If you follow the recommendations of pediatricians, it will not be difficult to feed the child. Fundamental rules:
- all baby utensils must be sterilized,
- keep the newborn and bottle in the correct position,
- the pussy must completely grab the nipple,
- every 5-10 minutes take a break,
- baby keep "stub" after feeding.
Preparation for feeding
Devices must be washed and sterilized. For feeding use a bottle and a nipple.
Remember that not every plastic and rubber is suitable for certain types of processing.
- Boiling water. All devices disassembled placed in boiling water for 5-10 minutes.
- Sterilizer. Devices are put in a steam sterilizer for 8-12 minutes.
- Microwave. The devices are placed in a container with cold water or a special package. Capacity cover, turn on the microwave for 6-8 minutes.
- Antiseptic tablets. In cold water, throw a tablet to obtain a solution. There dipped appliances, cover with a lid, remove after 30 minutes.
In the store you can find plastic, glass and disposable products. From the bottle is fed not only with the mixture, but also with breast milk. Features of plastic products:
- Pros: weigh little, do not break.
- Cons: not a long service life, not all models can be boiled.
Glass bottles cost a little more, but there are reasons for that. Short description:
- Pros: long service life, can be boiled.
- Cons: when falling often break, a lot of weight.
There are special disposable containers. Features of such products:
- Pros: light weight, you need to wash and sterilize only the nipple.
- Cons: a lot of waste, you need to often buy containers.
Preparation of the mixture
Choose products correctly to match the age, weight, needs of the baby. On each pack, manufacturers indicate the composition and special labeling (1 - up to 6 months, 2 - up to a year, 3 - after a year).
If you are not sure about the choice, consult your doctor.
Feeding a newborn mix always begins with the preparation of a new portion. The remains are utilized, they are forbidden to re-give the baby. Short instructions:
- Sterilize all the feeding utensils.
- Pour boiling water on a measuring spoon, dry.
- Boil water, cool to 40 ° C.
- Based on the manufacturer's instructions, pour the required amount of water into the bottle (the volume can be seen on a special scale).
- In the measuring spoon type the required amount of the mixture, remove the slide with the back of a knife.
- Pour the mixture into a bottle, shake well.
- Put the mixture on the back of your wrist. It should not be hot or cold. The optimum temperature is 37 ° C.
- Start bottle feeding.
It is impossible to specify the exact amount of the mixture for all. Parents should carefully study the instructions of the selected products to prepare one portion, which will correspond to the age and weight of the crumbs. Daily volume of the mixture:
Convenient bottle feeding positions
It is very important to keep the baby in the correct position so that he does not accidentally choke, not regurgitate, not experienced colic and flatulence. Baby feeding from a bottle can occur in several positions:
- To prevent regurgitation. Crumble put on the left side, correctly fix the position of a pillow or roller. The bottle is served from the side, constantly monitoring the filling of the nipples.
- So that the newborn does not choke. Mom comfortably sits, resting her back on the back of the chair or sofa. The baby is located on the mother's lap, the booty on one hip, and his back on the other. The head should be on the elbow.
- Using a special pillow. The baby is placed on a pillow at an optimal angle in the desired position. It is important to constantly monitor the feeding process and not leave the newborn unattended.
The bottle should also be fed in the correct position. Key recommendations:
- If the baby is in the crib, raise his head slightly, feed the bottle at a 45-degree angle.
- The newborn does not get enough air if the nipple is always full.
- Every 5-10 minutes, make a short break to belch.
- For normal milk supply, the nipple ring should not be too tight against the bottle.
What to do after feeding
You can not immediately lay a crumb, you need to hold it upright, help burp lightly patting on the back. The gastrointestinal tract in newborns continues to form, therefore, it is quite natural and normal if excess milk and air go back.
Babies who are bottle-fed should be doused with fresh baby water.
The optimum temperature is 26-30 ° C. Water is given 20 minutes after eating in a clean, sterilized bottle. The dishes are washed with a special baby cleaner and washed thoroughly so that there is no soap film left.
Feeding containers are made of glass, food grade plastic or silicone, and each type has advantages and disadvantages.
For feeding babies under the age of 4 months, small bottles up to 150 g are more convenient; after that, containers up to 0.26 liters are used. You need to wash the bottle after each feeding, and sterilized - before filling the mixture.
Cleaning baby bottles is made by a brush, with strong contamination, it is permissible to use baking soda or detergent for washing children's dishes with thorough rinsing under running water and subsequent mandatory sterilization (process silicone boiling water).
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How to choose a pacifier for babies
Have silicone and latex nipples there are pros and cons too.
made from harmless but chemical materials
have no smell or taste
possess the increased heat resistance (repeated long boiling is allowed),
wear-resistant (retain the necessary elasticity longer, less susceptible to deformation).
made from natural material - tree hevea juice,
have a specific natural smell and taste,
soft, easily deformed,
Very diverse nipple shape: they are round, oval, oblong, even cruciform. Try to find one that would most closely resemble mother's breast nipple - the baby will get used faster, will not be nervous.
Nipple size also plays an important role: the larger its diameter, the higher the risk of deviations in the development of teeth and jaws. The baby should tightly wrap her lips, the position of the tongue - under the nipple, and the emphasis on the gums or teeth is contraindicated.
Note the number and size of the holes.: if the food is served too hard, the baby will get tired, but will not get enough, and with a natural rapid outflow, there is a danger of suffocation.
Experience shows that for children aged 1–2 months, nipples with one hole are used, 2-3 months with two, 3-4 with three or with variable flow (with small slots).
Getting baby nipple food is easier, than to make efforts and suck the maternal breast, therefore the use of a soft or with large openings of the nipple will lead to a rapid loss of the sucking reflex, or an abnormal development of the lower jaw.
In 32% of babies who are bottle-fed there is an abnormal (distal) bite.
Glass or heat-resistant plastic bottle + silicone nipple - boil for 5 minutes on fire, in a microwave (in a ceramic container with water) or in a sterilizer.
Silicone, moderately heat-resistant plastic bottle + latex nipple - pour boiling water, leave for 5-7 minutes.
Strained breast milk
If the milk was pre-frozen, then transfer the bottle from the freezer to the lower compartment of the refrigerator for natural thawing.
With sharp fluctuations in temperature, food can lose the necessary beneficial properties.
Strained breast milk (thawed, cold or at room temperature) is heated only by steam (in a water bath) to 37 ° C.
In the absence of a household thermometer, you can check it by dripping some milk on the back of your wrist - skin temperature and fluids should not differ.
Boil, heat in the microwave breast milk can not.
You can only freeze the milk expressed by a sterile breast pump. Its shelf life is no more than 3 hours at room temperature, 24 hours in the refrigerator, up to 4-6 months in a special package for storing mother's milk in the freezer (from 0 to -20 ° C).
Want to know how to properly feed a newborn baby bottle mix? How to prepare this mixture:
Observing the recipe and shelf life, prepare the mixture.
The normal temperature for the mixture, as well as for breast milk, is 37 ° C, therefore, when warming up, use the above recommendations.
Be careful, heating the mixture in the microwave - the heating will be uneven (hotter - at the walls, colder - to the center), therefore shake the liquid thoroughly.
After diluting and stirring the food, do not touch the bottle until the shaking bubbles disappear.
Psychological state of lactation
Clear your thoughts, calm down and sit down for at least a couple of minutes, because the child is quickly transferred to a state of irritability and psychosis - he, too, will get nervous, cry and, perhaps, refuse to eat.
Do not try to shout or be angry if the child is naughty, eating slowly or little - this can be a sign of anxiety (wet, teeth are being cut, etc.) or indisposition.
If you don’t get out of the negative state, reassign the feeding to relatives or friends.
Necessary additional accessories
- A clean ironed chest napkin (bib) that will protect your baby's clothes from splashing, leaking and spitting.
A clean, ironed, lint-free wet wipe - wipe a little face that is sure to get stained with food.
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How to feed the baby
Place yourself in a quiet place on a chair or armchair, where you can sit comfortably for 20–30 minutes.
Put a pad or blanket on your lap, on which the baby will be warm and soft.
Place the baby on the fold of your arm: the head should be slightly raised with a support elbow, the body - in a semi-sitting position.
It is forbidden to feed a child lying on his back - he may suffocate.
Holding the bottle tightly in your other hand, gently touch the pacifier to the lower lip - the baby must understand that feeding is beginning, and clasp the pacifier with his lips.
Hold the bottle so that the liquid does not flow out naturally, but also does not create obstacles for feeding (the container is kept at an angle of 70-90 °).
Take your time and carefully watch the lips: if the baby tries to push the nipple, but ate quite a bit, give it a little rest, and then continue feeding.
If the child chokes or swallows air, stop feeding, plant or lift the child and let the air or excess food go out (with frequent repetitions it is better to switch to bottles with valves that prevent air from entering the larynx).
If the baby turns away or pushes the nipple, closes the mouth or eyes, arches the body, then he was full.
After the end of feeding, wipe the face with a warm, damp cloth, lift the child in your arms in a posture and walk a bit to prevent regurgitation.
You will learn more about how to properly feed a newborn from a bottle, in which position it is best to do it, learn from the following video:
We talked about the basic rules for feeding babies from a bottle, provided an exhaustive comparative characteristics of containers and nipples. We hope that our recommendations and practical advice will help babies to become big and strong as soon as possible, and mothers will often see the happy smile of their healthy child.
The position of the baby during feeding
When eating, the baby should not be lying on its back, because under the influence of gravity the milk flows from the bottle's nipple. In the horizontal position, the baby on the back may choke or choke on nutrition.
Correctly position the child as follows:
The position of the head of the newborn just above the body. It is best to bend the arm at the elbow and position the head of the baby in a bend; you should make sure that the head and the spine form a straight line.
During bottle feeding, the position of the baby should be approximately the same as during breastfeeding, especially when combining both types of baby food.
NeitherIn no case should you leave the baby alone while feeding from a bottle. You can not leave the bottle in the mouth of the baby when he sleeps.
Bottle Feeding Technique
To feed the baby from the bottle is actually not particularly difficult. You just need to pay attention to a few simple rules:
- Before you start feeding a newborn, you should make sure that the food for him is warmed up to a comfortable temperature, which is checked by the wrist. To do this, drop a little and estimate the temperature. Do not feed your baby cold or hot food.
After feeding, you need to gently pat the baby on the back, so that he burped off the excess air trapped during sucking.
Not one video clip is devoted to the process of feeding a baby from a bottle, having seen which, this technique will be mastered by you in an illustrative way.
The technique of proper feeding of the baby from the bottle provides for the presence of breaks during meals.
Insucking time from a bottle, the baby can swallow air with food. This leads to a false sense of satiety, even if the child ate very little.
That is why you should stop, give the child an opportunity to regurgitate the air. As a result, the baby may again begin to experience feelings of hunger. To make the child burp air, you need to hold it upright or semi-upright. You can also put the baby on his shoulder, putting his hands on his back. You can make a light back massage or lightly pat a newborn on the bottom. To protect clothing is recommended to use a towel. In some cases, you can put the newborn on his lap so that he can burp.
If the air trapped by the baby does not regurgitate, his stomach may ache from gas. With the help of the video, you can see several ways to help your baby burp and decide which technique is right for you and your child.
Establishing communication during feeding
During bottle feeding, it is important not only to position the baby correctly, but also to establish an emotional connection with him.
Infants need maternal love and care. If the child feels that his mother is near, he is calm and feels protected. To create this connection, you need to communicate with the child, talk to him, pull him close, stroking is welcome. During feeding, it is best to establish a strong and strong bond with your baby.
Of course, during breastfeeding, this is much easier to do, since it is a matter of direct physical interaction with the baby. Despite this, when feeding from a bottle, you can also establish close contact between mother and child.
In addition, it gives the opportunity to create a strong interaction of the father or other relatives with the child, since not only the mother can be engaged in bottle feeding.
How and when to feed a baby
In no case should not feed the child in an irritated or depressed state. We must try to calm down and relax. Small children feel the mood of the mother. When she is tense, the baby will begin to worry.
Do not start the feeding process if the baby is crying or screaming. He can choke in this situation.
Since the artificial mixture is more difficult to digest for newborns than breast milk, some pediatricians do not recommend feeding children more often than once every 3 hours.
In this case, in some cases, doctors recommend feeding the child on demand.Because it is better than waiting for a hungry child to wait for the set hour - he will worry, scream, cry, which negatively affects the emotional state of both the mother and the child.
Why is posture so important?
Each child is unique and therefore there is no universal position on how to properly feed a newborn from a bottle.
Immediately after the birth of a child can approach one pose. And later - another one will do. This is not to be afraid. This is normal!
There are several general rules that every mother should follow during the whole period of bottle feeding. Bottle feeding rules:
- The whole body of the child from the crown for the heels should be in the same plane. It should not bend.
- Tactile contact must be observed, as well as during breastfeeding. It can be either “skin to skin” or simple strokes.
It is equally important to follow all the steps - the preparation of the mixture, feeding, the process of leaving excess air. The child swallows air only in two cases if the bottle is positioned incorrectly and the nipple is not completely filled with milk, and also if the pose does not create a single plane to his body.
If the inventory, the mixture is chosen incorrectly, then the final stage of feeding can bring discomfort to the baby. The air trapped in the stomach must goso that the digestive system does not experience overloads.
So he did not belch
- The child in this case is located on the side. It is better if this is the left side, as recommended by pediatricians.
- It is possible to fix its position with special clamps, feeding rollers or a pillow.
- Mom gives him a bottle on the side, and she herself can also lie on his side to maintain eye contact with the baby.
- Be sure in the process to control the filling of the nipples with milk.
So he did not choke
- Mom sit on the sofa or a comfortable chair, leaning on his back.
- Bends the knees and has a child so that his butt sits on one hip, and his back lay on the other.
- The head must be laid on the elbow bend.
- Mom holds a bottle of milk with her free hand.
Need to check flow ratewhich depends on the number of holes in the nipple and the angle of inclination of the bottle itself.
To not choked
- The baby is in her crib, and the mother is sitting nearby.
- When feeding in this case, you can put a flat diaper, the thinnest pillow or towel.
- The bottle is located at an angle of 45 degrees. This position creates an optimal milk flow rate and comfort.
Stand mom in this case is not recommended, because the back will be in an unnatural position and will just start to hurt. It is important to control the head tiltbecause its wrong position provokes the ingress of milk into the respiratory tract.
To prevent air from entering
The ingress of air with food leads to a false sense of satiety in the brain. It is imperative that you take breaks from the bottle feeding process, every 5-10 minutes, quietly take it out for a few seconds so that it spits out.
But in order to minimize the amount of air entering it is necessary to feed it in a semi straight position. This position is the most common.
- Mom takes the child in her arms.
- His head is conveniently located on the elbow, the palm holds the ass.
- With his free hand, his mother gives him a bottle tilted so that the entire cavity of the nipple is filled with milk.
It is necessary to check the presence of bubbles in the mixture. and when they appear, change the position of the baby to the vertical position, removing the bottle from his mouth.
Is it possible to feed a newborn lying down? In this position, experts do not recommend giving the bottle because of the risk of dropping milk in the middle ear and the development of infection.
Tips for parents
Tips for parents on feeding postures:
- Sometimes it happens that mom's hands get tired. In this case, you can use fixing devices - pillows for feeding, rollers or a simple towel.
With their help, the child and the bottle can be positioned anatomically correctly. However, it is important to maintain visual and tactile contact.
In no case can not leave the baby alone, if he is busy with a bottle!
How to feed a newborn: by the hour or on demand?
Everyone knows that the composition of breast milk is unique and you can find all the necessary vitamins and minerals for full growth and maintain the health of the little crumbs. But each mother (sometimes even an experienced one) has a question about how exactly the baby should be fed:
• at the request of the baby.
Unfortunately, there is no single answer. In this case, the opinions of experts are divided.
Very often, from pediatricians with years of experience, or from the older generation, you can hear that the child needs to create the right diet, and feed him strictly by the clock. The interval between feeding should be 3-4 hours (8-6 times a day), regardless of whether the child sleeps or not. Proponents of this theory argue that the benefits of hourly feeding are as follows:
• children do not have problems with the gastrointestinal tract,
• they can not overfeed,
• You can not be afraid that children will be spoiled and constantly ask for breast.
Of course, many children eventually manage to get used to such a regime, and they try to drink as much milk as they need until the next meal.
Still, there is that category of children who cannot get enough of one meal at a time (this may be due to the amount of mother’s milk produced), so it’s impossible to make a clear timetable. Modern pediatricians in such situations are advised to feed the child on demand. It is no secret that the amount of milk produced is directly proportional to how much a child eats. The more often the mother puts the baby to the breast, the more lactation is carried out.
The body of each baby is individual, so mothers need to determine for themselves how to properly feed the newborn by its nature.
1. If the child is active enough, often crying and holding the breast for a short time (or immediately falling asleep) - you need to feed at the first request, since the crumb can simply not get enough.
2. If the child is calm, he sleeps a lot and does not bother his parents with a cry, he can be fed, adhering to a certain regime.
It is important to know!Modern physicians do not recommend waking the baby up for a meal, regardless of whether they feed it on schedule or on demand. They also argue that if the child has eaten well and voluntarily released the breast, the feeling of hunger will come to him not earlier than in 1.5 - 2 hours, therefore you should not force-feed him at the first cry, there can be a lot of reasons for tears.
How to feed a newborn with breast milk?
Women's breasts change even during pregnancy. Future mothers closer to the birth of the crumbs get used to new forms and sensations. The benefits of breastfeeding are obvious to everyone. This milk contains the right balance of nutrients for the baby.
What is useful breast milk?
• it is easier to digest than milk replacers,
• has many necessary antibodies to form the baby’s immune system,
• helps to form the first microflora in the intestines of the baby.
But breastfeeding a child can be quite a challenge for young mothers. Immediately after the birth of a newborn, women do not have “real” breast milk, and so-called colostrum is released. This is a very useful substance for children, as it is, it is quite nutritious, has a huge amount of proteins and vitamins and is quickly absorbed by the body of the baby. During the period of the release of colostrum mothers often need to put the baby to the breast in order to quickly establish a system of production of breast milk.
After about 2 days, milk begins to appear in the breast of the mother. It is then necessary to decide how to feed the newborn. The process of establishing breastfeeding is quite complicated, and if milk has not appeared, or very little of it within three days after the colostrum period, it does not come out regularly, it is necessary to buy the formula for additional feeding of the baby.
If milk enters the breast regularly and the baby is saturated at one meal, you need to adjust the feeding schedule, either at certain hours or at the request of the newborn. It is important that the baby is well developed and correctly gained weight. Back in the hospital, the nurses will explain how to properly attach the baby to the breast and how to feed it.
Rules of attachment of the child to the breast
• it is necessary that the crumb embraces not only the nipple, but also part of the areola,
• the chin is firmly pressed against the mother’s breast,
• the nose rests on the chest, but there is free access to air.
Feeding time depends on the child. There are children who immediately actively suck the nipple and quickly gorge. But babies are also born with a calmer temper, which can stretch the feeding period for a long time.
How to feed a newborn baby from a bottle?
Another problem that mothers face is how to properly feed a newborn from a bottle. If breastfeeding is impossible for one reason or another (the mother does not have milk, it is necessary to go to work, etc.), the parents switch to infant formula for children. But before choosing a mixture, it is very important to consult with your doctor, he will tell you what kind of their suit for this age.
To feed a baby from a bottle you need to follow some feeding rules:
• First you need to sit comfortably with the child.
• Do not put it on your back so that the baby does not choke.
• It is best to put the crumb on your lap, hugging tightly so that your head is slightly above body level.
• The position of the baby should be natural and resemble the position when breastfeeding.
• It is not possible for the baby’s head to be turned to the side, as these provisions will cause difficulty in swallowing.
• Try to establish eye contact with the infant in order to control the feeding process.
The bottle itself must be held tightly in a horizontal position under a small kut so that the milk does not flood the entire nipple.
It is necessary that the baby properly wrapped around the elongated part of the nipples. It is very important that there is always milk in this part, and not air, in order to avoid colic.
By the time the feeding process can be different, if the child is very hungry, he will eat actively. If the baby has a calm temperament and periodically makes a pause between sucking, the feeding time may be delayed. If a child falls asleep with a bottle in his company, it is necessary to carefully remove it so that he does not choke in his sleep. Also, kids take breaks in order to feel whether there is still a feeling of hunger. Since they swallow air together with the mixture, it is important to allow the child to burp. If, after this, the baby again takes up the bottle - do not worry, he is really still hungry.
It is important to know!Proper feeding from the bottle occurs when bubbles form in it. If you do not see any bubbles and the nipple is already stuck together from active sucking, you must carefully remove the bottle from the mouth. In cases where the baby firmly grasped the bottle, and does not want to let it go, you need to slowly insert a clean finger between the lips of the newborn, so that air enters the bottle.
After the feeding process, it is necessary that excess air be released from the body of the child. To do this, put the baby on the shoulder and gently massage the back or pat it. Do not forget that some milk will come out with the air. So stock up with napkins or a handkerchief.
How to feed a newborn: the mistakes of young mothers
1. Fear of asking for help.
At first, feeding a baby for some moms may be the easiest task, for others - quite a difficult and painful process. Often it happens that women are shy or afraid to seek help from specialists or other more experienced mothers. This causes problems not only with feeding and lactation, but also with the very state of the breast. If you have questions, it is important to immediately find the answer either in a special breastfeeding adviser or in more experienced women. After all, improper attachment to the breast leads to the disappearance of milk, abandonment of the breast, colic and a number of other troubles.
2. Short feeding time.
It often happens that during breastfeeding the baby falls asleep after 10 minutes. The young mothers, in the hope of a moment of peace, do not want to wake the baby and stop eating. This option is not entirely true, because at the beginning of the breast of a woman stands out more liquid milk, rich in carbohydrates. And in order to get a portion of the necessary vitamins and minerals, you need to feed the baby for 20-25 minutes (with active sucking). It is then that all the necessary proteins and fats for the proper development and growth of the crumbs will enter the body of the baby.
3. Feeding Mode.
When breastfeeding or piece feeding, you need to make sure that the baby receives a sufficient amount of food at one meal. This contributes to the normal functioning of the gastrointestinal tract and allows you to set up an approximate feeding schedule. If the baby does not eat up at once and constantly asks to eat (and this process can last for 2 hours), his small stomach is constantly under stress, giving off a large amount of gastric juice. That over time can lead to some health problems.
4. Extra water.
Many people think that breast milk is water, and the baby needs to be given additional water or light compotes in order to maintain the proper water balance in the body. In fact, it is not. Milk consists of 80-90% of water, especially that which is released in the first 10 minutes of feeding. Thanks to these properties of milk, the baby does not feel thirst. Moreover, when feeding a baby from a bottle, another problem may arise - the child refuses to breastfeed. All this happens because sucking from the breast involves more muscles than from the bottle. So the crumb just simplifies the task itself by requiring a bottle.
5. Lack of physical contact.
Many mommies are afraid to feed the baby in their arms so as not to spoil it. This is the main mistake. For newborns, very important bodily contact with the mother, as this helps him feel protected.
Unfortunately, there is no universal answer to the question of how to properly feed a newborn, but experienced specialists, relevant literature, love and care of the mother, will help the crumbs to grow up healthy and happy.