uterus on the lungs and the diaphragm. Increased weight and volume of fluid in the body often causes shortness of breath in a pregnant girl during exercise.
A large belly causes discomfort during sleep. Doctors do not advise expectant mothers to sleep on their backs, since in this posture, the vena cava is pinched. The woman has only one option - to roll from one side to another. Sleep becomes restless also because of the frequent urge to urinate.
However, there are pleasant moments at the end of the seventh month of carrying a baby. Mother feels her child’s jolts very distinctly. The baby has reached a large size, it becomes crowded in the uterus.
The movements made by the baby in the period of intrauterine development are one of the diagnostic indicators of the normal course of pregnancy. By the number of movements per day, the mother can judge that everything is in order with the baby.
There are rates of movement set in the table, which should be calculated daily for the expectant mother. 31 and 32 weeks of pregnancy is a period when a certain sleep and wakefulness pattern is formed in the fetus, so a woman can easily understand whether her baby is sleeping or waking up and awake. During periods of activity, the fetus moves from 12 to 15 times per hour.
If the mother does not feel movement in the tummy for a long time or the child is excessively active, there is a reason to appeal to the obstetrician. The doctor will listen to the fetal heart rhythms, and, if necessary, conduct hardware studies of ultrasound or CTG to more accurately assess the condition of the fetus.
Ultrasound and other examinations
A general blood and urine test a pregnant woman does at 28-30 weeks. In the same period, a special antibody test is prescribed, as well as blood tests for the hepatitis virus, syphilis and HIV.
At a planned reception by an obstetrician-gynecologist, the weight of the expectant mother is determined, the pressure and abdominal circumference are measured, and the height of the uterus is set. In addition, a woman sent to CTG. This study allows to assess the condition of the fetus, to determine its state of health.
During the period of 32, 33 weeks, the last planned ultrasound scan is conducted, which gives parents the opportunity to see their future son or daughter on the monitor screen. Fetometry makes it possible to identify possible violations of the development of the fetus, pathology of the placenta, to assess the tone of the uterus, to exclude the entanglement of the neck with the umbilical cord.
On 3D ultrasound, you can see how the fetus is located, whether it turned over the head down, preparing for birth. If a specialist diagnoses a pelvic presentation, the mother is advised to perform certain exercises that will help the child adopt the correct posture.
Fetometry of the fetus at 32 weeks from conception allows us to estimate the size of the child’s body, its weight and other parameters. The doctor may recommend a natural childbirth or cesarean section to avoid complications if the baby is too large. In this procedure, you can ask the doctor to take a 3D photo or record the entire procedure on video so that the mother can see what her baby looks like.
What can be complaints?
In the third trimester, pregnant women sometimes have complaints of feeling unwell, since at this stage there is an expansion of the pelvic bones. This process is accompanied by cramps that cause pain symptoms. Baby shocks are also very painful if they are directed to the area of the bladder or liver. However, this pain does not pose any danger.
Nausea and gagging urge too often worry moms at this stage. The reason is the large size of the uterus, which hampers the work of the internal organs. In this case, doctors advise you to choose a high pillow for sleep, do not drink carbonated drinks and eat less sweets.
Another cause for concern at the end of 7 months of pregnancy can be false contractions, which indicate the beginning of the preparation of the body for childbirth. However, if the contractions become frequent and recur more than 5 times per hour, the pregnant woman should immediately contact the antenatal clinic because of the risk of premature birth.
What is the danger of 32 weeks?
Among the dangers of the third trimester include late toxicosis that interferes with the normal growth of the fetus. To get rid of toxemia and heartburn, you need to eat in small portions. Pathology of the placenta, its detachment, as well as a small amount of amniotic fluid also pose a threat to the fetus at this stage.
Danger at thirty-two weeks may be a premature onset of labor, the consequences of which may be expressed in health problems of the newborn. Factors indicating a high risk of preterm birth are:
- bloody issues,
- pain sensations
- discharge of amniotic fluid.
Rules of nutrition and mode of the day pregnant
During the entire period of pregnancy, the expectant mother tries to eat only healthy foods. The 32nd week is no exception. It is very important that the necessary substances that ensure the normal development of the child come into the body of the mother and the fetus with food.
The menu should include seafood, fish, kefir, dairy products, offal. In addition, in between meals you can eat fruits or vegetables. Any smoked meats, fried foods, overly spicy foods are excluded from the diet.
In the last stages of pregnancy you need to constantly maintain the water balance, drinking about two liters of clean drinking water. During the day, you need to include periods of activity and rest, while you need to rest more.
Prevention of preterm labor
Deliveries at 32 weeks can begin in the case of multiple pregnancies or in violation of fetal development. However, the longer the fetus stays in the mother’s womb, the more chances it will have to be born healthy and quickly adapt to the external environment.
To prevent the early birth of a child, the expectant mom should avoid stress, not go to places of large crowds of people, do not put themselves at risk of contracting a viral infection. Pregnant women should daily monitor their state of health and activity of the baby, do not miss visits to the antenatal clinic, undergo all the required examinations and be tested.
What to do if umbilical cord entanglement is diagnosed?
Many pregnant women are faced with such an unpleasant diagnosis as entanglement of the neck of the baby with a umbilical cord. To provoke such a phenomenon can 3 factors:
- iron deficiency
- lack of activity of the pregnant,
- umbilical cord too long.
This violation is determined by the doctor during the ultrasound procedure. If the entanglement of the umbilical cord is seen for a period of 22 weeks, there is a chance that everything will normalize by itself, but at 32 or 33 weeks this state of affairs requires careful monitoring of the pregnant woman.
Another way to identify such a disorder is cardiotocography. This is a hardware diagnostic method that lasts about 50 minutes. Sensors are attached to the belly of a pregnant woman, the readings of which reflect all the necessary indicators of the condition of the fetus: heartbeat, number of movements.
Recommendations of specialists
In order for pregnancy in the 3rd trimester to proceed without complications, Mom should follow a few simple recommendations. First of all, you need to avoid stressful situations, not to think about the upcoming birth. It is better to do the decoration of the children's room, buying the necessary things for the newborn. Doctors advise the future mother to walk more in the fresh air and not to neglect daytime sleep.
If fever and infectious diseases, immediately consult a doctor. To take any drugs alone is strictly prohibited. If for 1 week a woman has gained more than 0.4 kg or she has experienced sharp jumps in blood pressure, you should inform your doctor.
By this time it is better to prepare things for the trip to the maternity hospital, to collect all the documents that may be required. In the event of an unexpected onset of labor, you will not have to spend time on fees.
Thirty second week of pregnancy
Even more brought closer the meeting of the mother and the long-awaited baby this 32 week of pregnancy. What happens to the body of a woman and a child? At this stage, the mother herself feels all the changes, not only external, but also internal. All women are waiting for this period, because now another ultrasound is planned. Parents will be able to once again admire their already matured crumbs. Now the baby is already quite big, its wrinkles have smoothed out on its face, now you can see clearer facial features.
At this stage, the contact between the mother and the child is very important, because he is already able to respond to touch and voice. Baby hears well the heartbeat of his beloved mother. What did the child learn at 32 weeks of pregnancy? What happens to the baby? He is already able to turn his head, actively move his arms and legs (this is especially evident in the case if the mother took an uncomfortable position) and so on. Pushing the legs can bring great discomfort to the mother in the ribs. This is due to the fact that now the child takes the correct posture, that is, his head is at the bottom. To avoid pain, try to keep your back straight. In addition to the uncomfortable position, the crumb can push the mother simply because he has little space in her tummy. After all, its growth is already about forty two centimeters, and its weight is more than one and a half kilograms.
Do not worry about the mother about the swelling of the veins, which can occur not only on the legs, but also on the hands. This is a normal reaction of the body to the fact that the amniotic fluid has become more. For edema, doctors recommend wearing looser clothing and removing the rings from the fingers. Now you have to visit your doctor more often. It is recommended to make a visit twice a week. This is necessary, as the doctor not only monitors your current state and measures the parameters of the body, but also tracks possible pathologies.
And now we offer a little talk about the tummy, what is happening to him? The photo (32 week of pregnancy) that you see in this section of the article demonstrates its impressive size. Now he delivers a lot of discomfort to his mother and unequivocally points to the “interesting position” of his owner.
Many women at this time complain that the skin of the abdomen is irritated and very dry. Pay attention to the fact that the risk of stretch marks is very high now. They can be formed not only on the stomach, but also pay attention to the hips and breasts. Now is the time to use special products for stretch marks that nourish and moisturize the skin.
Do not be afraid if there is a dark band on the stomach, which divides it into two parts. Now it can become even brighter and more noticeable. In addition, mothers note that the navel configuration is also changing. Now he stretched out, became flat and constantly wanted to scratch. This should not be done, use creams that moisturize the skin.
What happens to mom?
32 week of pregnancy brings the meeting of mom with her baby. During this period, the woman becomes clumsy, it is difficult for her to walk, because the tummy is already of impressive size. Active movements of the child cause discomfort, and sometimes pain in mothers. Sleep is now a big problem, because it becomes very sensitive. In addition, many poses are uncomfortable for the mother and the child.
Now there is a strong pressure of the uterus on the stomach and bladder. Based on this, future mothers on this period complain of:
- frequent urination,
- rare chair
- labored breathing.
The last symptom is due to the fact that there is now a lot of pressure on the diaphragm. Severe shortness of breath and difficulty breathing are more common in girls of small stature. Try to choose comfortable postures for rest, while walking keep your back straight. What sensations are still companions of the thirty second week of pregnancy? Among them are seen:
- buzz feet
- frequent mood swings and so on.
In spite of all this, mom already anticipates her meeting with a baby. Often fantasizes about how he or she will look, what the voice will be, smile. All this helps to prepare emotionally and morally for the birth of a baby.
Surveys and analyzes
We have already briefly considered the question: at 32 weeks of pregnancy, what happens to the fetus and what does the woman feel? Now we offer to talk more about what tests and examinations a woman needs to undergo at this stage.
The first, most pleasant and expected examination is an ultrasound scan. This planned event has several objectives:
- evaluation of fetal development,
- position determination
- specification of the floor
- diagnosis of the state of the placenta,
- identification of possible deviations.
Помимо ультразвукового исследования, врач обязан:
- послушать сердцебиение крохи,
- determine its position in the uterus (if the child is not turned upside down, then a special set of exercises is assigned to the mother),
- measure mom's belly circumference,
- make cardiotocography (this procedure is necessary as it allows to evaluate the heart activity of the child),
- measure blood pressure
- weigh the future mother.
It is also necessary to pass urine (identification of possible diseases) and blood from a finger (warning of anemia). In addition, if a woman feels any ailments or complains of severe swelling, then an additional set of measures is carried out. These may include:
- extraordinary examination by a gynecologist,
- blood test according to indications and so on.
What happens to the baby?
32 week of pregnancy, the baby is now quite large. Norm:
- about forty three centimeters,
- from 1.5 to 1.8 kilograms.
Now the baby is actively growing. All the bodies of the crumbs are already formed and fully work:
- nervous system,
- adrenal glands
- immune system and so on.
In addition, the appearance of the baby is changing. Now there are fewer wrinkles, they are smoothed, and the skin gets a delicate pink shade. Now on the ultrasound, you can see how the arms and legs of the baby have become round, the cheeks have formed. The hairs on the head, although they remain soft and sparse, they thicken.
Now the position of the baby is very important. The most successful - headache presentation. It is from this position that the child will go on a journey through our big world. Now there is a strengthening of bone tissue, despite this, the skull remains soft. It is necessary for passage through the birth canal.
At 32 weeks gestational twins, what happens to the crumbs? Now the kids have reached the size of Peking cabbage, and their heads are big orange. Do not be afraid if one child is ahead of the second in height and weight. Doctors pay attention to this only if this difference is large. Before birth, babies will have to gain six hundred grams to be born with a minimum standard weight of twins.
Another very interesting thing is that babies at the thirty-second week are able to move into a phase of REM sleep. That is, their brain during the rest actively functioning. In simple terms, the little one dreams of dreams that he is already able to remember.
In the photo in this section you can see what happens to the fetus. 32 week of pregnancy is the expected period of future parents. After all, now they can look at their baby again. This is the latest planned ultrasound. However, doctors can, if necessary, appoint another procedure.
Future mothers, of course, meeting with the long-awaited baby (even on the monitor screen) is very touching, but you should not resort to this procedure quite often. After all, there is no reliable data on how this affects the child. All procedures have their specific purpose. Ultrasound in the third trimester allows you to:
- assess the condition of the placenta
- prevent intrauterine growth retardation,
- determine the position of the child
- explore all the organs and systems of the baby.
If the mother wants, then you can ask to record the entire examination process on a disk or take a photo of the baby as a keepsake.
Based on the data that the doctor receives, he will be able to make a forecast of the height and weight of the child at birth. It is very important to determine the type of delivery (natural or cesarean section). The main goal of the study is to assess the quality of the child’s development and prevent pathologies.
A future mother should take good care of her health, not an exception - discharge. They should be moderate, uniform, milky, have a smell of sour milk. Any deviation from the norm speaks of potential problems.
If the discharge has a green, gray tint or you have identified mucus, cheesy formations, pus in them, then this indicates the presence of an infection. You should immediately contact your doctor. It is important to know that the probability of infection of the crumbs is very high, especially at the time of passage through the birth canal.
When bleeding woman must urgently call an ambulance. This is a symptom that threatens the life of the baby and mother, - detachment or placenta previa.
Watery discharge may indicate that the amniotic fluid is draining prematurely. Please note that they may come out in small portions, and not immediately in a large volume. Consultation with a physician is necessary, because a defect of the membranes may miss pathogens to the child.
So, 32 weeks of pregnancy, what happens to the fetus and what does the woman feel? What complaints come from expectant mothers at this time?
Women complain of pain that occurs as a result of the activity of the child. The baby can “drive in” both in the stomach, and in the liver, and in the bladder, thereby causing acute pain. It does not threaten the life and health of mother and child.
Also, women complain of false labor. Pulling pain in the abdomen and "petrification" of it. So the body is preparing for the upcoming birth. See your doctor if they occur more than five times per hour, which may indicate a possible preterm birth.
Periodic nausea, which moms complain about even in the third trimester, is due to the fact that the uterus props up organs, hindering their proper functioning.
Of course, you should not actively practice these classes, and you will have to choose a position that does not put pressure on the stomach. However, sex during pregnancy is absolutely not capable of harming the mother or child. On this topic, it is better for a woman to consult with her doctor, since only he will be able to give an exact answer to this question, based on data on the course of pregnancy.
Weight of mom and baby
At 32 weeks of pregnancy, what happens to the weight of the mother and child? We will talk about this in this section of the article. Many say that a pregnant woman needs to eat for two. But this judgment is wrong! A big increase in mother's weight can negatively affect both her and the baby.
If a woman is of thin build, then at week 32 she must add about eleven kilograms; a moderate full woman will gain no more than ten. If there is an increase from the norm, then this is already a deviation. Based on this, we can calculate the total weight gain of the mother for the entire pregnancy: from eight to twelve kilograms.
As for the weight of the baby, during this period he has become quite large. Its weight is about two kilograms (from 1.5 to 1.8 kg). As a rule, a baby must get about nine grams per month.
The basic principles of nutrition
Now you are 32 weeks pregnant. What has happened to the fetus and what mom feels, we have already told, but not a word has been said about proper nutrition.
Mom should organize a balanced nutrition system, you should eat only healthy foods:
Be sure to ensure that the daily menu contains dairy products for breakfast and meat or fish for lunch. In addition to the main menu, the mother can eat an unlimited amount of fruit. Do not forget about maintaining water balance. A pregnant woman should drink at least two liters of pure water per day.
Births at 32 weeks of pregnancy
What happens to the child, we have already described above. It was also mentioned that the baby is already quite old. Thanks to modern medicine, he has every chance to survive in a special incubator.
Despite the fact that babies born two months earlier have a huge chance of survival, the risk of their pathology or disease is quite high.
What happens at 31-32 weeks of pregnancy, we have examined in detail. What recommendations do doctors give to women? Now let's deal with this issue:
- Avoid contact with sick people, now a woman should not take antipyretics, antibiotics and other drugs.
- Walk in the fresh air more often.
- To distract yourself from thinking about the upcoming birth, engage in the improvement of the children's room and buying clothes for the crumbs.
- Do not eat sweet, replace it with fruit.
We have examined in detail the question: 32 weeks of pregnancy, what happens to the baby and mother? The photo that you see in this section demonstrates the popular cause of the future mom's fears - cord entanglement. The reason may be:
- iron deficiency
- long umbilical cord.
It is possible to reveal violation by means of ultrasonography or CTG. It is possible to give birth with a umbilical cord wrapped around the neck only according to the fetal heartbeat, the obstetrician will decide on the type of delivery.
32 week of pregnancy - signs, symptoms, sensations
32 week of pregnancy is characterized by a calm course, however, there are increasing signs of the imminent birth of a child. The fetus is already very noticeable, so the expectant mother is psychologically tied to the child. At this time, the baby's cells are still developing, so it is necessary to use as many healthy foods as possible and lead a correct lifestyle.
Exactly 8 months have passed since the beginning of the pregnancy. This is a special risk of the onset of preterm birth, as well as the period of manifestation of the most powerful symptoms of pregnancy, which the expectant mother sometimes withstands with difficulty. However, for the child no longer need to fear.
Its height is about 40-42 cm, and the weight of a not very large baby varies between 1500-1700 cm. At this time, there is an intensive formation of the immune system in the body.
Improvements in appearance are gradually manifested in the form of an improvement in the contours of the body, imparting plumpiness inherent in the limbs to the extremities, as well as leveling the skin.
The head is fully consistent with the contours of the body, the baby is fully formed. Usually, it is at this time that children turn over, face down, waiting for their own birth.
For a woman, wearing a big belly is more difficult, so many ladies prefer to relax more.
This is the right decision, because during rest the blood circulation improves, there is no strong load on the soft tissues, which leads to the stabilization of the state and the calm flow of the remainder of the pregnancy.
- Fatigue for most women is the main hallmark of 32 weeks gestation.
- A big belly restricts a woman in action. It is necessary to invent an optimal position in order to lie down, sit, stand.
- Limitations in physical activity. When lifting weights, a woman usually does not feel any particular discomfort, however, doctors forbid to take even the minimum burden, therefore, the future mother may be dissatisfied with the fact that she cannot do something on her own.
- The uterus continues to grow, exerting pressure on adjacent organs. The habitual life of a woman is disturbed. There are harsh or moderate symptoms such as bitterness in the mouth, severe heartburn, constipation, or bloating. A little to temper these signs of pregnancy will help products with a laxative effect.
- Drawing pain in lower abdomen due to excitability of the uterus. So expressed training fights. Don't worry about them. These contractions will manifest much stronger, namely, sharp pain and excessive tension of the uterus.
- Deterioration of appearance. Many women have skin and hair problems. The integuments change their composition and look untidy, nails grow brittle, hair becomes too dry and may have a sloppy appearance.
- Significantly stretches the stomach, which sometimes causes negative emotions. Sometimes the navel becomes convex and stretch marks are outlined. To avoid this phenomenon, you can either have very good skin, or with constant wearing of a bandage for pregnant women. An excellent addition to this subject will be a special bra, which also has a supportive effect. From stretch marks will help a special cream, whose action is to deeply moisturize and at the same time toning. In addition to the cream, you can do a light massage to improve the metabolic processes in the skin.
- The appearance of cramps in the legs. In order to get rid of them, it is necessary to rub a sore spot immediately during a spasm retreat, to massage a limb.
- Paradontitis manifests itself in most cases, but sometimes it is too pronounced. This problem should be solved at the dentist, but often experts promise to assist in getting rid of this unpleasant symptom only after giving birth. It is necessary to independently use vigorously healthy products, not to forget about vitamins and to regularly clean the mouth, periodically conducting a light massage of the gums.
Negative symptoms that appear in most pregnant women:
- Changing the localization of the stomach. Because of this, it is possible for a small dose of acid to enter the esophagus, which irritates the mucous membrane and causes heartburn.
- The baby can push the mother's legs into the upper abdomen. This indicates that the child has already turned its head down, its position is optimal for the upcoming birth. Shocks are not dangerous, but can cause discomfort.
- Swelling and bulging veins, rather severe pain in the lower back are the result of overload due to a large abdomen and a shift in the center of gravity. The body will return to normal only after delivery. If these symptoms are too strong, the woman should rest more.
- Abundant vaginal discharge. These are preparatory moments for uterine contractions during labor. If their appearance is not accompanied by excessive pain, do not worry.
- There are diseases that require examination and treatment under medical supervision or in hospital mode. This is little or polyhydramnios, detachment of the placenta or late toxicosis (gestosis).
The appearance of the fetus gradually improved. He gradually falls off tiny hair resembling fluff, called lanugo. The skin ceases to be red and shriveled, which it was all weeks of pregnancy, and becomes more aesthetic in appearance, brightens and evens out. Many babies are born with excellent skin, which only needs a short adaptation to the environment.
At 32 weeks of pregnancy, the fetus behaves in a special way. He already perfectly hears the conversations and analyzes the events, while taking part in them.
The kid has the opportunity to express his opinion, notify his mother about any discontent with the help of kicks or other movements. The fruit has been actively swinging its limbs before, but its size has smoothed this process.
The child becomes more and the place is not enough for him, therefore all changes in the stomach are so sensitive.
All organs and systems are formed. If the baby has no abnormalities on the ultrasound scan, it means there will be no developmental delays or random dangers associated with the appearance of intrauterine malformations.
The woman has already gone through these fears and can calmly enjoy the rest of the pregnancy. Only the sucking muscles, as well as the motor ligaments on the face and neck, continue to develop. At birth, they will be quite active, as the baby will start to suck almost immediately.
32 week of pregnancy - ultrasound ultrasound - 32 week of pregnancy ultrasound at 32 week of pregnancy
If at this time to evaluate the parameters of the child in general, he takes only one-twentieth of the volume to which he is to grow during his life. The exception is the brain.
It is developed already on 3/4 of the volume with full maturity, which can be considered a minor change compared with the further growth of other organs. The behavior and activity of the baby are dependent on the state of the mother.
During this period of time, one should not allow oneself to be very nervous or to lift weights; premature labor may occur due to any negligence.
The menu shown for pregnant women who are at 32 weeks. Healthy food allows you to keep a moderate body weight:
- Flour products. It should be eaten within 120-150 g per day. Recommended positions: bread from flour of the first grade, preferably slightly dried, salt-free for dietary food, bread from special flour of wholemeal or containing bran, biscuits or biscuit products that do not contain baking.
- Soups A serving should contain up to 250 g. Doctors advise: soups with vegetables with a minimum content of potatoes, any cereals and pasta. You need to take care of vitamins, so after pouring out the soup in a plate (not when boiling) you need to season with cream or sour cream, if possible you should use fresh greens.
- Meat products. It is necessary to eat no more than 150 grams, since heavy food is not recommended in the third trimester of pregnancy. It is advisable to take low-fat varieties. It is desirable to prepare steam cutlets, you can also make rolls or puddings. A pregnant woman should take care of herself, so before cooking any dish, the meat should boil. When it has undergone sufficient heat treatment, it can be baked further. Allowed to use aspic.
- A fish. For one day, the portion should not exceed 150 g. It is advisable to eat boiled. Cooking souffle steamed, various cutlets and rolls is possible.
- Dairy products. Разрешается пить молоко только при отсутствии любой аллергии на этот продукт или непереносимости в количестве, не превышающем 250 г. Можно употреблять молоко не только в цельном виде, разрешено делать его одним из компонентов каши или чая, также рекомендуется добавление в суп.Additionally, doctors recommend to use a variety of yogurts, for example, with the addition of berries, low-fat yogurt or cottage cheese, which for the greater benefit is desirable to acquire on the market from trusted vendors. The total amount of these products, with the exception of whole milk, should not exceed 200 g per day.
- Eggs It is allowed to eat even raw, provided the supplier is reliable. It is advisable to eat about 2 eggs in 7 days.
- Fat Butter or vegetable oil, limited to 15 grams per day.
- Vegetables. Allowed any types of vegetables for which the woman does not have allergies. Can be used in any quantity. The vitamins contained in them help strengthen the muscles of the uterus and improve the health of the pregnant woman.
- Snacks. They can be used with or between main meals.
- Sauces For pregnant women, these supplements are recommended in the form of dairy or fruit products.
- It is desirable to take spices in a small amount and on a natural basis.
- Berries. The best option is considered sweet and sour varieties. You can make compotes from any berries.
- Sweets. It is advisable to temper their consumption, so as not to gain weight.
- You can drink tea, milk, compotes, water, as well as various decoctions, for example, on the basis of wild rose.
Medical recommendations and advice on the lifestyle of the future mother at this time.
How to ensure a full sleep?
At 32 weeks of pregnancy, it is very important to have a good sleep, as the expectant mother gets very tired, and preparing for childbirth takes a lot of energy because of the nerves. To give birth safely, you need to make the body rested, which is also ensured by good sleep.
Methods that provide an opportunity to sleep well:
- Doze during the day.
- Going to bed at least an hour earlier than in the past, before pregnancy. If a day has taken a lot of nerve forces, then often in the evening there is a desire to read a book for a long time or watch TV. Because of this, the body appears less hours of rest and there are overload. It is only once to try to lie down earlier and the woman the next morning will feel cheerful and sleep well.
- With cramps in the legs, which often physiologically happens in pregnant women during sleep and provokes its early ending, one should have a foot massage or do light exercises before going to bed.
- When the cause of sudden waking up are digestive disorders or the appearance of severe shortness of breath, you can sleep in the half-sitting position. To do this, under the back encloses a few pillows.
- Attention should be paid to postures that cause discomfort during sleep. This is especially true of the pelvic area, where the abdomen can exert pressure on the nerve endings.
- If it is impossible to fall asleep or abrupt awakening from pruritus it is necessary to wipe all problem areas with a moisturizing lotion at night.
- If you can not fall asleep for a long time, you can try a relaxation technique. This will help mental images. Often women imagine that they are floating on the waves or swinging on a swing. When this technique is used regularly, the childbirth process is facilitated. Similarly, in the future, you need to relax in the intervals between contractions. This will help save the necessary strength for successful childbirth.
How to prepare for childbirth?
At week 32, you need to finally decide on the maternity hospital and agree with the doctor to whom the woman has the most confidence. It is advisable to choose a backup option in case there will be an unexpected closure of the maternity hospital for washing or delivery will be premature and a certain doctor will not be able to receive them at this time.
It should begin the formation of bags for shipment to the hospital. You can pick up your own things, clothes for the baby, even cosmetics. It is advisable to collect everything in advance, because childbirth can occur suddenly.
We need to collect a list of required documents:
- The contract with the hospital, if it is decided to give birth in a private organization on a fee basis. Upon admission to a public hospital, a referral to the hospital from a doctor will be required.
- Exchange card with the results of all analyzes entered into it.
- The result of the last passed ultrasound.
- Insurance policy (in pre-negotiated cases).
Timely recognition of preterm labor
Births at 32 weeks gestation are premature and can start quite suddenly. In most cases, children survive on this period, but with improper nursing there is a risk of developing pathologies.
Symptoms of beginning childbirth may include the following symptoms:
- Unexpected, severe diarrhea.
- Unusual discharge. If they acquire a brown or red color, while they were not there before, perhaps the beginning of labor activity is possible.
- Shingles pain in the abdomen, has a cramping character.
- Training fights cause significant discomfort, the frequency of their repetitions more than 5 times per hour.
Pregnancy at 32 weeks in most cases carries only positive moments. The exception is the physical inconvenience that a pregnant woman is constantly experiencing due to the large size of her own stomach. This can be easily corrected if you lead a healthy lifestyle.
With constant rest, massages and proper nutrition, these negative aspects of carrying a baby recede into the background.
It is advisable for a woman at this time to communicate only with those who can surround her with care and attention, since if she observes the daily regimen and refuses overloads, she saves not only her health, but also protects the child.
32 week of pregnancy: what happens to the baby, the norms of weight of the fetus and the woman, the effects of childbirth on this period + reviews
34 obstetric weeks - not the term of full-term pregnancy. But it is he who is borderline. Babies born at this time, much stronger, have more stable organ systems.
The effects of childbirth on a child at 32 weeks gestation, even in the case of twins or triplets, are not as serious as a week or two ago.
The main parameters of the development of pregnancy in this period are reflected in the table.
Birth in the 32nd week of pregnancy
Any woman who is expecting a baby soon, considers the time until the moment when she sees him for the first time. As is known, the duration of the gestational period is 40 weeks. But not always the fetus leaves the maternal organism at this time. Quite often there are so-called premature births that occur before 37 weeks of gestation. Let's take a closer look at this phenomenon and tell you about what risks may occur during childbirth at 32 weeks of pregnancy.
Because of what the baby is born before the deadline?
In fact, the reasons for the early birth of a child, quite a lot. However, in most cases, preterm labor is due to the presence of the following disorders:
- little, or, conversely, high water flow,
- increased body weight in pregnant
- infectious and viral diseases,
- development of fetal hypoxia,
- abdominal trauma,
- genetic disorders
- rhesus conflict
- physical exercise.
What can preterm labor at week 32 turn into?
It is worth noting that in most cases it is possible to leave a full and practically healthy child. However, without complications rarely.
First of all, it is necessary to note the relative immaturity of the respiratory system of the child. A surfactant, which prevents the alveoli from falling off in the lungs and is simply necessary for breathing, begins to be synthesized at another 20-24 weeks of fetal development. But at the same time, the full maturation of this system is noted only by 36 weeks.
That is why childbirth at 32 weeks of pregnancy is not complete without a violation of the so-called ventilation-perfusion ratio in the lungs. This phenomenon leads to such complications as hypoxia, hypercapnia (increase in the level of CO2 in the blood), metabolic and respiratory acidosis (decrease in blood pH). In this situation, the child needs emergency care with artificial respiration.
The less dangerous effects of childbirth at 32 weeks can be attributed to a decrease in the activity of the immune system, that is fraught with the addition of viral and infectious diseases, the small weight of the child (usually 1800-2000 g). Basically, the systems and organs of the baby are ready for normal functioning.
Separately, it is necessary to say about the consequences of premature birth at 32 weeks of gestation, which can occur in a woman herself. First of all, in such situations the risk of intrauterine bleeding increases. At the same time, infection of the reproductive system cannot be completely excluded. Given these factors, as a rule, the woman is at least 10 days in the postpartum department under the supervision of doctors.
According to WHO statistics, more than 15 million children a year are born prematurely. This means that they were born between 20 and 37 weeks of development. Thanks to high-tech equipment and the professionalism of obstetrician-gynecologists, the survival rate in such cases is almost 100%. But prematurity is still considered an extremely dangerous condition and giving birth at 32 weeks of gestation is an undesirable, though not critical, phenomenon. At this stage, the child is already fully formed, just does not get the body mass.
Why are preterm births at 32 weeks?
There are many reasons for this problem:
- carrying two or more twins,
- low or high water
- excessive weight gain during pregnancy
- infectious diseases in the acute stage,
- genetic predisposition to pathology,
- intense exercise
- mechanical damage, for example, getting into an accident,
- bad lifestyle habits, bad habits,
- unbalanced diet, fasting,
- too early (before the age of 18) or late (after the age of 40) pregnancy,
- blood type rhesus conflict
- unwanted baby
- strong emotional stress, for example, as a result of a divorce,
- impaired fetal development,
- cervical failure,
- sexually transmitted diseases,
- previously postponed preterm labor, abortion,
- placenta previa
- myoma and congenital defects of the uterus,
- bleeding during the second trimester,
- low weight gain.
If there is a predisposition to preterm labor, it is important to regularly visit your doctor and undergo routine examinations, if necessary, to go on preservation.
What are the risks of the effects of childbirth at 32 weeks gestation?
Despite the high rates of successful delivery with this pathology, there are many negative complications.
Typical consequences of childbirth in the 32nd week of pregnancy for a child:
- sudden newborn death syndrome,
- underdevelopment of the genitals,
- violation of thermoregulation,
It is important to remember that these problems rarely occur, especially if the baby is under the supervision of experienced professionals and a loving mother from the moment of birth.
Every pregnant woman wants the entire time before the baby is born to be completed without problems and violations. But, unfortunately, this is not always possible. Someone from the first weeks of pregnancy is worried about severe toxemia, someone falls down with a cold or even flu, someone has to go through the hassle due to insufficiently good tests and screening studies. But even if gestation is gradually coming to a natural end, there may be a threat of premature termination of pregnancy as such.
The threat of premature birth can take you by surprise and scare any future mom. Therefore, every pregnant woman needs to have information about the factors that can cause preterm delivery and methods of their prevention. So let's talk about why the pregnancy ends before the deadline, the threat to which this can lead.
What can cause preterm labor at week 32?
Such an early appearance of the crumbs on the light can be caused by high water or low water, overweight of the future mother and hypoxia of the fetus.
Premature birth can happen when carrying twins, they can also be provoked by colds and infectious diseases.
Occasionally labor activity is caused by mechanical injuries of the abdomen, for example, participation in an accident. It can also be triggered by genetic features, an inadequate lifestyle, and a number of social factors represented by early pregnancy, unwanted fetus, and an incomplete family.
Sometimes preterm labor at 32 weeks is the result of extreme emotional overstrain or certain diseases of the female body.
In addition, among the factors that can cause preterm labor, we can distinguish the presence of rhesus conflict, increased physical exertion and pathologies of the fetal development of the child.
It can be concluded that in order not to terminate a pregnancy at 32 weeks, it is important to monitor your condition and carefully follow the doctor’s recommendations.
Various studies help to promptly suspect the onset of preterm labor, stop them, as well as find out and correct the factor that caused their development.
Sometimes the threat of childbirth in the thirty-second week of pregnancy is a short and softened uterine cervix. Such a violation is usually possible in time to notice during the ultrasound, if it is carried out in time.
Having found it, doctors take appropriate measures to prevent preterm labor. In no case do not need to resist their appointments or to refuse inpatient therapy.
How does preterm labor proceed at 32 weeks gestation?
The first stage is threatening preterm labor, and their manifestations can be overlooked. A woman may be bothered by unexpressed nagging pains in the lumbar region, as well as in the lower abdomen. Sometimes there is some tension or contraction of the uterus. Putting a hand on her stomach, a pregnant woman can notice that he is tense. A child may be restless and kicked. From the genital tract may appear mucous discharge, sometimes there is an admixture of blood.
But when viewed, the uterus remains dense and closed. If measures are taken in time, preterm delivery at this stage can often be stopped.
If this does not happen, the threat at 32 weeks will become a reality, as further symptoms are aggravated. Pregnant women suffer from pain in the lower back and lower abdomen, they acquire a more pronounced and contractive character. The mucus plug may come off, discharge from the genital tract begins. Sometimes there is a discharge of water.
In the future, the course of preterm labor is often characterized by swiftness.
What babies are born during preterm labor at 32 weeks gestation?
Births at 32 weeks gestation are considered pathological. However, as a result, a fully formed little man is born - weighing about 1.8 kg and growing at 43 cm. Its internal organs are already formed and can work normally, the limbs are active, there are no external disorders. The baby has cheeks, eyelashes and hairs on the head, as well as eyelashes.
Children born on the 32nd week of pregnancy, generally behave actively, rapidly strengthening in size and gaining weight. Premature birth at this time is not always carried out by caesarean section, much more often children are given to be born themselves.
At 32 weeks of gestation, the baby has a strong skeleton, but the bones of the skull are rather soft. Due to this, the fetus without much difficulty moves along the birth canal.
What are the risks for a baby born at 32 weeks gestation?
Births at 32 weeks indicate that the child is not sufficiently formed. Nevertheless, the modern possibilities of the development of medicine make it possible to safely leave children born on such a period. It should be understood, however, that such babies have certain risks to their health. They adapt to the world for a long time, since their immunity is not yet fully developed. Premature babies can develop various diseases, increasing the likelihood of sudden death of newborns.
Also, these babies are underweight. It is extremely important to provide them with good nutrition, including all the necessary mineral and vitamin substances. Modern doctors insist on organizing breastfeeding, since only mother's milk is the most suitable food for newborns.
How is moving
The movements of the fetus at 32 weeks of gestation are not similar to somersaults in the stomach, but rather measured turns. Its physical activity is significantly reduced. This is because it is cramped in the uterus. Women mark individual kicking - with the foot, with the arm, which “bulge out” and create bumps on the surface.
By this time, the fetus most often already drops its head down, and with its legs rests on the ribs or diaphragm. This creates a certain discomfort pregnant. Pelvic previa can still become a headache. Sometimes the tremors of the fetus bring pain, but with a deep breath, it passes. It is important to count the movements and react to their sharp decrease or increase by going to the doctor.
I wonder what the baby is doing right now - most of the time he sleeps, as always. He also knows how to grab and release the umbilical cord, move limbs, hiccup and even suck a finger. Все эти движения являются неосознанными, рефлекторными.
The little man feels the emotions of the woman who wears it under his heart. He reacts to light, music, noise, responding with impulses to what is happening around. Now the baby has character and temperament.
In the body of a future child, processes that began to occur several weeks ago are gaining momentum. Fetal development at 32 weeks of gestation is imperceptible to the eye, but tangible for the formation of all the organs of the baby.
Subcutaneous fat continues to thicken. The skin begins to crack down and becomes not as bright red as before. Pale pink she will be a few weeks after the birth of the baby into the world. Lanugo disappears - the original fluff on the body. The amount of substance on the skin of the fetus increases, which serves as a kind of lubricant that facilitates passage through the birth canal.
... and what does the future mother feel?
The third trimester is a very difficult period. Many women now claim that they are “tired” of pregnancy and what is happening with the body of the future mother. Even if at first life was clouded by toxicosis, it was easier to move and there was no discomfort during sleep. Now it’s not only difficult to climb the stairs, but sometimes it’s problematic to lie down, get up and bend over. It is necessary to try to abstract from these small disorders - this is a matter of time. It is useful to do something interesting, but without emotional and physical stress.
At this time of pregnancy, the sensations of each woman are strictly individual. With many of them, the expectant mother has already encountered in previous weeks. May be disturbing:
- heaviness in the bladder and the frequent desire to empty it,
- leg cramps, especially at night,
- itchy skin, often in the abdomen,
- pains in wrists and fingers.
A woman's body is intensively preparing for childbirth, so the ligaments begin to soften and the hip bones literally “disperse”. Mom may feel discomfort in the pubic area and pelvis, but do not worry, this is a natural phenomenon. Intense pain in the area of the pubic symphysis, swelling and difficulty in moving as a result are a clear sign that an ultrasound scan should be performed, and, if necessary, a MRI of the pallor. You should also consult a traumatologist.
You should contact your doctor if you are concerned about the following:
- pulls the lower abdomen, lower back,
- there is a suspicion that contractions begin,
- the uterus is constantly in good shape, stomach aches in an uncertain place,
Impact of weight changes
The fetus is already quite large, and the stomach begins to gradually fall. There may be difficulty in breathing, as pressure on the diaphragm occurs. There are problems with intestinal peristalsis and stomach, which can provoke even dizziness and fainting.
Now the woman is gaining weight intensively. This process should be strictly controlled. If the increase from the beginning of pregnancy is up to 13 kg, there is no need to worry. If all the recommendations of the doctor are followed, an active lifestyle is maintained, and the future woman in labor surrounds herself and her child with positive, all these troubles will be transferred easily.
At 34 obstetric weeks, mucus is natural or dangerous. The first is a slight discharge of a transparent or slightly white color without a strong odor. Everything else at this time can be considered a pathology that requires immediate medical examination.
- White and abundant with a pungent odor. Indicate the presence of infection, the appearance of thrush. Prescribed treatment candles or medication inside. If this is done in a timely manner, then the pathological secret will quickly pass and will not affect the fetus.
- With impurities of blood and pus. Dangerous and may indicate cervical erosion, internal bleeding or placental abruption.
- Abundant watery, transparent and odorless. Such secretions indicate the leakage of amniotic fluid. Individual tactics - depends on the state of the mother and child, cervical dilatation and the intensity of the leakage of amniotic fluid.
Sex is now best minimized, as it contributes to the production of the hormone oxytocin, which increases uterine contraction. This can lead to placental abruption, the threat of premature birth, or water leakage. A loving and caring husband will correctly assess the situation - he will direct his energy to repair and create comfort in the room of his heir.
At the doctor
At this time, the woman necessarily visits an obstetrician-gynecologist. The doctor must evaluate what happens to the baby at 32 weeks of gestation, and if there are any complications of gestation, identify them in a timely manner. The minimum survey, whose methods are reflected in the table, allows you to assess the entire situation.
Table - The value of the survey at week 32 from conception
Table of contents
- How many months are now
- What happens to the baby
- Childbirth at 32 weeks gestation
- Lack of water
- Baby weight
- Premature maturation of the placenta
- Ultrasound at 32 weeks gestation
- Short cervix during pregnancy
- What happens to mom
32 week of pregnancy - how many months?
It is the eighth month. A woman at this time knows a lot about how a child’s development proceeds, what happens to a child, how much a child weighs. If the third ultrasound is passed, it represents what the child looks like, and maybe already has a photo of the baby in her arms, made as a keepsake. She is on maternity leave, the workers do not care about her problems (at least, this should ideally be the case). She slowly prepares for the appearance of the baby, collects a bag in the hospital.
Malaria during pregnancy at week 32
Suspicion of oligohydramnios arises if the expectant mother has a very small belly. When the doctor assesses the amount of amniotic fluid, he uses the IAG index (stands for “amniotic fluid index”). The rate of amniotic fluid is from 5 to 8 according to this index. Moderate low water from 2 to 5. Less than 2 is already a very serious indicator. What other dangers poses a lack of water? It:
- possible accretion of the baby’s skin with the placenta,
- weak labor activity
- ineffective contractions.
Baby weight at 32 weeks gestation
The weight of a child at 32 weeks of pregnancy is a relative indicator. After all, some women may have a large child, others may have a small one. Nevertheless, there is a certain average value: the child must weigh more than 1700 g. It is good if the fetus weighs approximately 1900 g.
When pregnant with twins, children usually weigh a little less. But this does not mean that there are deviations from the norm.
Premature maturation of the placenta at 32 weeks gestation
Doing an ultrasound in the thirty-second week, the doctor will definitely pay attention to the degree of maturity of the placenta. Normally, she at this period reaches the second degree of maturity. If such a phrase is written in the card with the Doppler ultrasound results, it means that everything is in order with the child. This level of maturation of the children's place indicates a gradual preparation for childbirth. In the placenta, compacted areas are noticeable, calcium deposits are observed.
It is possible that the doctor will say about the first degree of maturity. This is also normal.
Premature maturation of the placenta - 3 degree, to this state of the child must come only after 36 weeks. Cysts of the placenta and thickening of the placenta - evidence of early maturation. Normally, the thickness should not exceed 34 mm.
Ultrasound at 32 weeks gestation
What will the doctor evaluate - what are the indicators of the norm for ultrasound? The doctor will estimate the approximate weight of the child, tell the expectant mother about how he is now "growing." The body length of the baby is more than 41 cm, normally 43 cm.
Fetal weight at 32 weeks gestation is an important indicator. It will be of great importance in determining the mode of delivery. The fetal weight rate at 32 weeks gestation ranges from 1,700 to 1,900 g or slightly more.
A child at 32 weeks of pregnancy should have the following indicators:
- the size of the frontal-occipital bone - 31-34 mm,
- head circumference - from 95 to 110 mm,
- length of the femur - more than 56 mm.
On the 3D ultrasound, fetal movement will be visible. The doctor will determine how the baby is located: if he marks the head of the fetus, then everything is in order.
Fetometry of the fetus is carried out for the last time and allows you to assess the risk of having a child with disabilities and malformations. Knowing that they are looking at an ultrasound at 32 weeks of gestation, a woman will come to the procedure already prepared and be able to ask her questions.
Sex at 32 weeks gestation
Having sex in week 32 is not prohibited. Even on the contrary: if there are no pains, nausea, the pubic bone does not hurt, there is no low placentation, severe edema, then the woman can afford to spend time pleasantly with her husband. Sometimes an orgasm is felt stronger than before pregnancy: these are all “hormone jokes”.
Short cervix during pregnancy at week 32
When a doctor examines and prescribes an ultrasound at 32 weeks gestation, the woman tries to perform the transcript of the norms herself, future mothers sometimes get scared when they find the diagnosis “short cervix”. What does it mean?
Normally, at this time, the neck is closed, and its length is approximately 40 to 50 mm. In the future, the neck is smoothed, shortened. Shortening to 23 mm can really alert the doctor. Various pathologies, the consequences of illness, the proximity of childbirth - shortening of the neck can tell about it. The reduction in thickness occurs under the influence of the weight of the child and the amniotic fluid. No need to make the most diagnoses. Should listen to the opinion of the doctor. Perhaps this is your individual version of the norm.