The birth of a baby is not only a very important, but also an extremely important event in the life of every married couple. The euphoria after the birth of the baby passes quickly, and it is replaced by efforts about the baby. Newly mum and dad are interested in a lot of questions (especially if the child in the family is the first).
One of the main issues is the peculiarities of feeding the newborn baby. How much should baby eat in one feeding? How do his food needs change over time? When to introduce complementary foods? Young parents should know the answer to each of these questions to ensure the proper development of the baby and not harm the children's body.
Is the baby colostrum enough?
In the first few days after birth, there is no milk in the woman’s mammary glands. Instead, colostrum is secreted - the secret of the breast, which is formed in the last few days of pregnancy and in the first 3-5 days after delivery.
First, the amount of colostrum is small, about 1.5 - 2 ml. The small amount of food consumed due to the small size of the child's stomach. However, this amount is quite enough to saturate the newborn baby. In rare cases, the infant must be supplemented. As a rule, these cases are due to the large weight of the baby. With each feeding, the amount of colostrum secreted increases. Increases the size of the stomach of the baby.
Colostrum production is compulsory for a newborn baby, since its composition contains a huge amount of useful substances that contribute to the normal development of the infant and enhance the protective functions of the body of the baby. Colostrum contains trace elements, immunoglobulins, antibodies and a lot of protein. It is completely absorbed by the body of a newborn baby, providing the baby with passive immunity. About 200-300 ml of colostrum is released per day.
The rate of milk for children of the first ten days of life
In the first few days after birth, the number of feedings can reach 10. During this period, it is recommended that the baby should be applied to the breast as often as possible. This contributes to the development of sucking reflex, which in newborns is poorly formed, and also activates the production of breast milk. The rate of milk for babies in the first days of life is different for each baby and is calculated using the formula N * 10, where N is the number of days after the baby is born. Over time, the number of feedings decreases, and the volume of milk eaten at one time, on the contrary, increases.
How much should eat baby in 2 months
8-10 days after delivery, the so-called true milk appears in the glands of the woman. It is much more than colostrum. There is a question: how much should a baby eat in a month or two? In the interval between the first and second months, a small child eats about 700-800 grams of milk per day, 120-130 milliliters - for one feeding.
In the first two months, the amount of milk needed by the baby is 1/6 of the weight of the child. It is worth remembering that the rate of milk is different for each baby, depending on the body weight of the infant. So, children with more weight need more milk than babies with less body weight.
Half year old babies are able to withstand quite long breaks between feedings. Some children no longer need food at night. With normal development, the number of feedings of a baby at 6 months is 5-6 times. After reaching the age of six months, the infant should eat food per day, in the amount of 1/9 to 1/8 of its weight.
Experts strongly recommend at this stage of development of the baby to follow the daily routine. Duration of food intake is individual for each infant and directly depends on the behavior of a small child. Hurry baby is not worth it. Food intake should be associated with pleasant emotions in the infant.
From 6 months you need to expand the diet of the baby and introduce supplements: vegetable and fruit puree, milk-free and milk porridge. On the last no more than 150 milliliters from the total daily volume of food necessary for normal development of the baby should be allocated. On vegetable puree also should not be given more than 150 milliliters. The amount of fruit puree, eaten by a baby per day, should be approximately 50-60 ml.
30-40 ml are given for meat puree, and 40 and 60 grams for cottage cheese and children's juice respectively. It is worth noting that experts recommend introducing the latest products into the child’s diet not earlier than 7 months. During the day, the baby should get about 150-160 calories. Protein should be at least 80%.
In 9 months
How does the diet change after reaching nine months of age, and how much should baby eat per day? From 9 to 12 months, the infant's diet is almost unchanged. Only the volume of consumed products in addition to breast milk or its analogue, infant formula, which by this time constitute one third of the baby’s daily ration, increases.
Milk or mixture is recommended to give the baby in the morning and evening. At other times, the baby’s diet should be present:
- vegetable puree - 180 g,
- fruit puree - 80 g,
- porridge - 180 g,
- cottage cheese - 50-60 g,
- half yolk,
- 10 grams of pastry or bread
- 100 milliliters of kefir,
- 5 grams of butter or sunflower oil.
In the diet of the baby can include chopped meat, but not more than 50 grams per day. Exceeding the daily requirement may cause digestive problems in the child. It should be understood that not all of the products listed should be consumed by the baby for one day. This is just a list of foods that the baby should eat. The menu for the day should be drawn up by parents, taking into account the recommendations of the pediatrician pediatrician.
Features of artificial feeding
Parents of babies who are bottle-fed need to understand that the nutritional needs of their baby and their breast-fed babies are different. Newly moms and dads need to consider a few nuances:
- The number of feedings in the first months of life can not be less than 6-7 times.
- The stomach of an artificial baby will digest food longer.
- With artificial feeding, it is necessary to compile a diet. Baby should be fed strictly by the hour.
- Store the mixture at room temperature can be no more than 2 hours, in the refrigerator - no more than a day.
It is very important to choose the right mix, since allergic reactions can occur in an artificial baby. In addition, experts recommend not to blindly follow the advice given on the package regarding the amount of the mixture per feeding, but to make calculations on your own.
When to introduce lure
The expansion of the diet of an artificial child and a baby that is breastfed has its own differences. Complementary feeding baby, which feeds on milk mixture, you can enter earlier. For example, a new food in the form of fruit puree can be entered as early as 5 months. At the same time, attempts can be made to feed the baby non-dairy porridge: buckwheat, rice or corn. Experts strongly recommend starting with buckwheat. It is better to introduce porridge from corn grits not earlier than 7 months.
Pediatricians recommend pediatric lure for infants who are breastfed, not earlier than 6 months. To expand the diet you need to first non-dairy cereals and fruit puree. From 7 months, you can enter in the daily menu crumbs of vegetable and meat puree, as well as a small amount of butter.
Expand the baby's lure is necessary gradually. Starting an introduction to the diet of a new product baby needs half a teaspoon. Gradually, by 12 months, you can bring a portion to 150 grams.
How to understand that the baby was full
Many mummies are interested not only in how much a baby should eat milk, but also in how to understand that a baby has been fed. You can check whether the baby is full or not by several signs.
1. By color and smell of urine. If the baby is full, the urine is clear and does not have a strong odor.
2. By the number of urination. In the first months of life, the number of hikes “small” should not be less than 8-10 times.
3. By feces, the color of which should be light yellow. However, they should not be too thick and too liquid, contain mucus and any blotches and foreign particles.
4. For monthly weight gain. In the first months of life, the weight gain of a baby with sufficient nutrition should be from 400 to 1100 grams, about 150-200 grams per week.
5. According to the behavior of the baby and his sleep. If the baby is hungry, his sleep will be restless. A small child with an insufficient amount of food will constantly wake up and be naughty.
If new parents are embarrassed by the behavior or condition of the baby, you must immediately contact the medical institution for advice from a pediatrician. A timely visit to the doctor will help to avoid further problems with the baby's nutrition and its development.
The kid eats little: what to do?
What to do if a child eats little, has insufficient weight gain? What is the reason for the poor appetite of the baby? The first thing you need to pay attention to the behavior of the baby. If the crumb is active, not capricious, and his behavior is no different from the usual, parents do not need to worry. To calm, you can increase the intervals between feedings. Perhaps the baby just does not have time to get hungry.
Deterioration in appetite is possible due to teething. In addition, the reason may be the expansion of the diet of the baby. Introduction to the menu of new products can contribute to the loss of infant's interest in breast milk.
Absolutely every new mother cares about how much a baby’s milk or mixture should eat, and how to understand that the baby is full. In the first few days, there is no milk in the glands of the woman. It is replaced by colostrum. The baby consumes no more than 2 ml of colostrum. And this amount is enough for the baby to eat.
At first, after the birth of the baby, the number of feedings may exceed 8-10. As a rule, the first month of life, mother feeds the baby every 3-4 hours. Over time, the number of feedings is reduced, and the volume of food consumed increases. There is no exact answer to the question of how many grams a baby should eat during one feeding, since everything depends on the individual characteristics of the baby, including its body weight.
The most difficult during breastfeeding is the first week after birth, when mother and baby are just learning to understand each other and adapt to new conditions. Newborns eat quite a bit and this is quite natural, since their sucking reflex is still poorly developed. They only learn to eat her mother's breast and quickly get tired in the process. During the day, a mother can apply a crumb to her breast up to 10-12 times, sometimes more.
It is very important for a young mommy to stay calm these days and not to worry that a baby can lose less milk and stay hungry.
- First, in babies of the first days of life, the size of the stomach is very small - about 10 ml, therefore, it can hold no more than 7-9 ml per feeding (that is approximately 100 ml per day).
- Secondly, during this period, not milk but colostrum is produced in the mother’s body. Nutritious and fat, it contains all the necessary substances to meet the needs of the baby. But the extra nerves can provoke a delay and a decrease in lactation.
After 7-10 days the milk stops - from this moment on, the amount of milk that a baby normally needs for feeding is one fifth of his weight.
In addition to the amount of milk needed by the baby, moms are interested in:
- when to attach the baby to the breast (we recommend to read: how to properly apply to the breast of a newborn baby?),
- how often to feed your little miracle
- how long to allow the baby to suckle (we recommend to read: how long should the newborn suck the mother’s breast?).
Today, pediatric pediatricians recommend adhering to an arbitrary regimen: feed not strictly every 3 hours, as insisted before, but at the request of the baby himself. With this approach, the child may be on her mother's breast 10-12 times a day. The intervals between feedings are 1.5-2 hours.
The usual duration of one feeding is approximately 15-30 minutes. During this time, the baby actively eats breasts and has time to get rid of. True, exceptions to the rules are often encountered: for example, if a mother has a lot of milk, the tot can drop the breast in 5-10 minutes. There is also a reverse situation - after eating, the crumb continues to remain on the chest for an hour or longer. In this case, he most likely just likes the process itself, but it is better to try not to let the infant last too long (more than 60 minutes) on the mother’s breast.
Modern pediatricians recommend feeding the child at his request - in this way it will turn out to make up the regime that is convenient for the baby himself, and to adhere to it in the future
Common standards for breastfeeding
Daily and one-time amount of breast milk by month for children under 1 year:
How to find out that the baby ate a portion of breast milk? To do this, you need the usual children's scales. The difference obtained by weighing the baby before and immediately after the meal is the amount of milk that he got. For a more accurate result, such weighings should be repeated several times.
Moms, especially those with their first child, are very worried that their baby will gain weight, and can weigh the crumb if not every week, then 2-3 times a month for sure (we recommend reading: the child is not gaining weight while being breastfed) . If the baby is moderately well-fed and healthy, you should not constantly put it on the scales - just 1 weighing per month in the hospital is enough.
Artificial feeding nuances
When a child is an artificial artist, the regime and rules of feeding have their own characteristics:
- The child should be fed at least 8 times a day (for more details, see the article: What should a child be fed for up to a year?).
- On artificial feeding the stomach digests incoming food more slowly. The interval between daily meals ranges from 2.5 to 3 hours, and between night meals it can reach 5-6 hours.
- It is important not to overfeed the baby. In the early days, the sucking reflex will develop well already, and sucking the nipple is much easier than the chest.
- You should not worry if the peanut ate milk or milk less than the norm. The next time he feeds, he will get the right amount, eating more than what he should be? so it is not necessary to force him to feed the entire norm. Better to wait until he gets hungry again.
- If, after a short period of time after eating, the child begins to cry, there is no need to hurry and force him to eat again. Probably, his stomach hurts because of the air that got there. Help the child to burp by holding it upright for several minutes.
Calculation of the daily requirement for children on artificial feeding
The task of parents is simplified when the child is not breastfed, but eats the mixture. Each pack of the formula indicates exactly how much the newborn should eat specifically this mixture. Is it possible to independently calculate the desired rate?
Daily portion of milk for artisans up to 1 year:
Milk after childbirth begins to arrive usually by the fourth day. The baby is brought to the first feeding, most often on the second day. And now young mommy starts to worry that her crumb will remain hungry, that there is very little milk. This is not worth doing for several reasons:
- The newborn is still weakly sucking mother's breast (the sucking reflex is poorly developed), he needs to learn this, so he eats very little.
- Colostrum, which is now produced by the mother's body, is fatty and nourishing. It contains everything you need to ensure the full life of the newborn.
- The volume of the ventricle in infants is still very small (on the first day only about 10 ml), therefore the amount of colostrum eaten during one feeding is also small, about 7 to 9 ml.
- To feed a child turns 10 to 12 per day, that is, for the first day, the rate of the baby is about 100 ml of milk.
- Do not think that an infant will remain hungry because there is little milk. It will start arriving soon. But extra worries can delay the increase in lactation.
Milk rates in the first ten days
How much milk a baby eats depends now only on its weight and age. Every day, the volume of the ventricle of the newborn increases, and the volume of milk consumed increases accordingly.
- On the second day the baby drinks about 20 grams in one feeding, the daily dose is 200-240 ml,
- On the third - 30 ml (300-340 ml, respectively) and so on.
- For a child of the first 10 days of life, it is possible to calculate the required amount of milk intake for 1 feeding, simply by multiplying the number of days old by the number 10.
The formula of the nutritional rate of the first 10 days: N (number of days) * 10 = one-time supply in ml.
Более точно объем разовой дозы потребляемого молока можно определить, взвесив младенца на медицинских весах перед кормлением и сразу после него. Разница между результатами взвешивания – это и есть объем выпитого крохой молока. Взвешивать желательно несколько кормлений подряд. Зная приблизительную дозу (см. приведенные выше нормы), вы поймете, высасывает малыш свою порцию или нет.
Когда и как лучше кормить грудничка?
In ten days the milk from Mommy will stop coming. Now the approximate amount eaten per day will be equal to one fifth of the weight of the baby.
Pediatric pediatricians have come to the conclusion that it is not necessary to force-feed a child in strictly allocated hours. It is better to wait when the baby will require you to feed him. This usually happens 10-12 times a day with an interval of 1.5 - 2 hours.
As a rule, the baby actively sucks the breast for 15-30 minutes, sometimes all 40. It happens that the baby sucks all the milk, but continues to suck the breast for a while, either by sucking the last drops of milk, or just like the process of sucking. Do not let him suck on for more than an hour.
How much milk is required for a newborn on HB
Today, the approach to breastfeeding has changed dramatically when compared with the recommendations of pediatricians twenty to thirty years ago. Increasingly, women turn to HB counselors, who tell young mothers in detail about infant feeding rules, breastfeeding techniques and other nuances. Now it is important to maintain close contact with the baby, so on-demand feeding is encouraged.
Nature provides for the process of breastfeeding a child, so immediately after the birth of the crumbs, an increased amount of hormone appears in the body, which is responsible for the production of milk.
In the maternity hospital, a young mother is explained the rules of applying a baby to her breast in order to establish GW from the first days.
Feeding rates in the first ten days
The first ten days are essential for the formation of the body of the baby. Proper nutrition allows you to avoid many diseases and problems in the future. To calculate how much the mixture should eat the newborn, created a special formula. They are calculated from the fact that the baby is rapidly growing and developing, and the volume of the stomach of the newborn increases.
Every day the dose should be increased:
- On the day of birth, the baby needs at least 100 milliliters of milk,
- on the second day - no less than 200 and no more than 240 milliliters,
- on the third day - no less than 300 and no more than 340 milliliters.
The next forty-eight hour dose of one feed is 20 milliliters. Every day it needs to be increased by 10 milliliters.
The exact volume can be calculated by 2 formulas:
- multiply the number of days the baby's age by 10,
- take away from his body weight a certain number depending on age.
Table: nutritional standards up to a year with artificial feeding
If the newborn is fed in a standard way, the rate is calculated in another way. Not real milk or mixture differs from maternal composition and concentration of useful substances. There is no clear formula that would allow to calculate how much babies need a mixture. Daily volume is calculated depending on the age and weight of the infant.
First Milk - Colostrum
Colostrum after childbirth stands out a little, but you should not worry. Baby won't be hungry because:
- the stomach of the newborn is so small that it can hold only 10 ml. This is the amount of milk, how much a newborn should eat at once, that is, in one feeding,
- the first day the baby gets from the breast of the mother colostrum - the most valuable product, the properties and benefits of which are irreplaceable, about 10 times,
- how much milk a newborn needs, he regulates himself. The baby is able to eat 7 to 10 ml of colostrum in a single dose. Consequently, its daily rate is about 100 ml of milk,
- the rate of one feeding for a newborn during the month changes, increasing literally every day.
The rate of feeding the newborn
The first days of the baby are recommended to give the breast every hour, then on request. When a baby is breastfed, everything is much simpler. Mom can not calculate how much he ate milk. The amount eaten changes with each feeding and depends on the needs of the crumbs. How much a newborn eats, it determines itself, and releases the mother’s breast when it is full.
According to the recommendations of experts, to keep the baby on his chest should be no more than 20 minutes. Some kids need 10 minutes and others need a little longer. Looking to the baby, you will understand how much time it needs. By 2 months the baby has already established its mode.
As a rule, babies up to 6 months burp after feeding. This leaves the air and excess milk. The reason for this is the sphincter (flap) between the stomach and the esophagus, which is still poorly developed, and when overeating, the baby can burp not only excess, but everything that has just been eaten.
After a while, the baby will be hungry again and will ask for food again. Do not be surprised, it is perfectly normal, because his stomach is empty.
How much should a newborn eat?
“And how much should a newborn eat?” - you ask. The volume of single feeding in infants and artificial artist is the same. The rate of milk for a newborn and a mixture of about 10 ml.
The crumb, eating mixture, feeds strictly on the clock, eating at one time as much as food should receive the child at his age. The number of feedings per day is eight times. If your baby eats less often, you can increase the volume of the mixture.
The main thing - do not overfeed and comply with the regime of feeding. Artificial artists more often gain excess weight if mom breaks the rules.
Excess weight creates an additional load on the skeletal system (back and legs), and it is more difficult for a child to learn to sit, crawl and walk. In addition, overfeeding, you increase the risk of digestive disorders and metabolism. In order to prevent this, Mom is better able to calculate how much to prepare the mixture in order to feed the baby once.
How much does a newborn eat for one feeding?
Until the tenth day, the volume of the mixture is calculated by multiplying the number of days by 10. For example, an eight-day baby is supposed to eat 80 ml at a time.
Average newborn eats at a time:
- the first two days of life - 7 - 10 ml,
- 3 - 4 days of life - 20 - 60 ml every 2 hours,
- first week of life - 50 - 80 ml every 2.5 hours,
- second week of life - 60 - 90 ml every 3 hours,
- the third week of life is 70 - 100 ml every 3.5 hours.
Features of feeding newborns fed with a mixture
- Feed the baby mixture should be according to the regime.
- The recommended number of feedings is at least eight per day.
- Calculate the rate of feeding. Make sure the baby does not overeat.
- Follow the recommendations and instructions given on the package with the mixture.
- Between feedings as needed, let's drink warm boiled water to the baby.
- Properly hold the bottle during feeding to prevent aerophagy (swallowing air when feeding), which can cause colic.
- Hold the child vertically for 10-15 minutes, he will burst out the air and the excess mixture.
How much should an artificially fed baby eat after a month?
How much a newborn eats is already clear. How to calculate how much a child should eat in 1 month and beyond?
The baby is growing rapidly, and at the same time its needs and possibilities. Knowing the daily rate of nutrition, you can easily calculate how much a child should eat in 2 months.
According to this formula, calculate the amount of feeding in children from 1 to 12 months.
Daily intake of the infant-fed infant is:
- up to 2 months - 1/5 of the weight, an average of 700 - 750 ml,
- from 2 to 4 months - 1/6 of the weight, an average of 750 - 800 ml,
- between 4 and 6 months - 1/7 of the weight, an average of 800 - 900 ml,
- older than 6 months - 1 / 8-1 / 9 part, an average of 1000 - 1100 ml.
Let us take an example of how much a child should eat at 3 months.
Take a child weighing 5400 g. The daily nutritional rate is calculated as 5400/6, it turns out 900 ml. A three-month baby eats seven times a day. Having made a simple calculation (900/7), we get one-time feeding volume of our child - 130 ml.
In the same way, you can very easily calculate how much a child should eat at 4 months, at 5 months, and so on up to a year.
As you can see, it’s not particularly difficult to determine how much milk or milk replacer is needed for one-time feeding. It is important more often to look closely to your baby, to talk with him. Then you can learn to understand your crumbs.
When the baby is breastfeeding, you need to follow the feedings on demand. Then your child will set the mode independently. With age, it can be adjusted to make it convenient for both the baby and the mother.
Mom feeding the baby with the mixture will need a little patience to adjust to the characteristics of artificial feeding and to form the right diet for her baby.
What if he is not enough: the secrets of the first feeding
But mothers are most often worried in the first days after the birth of the child, when there is no milk as such, and the body produces only colostrum. Moreover, the amount of this nutritionally valuable baby is very small: during the first breastfeeding, the child receives about 1.5–2 ml of colostrum.
Experts have shown that colostrum is required for crumbs. The fact is that in its composition there is a huge stock of useful substances: microelements, immunoglobulins, antibodies, and also a lot of protein. Therefore, physicians around the world insist that the crumbs immediately after birth or in the first hours of life are applied to the mother's breast. Colostrum not only nourishes the baby with nutrients, but also helps to activate the body's defenses.
Colostrum, getting into the body of the crumbs, is completely absorbed, because as a part of virtually no fat, and provides the child with passive immunity, which protects the baby from many infectious diseases. After the next meal, the amount of colostrum slightly increases and reaches 200–300 ml per day. In one feeding, the baby eats about 20–30 ml of liquid on the second and third day after birth.
Newborn babies eat only colostrum for the first days, and this is enough for them.
However, many women are worried about the fact that the crumb is not enough one colostrum and it does not eat enough. You can often hear the opinion that in the first days of the child you need to feed the mixture. This is an incorrect statement: the amount of colostrum is absolutely sufficient to satisfy all the infant's nutrient requirements. Therefore, women should not worry about this.
Additional feeding with the adapted mixture of a newborn child may cause failure of the breast. The baby will get used to getting food from a bottle and will not want to perform active sucking movements in order to get milk. Also, the baby will take less maternal breast, which, in turn, will lead to a decrease in milk production in women.
Therefore, experts insist: for the child's first days of life is enough of the nutrition that he receives during breastfeeding. It is also worth noting that the volume of the stomach of a newborn baby is very small and is about 10 ml. Therefore, 7–8 ml of colostrum, eaten at one feeding on the first day, is quite enough for the crumbs.
Put the norm of milk in the first ten days of the baby's life
The baby feeds on colostrum for the first two to four days after birth. He is actively developing the sucking reflex, which is not yet highly developed and is learning how to properly capture mother's breast in order to obtain valuable liquid. The volume of the stomach increases every day, so the baby starts to eat more milk. A baby is applied to the breast about 8–10 times a day.
Breastfeeding counselors explain to young mothers that in the first days after the birth of a baby, it is often necessary to apply to the breast to stimulate milk production in a woman. After all, the body works on the principle of "supply-demand", the more the crumb eats, the more milk comes. And the first month is very important: at this time breastfeeding is getting better.
In the first days after the baby is born, it is often applied to the chest: on average, 8–10 times
There is a formula with which it is easy to determine what the rate of milk eaten for a child in the first days of life. It looks like this: N * 10 = the amount of milk that the baby should eat during one feeding, where N is the number of days since the birth of the crumbs.
Table: How much milk does the crumb eat in the first ten days after birth
Sometimes doctors determine how much milk the baby eats by weighing the baby. It is necessary to weigh the baby before feeding and immediately after. The difference in weight and shows how much fluid got into the body of the baby in the process of feeding. Sometimes women worry because at the time of discharge from the maternity hospital, children lose weight. Doctors are in a hurry to reassure, this is a normal phenomenon: after birth, the child's body is cleansed, the excess fluid leaves, so its weight decreases. This does not mean that the baby does not have enough milk.
If the baby is healthy, active, do not specifically buy scales and weigh it at home before and after each feeding. All the necessary calculations are made by the pediatrician once a month during a scheduled examination. He calculates the optimal weight gain, if everything is normal, then the crumbs have enough milk.
How to organize the regime of feeding the newborn
Today, doctors advise to feed children on demand. If earlier children's doctors insisted that it was possible to put a baby to the breast no earlier than three or three and a half hours after the previous feeding, now the situation has changed. But experts warn young mothers that they should not confuse hunger with the desire to satisfy the sucking reflex. The baby should not be at the breast day and night. Normally, the baby eats every 2–3 hours and the number of feedings decreases as it gets older. If in the first two - three days of life the baby asked the breast about 10 times a day. Then by two weeks the diet is getting better: during the day the child can wake up 5–6 times, and at night 1-2 times. Some children need less, for example, they can sleep at night and not ask for food.
Every mother decides for herself how to organize the feeding regime: on demand or by the hour
Dr. Komarovsky explains that it should be convenient first of all to mom. After all, the happiness of the child depends on the emotional state of the parents. If it is more convenient for mother to feed the crumb by the hour and she wants to accustom him to the regime, this is also a variant of the norm. The pediatrician insists that the baby should not suck the breast for hours to calm even if the baby is fed on demand.
How long a baby can stay at the breast depends on it. Some children eat in 15 minutes, while others need about 30–40 minutes. In this matter, all individually. But the mother should clearly know that you should not give the baby to suck on for more than an hour. It is necessary to try to distract the crumbs with something else.
Nutrition norms for children of the first year of life
All mothers understand that the health and normal development of the baby depend on good nutrition. Therefore, worries about whether the grit is fed up, do not leave many women. In order to be confident in the proper development of the crumbs, a pediatrician examines the baby once a month. The main criteria is the weight and height of the crumbs. The doctor will weigh and measure the child, compare the data with the numbers that were at the time of birth and discharge from the maternity hospital, and draw conclusions from this.
If the child is active, has a good appetite, adds weight and height according to the norms, then everything is all right with him and he has enough milk.
Another criterion is the amount of urination and defecation. The test for wet diapers is recognized by doctors all over the world and gives a clear answer: whether the baby eats enough milk per day. The number of trips to the toilet at the baby varies depending on age:
- in the first three days after birth, the baby can write only three times a day,
- by the end of the first week, the number of urinations increases and is 4–8 times in 24 hours,
- from the second week after the birth, the crumb goes to the toilet a little 12 or more times a day.
Pediatricians explain to parents, if a child aged from 14 days to 6 months pees 12 times, then everything is normal and there is enough milk for him. If the amount of urination decreased to 8-10 times - the amount of milk decreased for the mother. But 6 and less wet diapers suggests that the baby does not have enough milk, so an urgent consultation with a pediatrician is needed.
The main indicator of adequate nutrition of the child is the monthly weight gain.
There are also various methods for calculating the amount of milk that babies need at different ages.
Find out the amount of milk required by the method of Speransky
The basis of this method is the weight of the child and the number of calories in milk:
- in 1 liter of breast milk about 700 kcal,
- from birth to three months, the child needs 125 kcal per kilogram of weight,
- from three months to half a year, 115 kcal per 1 kg of infant weight,
- in the second six months of life and up to 12 months - 105 kcal.
For the calculation we use the following formula: the weight of the infant in kg must be multiplied by the number of calories, depending on the age of the baby. The resulting amount of calories translate in milliliters. As a result, we get the required amount of milk, which the crumb must eat per day.
For example: a baby is 2 months old and its weight is 4 kg, which means 125 kcal per one kilogram of weight. 4 * 125 = 500 kcal. Then we calculate the amount of milk: 1000 * 500/700 = 715 ml. So a baby should eat 715 ml of milk per day.