Many Russians love to feast on exotic fruits, buy them from their hands or in stores. Often they are dissatisfied with the price or taste characteristics, since they cannot distinguish one citrus from another. Very few people see the difference between clementines and mandarins, although if you look closely, you can catch it. To know their difference from each other is necessary in order not to harm the health and to prevent the merchants from getting rich.
Differences between Clementine and Mandarin
Features and varieties of mandarins
Mandarin - citrus tree, part of the family Rutace. For the first time fruit appeared many centuries ago in China, and subsequently spread throughout the world. The main places of growth are concentrated in the southern countries in close proximity to water bodies - Spain, Morocco, Egypt, Brazil, Abkhazia, and the North Caucasus.
There are a large number of varieties of mandarins, the sizes of which range from tiny to large, comparable to grapefruit. According to taste characteristics, they also do not resemble each other. Some varieties are very popular in Russia, they are named by country of origin:
- Abkhazian - differ in yellow-green skin, which is easily separated from the fetus,
- Moroccan - small citrus bright color, having a flattened appearance, sweet in taste, they have no seeds,
- Israeli - dense skin and excellent sweet and sour taste, which is long preserved in the mouth,
- Turkish - color range varies, the skin is tightly pressed to the pulp,
- Chinese - small fruit, located on the branches in clusters, the taste is sour,
- Spanish - sweet citrus large size, in which there is practically no seeds.
Mandarins have many health benefits:
- prevent the occurrence of diseases of the cardiovascular system,
- strengthen the body's immune forces
- destroy pathogens,
- have a positive effect on psycho-emotional background.
The citric acid in them kills nitrates.
Features and varieties clementines
Clementine is a hybrid fruit, obtained by combining mandarin with one of the varieties of oranges Korolek at the beginning of the 20th century. This citrus also belongs to the Rutaceae family. The name of the fruit was named after the creator - Frenchman Clement Rodier. Clementines are mostly common in Spain, Italy, Morocco, where they grow close to the sea.
There are several main varieties of clementines:
- Corsican - pitted,
- Spanish - have different sizes, seeds are not found in all fruits,
- Montreal - in Russia you can rarely see, they have bones,
- Rubino - these fruits have bright red skin and flesh.
All clementines are very helpful. In their composition - vitamins, acids, fiber and a number of substances that:
- help fight headaches
- increase appetite and at the same time do not add calories,
- increase the body's resistance to infections,
- kill bacteria and viruses
- improve eyesight
- positively affect the reproductive health of women
- help regulate the exchange of fluids in the body.
You can make juice from the fruits of clementine. It is very useful for the regulation of metabolic processes, has a tonic effect, removes harmful substances.
Differences Clementines from mandarins
Clementine cost is always more than the cost of mandarins. The distinction between mandarins and clementines is carried out according to several criteria, the main of which are the appearance and taste.
Clementines taste always sweeter than tangerines. But it is necessary to take into account the place of gathering fruit, varieties can be radically different.
Both mandarins and clementines without problems are divided into parts, a knife is not needed for separation.
According to external parameters, citruses differ in:
- peel color - clementines rich orange, tangerines have a paler color,
- sensations - the tangerine peel is softer, more pliable, thinner, it is porous, the clementine skin is more coarse, it can be difficult to remove,
- the shape of the fruit - in clementine, it is similar to an orange, and in tangerines it is flattened at the attachment point to the branches.
There is also a difference in smells: clementines clearly catch sweet notes. It is impossible to determine whether a fruit belongs to one or another variety without touching it, so you need to boldly take them in hand, despite the objections of the sellers. These representatives of citrus must be ripe - it is unlikely that they will mature at home. It is recommended to ride them on level ground to determine the shape.
Both tangerines and clementines are suitable for human consumption if:
- the skin is smooth, without holes,
- no signs of disease on the peel,
- when squeezing the fruit their integrity is not broken.
Tangerines and clementines are one of the most useful citrus fruits, they have a lot of advantages. They strengthen the immune system, improve metabolism, elevate mood due to the fact that they contain a whole range of vitamins and beneficial microelements, including phytoncides.
Clementines have more vitamin C, but its excessive consumption worsens the composition of the blood. Many children love clementines for a sweet taste, so parents prefer to purchase them. Sugars are present in both fruits.
Tangerines and clementines can be eaten not only fresh, but also used to prepare numerous desserts. Their peel contains essential oils that have medical and cosmetic benefits for hair, nails, skin of hands, feet, body.
We must not forget that these fruits can harm people who have problems with the digestive system, are allergic to citrus fruits or suffering from kidney diseases. In this case, you can eat only a few slices of mandarins or clementines.
Types of citrus fruits (clementines)
Clementine is a fruit that was created as a result of the crossing of an orange and mandarin. There are three types of this fruit:
- Spanish. In turn, this species has two varieties: large fruits and smaller ones. Moreover, each fruit can contain from 2 to 10 seeds.
- Corsican. What distinguishes this type of clementine? Citrus is protected by a region trademark. It has a bright orange-reddish rind, as well as a very pleasant and fragrant aroma. As a rule, this fruit does not contain seeds. On the shelves of shops you can see it with leaves from the beginning of November to mid-February.
- Montreal Clementine is a rather rare citrus fruit that appears only in mid-October. Usually its suppliers are Algeria and Spain. The fruit can contain from 10 to 12 seeds.
Clementine: the beneficial properties of citrus fruit
Fruits like clementine contain many different vitamins and minerals. It mainly consists of fiber, protein, water and fat. It also contains all the B vitamins.
In addition, clementines contain titanium, copper, potassium, ascorbic acid and much more. By the way, the fact that citrus has a sweetish taste does not mean that it is very high in calories. That is why it can be used even by those who are on a diet.
Who should use clementines
Of course, there are many fruits that are much more useful clementin. Vegetables (fresh) also have vitamins and minerals. However, it is this fruit that is recommended for people with various diseases of the digestive tract. After all, he is able to eliminate almost any problem with digestion.
It should also be noted that this citrus is extremely useful for colds. It strengthens the entire body, by raising the immune system. Clementine juice is often used to awaken appetite, as well as improve metabolic processes.
Before answering the question of how clementines differ from mandarins, I would like to say that this fruit should be used by women suffering from intense hair loss and wishing to prevent the appearance of early wrinkles.
Speaking of such a citrus, it is impossible not to note the fact that it contains essential oil, which allows you to deal with depressed state and depression. Regular consumption of this fruit has a positive effect on the entire nervous system of the human body. That is why it is actively prescribed to those who suffer from insomnia.
Clementine oil also has a dermatological effect. In this regard, it is often used to treat skin diseases such as scars of various kinds of origin, warts, cellulite, acne, seborrhea, stretch marks, and so on. In addition, the oil of this fruit can make your skin much softer and more tender.
Clementines and tangerines: the difference in citrus fruits
When buying citrus fruits, few people wonder what they are. The main thing is that the fruits are sweet and tasty. It should be noted that clementines have more of these properties. Thus, if you want to please your children with a tasty and sweet fruit, then it is advisable to purchase only them.
So how are clementines different from mandarins? In addition to taste, these fruits have different shapes. For example, tangerines are slightly flattened. This is due to the fact that in the place where the inflorescence was once, they have a small dent. As for clementines, they are more rounded. In form, they are quite similar to small oranges.
Appearance of fruits (mandarins and clementines)
How to distinguish clementines and mandarins? The difference in such fruits is not only in their shape, but also in the structure of the skin. Mandarin pores are larger than clementines. Moreover, the skin itself to the touch is soft and loose. By the way, in very ripe and sweet clementines, the shell is also slightly behind the fruit, as in mandarins.
As for color, there is practically no difference between the two represented fruits. Although some lovers of such citrus say that clementines have a much bright skin than tangerines.
Useful properties of tangerines
As in the pulp of clementines, mandarins also contain many valuable components. They contain all the B vitamins, as well as PP, K and R. Citric acid, which is present in mandarins, quickly neutralizes nitrates. That is why this fruit is very useful.
It should also be noted that in this citrus there are many beta-carotene, valuable carotenoids useful for the retina, lutein and zeaxanthin. In addition, in tangerines there is cellulose, which helps to clean the intestines, phytoncides, which inhibit the growth and reproduction of bacteria. It should be said that in such citrus there are a lot of essential oils, iron, potassium, phosphorus and magnesium.
Contraindications to the use of citrus fruits
Despite the fact that clementines and tangerines are completely different fruits, they belong to citrus. And, as you know, quite a large number of people are unable to tolerate such fruits due to an allergic reaction. In this regard, citrus fruits, in particular clementines and tangerines, it is extremely not recommended to use for those who have intolerance to the components.
By the way, if you are not allergic to such fruits, then you still should not abuse them. After all, after a large amount of fruit eaten, negative reactions in the form of skin rashes, itching and other things, anyway, will make themselves felt.
We can not say that clementines, tangerines and other citrus fruits are not recommended to include in the diet of those people who have such problems with the digestive tract organs as ulcer, gastritis, colitis, nephritis or enteritis, etc. This fact is related to that in the mentioned fruits there is a lot of ascorbic acid, which adversely affects the membrane of the stomach and intestines.
By the way, clementine essential oil is a phototoxic substance. In this regard, it can not be used by pregnant women during the entire first trimester.
Tangerines are loved by adults and children simply adore.
What a shame when bringing home a purchase, you find a sour, full of pitted flesh, and even the rind is terribly cleaned.
To avoid such troubles, you just need to navigate the existing varieties and choose for themselves the most suitable.
A self-respecting implementer always provides maximum information for his clients, therefore, on the label, besides the price, the variety and country of origin of the mandarins must be indicated. The most common are:
- Abkhazian These tangerines are small in size, the peel they have a yellow shade sometimes with an orange tinge and small green veins or specks. Juicy flesh has a pleasant sweet-sour taste. Seeds are very few. The skin is of medium thickness, cleaned easily.
- Turkish. Fruits of various shades can be on sale: from light yellow to saturated orange. The darker the skin, the sweeter the fruit. Tangerines are small. Thin peel is quite difficult to separate from the pulp. Inside a lot of bones. The taste is ordinary, not too rich. On sale it is found very often, being one of the best representatives of the “cheap and cheerful” series.
- Moroccan. Small fruits have a slightly flattened shape. Golden orange color immediately attracts attention. The peel is easy to clean. The flesh is juicy and sweet. Sour almost not felt. There is no bone inside at all. Quite affordable in price terms, and therefore very common.
- Spanish This is the most expensive variety, and in the sale of tangerines are quite rare. You can recognize them by their large size and rich bright orange color. Thick skin is quite easily separated from the pulp. The flesh is very juicy, sweet, with light, barely perceptible sourness, there are practically no bones.
- Chinese. This is a real delicacy. Small fruits of light yellow color are very rarely found for sale even in elite supermarkets. And if they are found, they are sold on sprigs, like cherry tomatoes. The taste is more sour, the aroma is very rich.
- Israeli Such tangerines also try to not everyone. Even in their homeland, they are quite expensive, so they are practically not used for export. They are very tasty, juicy. The flesh is sour-sweet, with a long finish. Stones in large fruits a little. The only downsides are the high price and poorly peeled skin.
It is believed that tangerines - this is only a way to maintain immunity in the cold season. But in fact, regular use of this tasty delicacy contributes to:
- normalization of metabolism
- strengthen bones and teeth
- preventing diabetes,
- cleansing the veins and blood vessels
- improvement of the cardiovascular system,
- restoration of the gastrointestinal tract.
Clementine got its name in honor of the breeder Clement Rodier.
It was he who crossed the mandarin with orange-king, as a result of which this amazing fruit was born.
A hybrid is growing in Algeria, Italy, Spain and some other countries.
Externally, Clementine is very similar to Mandarin, but the benefits in it are much greater.
Differs in citrus with a high content of ascorbic acid, bioflavonoids, as well as other micro and macrocolements necessary for the full functioning of the body.
There are three main types of clementines:
The first can be determined by the leaves. They are not specifically cut short to extend the shelf life of the fruit. Corsican clementines are also distinguished by bright orange peel, rich aroma and lack of seeds.
Spanish Clementines are large and small. The color of the skin is from juicy yellow to bright orange. Seeds, depending on the size of the fruit can be from two to ten.
Montreal Clementine on sale is quite rare. Its main difference is considered to be a long slightly sugary aftertaste. Inside 10-12 seeds.
In our country, clementines are mostly eaten fresh, but in Europe they are sugared, made of candied fruits, frozen, used to make compotes and combined juices. Quite often they are used as a basis for liquors and home wines. Clementines have also proven excellent in many marinade recipes.
Regular use of them is recommended for people with problems with the gastrointestinal tract. The fruit quickly eliminates digestive problems, regulates metabolism, helps to avoid constipation, and is also a natural way to prevent hemorrhoids.
Low calorie allows you to include it in the diet, even sitting on a strict diet, and for diabetics with clementine - a real salvation when you really want a sweet. For lovers of exotic recipes, we recommend persimmon salad recipes.
Improving immunity, awakening appetite, preventing the development of anemia and beriberi, strengthening the nervous system, removing toxins and slags - clementin can do all this. Only eat it regularly.
На первый взгляд мандарины и клементины очень похожи, но на самом деле между ними довольно много отличий.
The main differences
Часто при покупке цитрусовых продавцу задается лишь один вопрос – сладкие?
Это, конечно, важно, но когда ищешь именно клементины, или же, наоборот, в списке покупок значатся исключительно мандарины, нужно знать, как отличить их самостоятельно.
It should also be noted that the taste of clementines is much sweeter than mandarins, that they are much more satisfying and that they contain much more nutrients.
Different fruits and appearance. Clementines are tidy, even, more like an orange, just a smaller size. Tangerines are slightly flattened.
The structure of the peel is also different. In tangerines, it is more loose, easier to separate from the pulp, large pores are clearly distinguished on the surface.
It is difficult to distinguish these citrus fruits by color, but nevertheless the clementines have a significantly richer color.
Like clementines, mandarins have a positive effect on the functioning of the digestive tract, increase immunity, and help recover from serious illnesses.
Choosing clementines and tangerines, pay attention primarily to the appearance and smell of the fruit. Do not buy citrus with stains and dents, do not strive to save by purchasing a discount. Store the fruit in the refrigerator on the bottom shelf. At a temperature of + 6-8, they retain freshness for 2-3 weeks.
Types of Clementines
These citrus fruits grow mostly in the Mediterranean countries - Italy, Spain, Morocco and Algeria. They contain a large amount of ascorbic acid, bioflavonoids, vitamins and various micro-and macronutrients. There are 3 types of clementines:
Clementines and tangerines: what is the difference?
When buying a lot of things, it’s actually not too important, they get mandarins or clementines, the main thing is that the fruits are sweet and tasty. These citrus fruits are in many ways similar - both in appearance and in taste. They may be more sweet or sour, depending on the variety and place of growth, but the clementines are somewhat sweeter than mandarins.
There are differences in the appearance of these fruits, although at first glance they may seem completely the same. They differ in several ways:
- the shape of the fruit - in mandarins, it is more flattened with a cup in the place where there was a flower. Clementine is rounded, resembles a small orange,
- the structure of the skin - in comparison with clementines in mandarins, it is softer, more loose, with large pores, lags behind the fruit,
- the color of the fruit - the difference in the color of the skin in these citrus fruits is not significant, but in the Clementines it is somewhat brighter.
Council When determining the ownership of citrus, you can take the fruit in your hand. Mandarin feels softer, and clementine - dense.
The benefits of citrus for the body
Both those and other citrus fruits are very healthy. They saturate the body with vitamins, raise immunity, awaken appetite, improve metabolic processes. Useful for colds, a beneficial effect on the digestive system.
Clementines and tangerines are consumed fresh, used for making juices and compotes, added to fruit salads, poultry dishes and fish.
Tangerines and clementines are a real storehouse of vitamins and just delicious fruits. Despite the fact that they are very similar in taste and appearance, it is still possible to distinguish them if desired. For this you only need to pay attention to some of their characteristic features.
What is the difference between mandarin and clementine: photo
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I never thought about what tangerines I buy, I didn’t even know about the existence of clementines, but to really distinguish them quite easily. It seems to me clementines are sour, because sometimes I take tangerines in the store, half sour, half sweet, now it’s clear that we sell tangerines and clementines interspersed.
Clementines are never more sour than mandarins. They are completely round, not oblate, much brighter in color. The skin is thin like that of Georgian mandarins and also fits snugly to the flesh, but is stronger. These are the most delicious citruses, the second place is Georgian / Abkhazian, and loose-skinned tangerines do not fly up at all.
Apparently clementines are cheaper to purchase, so they are wise in supermarkets, they dilute mandarins with clementines or even sell clementines under the guise of tangerines.
As for the price, I do not agree: the other day I bought tangerines for 40 rubles at one supermarket. and clementines for 97 rubles. Clementines, by the way, turned out to be much tastier.
Clementines where grow
Fruits grow on evergreen trees with beautiful dense toothed leaves. The tree is able to reach five meters, but the crown is cut at a height of about two meters for ease of harvesting. It begins in October. Fruits are juicy, sweet with a barely perceptible acidity, only 6 cm in diameter.
Area of distribution - the countries of the Mediterranean basin and the adjacent:
- Spain (southern districts),
- Algeria (north)
- France (Corsica Island).
The climate of the overseas province of France was the most favorable for the cultivation of this citrus: experts consider the Corsican clementine fruit out of competition.
In other regions, trees do not take root, as American genetics have seen. Attempts to grow them at the same latitude in the United States ended in nothing.
There are three types of fruit. The names say where it is exported:
- Spanish. The seeds are smaller than in Montreal, fruits of different sizes.
- Corsican. The sweetest, pitted. When harvesting, two leaves are left on each fruit to demonstrate freshness: they do not wither only a fortnight. The fruit season is from the beginning of November to the end of January.
- Montreal The variety is originally from Algeria and Spain. Grown problem, rare. It ripens in October, so harvesting is always at risk because of possible weather surprises. The most "stone fruit": in each fruit there are 10 - 12.
Aroma, juiciness, small "bone" are different Moroccan clementines (like mandarins).
Estets appreciate the variety "Rubino": the flesh and skin is richly red, the taste is no different from traditional varieties.
Citrus is also known as orange brought or Italian mandarin.
The world got acquainted with an exotic fruit half a century ago, when export was established. But the Corsican specimens are few: the lion’s share of the crop (up to 25 tons) is left to France.
What is the difference clementine and mandarin
Most people do not know how to distinguish mandarin from clementine. They are guided by a sign or tag attached. Clementine is a hybrid of orange with mandarin. Tangerines or clementines in front of you can be determined visually or in taste:
The plants have a different country of origin. The homeland of mandarin is located in India. It has been grown there for several thousand years. Then the plant came to China. Only the emperor could afford it. After 2 centuries, citrus remained forbidden to the public. It could only be eaten by officials of the highest rank.
In the Middle Ages, Pomeranian became widely available. Europe tried it in the XVI century. The plant stuck with the Greeks, Italians, Spaniards, Turks, Georgians. Then from China it spread to the islands of Japan. From Turkey ー to Morocco.
Clementine is a new citrus. It has other names - orange, Italian mandarin. Algeria is considered its birthplace. He brought the citrus priest and breeder Clement Rodier, after whom the plant was named. Mediterranean countries: Algeria, Morocco, Italy, Spain - are engaged in the cultivation of this citrus.
Clementines and tangerines are often confused in appearance. You can determine whether you belong to one of the two species simply by taking a citrus in your palm. Softer - Mandarin.
Citrus fruits are distinguished by the following features:
Fruits have a large number of pits. The diameter of citrus reaches 5-5.5 cm. It is characterized by flattening. The width of citrus is greater than the height.
The peel is thin, yellow. The space between the crust and the pulp is filled with a weightless spongy substance. Because of this layer, the peel is easily separable. On it are large transparent spherical glands. They are filled with essential oil.
The flesh is yellow-orange, hidden in juice bags. The number of slices - from 10 to 12. Each has 1-2 seeds.
The difference between citrus fruits is noticeable by the smell. Unlike clementine, its parent has a distinctive flavor that distinguishes it from other members of the genus.
This tangerine is recognized by taste. It is sweet and sour.
The first thing you pay attention to when buying clementine is the presence of several dense leaves on the cuttings of the fruit. They are necessary not only to attract customers to the aesthetic appearance of the product. Leaflets spoil first - they are an indicator of the freshness of the product, increase its shelf life
The shape of the fruit is round, similar to a small orange. She is not distinguished by flattening from above, like that of his eastern parent.
Crust rich, red-orange color, tight to the inside. Orange induction is determined by the absence of the spongy layer. Because of this, it is harder to clean than clementine. The peculiarity of this orange is a pleasant sweet taste without sourness.
Useful properties of citrus
Both citrus have a rich composition of substances necessary for the body:
- organic acids
- vitamins C, E, P,
- pectic substances
- mineral salts
- macro and microelements,
- essential oils.
Ascorbic acid contained in clementines or mandarins, does not collapse during the entire storage period. The fresh look remains up to 30 days at home when placed in a refrigerator not in a plastic bag.
Caloric value does not exceed 47 kcal / 100 g for clementine, 35 kcal / 100 g ー for mandarin. Fruits are used in the diet. Citrus fruits are recommended for use in various diseases.
The fruit eases the symptoms of diseases of the gastrointestinal tract: gastroduodenitis, cholecystitis. Relieves acute pain in ulcers, congestive, putrefactive processes in the intestine.
It is useful for colds, because it strengthens the immune system. Freshly squeezed juice from clementine awakens the desire to eat, so it is used for disorders of appetite.
Citrus is rich in unique substance nobiletinom. It does not allow cholesterol to remain in the liver, which reduces the risk of atherosclerosis, heart attack, stroke.
There is a process of stimulation of genes that are responsible for improving the metabolism in the body.
The peculiarity of citrus is the normalization of insulin levels. It helps prevent diabetes. Patient type 2 is allowed to eat oranges in large quantities.
The juice of the pulp of fresh fruit is used as an antifungal agent. It is taken orally or applied to the affected skin.
Folic acid helps with gynecological abnormalities: menstrual disorders, polycystic ovaries, thrush. Magnesium increases stress tolerance.
Fruit enhances overall immunity, helps to resist infections during demi-season. To do this, consume at least 2 fresh fruit daily.
What is the difference?
Opinions differ, of course, some say that clementines (a hybrid of mandarin with orange-orange) are sweeter and seedless, others more acidic and with stones. The fact is that there are three types of clementines, (Corsican pitted, Spanish 2-10 pips and Montreal - 10-12 pits) differing in taste.
It is almost impossible to distinguish clementines from tangerines visually, especially without leaves and petiole, but it should be noted that the region of cultivation of clementines is the Mediterranean (Spain, Italy, Morocco and Algeria), they have orange-red hard peel, tight to the pulp, worse to clean. In tangerines, the rind is still more friable, in ripe fruit it is lagging behind the flesh (felt to the touch, for example, on Abkhaz tangerines)
Clementine hybrid fruit, crossing orange-orange and mandarin. To be honest, it's not so easy to distinguish. There are three types of clementine fruit: Spanish and Montreal clementine with pits. Corsican clementine is most often seen on the counter from November to mid-February, it is fragrant, tasty. A distinctive feature is protected by a trademark of the region, a sticker on each fruit and always on sale with leaves. Its peel is orange-reddish. Yes, and seed in itself, as a rule, does not contain.
How can you distinguish them from Mandarin. Clementine is distinguished by its sweetish taste, but at the bazaar or in the store rarely anyone tastes fruit, so we are only looking for differences in appearance and form. Clementine has a rounded shape, something like a small oranges. The shape of the mandarin is slightly flattened.
Different structure of the skin: the mandarin pores are larger, to the touch the skin is soft and loose.